Sanjeev Gupta, Marijn Verhoeven, and Erwin Tiongson, “Does Higher Government Spending Buy Better Results in Education and Health Care?” IMF Working Paper 99/21, 1999 (also published in the European Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 18 (November 2002), pp. 717–37).
Emanuele Baldacci, Maria Teresa Guin-Siu, and Luiz de Mello, “More on the Effectiveness of Public Spending on Health Care and Education: A Covariance Structure Model,” IMF Working Paper 02/90, 2002.
Karnit Flug, Antonio Spilimbergo, and Erik Wachtenheim, “Investment in Education: Do Economic Volatility and Credit Constraints Matter?” Journal of Development Economics, Vol. 55 (April 1998), pp. 465–81.
Paul Glewwe, “Schools and Skills in Developing Countries: Education Policies and Socioeconomic Outcomes,” Journal of Economic Literature, Vol. 40 (June 2002), pp. 436–82; and Hong-Sang Jung and Erik Thorbecke, “The Impact of Public Education Expenditure on Human Capital, Growth, and Poverty in Tanzania and Zambia,” IMF Working Paper 01/106, 2001.
Sanjeev Gupta, Marijn Verhoeven, and Erwin Tiongson, “Public Spending on Health Care and the Poor,” IMF Working Paper 01/127, 2001 (also forthcoming in Health Economics).
Sanjeev Gupta and others, “Debt Relief and Public Health Spending in Heavily Indebted Countries,” Bulletin of the World Health Organization, Vol. 80 (February 2002), pp. 151–57; and Hemamala Hettige, Muthukumara Mani, and David Wheeler, “Industrial Pollution in Economic Development: The Environmental Kuznets Curve Revisited,” Journal of Development Economics, Vol. 62 (August 2000), pp. 445–76.
Ke-young Chu, Hamid Davoodi, and Sanjeev Gupta, “Income Distribution and Tax and Government Social Spending Policies in Developing Countries,” IMF Working Paper 00/62, 2000.
George Psacharopoulos, “Returns to Investment in Education: A Global Update,” World Development, Vol. 22 (September 1994), pp. 1325–43.
George Abed and Sanjeev Gupta, eds., Governance, Corruption, and Economic Performance (Washington: IMF, 2002); and Sanjeev Gupta, Hamid Davoodi, and Erwin Tiongson, “Corruption and the Provision of Health Care and Education Services,” in Arvind K. Jain, ed., The Political Economy of Corruption (London: Routledge, 2001).
Sanjeev Gupta, Luiz de Mello, and Raju Sharan, “Corruption and Military Spending,” IMF Working Paper 00/23, 2000 (also published in the European Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 17 (November 2001), pp. 749–77).
Paolo Mauro, “Corruption and the Composition of Government Spending,” Journal of Public Economics, Vol. 69 (June 1998), pp. 263-79; and Vito Tanzi and Hamid Davoodi, “Corruption, Public Investment, and Growth,” in The Welfare State, Public Investment and Growth, ed. by H. Shibata and T. Ihori (Tokyo: Springer, 1998).
Sanjeev Gupta, Hamid Davoodi, and Erwin Tiongson, “Corruption and the Provision of Health Care and Educational Services,” IMF Working Paper 00/116, 2000 (also published in The Political Economy of Corruption, ed. by A. Jain (London: Routledge, 2001)).
Reza Baqir, “Social Sector Spending in a Panel of Countries,” IMF Working Paper 02/35, 2002; and Louis Kuijs, “The Impact of Ethnic Heterogeneity on the Quantity and Quality of Public Spending,” IMF Working Paper 00/49, 2000.
Dhaneshwar Ghura, Carlos Leite, and Charalambos Tsangarides, “Is Growth Enough? Macroeconomic Policy and Poverty Reduction,” IMF Working Paper 02/118, 2002; and Paul Cashin, Paolo Mauro, Catherine Pattillo, and Ratna Sahay, “Macroeconomic Policies and Poverty Reduction: Stylized Facts and Overview of Research,” IMF Working Paper 01/135, 2001.
Emanuele Baldacci, Luiz de Mello, and Gabriela Inchauste, “Financial Crises, Poverty, and Income Distribution,” IMF Working Paper 02/04, 2002.
Sanjeev Gupta and Marijn Verhoeven, “The Efficiency of Government Expenditure: Experiences from Africa,” IMF Working Paper 97/153, 1997 (also published in Journal of Policy Modeling, Vol. 23 (May 2001), pp. 433–67).