Hamid Faruqee and Martin Mühleisen, “Population Aging in Japan,” IMF Working Paper 01/40, 2001. See also Manfred Koch and Christian Thimann, “From Generosity to Sustainability: The Austrian Pension System and Options for Its Reform,” IMF Working Paper 97/10, 1997.
Karl F. Habermeier and Fabrice Lenseigne, “French Public Finances: Modeling Long-Term Prospects and Reform Options,” IMF Working Paper 98/12, 1998.
Sheetal K. Chand and Albert Jaeger, Aging Populations and Public Pension Schemes, IMF Occasional Paper No. 147, 1996.
Lawrence Kotlikoff, Kent Smetters, and Jan Walliser, “Privatizing Social Security in the United States,” Review of Economic Dynamics, Vol. 2, No. 3, pp. 532–74, 1999; see also idem, “Finding a Way Out of America’s Demographic Dilemma,” NBER Working Paper No. 8258, 2001; idem, “The Economic Impact of Privatizing Social Security,” in Redesigning Social Security, ed. by Horst Siebert (Tübingen: Mohr, 1998), pp. 327–49.
Lawrence Kotlikoff, Kent Smetters, and Jan Walliser, “Distributional Effects in a General Equilibrium Analysis of Social Security,” in The Distributional Effects of Social Security Reform, ed. by Feldstein and Liebman, 2001; idem, “Opting Out of Social Security and Adverse Selection,” NBER Working Paper No. 6430, 1998; idem, “Social Security: Privatization and Progressivity,” American Economic Review – Papers and Proceedings, Vol. 88, No.2, pp.137–41, 1998.
Luis Cubeddu, “Intragenerational Redistribution in Unfunded Pension Systems,” IMF Staff Papers, Vol. 47, No. 1, pp. 90–115, 2000.
Robin Brooks, “What Will Happen to Financial Markets When the Baby Boomers Retire?” IMF Working Paper 00/18, 2000.
Nicholas Barr, “Reforming Pensions: Myths, Truths, and Policy Choices,” IMF Working Paper 00/139, 2000.
Victor Valdivia, “The Insurance Role of Social Security: Theory and Lessons for Policy Reform,” IMF Working Paper No. 97/113, 1997.
Jan Walliser, “Regulation of Withdrawals in Individual Account Systems,” IMF Working Paper 99/153, 1999; idem, “Adverse Selection in the Annuities Market and the Impact of Privatizing Social Security,” Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Vol. 102, No. 3, pp. 373–93. See also Max Alier and Dimitri Vittas, “Personal Pension Plans and Stock Market Volatility,” World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2463, 1999.
Anuradha Dayal-Gulati and Christian Thimann, “Saving in Southeast Asia and Latin America Compared: Searching for Policy Lessons,” IMF Working Paper 97/110, 1997. See also Tim Callen and Christian Thimann, “Empirical Determinants of Household Saving: Evidence from OECD Countries,” IMF Working Paper 97/181, 1997.
Charles Kramer and Yutong Li, “Reform of the Canada Pension Plan: Analytical Considerations,” IMF Working Paper 97/141, 1997.
Jan Walliser, “Regulation of Withdrawals in Individual Account Systems,” IMF Working Paper 99/153, 1999.
G. A. Mackenzie, Philip Gerson, Alfredo Cuevas, and Peter S. Heller, “Pension Reform and Fiscal Policy Stance,” IMF Working Paper 01/214, 2001. See also G. A. Mackenzie, Philip R. Gerson, and Alfredo Cuevas, Pension Regimes and Saving, IMF Occasional Paper No.153, 1997; and Axel Schimmelpfennig, “Pension Reform, Private Saving, and the Current Account in a Small Open Economy,” IMF Working Paper 00/171, 2000.
World Bank, Averting the Old Age Crisis: Policies to Protect the Old and Promote Growth (Washington: World Bank and Oxford University Press, 1994).
Richard Hemming, “Should Public Pensions Be Funded?” International Social Security Review, Vol. 52, No. 2, pp. 3–29, 1999.
Peter S. Heller, “Rethinking Public Pension Reform Initiatives,” IMF Working Paper 98/61, 1998.
Phil Agulnik, Roberto Cardarelli, and James Sefton, “The Pensions Green Paper: A Generational Accounting Perspective,” Economic Journal, Vol. 110, No. 467, pp. F598–F610, 2000.
International Monetary Fund, Greece: Selected Issue—An Overview of Pension Reform, IMF Staff Country Report No. 02/58, 2002; Jerald Schiff, Niko Hobdari, Axel Schimmelpfennig, and Roman Zytek, Pension Reform in the Baltics, IMF Occasional Paper No. 200, 2000; Marta de Castello Branco, “Pension Reform in the Baltics, Russia, and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union (BRO),” IMF Working Paper 98/11, 1998; Thomas Laursen, “Pension System Viability and Reform Alternatives in the Czech Republic,” IMF Working Paper 00/16, 2000; Volker Treichel, “Financial Sustainability and Reform Options for the Albanian Pension Fund,” IMF Working Paper 01/47, 2001; Marco Cangiano, Carlo Cottarelli, and Luis Cubeddu, “Pension Developments and Reforms in Transition Economies,” IMF Working Paper 98/151, 1998.
Robert Gillingham and Daniel Kanda, “Pension Reform in India,” IMF Working Paper 01/125, 2001.
Assaf Razin, Efraim Sadka, and Phillip Swagel, “The Aging Population and the Size of the Welfare State,” NBER Working Paper No. 8405, 2001 (also forthcoming in Journal of Political Economy).
Holger Bonin, Bernd Raffelhüschen, and Jan Walliser, “Can Immigration Alleviate the Demographic Burden?” Finanzarchiv, Vol. 57, No. 1, pp. 1–21, 2000; and Assaf Razin, and Efraim Sadka, “Migration and Pension,” IMF Working Paper 98/165, 1998.
Emanuele Baldacci, “Monitoring Social Security Reforms: The Role of Statistical Information,” in Reforming the Social Security System: An International Perspective, ed. by Emanuele Baldacci and Franco Peracchi, ISTAT Essays No. 8 (Rome: Instituto Nazionale di Statistica, 2000).
Friedrich Schneider and Dominik Enste, “Shadow Economies Around the World: Size, Causes, and Consequences,” IMF Working Paper 00/26, 2000; Paul Masson, “Fiscal Policy and Growth in the Context of European Integration,” IMF Working Paper 00/133, 2000; James E. Duggan and Robert Gillingham, “The Effect of Errors in the CPI on Social Security Finances,” Journal of Business and Economic Statistics, Vol.17, No. 2, pp. 161–69, 1999.