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Mark Allen was educated at Cambridge, Yale, and the Karl Marx Higher Economics Institute in Sofia, Bulgaria. He is currently a Deputy Director in the Policy Development and Review Department of the IMF. Rick Haas has degrees from Kalamazoo College and Duke University. He is an Advisor in the European II Department of the IMF and Mission Chief for Moldova. They would like to thank Rolando Ossowski and Julia Lyskova for making challenging assignments enjoyable and for providing much help, insight, and, above all, friendship.
While this was not visible to the local resident representative, the street markets in Warsaw had their counterparts in the large number of Poles and other Central and East Europeans who appeared on the streets of Berlin, Vienna, and other cities, selling stuff they had brought from home, and using the proceeds to buy up goods to take back home.
This gave rise to a new version of the old Polish joke. “In the new Poland, how many Poles does it take to change a light bulb?” “None. The market does it.”