Senior Fellow, National Institute of Public Finance and Policy, New Delhi, India.
Vito Tanzi, “The Underground Economy in the United States: Annual Estimates, 1930–80,” Staff Papers, International Monetary Fund (Washington), Vol. 30 (June 1983), pp. 283–305.
Vito Tanzi, “The Underground Economy in the United States: Estimates and Implications,” Quarterly Review, Banca Nazionale del Lavoro (Rome), No. 135 (December 1980), pp. 427–53; reprinted in The Underground Economy in the United States and Abroad, ed. by Vito Tanzi (Lexington, Massachusetts: Lexington Books, 1982), pp. 69–92.
Phillip Cagan, The Demand for Currency Relative to Total Money Supply, Occasional Paper 62 (New York: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1958).
Tanzi, “The Underground Economy: Annual Estimates,” p. 290.
Ibid., pp. 289–90.
Ibid., p. 303.
Tanzi, “The Underground Economy: Estimates and Implications,” in Tanzi, ed., The Underground Economy, p. 92 n. 27.
See, for example, Edgar L. Feige, “A New Perspective on Macroeconomic Phenomena. The Theory and Measurement of the Unobserved Sector of the United States: Causes, Consequences, and Implications” (unpublished, Wassenaar, Netherlands: Netherlands Institute for Advanced Study, August 1980); and Poonam Gupta and Sanjeev Gupta, “Black Economy: A Review of Methodologies,” in The Unsanctioned Economy in India, ed. by G.S. Monga and V.J. Sanctis (Bombay: Himalaya Publishing House, 1984), pp. 181–95.