IMAGINE YOUR BOAT has sprung a leak.
To keep from sinking you must address the source of the problem. That means plugging the holes. But what about all the water already rushing in? To stay dry, you grab a bucket and start bailing. To stay afoat and prevent damage to your boat, you need to address both issues simultaneously.
In the face of climate change, humanity must similarly act on two fronts at the same time.
Mitigation efforts require measures to address the underlying problem by slowing or stopping the rise in fossil fuel emissions, which could irreversibly and catastrophically raise the Earth’s temperature. Adaptation is needed to help people and governments withstand and minimize the ravages of climate change that are already here.