Back Matter


This paper was prepared by a staff team from ICD’s Strategy and Evaluation Division, led by Hali Edison and comprising Michael Filippello, Charleen Gust, Jung Yeon Kim, Josephat Koima, Dimitre Milkov, Ellen Nedde, and Wasima Rahman-Garrett (ICD). Carla Cullati and Maria Julia Gutierrez provided invaluable administrative assistance.


Henceforth, this paper will be referred to as the 2011 TA strategy paper.


Prepared by Dimitre Milkov.


North (1990, 1991).


Barro (1991). Initial conditions here refer to the level of economic development at a given point in time. In the growth literature, it is usually assumed to be the end of World War II or colonial independence.


World Economic Outlook, April 2003, Chapter 3, “Growth and Institutions” by Hali Edison, Maitland MacFarlan, Nicola Spatafora with Ross Levine.


Recent work includes Acemoglu, Johnson, and Robinson (2001, 2002) and Rodrik, Subramanian, and Trebbi (2002).


World Economic Outlook, April 2003, Chapter 3, “Growth and Institutions” by Hali Edison, Maitland MacFarlan, Nicola Spatafora with Ross Levine.


The analysis focused on institutions rather than policies.


Prepared by Wasima Rahman-Garrett with contributions from Josephat Koima.


For details about CD and the regional approach to delivery, see IMF factsheets on technical assistance, RTACs, and RTCs.


Peripatetic experts are experts who visit the same country in a series of short-term missions.


The RTACs are the African Regional Technical Assistance Centers (AFRITACs), with East AFRITAC in Tanzania, West AFRITAC in Côte D’Ivoire, West AFRITAC 2 in Ghana (to be opened later in 2013), Central AFRITAC in Gabon, and South AFRITAC in Mauritius; the Central America, Panama and Dominican Republic Regional Technical Assistance Center (CAPTAC-DR) in Guatemala; the Caribbean Regional Technical Assistance Center (CARTAC) in Barbados; the Middle East Regional Technical Assistance Center (METAC) in Lebanon; and the Pacific Financial Technical Assistance Center (PFTAC) in Fiji.


The RTCs are the Africa Training Institute (ATI) in Mauritius (to be opened later in 2013); the Joint Regional Training Center for Latin America (BTC) in Brazil; the Joint China-IMF Training Program (CTP) in China; the IMF-Middle East Center for Economics and Finance (CEF) in Kuwait; the Joint Partnership for Africa (JPA, formerly the Joint Africa Institute) in Tunisia; the Joint Vienna Institute (JVI) in Austria; and the IMF-Singapore Regional Training Institute (STI) in Singapore. The India Training Program in Pune delivered training from FY 2007 to FY 2013.


Of the 30 percent in other overseas training in FY 2012, about 13 percent was delivered through the RTACs, where courses are typically restricted to officials from a specific country or a limited number of countries. Fund data on RTAC training starts in FY 2007.


Three-quarters of IMF training is delivered through the ICD program. The remaining training is arranged independently by other Fund departments and RTACs on more specialized and technical issues.


Prepared by Michael Filippello.


“Overhead” is often interchangeably used for support.


The $103 million is measured from aggregate expenditure data and includes a seven percent trust TFM fee. In FY 2012, receipts from donor trust funds, including the TFM fee were $107 million and also include the trust fund management fee. The difference between these two measures arises from expenditures that cannot be allocated or were allocated using a different methodology, and timing differences in recording certain expenses and receipts.


When including support and governance Fund cost rise to $169 million while donor finance remains unchanged.


Prepared by Jung Yeon Kim.


For an early history of Fund TA and training, see Technical Assistance and Training Services of the International Monetary Fund, Pamphlet No. 43, 1985.


Prepared by Charleen Gust, with contributions from Jung Yeon Kim and Wasima Rahman-Garrett.


Prepared by Dimitre Milkov.


Prepared by Hali Edison using responses from a questionnaire sent to CD departments.


Backstopping is defined, in this context, as the core work carried out by Fund staff directly to support experts in the field. The purpose of backstopping is to ensure that the quality of Fund TA advice provided by experts is consistent with international best practice as well as with Fund standards and policies.


The last report provided to the Board was the 2010 Technical Assistance Evaluation Program—Findings of Evaluations and Updated Program. It contained a summary of findings of 13 evaluations of TA projects conducted since the 2008 Technical Assistance Evaluation Program—Findings of Evaluations and Updated Program.


Prepared by Ellen Nedde.


With the exception of STA, the recorded volume of training delivered by TA departments is relatively small. FAD and MCM delivered fewer than 10 course weeks in FY 2012, while LEG delivered about 20 course weeks. This compares with over 90 course weeks delivered by STA and 225 course weeks delivered by ICD.


Prepared by Ellen Nedde.


The Fund's Capacity Development Strategy - Better Policies Through Stronger Institutions - Background Paper
Author: International Monetary Fund