This issue was also important in Croatia, which is not covered in the case studies.
The Department for International Development (DFID), the European Union (EU), and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) provided substantial assistance for implementation of TA recommendations.
For a comprehensive discussion of the case of DRC see Clément, Jean A.P. (editor), 2004, Postconflict Economies in Sub-Saharan Africa—Lessons from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Washington, DC: International Monetary Fund).
With serious problems faced by the economy in the period 1997 to 2001, the tax-to-GDP ratio subsequently dropped to an average of around 13 percent.
The Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) provided the majority of support in this area, including financing for the new computer system SIGTAS (Standard Integrated Government Tax Administration System).
The tax-to-GDP ratio increased to more than 16 percent by 2004.
See Valdivieso, Luis, and others, 2000, Timor-Leste: Establishing the Foundations of Sound Macroeconomic Management (Washington, D.C., International Monetary Fund).
UN, AusAID and CIDA.
See World Bank, The Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste: Public Expenditure Review, July 2004.