Denmark: Selected Issues
This Selected Issues paper analyzes wage and inflation dynamics in Denmark. High profit margins contributed to growth in the gross domestic product deflator. Historical evidence suggests that the contribution from wages to price deflators will likely pick up. Nominal wage growth in Denmark has so far been modest and outpaced by high inflation, putting real wage growth in negative territory. Amid still-tight labor markets, this has raised concerns about wage pressures going forward and the eventual impact on inflation. The analysis suggests that wage formation in Denmark has historically been partly backward looking, and economic slack has played a role. Given these, high inflation realized thus far and the tightness in the labor market implies that wage pressures are expected to remain elevated in the near term. Some of these wage pressures, in turn, are expected to be passed on to core inflation, sustaining high inflation. Thus, determined policies to fight inflation are important.
IMF Staff Country Reports