Prepared by Azziza Trotter, Pauline Peters, Frode Lindseth, Stephen Mendes, Colin Owen, Martin Bowen, Marianna Endresz, Ralph Lewars, Robin Youll, Consuelo Soto-Crovetto, Patrick Blagrave, and Gregory Horman (all CARTAC).
Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, St. Lucia and St. Vincent and the Grenadines conduct face-to-face VES at airports (stayover visitors) and seaports (cruise visitors) on an ongoing basis and results are incorporated in their balance of payments. However, VES are currently suspended. The COVID-19 pandemic has severely affected the free cross-border movement of international travelers, in particular inbound tourists. It is noteworthy that tourism expenditure compiled in travel services exports was largely underestimated in the former balance of payments statistics of most ECCU member countries, given the lack of up-to-date indicators from VESs.