Samoa relies heavily on tourism, remittances and aid to finance its imports. The country experienced a devastating measles outbreak late in 2019, which claimed 83 lives of mostly young children. The Government declared a State of Emergency; economic activity came to standstill. Immediately following this adverse shock, Samoa was hit hard by the global COVID-19 pandemic. Travel restrictions including reduced inbound flights and strict quarantine, and main markets tourism earnings (tourism contributes about 25 percent of GDP) plummeted. Remittance inflows (normally about 25 percent of GDP), mainly from New Zealand and Australia, also slowed significantly. As a result, Samoa faces urgent balance of payments needs, with an estimated balance of payments financing gap of about 4 percent of GDP. This has triggered the authorities’ request for a disbursement under the RCF in the amount of SDR 16.2 million (100 percent of quota, and representing 65 percent of the total BOP financing gap), to (i) ease the pressure on the urgent BOP needs, (ii) help catalyze assistance from development partners, and (iii) assist with the implementation of planned economic and fiscal measures.