Government of Bangladesh, 2019, “Integrating Climate Change in the Medium-Term Macro Framework, A Structural Econometric Approach”, Inclusive Budgeting for Climate Resilience Project, Ministry of Finance.
International Monetary Fund, 2016, “After Paris: Fiscal, Macroeconomic and Financial Implications of Climate Change, IMF Staff Discussion Note SDN/16/01 (Washington).
International Monetary Fund, 2018, M. Nozaki, S. Cook, “Coping with Natural Disaster Risk in Sri Lanka”, Sri Lanka 2018 Article IV Consultation (Washington).
International Monetary Fund, 2019, “Building Resilience in Developing Countries Vulnerable to Large Natural Disasters”, IMF (Washington).
International Monetary Fund, 2019, David Coady, Ian Parry, Nghia-Piotr Le, Baoping Shang, “Global Fossil Fuel Subsidies Remain Large: An Update Based on Country-Level Estimates”, IMF (Washington).
Prepared by Ragnar Gudmundsson (APD).
In the case of loans provided through micro finance institutions, agent banking, or outsourcing, an additional maximum 2 percent commission fee can be charged.
Climate financing was estimated at USD 64 billion in 2014.
Hausmann, Ricardo, César A. Hidalgo, Sebastián Bustos, Michele Coscia, Sarah Chung, Juan Jimenez, Alexander Simoes, and Muhammed A. Yıldırım, 2014. “The Atlas of Economic Complexity: Mapping Paths to Prosperity,” MIT Press Books.
International Monetary Fund, 2014. “Sustaining Long-Run Growth and Macroeconomic Stability in Low-Income Countries—The Role of Structural Transformation and Diversification.” IMF Policy Paper.
International Monetary Fund, 2019, “Is South Asia Ready for Take Off? A Sustainable and Inclusive Growth Agenda” Background Paper in Regional Economic Outlook: Asia Pacific.
Prepared by Racha Moussa and Muhammad Imam Hussain (APD).
The IMF diversification index https://www.imf.org/external/np/res/dfidimf/diversification.htm.
We use the Complexity index from the Atlas of Economic Complexity.
A country has a revealed comparative advantage in a product if the product’s share in the country’s exports is greater than the share of the product’s total exports in global exports.
This concept of diversity which depends on revealed comparative advantage is different from the IMF diversity index, which is a Theil index.