Australia: Staff Report for the 2018 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

2018 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Australia


2018 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Australia

Fund Relations

(As of December 31, 2018)

Membership Status: Joined: August 5, 1947; Article VIII

General Resources Account:

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SDR Department:

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Outstanding Purchases and Loans: None

Financial Arrangements: None

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Projected Obligations to Fund1

(SDR million; based on existing use of resources and present holdings of SDRs):

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When a member has overdue financial obligations outstanding for more than three months, the amount of such arrears will be shown in this section.

Exchange Rate Arrangement. Australia has accepted the obligations of Article VIII, Sections 2, 3, and 4 of the Articles of Agreement, and maintains an exchange system that is free from restrictions on the making of payments and transfers for current international transactions, except for exchange restrictions that are maintained solely for the preservation of national or international security and which have been notified to the Fund pursuant to Executive Board Decision No. 144-(52/51). The exchange rate is free floating, but the Reserve Bank of Australia retains discretionary power to intervene. There are no taxes or subsidies on purchases or sales of foreign exchange.

Restrictions on Capital Transactions. Australia maintains a capital transactions regime that is virtually free of restrictions. Two main restrictions on foreigners require: authorization for significant ownership of Australian corporations; and approval for acquisition of real estate.

Article IV Consultation. Australia is on the 12-month consultation cycle. The 2018 Article IV consultation discussions were held during November 7–20, 2018; the Executive Board discussed the staff report and concluded the consultation on February 4, 2019.

FSAP. The 2018 FSAP missions were held during June 6–26 and August 29- September 14, 2018. The findings were discussed with the authorities during the Article IV consultation discussions in November 2018 and were presented to the Executive Board for discussion alongside the Article IV staff report on February 4, 2019. The previous FSAP Update was discussed by the Executive Board on November 12, 2012 (IMF Country Report No. 12/308).

Fourth Amendment. Australia has accepted the Fourth Amendment to the Articles of Agreement.

Statistical Issues

Data provision is adequate for surveillance. Australia has subscribed to the Special Data Dissemination Standard (SDDS) since April 1996, and its metadata are posted on the Fund’s Dissemination Standards Bulletin Board (DSBB). Australia implemented all the recommendations of the first phase of the G-20 Data Gaps Initiative (DGI), with the exception of semi-annual reporting of Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey (CPIS) data. Australia also participates in the second phase of the DGI but has no plans to adhere to the SDDS Plus. In recent years, the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) has taken several initiatives to further improve the quality of the data, such as issues relating to seasonal adjustment of unemployment and employment statistics. Adding monthly inflation data to the suite of statistics would assist surveillance.

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Table of Common Indicators Required for Surveillance

(As of January 2, 2019)

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Any reserve assets that are pledged or otherwise encumbered should be specified separately. Also, data should comprise short-term liabilities linked to a foreign currency but settled by other means as well as the notional values of financial derivatives to pay and to receive foreign currency, including those linked to a foreign currency but settled by other means.

Both market-based and officially determined, including discount rates, money market rates, rates on treasury bills, notes, and bonds.

Consists of the central government (including budgetary, extra budgetary, and social security funds) and state and local governments.

Foreign, domestic bank, and domestic nonbank financing.

Including currency and maturity composition.

Includes external gross financial asset and liability positions vis-à-vis nonresidents.

Daily (D), Weekly (W), Monthly (M), Quarterly (Q), Annually (A), Irregular (I); Not Available (NA).