IMF Executive Board Concludes 2018 Article IV Consultation with Solomon Islands

2018 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Solomon Islands


2018 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Solomon Islands

On October 29, 2018, the Executive Board of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) concluded the 2018 Article IV Consultation with Solomon Islands.1

The Solomon Islands economy grew by 3.5 percent in 2017 driven by the logging sector together with higher cash crop yields, fishing revenues, and construction activity. Growth is expected to hold up in 2018 buoyed by infrastructure spending and an acceleration in logging. Inflation is projected at 3.2 percent in 2018 as higher global commodity prices feed through to the CPI. The current account deficit steadied at 4.2 percent of GDP in 2017 and international reserves levels are comfortable.

Monetary conditions are accommodative. Excess liquidity remains high, but credit growth slowed to a 5 percent growth year on year by May 2018.

The overall fiscal deficit widened to 3.8 percent of GDP in 2017 as revenues fell short of expectations, and spending on tertiary scholarships, shipping grants and CDFs remained high. Public debt is picking up from a low level. Risks are on the downside with a weakened fiscal position heightening vulnerability to shocks and natural disasters are an ever-present risk.

Executive Board Assessment2

Executive Directors agreed with the thrust of the staff appraisal. They welcomed the recent solid growth performance, contained inflation, and comfortable external reserves. However, Directors noted that the weak fiscal position, a build-up in domestic arrears, and low fiscal buffers limit policy space and leave little room to respond to shocks. Looking ahead, they noted the need to generate new sources of growth. Directors emphasized that a strong commitment to sound polices and structural reforms is necessary to maintain macroeconomic stability, address vulnerabilities, and support sustained growth. Achieving sustained growth would also require substantial infrastructure investment.

Directors stressed that securing fiscal sustainability should be a priority. They encouraged the authorities to take action to resolve domestic government arrears and to gradually rebuild fiscal buffers to build resilience, including from natural disasters. Directors underscored the importance of boosting revenues, strengthening tax compliance, and containing spending. In addition, they emphasized that spending priorities need to be better aligned with the National Development Strategy.

Directors encouraged sustained fiscal reform efforts, including advancing public financial management and preparing a Medium-Term Fiscal Strategy to assess the tradeoffs between development spending and building buffers. They also called for greater transparency of the Constituency Development Funds. Directors welcomed the authorities’ interest in strengthened tax administration and reform. A medium-term revenue strategy would help to guide policy goals and sequencing.

Directors considered the current monetary policy stance and the basket exchange rate peg regime to be appropriate. A modest increase in the cash reserve requirement would help absorb structural excess liquidity. Directors encouraged periodic reassessment of the level of the exchange rate to ensure that it remains supportive of external stability and economic growth.

Directors commended the authorities’ efforts to improve financial inclusion and to link it to resilience building. They highlighted that clearing the backlog of financial legislation would help strengthen the financial sector supervisory and regulatory framework. Directors encouraged the authorities to take steps to ensure the effectiveness and enforcement of the AML/CFT framework. They also emphasized that these reforms, in addition to addressing governance issues in the logging industry, would help sustain correspondent banking relationships.

Directors emphasized that structural reforms aimed at greater private sector involvement are key to supporting growth and generating new sources of growth. They also called for continued efforts to enforce and push ahead with the anti-corruption agenda and highlighted that a strong policy and regulatory environment is important to ensure that the maximum benefits from the mining sector are secured.

Solomon Islands: Selected Economic Indicators 2014–19

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Sources: Data provided by the authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

Includes disbursements under the IMF-supported programs.

Includes SDR allocations made by the IMF to Solomon Islands in 2009 and actual and prospective disbursements under the IMF-supported programs.

Total spending is defined as total expenditure, excluding grant-funded expenditure.


Under Article IV of the IMF’s Articles of Agreement, the IMF holds bilateral discussions with members, usually every year. A staff team visits the country, collects economic and financial information, and discusses with officials the country’s economic developments and policies. On return to headquarters, the staff prepares a report, which forms the basis for discussion by the Executive Board.


At the conclusion of the discussion, the Managing Director, as Chairman of the Board, summarizes the views of Executive Directors, and this summary is transmitted to the country’s authorities. An explanation of any qualifiers used in summing up can be found here: