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Prepared by Mokhtar Benlamine and Mounir Bari. This chapter has benefited from comments from several IMF colleagues.
The XVII International Conference of Labor Statisticians (ICLS) established the distinction between (i) employment in the informal economy; (ii) informal employment; (iii) employment in the informal sector; and (iv) informal employment outside the informal sector (ILO (2004)).
In addition, IPUs represent all the units of production of goods and/or services held by an employer or a self-employed worker operating in Comoros and who does not possess a tax identification number and/or maintain accounting records. IPUs could provide both formal and informal employment.
The GPI stands for the gender parity index for gross enrollment ratio in primary and secondary education. It reflects the ratio of girls to boys enrolled at primary and secondary levels in public and private schools.
Gender inequality is examined using the United Nations gender inequality index, which measures gender inequality in three key aspects of human development: reproductive health, empowerment and economic status.
Gender inequality is measured by the Standardized World Income Inequality Database (SWIID) using the estimate of Gini index of inequality in equivalized (square root scale) household disposable (post-tax, post-transfer) income.
In Comoros, it is mandatory for a production unit to acquire a Tax Identification Number (TIN).