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Prepared by Naoko Miake.
The fertility rate has picked up slightly from the bottom marked in 2006 (1.26), which can be partially explained by the increase in the birth rates amongst those at the tail end of the baby boom (aged 30-39). With the continuous decline in marriage rates, and the decline in the number of women in the reproductive age, this modest rebound is expected to end by 2018.
Childcare capacity rose by 500,000 in 2009-16, but waitlisted children remained above 20,000 for the same period.
Between April 2015 to March 2016, there were 205 suicides and 246 deaths from overwork (officially reported through workers’ compensation claim). A white paper on the ‘death from overwork’ revealed that 22.7 percent of companies have full-time staff working overtime at least 80 hours per month, a threshold which is regarded to increase health risks.
In 2015, about 60 thousand women left their workplace due to their spouses’ relocation. 40 percent of women who left their jobs at the timing of marriage answered that her husband’s relocation triggered her resignation from work.