Prepared by Tetsuya Konuki (AFR)
See Box Country Report No 17/51
Other relevant research on this issue include Klemm (IMF WP/09/21, 2009) and Abbas, Klemm, Bedi, and Park (IMF WP/12/28, 2012).
In addition to the measures listed in the text table, the authorities are currently articulating specifics of a property tax to be introduced in the 2018 budget and increases in various fees.
All cross-country charts in this section are based on the data in the WEO and IMF FAD’s Expenditure Assessment Tool (EAT).
SMICs in SSA includes Botswana, Cabo Verde, Lesotho, Mauritius, Namibia, Seychelles, and Swaziland. Except for Cabo Verde, all of these countries are the members of SADC.
Much of the investment program of the PUC is supported by on-lending from the government.
The rise in the wage bill to GDP ratio since 2015 is partly explained by the introduction of the 13th month salary.
See the Social Protection Policy Note (World Bank, 2016).
For a discussion on efficiency frontier approach, see Grigoli and Kaplosi (2013).
The World Bank’s Public Expenditure Review in 2014 pointed out that internationally comparable test scores in Seychelles are unfavorable compared with other middle-income countries and peers in the region (Kenya, Mauritius, and Tanzania).