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Mauritius is one of the SSA country that is advanced in its demographic transition and was able to benefit from its demographic dividend.
Where Y1 is the steady state of the GDP per capita associated with the population growth n1, Y2 is the steady state of the GDP per capita associated with the population growth n2, α is the elasticity of income with respect to capital, and δ the annual rate of capital depreciation.
The window of opportunity to benefit from the first type of the demographic dividend starts when the SWAP start to increase consistently because of the reduction in both the fertility and death rates. It often lasts for a period of 50 years and end when SWAP start to decline because of an increasing share of elderly people which could allow the country start benefiting from the second demographic dividend, which lasts longer.
To determine the window of opportunity for the demographic dividend, the National Transfer Account project uses the “support ratio” criterion defined as the ratio of the number of producers (earning more than what they consume) to the number of consumers which is often different from the SWAP.