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The Gender Inequality Index (GII) is an index for measurement of gender disparity introduced in 2010 by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). It is a tri-dimensional (reproductive health, empowerment, and labor participation) composite measure which captures the loss of achievement within a country due to gender inequality. The GII ranges between 0 to 1, with 0 being full equality between men and women. and 1 maximum inequality. There exists an alternative Global Gender Gap Index (GGGI) computed since 2006 by the World Development Forum for several countries, but Niger is not among them. The African Development Bank also computes a Gender Equality Index (GEI) that largely mirrors the UNDP’s GII.
The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights. Through its 160 country profiles, country classifications and unique database, the SIGI provides the criteria to more effectively address the discriminatory social institutions that hold back progress on gender equality and women’s empowerment.