Kyrgyz Republic: Request for a Three-Year Arrangement Under the Extended Credit Facility—Informational Annex

Context. Performance under the previous Extended Credit Facility (ECF) arrangement, which expired last July, was good.


Context. Performance under the previous Extended Credit Facility (ECF) arrangement, which expired last July, was good.

Relations with the Fund

(As of February 28, 2015)

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Latest financial arrangements:

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Formerly PRGF.

Projected payments to Fund2/

(SDR million; based on existing use of resources and present holdings of SDRs):

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When a member has overdue financial obligations outstanding for more than three months, the amount of such arrears will be shown in this section.

Status of HIPC and MDRI assistance

On November 30, 2011, the Executive Board considered the addition of income and indebtedness criteria for end-2010 to the HIPC Initiative framework, which resulted in the removal of the Kyrgyz Republic from the ring-fenced list of eligible countries.

Safeguards assessments

The authorities are committed to complete a safeguards assessment by the first review of the ECF arrangement. An update assessment with respect to the new ECF approved by the IMF Board on June 20, 2011 was completed on October 28, 2011. The assessment concluded that the National Bank of the Kyrgyz Republic (NBKR) has established important safeguards in financial reporting, external, and internal audits. While the chairperson is accountable to parliament, governance arrangements need to be strengthened by establishing independent board oversight and more effective reporting by the Audit Committee that became operational following the 2009 assessment. The proposed new Banking Code also presents an opportunity to strengthen institutional autonomy and giving the NBKR sole responsibility for the governance of official foreign exchange reserves. Previous assessments were completed in April 2009, October 2005, and January 2002.

Exchange rate arrangements

The currency of the Kyrgyz Republic has been the som (100 tyiyn = 1 som) since May 15, 1993. The de jure exchange rate arrangement is floating arrangement. The NBKR participates and intervenes in the interbank foreign exchange market to limit exchange rate volatility as necessary. The de facto exchange rate arrangement is classified as other managed arrangement. The NBKR publishes daily the exchange rate of the som in terms of the U.S. dollar, which is determined in the interbank foreign exchange market. The official exchange rate of the som against the dollar is calculated as the daily weighted average of the exchange rates used in the purchase and sale transactions of dollars conducted in the foreign exchange market through the Trade Information Electronic System (TIES) of the NBKR for the reporting period from 3:00 pm of the previous trading day to 3:00 pm of the current trading day. The government uses the official exchange rate for budget and tax accounting purposes as well as for all payments between the government and enterprises and other legal entities. The Kyrgyz Republic maintains a multiple currency practice (MCP), which predates the arrangement, arising from the use of the official exchange rate for government transactions. The official rate may differ by more than 2 percent from market rates because it is based on the average transaction weighted rate of the preceding day. In practice, the official and market rates have never differed by more than 2 percent. The new trading software that is currently being tested will enable automatic matching and settlement of transactions and will eliminate the existing segmentation of the foreign exchange market. The software is expected to be rolled out to banks over the next few months and to remove the MCP. Staff does not recommend approval of this MCP. The Kyrgyz Republic maintains an exchange system that is free of restrictions on the making of payments and transfers for current international transactions, except for the MCP discussed above and exchange restrictions maintained for security reasons relating to the restriction of financial transactions and the freeze of accounts of certain individuals or organizations associated with terrorism pursuant to (i) relevant U.N. Security Council resolutions; and (ii) the list of current terrorist organizations designated by the U.S. Secretary of State. The authorities have notified these measures to the Fund in May 2007.

Article IV consultations

The Kyrgyz Republic is on the 24-month consultation cycle. The 2013 Article IV consultation discussions were held in March–April 2013 and were completed by the Executive Board in June 2013 (see Country Report No. 13/75).

FSAP participation and ROSC assessment

An FSAP update mission in July 2013 reviewed progress since the 2007 assessment, and the Board discussed the Financial System Stability Assessment (FSSA) along with the fifth ECF review in December 2013. The FSSA was not published. A fiscal ROSC mission was held in March 2001 and the ROSC Fiscal Transparency Module was published on March 13, 2002. A data ROSC mission was held in November 2002 and the ROSC Data Module was published in November 2003. A fiscal ROSC reassessment was held in September 2007.

Resident representative

The ninth resident representative of the Fund in the Kyrgyz Republic, Mr. Sobolev, took up his post in Bishkek in November 2013.

Relations with the World Bank Group

(As of March 19, 2015)

World Bank Group strategy: The CPS for FY14–17: The joint WB/IFC CPS was reviewed by the Board on July 25, 2013. Its strategic goal is to help reduce extreme poverty and promote shared prosperity through support for improved governance. This governance-oriented approach focuses on three dimensions of the relationship between the state and the citizen, which correspond to three broad areas of engagement—public administration and public service delivery, business environment and investment climate, and the management of natural resources and physical infrastructure. IFC’s primary focus would be the second and potentially the third areas of engagement, contributing to the CPS agenda by promoting private sector development through investment and advisory services that encourage diversification and competitiveness. Since the Kyrgyz Republic joined the World Bank in 1992, the Bank has approved US$1.3 billion for International Development Association (IDA)-funded projects and Recipient Executed Trust Funds (RETFs), out of which US$1.1 billion has been disbursed. To date, 47 IDA investment operations for US$1 billion have been completed and closed. The Kyrgyz Active Portfolio includes 10 IDA projects and 14 RETFs for a total amount of US$295.74 million. From 1992 until 2000, the Kyrgyz portfolio had a significant focus on budget support; since 2001, however, there has been a gradual shift toward investment projects till 2010. To achieve macroeconomic stability in the country after political turmoil in April 2010, the Kyrgyz Government requested the Bank to provide budget support. There have been tree budget support operations since the July 2010 Donors Conference and the multiyear programmatic budget support program is envisioned till FY17.

IDA financed operations: Under the CPS, the following operations were delivered in FY15: the Electricity Supply Accountability and Reliability Improvement Project (US$25 million equivalent) and the Pasture and Livestock Management Improvement Project (US$15 million equivalent). The Third Village Investment Project (US$12 million equivalent) and Climate Adaptation and Mitigation Program for Central Asia (US$5 million equivalent) are scheduled for Board discussion in the end of FY15. Energy Sector Development Policy Operation (US$24 million equivalent) was not scheduled under the CPS, but was delivered in January 2015 in response to the Kyrgyz Government request for urgent support in addressing the recurrent winter energy shortages.

The following operations are planned to be delivered in FY16: the Fiscal Management and Governance Development Policy Operation (US$24 million equivalent), the Integrated Forest Ecosystem Management Project (US$12 million equivalent), and the Urban Planning and Development Project (US$12 million equivalent) and the Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Project -3 (US$13 million equivalent).

Trust funds: In addition to the IDA portfolio, the Kyrgyz program includes a significant number of cofinancing and stand-alone trust funds (TFs). Currently, the RETFs Portfolio has a total value of about US$60 million, out of which US$19.8 million has been disbursed. Two sectors—Agriculture and Rural Development and Public Sector Management—receive most of the TFs. The largest TFs are the Agricultural Productivity Assistance Project (US$6.85 million), and Capacity Building in Public Financial Management (US$7.49 million), Kyrgyz Global Partnership for Education (US$12.7 million) and Kyrgyz Health Results Based Financing (US$11 million). TFs are mainly provided to co-finance

IDA operations and to support capacity-building activities. The main contributors to the TFs have been the European Union (EU), Switzerland, Russia, and the United Kingdom.

Analytical advisory activities: These include continuation of programmatic PER and technical assistance (TA) in number of sectors, including mining sector business environment; railways trade link; analytical poverty work; Chamber of Accounts to enhance the public procurement audit methodology; public sector reform roadmap; PSD policy dialogue; agribusiness study; and conflict filter.

IFC program: Since becoming a member of IFC in 1993, the Kyrgyz Republic has received commitments totaling more than US$117.7 million from IFC’s own funds to finance 36 projects in the financial sector, including banking and microfinance, mining sector, agribusiness, as well as in the pulp and paper sectors. As of June 30, 2014, IFC’s committed portfolio stood at US$30.5 million, which includes investments in financial markets and manufacturing sectors.

IFC strategy: IFC’s role in the WBG Country partnership Strategy for the Kyrgyz Republic is to support the development and diversification of the private sector, contributing to country’s greater competitiveness, and improving employment opportunities. IFC prioritizes activities aimed at improving the investment climate, increasing access to finance and promoting corporate disclosure standards, while at the same time exploring a greater role in energy efficiency and renewable energy and looking for opportunities in the area of PPP jointly with IDA. In the banking sector, IFC aims to increase access to finance for MSMEs by improving regulatory framework, strengthening local financial institutions, expanding microfinance organizations, and providing credit lines for MSME financing to local banks. In the real sector, IFC aims to improve corporate business practices, while looking for emerging opportunities to invest across variety of sectors, particularly in agribusiness, mining, and infrastructure.

IFC advisory programs implemented in the Kyrgyz Republic focus on: i) improving financial markets infrastructure, specifically credit information sharing systems and risk management education; (ii) institutional and capacity building of financial intermediaries; (iii) microfinance and housing microfinance development; (iv) investment climate and tax administration; (v) improving corporate governance in local companies; (vi) improving agri-financing; and (vii) designing public-private partnership projects, currently in health and power sectors.

MIGA program: MIGA’s current portfolio in the Kyrgyz Republic consists of one project, financed by Austrian and Italian investors, in support of the country’s manufacturing and services sector. The outstanding gross exposure from this investment is US$10.8 million.

ICSID: The Kyrgyz government lost an ICSID supported lawsuit relating to an expropriated hotel and defaulted on the required payment. In October, the Canadian court approved the confiscation of Kyrgyz holdings on the Toronto Stock Exchange. The Kyrgyz government has contested this decision.

Relations with the Asian Development Bank (ADB)

(As of March 15, 2015)

The Kyrgyz Republic joined ADB in 1994. ADB approved the new Country Partnership Strategy (CPS) 2013–17 for the Kyrgyz Republic in August 2013. The CPS is aligned with the National Sustainable Development Strategy, 2013–17 approved by the President of the Kyrgyz Republic in January 2013 (NSDP). The overarching goal of the CPS is poverty reduction through inclusive economic growth. The CPS supports the government in addressing key constraints to growth and equitable access to economic opportunities. It focuses on: (i) public sector management for private sector development; (ii) transport and logistics; (iii) energy; (iv) education and training; and (v) water supply and sanitation (WSS). ADB has been active in these areas and within each sector will focus more strongly on addressing regional disparities. The Country Operations Business Plan 2015–17 was endorsed by the Board in December 2014.

ADB is one of the major development partners in the country. All assistance provided to the Kyrgyz Republic is from concessional ADB’s special fund resources—Asian Development Fund (ADF), which is allocated based on country performance assessments (CPA). The Kyrgyz Republic has been eligible for 50 percent grant and 50 percent ADF loan since 2009. ADB’s annual lending began with US$40 million in 1994 and reached the peak level of US$169.1 million in 2014. Based on the results of the 2014 CPA, the country received an ADF allocation of US$105.06 million for 2015–16, of which US$46.70 million in grant and US$58.37 million in loan. The allocations were reduced compared to 2013–14 ADF allocations as the ADF resource available under the performance–based allocations (PBA) in 2015–16 was reduced, mainly due to weakness of SDR, Yen, and Euro. An additional subregional ADF allocation of US$60 million for the Toktogul Rehabilitation Project Phase 3 has also been allocated. In 2014, the country received allocation of $137.1 million for project and US$32 million for program. As of 15 March 2015, the country has received 38 loans worth US$961.7 million, 24 ADF and one GEF grants worth US$451.1 million. The Kyrgyz Republic has also received eight grants from Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction (JFPR grants) amounting to US$8.5 million. ADB is the largest funding agency in the transport, energy and public sector management sectors. Four new projects, namely: Investment Climate Improvement Program, Subprogram 3 for US$22 million, Strengthening Education System Sector Development Program and Project, for US$10 million and US$12 million grant respectively, Toktogul Rehabilitation Phase 2 Project for US$110 million (US$65.5 million loan and US$44.5 million grant), CAREC Transport Corridor I (Bishkek-Torugart Road) Project 3—additional financing for US$15.1 million (US$10.8 million loan and US$4.3 million grant) were approved in 2014.

As of 15 March 2015, the active portfolio included 13 projects totaling US$611.8 million which are being implemented through 11 ADF loans (US$335.2 million) and 11 ADF grants (US$275.1 million) and one grant financed by the Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction grant (US$1.5 million). ADB has also provided 88 technical assistance (TA) projects amounting to US$50.48 million as of today. ADB also provides TA through the regional technical assistance facility. Among the most recent assistance is technical assistance for developing an e-procurement strategy for the Kyrgyz Republic, Support for Strategic Assessment of the Kyrgyz Economy, and Strengthening Government Capacity for Managing Development Projects.

The year-end performance of ADB’s portfolio was satisfactory in 2014 with 78 percent projects on track. Contract awards and disbursements as of 31 December 2014 reached US$65.94 million and US$63.4million (86 percent and 102 percent of year’s projections), respectively.

The Kyrgyz Republic is a strong advocate for regional economic cooperation, and is an active participant in the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) Program. The Kyrgyz Republic has benefited significantly from regional road development. Following CAREC initiatives in key areas approved at sector meetings, the Kyrgyz Republic is taking measures in trade policy and trade facilitation sectors to increase trade and transport flow. The reconstructed roads ensure safer and faster year-round travel to Kazakh, Tajik, and Chinese borders. Investments in energy will expand energy production and distribution. CAREC transport and trade facilitation projects are expected to support the government’s goal of developing external trade activities. ADB is also helping to develop procedures and technical tools to enhance land acquisition and resettlement practices to foster more effective infrastructure development in the region.

At the Thirteenth CAREC Ministerial Conference held in Bishkek in November 2014, a memorandum of understanding was signed between the cities of Almaty and Bishkek to jointly work on development of the Almaty—Bishkek Corridor.

By the end of 2014, cumulative direct value-added official co-financing for the Kyrgyz Republic since 1997 amounted to US$216.2 million for eight investment projects and US$3.1 million for eight technical assistance projects.

ADB private sector operations in the Kyrgyz Republic began in 2012 with the signing of a US$10 million SME loan to the Kyrgyz Investment and Credit Bank. ADB’s Trade Finance Program (TFP) fills market gaps in trade finance by providing guarantees and loans through over 200 partner banks in support of trade. In December 2012, three banks in the Kyrgyz Republic signed TFP agreements including Demir Kyrgyz International Bank, Kyrgyz Investment and Credit CJSC, RSK Bank OJSC.

The Kyrgyz Republic was selected as one of the pilot countries during the February 2003 Rome Conference on Harmonization. Since then key development partners have learned to better coordinate and harmonize procurement procedures, oversee financial management and monitoring, share project implementation units, and conduct joint country portfolio reviews. ADB cooperates extensively with civil society organizations in the Kyrgyz Republic to strengthen the effectiveness, quality, and sustainability of the services it provides.

Relations with the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)

(As of March 1, 2015)

Overview of EBRD activities to date

The Bank has been actively supporting the transition in Kyrgyz Republic since 1995. From 1995 to the end of February 2015, the Bank signed 122 projects accounting for a net cumulative business volume of €572 million. The Bank’s portfolio amounted to €275 million in 53 active projects. The current private sector portfolio ratio (as a percentage of the total portfolio) is 76 percent which is well above the Bank’s 60 percent mandated ratio.

On 25 February 2015 the EBRD Board of Directors approved a new country strategy for the Kyrgyz Republic which will guide the Bank’s operations in the country for the next four years. The key strategic priorities include (i) fostering sustainable growth by strengthening regional cross-border linkages; (ii) enabling SMEs to scale-up and bolster competitiveness; (iii) promoting sustainability of public utilities through commercialization and private sector participation. In addition, the Bank will seek to support through the above priorities the reduction of regional economic disparities, by increasing its outreach to less developed rural areas, in particular in the southern regions, and addressing inclusion gaps in relation to gender and youth across sectors.

Fostering the private sector: The Bank’s operations in support of local private enterprises took advantage of the ETC Initiative and recently created SME Department, which was instrumental in enabling the Bank to deliver a number of small projects with significant transition impact, particularly in the areas of corporate governance and business conduct. In 2014 and first two months of 2015 the Bank signed six corporate sector projects all with local SMEs.

  • Under the Direct Lending Facility (DLF), in 2014 the Bank financed a local retail chain to support expansion and improve shop conditions; and a local property and hotel developer to complete the major construction and refurbishment works.

  • Under the Medium-Sized Co-Financing Facility (MCFF), the Bank supported expansion to Jalalabad of one of the leading flour producing companies; financed two local construction companies, one to invest into expansion of its stone crushing and mortar product lines to increase efficiency and ensure acceptable product quality, and another to increase own fleet to maintain a continuous raw materials supply; supported a local resort to help modernize its wastewater treatment facility with the aim to reduce energy consumption and improve the resort’s area and facilities.

  • Small Business Support (SBS) connects small and medium-sized enterprises to the expertise that can help transform their businesses. Depending on the nature of the company’s needs, SBS works by providing business advice, supporting short-term specific projects with local consultants, or through industry expertise, using longer-term projects that help senior managers develop new business skills and make the structural changes their companies need to thrive.

    • SBS works with international advisers with more than 15 years’ experience in a particular industry or field. In visits over the course of 12–18 months, the advisers strive to transfer their know-how to receptive managers. The teaching of international best practices is tailored to the needs of the client, and can cover anything from restructuring, to marketing and design or financial management. SBS has undertaken 54 projects in the Kyrgyz Republic with companies in manufacturing, ICT, tourism, and agriculture. The majority of projects focused on improving marketing and sales, organization, operations, and financial management. The total donor commitment for these projects was approximately €3.13 million.

    • SBS helps companies work with qualified local consultants on a range of projects, covering concerns from market research to strategic planning, quality management and certification or energy efficiency and environmental management. These projects are undertaken on a cost-sharing basis. SBS also work with the local consultancy sector, supporting professional capacity building to develop the skills of local consultants to enable them to serve the SME sector on a sustainable basis, and to introduce more sophisticated advisory services in areas such as quality management and energy efficiency. As of 1 March 2015, SBS Kyrgyz Republic has undertaken 844 projects, engaging 202 consultants. More than 65 percent of the enterprises assisted are located outside the main cities. Despite the difficult business climate, turnover increased in nearly 66 percent of SBS beneficiary companies in the year following project completion, while 45 beneficiaries secured external investments, for a total investment of €25 million. SBS Kyrgyz Republic is funded by the Swiss and the U.S. Governments which have contributed €4.5 million and €230,000 respectively.

Strengthening financial institutions: In 2014, the EBRD continued supporting the country’s financial institutions. The Bank signed eight new loan agreements with local banks and MFIs, including six loan agreements in local currency as part of the Bank’s Local Currency and Local Capital Market Initiative, a risk-sharing program supported by donor grants to catalyze local currency lending in the early transition countries (ETC). These also included the energy efficiency credit lines to four participating financial institutions provided under the US$20 million Kyrgyz Sustainable Energy Efficiency Facility (KyrSEEF) which is an example of an integrated approach combining policy dialogue, financing and TC-supported capacity building at local intermediaries, benefiting from donor-funded investment incentives. KyrSEFF offers to provide financing for small-size energy efficiency improvements in the residential, service, agribusiness, SME, and industry sectors.

The Bank also engaged in policy dialogue with the National Bank of the Kyrgyz Republic (NBKR) on supporting development of mobile banking regulation, and strengthening the NBKR capacity in monetary policy implementation. Jointly with KfW, the Bank initiated a technical assistance project to support further development of the local capital market.

Support for critical infrastructure: To build the institutional framework for sustainable operations of municipal services, the Bank strengthened its activities in municipal infrastructure projects and worked on implementation of a €20 million framework to improve water supply and wastewater treatment supported by co-financing grants from bilateral and multilateral donors. The framework was fully utilized by the end of 2014.

  • Under this framework, the Bank continued implementation of the water rehabilitation projects in Bishkek, Osh, Djalalabad, Kara-Balta, Kant and Talas and in 2015 signed new water and wastewater project for Tokmok. The new loan of €2.0 million is co-financed by €3.1 million capital grant from the European Union’s Investment Facility for Central Asia (EU IFCA) and will be used to finance critical water and wastewater infrastructure improvements in the City of Tokmok. The capital expenditure grant is required to meet IMF conditions for non-concessional lending and mitigate affordability constraints. Projects in the water sector enabled the Bank to make progress with water tariff reforms, meeting IFRS accounting standards, and promoting efficiency in the water companies. In 2014 the Bank extended the original framework by approving new €20 million to cover additional sub-projects in the following cities: Naryn, Batken, Cholpon-Ata, Balykchi, Karakol, Kara-Suu, Uzgen, Kizil-Kiya and second phases of water projects in Osh, Jalalabad and Talas.

  • In 2013 the EBRD provided the first loan of €11 million to finance critical solid waste investments in Bishkek. The loan is co-financed by €3 million capital grant from the Bank’s Shareholder Special Fund (SSF) and €8 million from the EU IFCA. The project will improve the city’s solid waste management, including collection across the city, investment in an urgently needed sanitary landfill, and the closure of the existing dumpsite, which is at the end of its economic life. The project will help optimize solid waste collection including via acquisition of new trucks and containers and is expected to result in an improved level of public service, the introduction of waste recycling and environmental improvements. In addition substantial TC has been mobilized to assist the Bishkek municipality with development and implementation of resettlement and livelihood restoration in connection with the existing landfill. By end of 2015 the Bank intends to provide new loans of €3.5 million in total to finance critical solid waste investments in Osh and Djalalabad cities. The Bank loans will be co-financed by €7 million loans from the European Investment Bank and €9 million capital grants from EU IFCA.

  • The Bank continued implementation of the Bishkek Public Transport project with 79 new highl-and low-floor trolleybuses delivered to Bishkek by the end of 2014 and in the same year provided a new loan of €5.7 million for improvement of public transport system in the City of Osh. The loan was co-financed by €3.1 million capital grant from EBRD Shareholder Special Fund. For all municipal projects gender was taken into consideration with respect to improving equality of access to the new services.

Policy dialogue: EBRD is continuing support to the Business Development and Investment Council, which has been providing local and international business representatives (representing the mining, industry, agro-processing and tourism sectors) with a platform to discuss the main barriers to doing business with top officials of the government.

  • The Bank continued to actively engage in policy dialogue with the government and local authorities to promote the further reform agenda in corporate and infrastructure sectors, in particular transport sector reform.

  • The Bank is providing support to the development of local capital markets through policy dialogue, TC deepening the market, and reducing financial institutions’ funding mismatches, including in local currency.

  • The Bank has been working on implementing TC to provide institutional capacity building support to the State Agency for Geology to support mining sector reform.

  • The Bank continued its engagement with the government on public procurement improvement under the joint EBRD–UNCITRAL technical cooperation project designed to upgrade public procurement regulation in the CIS to the new UNCITRAL Model Law on Procurement of Goods, Construction, and Services.

  • The Bank continues its support for renewable energy development including through TC to the Ministry of Energy and Industry to support the renewable energy framework, and a possible financing of a pilot mini-hydro project(s).

Technical Assistance Provided by the Fund

(February 2003–March 2015)

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List of Resident Advisors

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Statistical Issues

1. Data provision is adequate for surveillance. The four institutions responsible for collecting, compiling and disseminating macroeconomic statistics—the National Statistics Committee (NSC), the Ministry of Economic Regulation (MER), the Ministry of Finance (MoF), and the NBKR—have legal and institutional environments that support statistical quality, and their respective staff are well-versed in current methodologies.

2. The NSC maintains a comprehensive and regularly updated website with data that largely incorporate international methodological recommendations with adequate coverage and timeliness ( In February 2004, the Kyrgyz Republic subscribed to the SDDS.

3. A data ROSC mission in November 2002 concluded that the quality of the macroeconomic statistics had improved significantly in the last few years. The authorities’ response to the data ROSC (posted on the IMF website includes an update on the status of implementation of the ROSC recommendations.

National accounts

4. In general, dissemination of national accounts statistics is timely. Technical assistance has been received from the IMF, EUROSTAT, OECD, the World Bank, and bilateral donors. While significant progress has been made in improving the national accounts estimation process, problems persist regarding the quality of the source data, due mainly to excessively tight collection deadlines associated with the release schedule. Efforts are needed to improve the quality of the source data for quarterly GDP estimates. Moreover, while the quarterly GDP estimates are disseminated on a discrete basis for SDDS purposes, these estimates are still derived from cumulative data. Difficulties also remain in properly estimating the degree of underreporting, especially in the private sector. To improve the coverage and reliability of primary data, work has been undertaken to introduce sampling procedures. Improved sampling procedures have been adopted for household surveys and new report forms have been introduced for the enterprise survey. The NSC has established a division of sample surveys, which would assist in improving the sampling techniques.

5. The November 2008 STA mission on national accounts assisted the staff of the National Accounts Division in NCS to produce discrete quarterly GDP estimates at current and constant prices, using both the production and expenditure approaches. The mission made a number of recommendations, including: (a) need to introduce the new establishment surveys; (b) disseminate the industrial production index (IPI) as a chain-linked indices, in line with international standards; (c) investigate the inconsistency between the IPI and the producer price index (PPI); (d) fully computerize the calculation of volume estimates for agriculture in line with international practice; and (e) obtain time series data for loans and deposits of financial institutions.

Price and labor market statistics

6. The concepts and definitions used in the CPI, which has been published since January 1995, are broadly consistent with international standards. The price index covers all urban resident households of all sizes and income levels, but needs to cover rural households, which comprise the majority of the population.

7. The PPI, which has been published since October 1996, is compiled broadly in accordance with international standards, although its coverage needs to be improved. The coverage of the PPI was broadened in May 1997 and is expected to be further expanded in the coming years.

8. Progress has been made in computing unit value indices for imports and exports. Work continues with regard to computation of these indices using a standard index presentation and the development of an export price index. However, problems in customs administration have led to incomplete coverage of trade and the lack of an appropriate valuation system. Moreover, the data processed by customs have suffered due to the use of an outdated computer software system.

9. Problems exist in the compilation of the average wage, especially with respect to the valuation of payments in kind and the coverage of the private sector. Monthly and annual data are not comparable because of different coverage and classifications. These problems extend to employment data as well. The coverage of unemployment includes an estimate of unregistered unemployed.

Government finance statistics

10. The scope of central government statistics falls short of international standards because it excludes data for the Social Fund (these data are published separately). Other limitations involve the discrepancies between the deficit and financing data. While revenue and expenditure data generally accord with the GFSM 1986, there are misclassifications in both categories (for example, some nontax revenues are classified as taxes, and certain expenditure items are misclassified in the budget and treasury accounts). Monthly GFS data are reported to STA for publication in the IFS; the latest data reported for publication in the GFS Yearbook were for 2006 and covered general government and its subsectors; and the data were compiled using the GFSM 2001 analytical framework.

11. The provision of data on public external debt service has improved. Data on actual debt service, guaranteed debt service, outstanding debt, and revised debt projections are provided on a monthly basis. The quality (including timeliness) of external debt data is adequate. The External Debt Division of the ministry of finance is now solely responsible for monitoring external debt, and has benefited from on-site training provided by a Swiss-financed long-term consultant and the computerization of its database.

Monetary and financial statistics (MFS)

12. The 2002 data ROSC mission found that: (a) the residency criterion was not uniformly applied, as the currency denomination was used to classify some transactions with foreign and domestic units; (b) deposits with banks in liquidation were included in broad money; and (c) source data did not provide sufficient information for a more detailed sectoral breakdown (e.g., subsectorization of nonbank institutions as recommended in the MFSM).

13. The April/May 2004 STA mission on MFS found that the NBKR had made substantial progress in implementing ROSC recommendations pertaining to monetary statistics. To address the outstanding issues, the mission further recommended that the NBKR (a) improve the basic source data to allow for proper classification of the transactions with foreign and domestic units; (b) fully implement the MFSM’s methodology concerning accrual accounting; (c) exclude deposits with banks in liquidation from monetary aggregates and classify them as restricted deposits; and (d) set up a working group to follow up on consistency between monetary and balance of payments statistics. The mission also recommended expanding the current broad money survey to include the accounts of credit unions and microfinance companies.

14. The new accounting framework for banks implemented in January 2009 revealed some problems in classification of a part of the Social Fund deposits. Efforts are under way to address the consequences of the introduction of the new accounting rules.

15. Monetary data have been reported electronically to STA using Standardized Report Forms (SRFs). STA identified classification issues in the reported SRF data, which were communicated to the authorities. The data will be published in IFS and IFS Monetary and Financial Statistics Supplement as soon as these issues are resolved.

External sector statistics

16. Data on the balance of payments and international investment position are compiled and disseminated on a quarterly basis. The 2002 data ROSC mission noted that the compilation of balance of payments statistics broadly follows the methodology recommended in the BPM5. However, deficiencies remain with respect to data on remittances, trade, services, and foreign direct investment. There is also a need to improve compilation procedures for achieving temporal consistency of data, and investigating and reconciling discrepancies. The March 2004 STA mission on balance of payments statistics noted that while progress had been made in several areas, further improvements were needed in the international transactions reporting system; data sampling methods; and data validation and coverage, particularly on trade, services, private sector external debt, and foreign direct investment.

Kyrgyz Republic: Table of Common Indicators Required for Surveillance

(As of March 13, 2015)

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Any reserve assets that are pledged or otherwise encumbered should be specified separately. Also, data should comprise short-term liabilities linked to a foreign currency but settled by other means as well as the notional values of financial derivatives to pay and to receive foreign currency, including those linked to a foreign currency but settled by other means.

Both market-based and officially determined, including discount rates, money market rates, rates on treasury bills, notes, and bonds.

Foreign and domestic financing only.

The general government consists of the central government (budgetary funds, extra budgetary funds, and social security funds) and state and local governments.

Including currency and maturity composition.

Includes external gross financial asset and liability positions vis-à-vis nonresidents.

Daily (D), Weekly (W), Monthly (M), Quarterly (Q), Annually (A), Irregular (I), Not Available (NA).

Reflects the assessment provided in the data ROSC (published in November 2003, and based on the findings of the mission that took place during November 2002) for the dataset corresponding to the variable in each row. The assessment indicates whether international standards concerning concepts and definitions, scope, classification/sectorization, and basis for recording are fully observed (O), largely observed (LO), largely not observed (LNO), or not observed (NO).

Same as footnote 7, except referring to international standards concerning source data, statistical techniques, assessment and validation of source data, assessment and validation of intermediate data and statistical outputs, and revision studies.