Prepared by Jean van Houtte and Du Prince Tchakoté.
Education covers the Ministries of basic education (MINEDUB), secondary education (MINESEC), tertiary education (MINESUP), and employment and training (MINEFOP). Health covers the Ministry of health (MINSANTE); and security covers the Ministries of Defense (MINDEF) and national security (Délégation générale à la sureté nationale; DGSN).
The ranks of contractuals in education swelled, as teachers previously financed under a specific French debt forgiveness scheme were integrated into the civil service in 2008.
The lowest wage (for Category 1) was not used for this comparison, since it applied only to about 500 civil servants. The next lowest wage, by comparison, applied to about 5,000 civil servants.