Back Matter

Appendix I. List of Officials and Data Users Interviewed by the Mission

Royal Monetary Authority

Daw Tenzin (Governor)

Pushpalal Chhetri (Deputy Governor, GDDS Coordinator)

Research and Statistics Department

Pema Dechan Dorjee (Director)

Yangchen Tshogyel (Senior Research Officer, External Sector Statistics)

Gopal Giri (Senior Research Officer, Fiscal and Monetary and Financial Statistics)

Puntsho Dolma (Senior Research Officer, External Sector Statistics)

Jigme Dorji (Research Officer, Monetary and Financial Statistics)

Sonam Tobgye (Research Officer, Real and Fiscal Statistics)

Kinley Pern (Assistant Research Officer, Monetary and Financial Statistics)

Tashi Gyeltshen (Assistant Research Officer, External Sector Statistics)

Dorji Choden (Research Assistant)

Financial Regulation and Supervision Department

Ugyen Choden (Examining Officer)

Ugyen Tshering (Assistant Examining Officer)

Ministry of Finance

Lam Dorji (Finance Secretary)

Department of Public Accounts

Sonam Wangdi (Deputy Chief Accounts Officer)

Department of Revenue and Customs

Tashi Pem (Acting Director)

Thinlay Yangdon (Deputy Collector)

Jigme Dorji (Deputy Collector)

Department of the National Budget

T N C Sharma (CBO)

Dechen Lhendup (DCBO)

National Statistics Bureau

Kuenga Thsering (Director General)

National Accounts and Price Division

Sangay Bida (Deputy Chief Statistical Officer)

Dechen Wangdi (Principal Statistical Officer)

Tshering Dorji (Senior Statistical Officer)

Tobden (Senior Statistical Officer)

Penjor Gyeltshen (Statistical Officer, focal person for PPI)

Data Users

World Bank

Genevieve Boyreau

Om Bhandari (Acting Resident Representative, International Financial Corporation Country Coordinator)

Bhutan Development Bank

Pema Tshering (Managing Director)

United Nations Development Programme

Jigme Dorji (Programme Analyst)

Gross National Happiness Commission Secretariat

Nyingtob Pema Norbu (Planning Officer)

Tandin Wangchuk (Senior Planning Officer)

Druk Holding and Investments

Damber Singh Kharka (Director)

Bhutan Chamber of Commerce & Industry

Yeshi Dorji (Research Officer)

Royal Thimphu College

Ms Deki (Lecturer)

Appendix II. List of Technical Assistance Missions to Bhutan Conducted by the IMF Statistics Department between 2004 and Evaluation Mission (March 2013)

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Appendix III. Number of Participants from Bhutan in STA Training Activities, by Type of Course

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Data on participation of Bhutanese Officials in training outside of the ICD-RTC program was unavailable until 2007

Appendix IV. Questionnaire: Recipients of Technical Assistance

Bhutan—Technical Assistance Evaluation Mission

IMF Statistics Department

March 2013

Objective: This questionnaire is intended to collect views of key beneficiaries of technical assistance regarding improvement of quality of macroeconomic statistics. The information would help the assessment of technical assistance (TA) provided by IMF’s Statistics Department (STA) to various statistical agencies, if needed. The STA TA for macroeconomic statistics covers: national accounts, price statistics, government finance statistics, monetary and financial statistics, and external sector statistics. In addition to the Survey, the IMF STA mission will also conduct meetings with key stakeholders to help our understanding in depth on the modality of TA suitable to Bhutan.

I. Your Contact Information and Background Annexes

1. Responsible Agency:

__________________________________________________________________

2. Name of Official Completing the Questionnaire:

____________________________________________

3. Title/designation:

_____________________________________________________________________

4. Please see the list of technical assistance missions by the Statistics Department (STA) of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to Bhutan and the tables summarizing the participation of Bhutan authorities in statistics-related courses sponsored by the IMF.

II. Experiences with Technical Assistance

5. How would you describe the overall usefulness of TA missions from the IMF’s Statistics Department to Bhutan in: □ national accounts, □ consumer price index (CPI) and/or Producer price index (PPI), □ government finance statistics (GFS), □ monetary and financial statistics (MFS), □ external sector statistics? (Check the area or areas that are relevant and check one of the options below)

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6. What is your assessment of the data quality improvement in the different areas of statistics between 1993 and 2004? (Check the area or areas that are relevant to your data needs.)

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7. (a) What is your assessment of the quality improvement made in the different areas of statistics since 2004 that you may have observed? (Check the area or areas that are relevant and check one of the options below)

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b) How would you assess the value of participation in IMF training in statistics? (Check one)

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8. Please provide your views on the following aspects of the TA in this area of statistics:

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GDDS-General Data Dissemination System.

IFS-International Financial Statistics, published by the IMF.

9. Rank the delivery mode(s) that was (or were) relatively most effective in meeting TA needs from 1 to 4, with 1 being the most effective and 4 being the least effective:

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10. If you are aware of STA’s recommendations to improve the quality of statistics, how relevant have you found the recommendations of TA missions. If possible, identify by subject matter e.g. national accounts, price, GFS, MFS, and/or external sector statistics.

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11. What has been the degree of implementation of most relevant TA recommendations? If possible, identify by subject matter e.g. national accounts, price, GFS, MFS, and/or external sector statistics.

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12. What are the reasons for the lack of implementation of TA recommendations? If possible, identify by subject matter e.g. national accounts, price, GFS, MFS, and/or external sector statistics.

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Management decision (low priority, policy issues, etc.) Please explain.

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

13. How do you assess the impact of the implementation of TA recommendations on the country’s statistical outputs? If possible, identify by subject matter e.g. national accounts, price, GFS, MFS, and/or external sector statistics.

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III. Additional Comments

14. If further TA is needed, what are the goals to be achieved by future TA?

MFS: Intersectoral linkages. Complete coverage of the financial sector, with no additional TA.

Balance of payments: On-going Japan-supported project. Three-year work plan. Transition to Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, Sixth Edition.

National accounts: Quarterly GDP estimates. Quarterly GDP by sectors. Rebasing annual GDP.

Prices: Export and import price indexes. Construction Material Index. Construction PPI in the medium term.

15. What criteria would you suggest to be used to assess progress toward the stated goals?

Balance of payments: Reporting outputs to the IMF. Japan-supported project. Training at regional level.

National accounts: Longer mission (one month). Regional training workshops. Not aware of Headquarters courses. MFS, GFS, balance of payments courses also interesting. Interested in an intersectoral linkages course.

Prices: Training/follow-up mission. Continuous assistance.

16. How will future technical assistance contribute to achieving the stated goals?

Balance of payments: Regular contact with counterparts.

National accounts: Quarterly GDP estimates highly demanded by the MoF. How best we can provide the data to users. Put recommendations into actions.

Prices: Demand for new indexes, but lack of expertise.

Appendix V. Questionnaire: Key Users of Statistics

BhutanTechnical Assistance Evaluation Mission

IMF Statistics Department

March 2013

Objective: This questionnaire is intended to collect views of key users of data/statistics regarding improvement of quality of macroeconomic statistics. The information would help the assessment of technical assistance (TA) provided by IMF’s Statistics Department (STA) to various statistical agencies, if needed. The STA TA for macroeconomic statistics covers: national accounts, price statistics, government finance statistics, monetary and financial statistics, and external sector statistics. In addition to the Survey, the IMF STA mission will also conduct meetings with key stakeholders to help our understanding in depth on the modality of TA suitable to Bhutan.

I. Your Contact Information and Background Annexes

1. Agency/Entity name:

__________________________________________________________________

2. Name of Official Completing the Questionnaire:

____________________________________________

3. Title/designation:

_____________________________________________________________________

4. Question not applicable in the case of Bhutan.

II. Improvement of Data Quality and Technical Assistance

5. If you are aware of the TA missions from the IMF’s Statistics Department to Bhutan, how would you describe the overall usefulness in: □ national accounts, □ consumer price index (CPI) and/or Producer price index (PPI), □ government finance statistics (GFS), □ monetary and financial statistics (MFS), □ external sector statistics? (Check the area or areas that are relevant and check one of the options below)

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6. What is your assessment of the data quality improvement in the different areas of statistics between 1993 and 2004? (Check the area or areas that are relevant to your data needs.)

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7. (a) What is your assessment of the quality improvement made in the different areas of statistics since 2004 that you may have observed? (Check the area or areas that are relevant and check one of the options below)

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(b) What is your assessment of the relevance of the different issues provided by IMF TA experts with your institution that relate to the data improvements in the different areas during TA missions? If you are not aware of the TA work, skip to the next question.

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8. Please provide your views on the following aspects of the TA in this area of statistics:

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9. In what areas of statistics do you think improvement is required? (Please indicate any specific issues that need to be considered)

• Balance of payments and prices.

• Consistency and frequency of national accounts (quarterly GDP).

• Coordination among donors. Capturing informal trade. Technical capabilities of users and data (a lot of untapped information).

• Quarterly data. Difference between data among different agencies, e.g., CPI and GDP, have different figures from different agencies.

• Have a model though in advance of data collection (especially for NSB).

• Improve communication of statistics (how do we know what’s available beyond what’s published).

• Metadata, such as in footnotes.

• Gross domestic capital formation. Proper segregation could be done on construction and public investment.

10. What do you think were the main results of the TA program between 1993 and 2004?

Not applicable.

11. What do you think were the main results of the TA program since 2004?

• Reliable monetary and national accounts statistics.

• Data improvement in terms of quality but not in terms of frequency and reporting.

• Price data have improved.

• Improvement in data quality.

12. What were the most valuable results from IMF training in statistics?

• Not applicable. It might have resulted in a better and detail and timely availability of data to the users and for policy and development of programs.

1

The Development Assistance Committee Principles for Evaluation of Development Assistance (1991) can be found here: http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/31/12/2755284.pdf.

2

The IEO report is available on the IMF website: https://www.imf.org/External/np/ieo/2005/ta/eng/013105.htm.

3

In the case of TA, no missions were conducted between 2000 and the multisector mission in 2004, so the latter year is often used in this report as the starting point for reviewing TA.

4

The questionnaire is shown in Appendix IV. There were six responses, one per topical area, including FSI.

5

The questionnaire is shown in Appendix V. There were eight responses to the questionnaire.

6

As a step in this direction, the RMA has initiated and published its revisions policy and publication calendar, and also made available a user feedback survey online. During the users meeting, RMA invited users to send specific requests for awareness building sessions on RMA data.