Alcaraz, Carlo, 2009, “Informal and Formal Labor Flexibility in Mexico,” Desarrollo y Sociedad, Primer Semestre de 2009, pp 115–143.
Alcaraz, C. and D. Chiquiar, 2008, “Diferenciales salariales intersectoriales y el cambio en la composición del empleo urbano de la economía Mexicana en 2001–2004,” Banco de Mexico Working Paper 2008–2006.
Cervantes González, Jesús, 2001, “Remesas familiares y la migración de mexicanos a Estados Unidos,” Centro de Estudios Monetarios Latinoamericanos, Documento de Trabajo.
Chiquiar, D. and M Ramos Francia, 2009, “Competitiveness and Growth of the Mexican Economy,” Banco de Mexico Working Paper 2009–2011.
Duval-Hernández, R. and P. Orraca Romano, 2009, “A Cohort Analysis of labor Participation in Mexico, 1987–2009,” IZA Discussion Series Paper 4371.
Prepared by Enrique Flores and Esteban Vesperoni.
Labor participation, which had stood at around 50 percent in the late 1980s/early 1990s, increased significantly during the first five years before the Tequila crisis, not only pushed by favorable cyclical conditions, but also in part by an increase in labor participation by women. After reaching values around 55 percent in 1993/4, it remained stable during the following 10 years to the early 2000s. For an analysis of labor participation in Mexico, see Duval-Hernández and Orraca Romano (2009).
Data on migration flows between Mexico and the U.S. can be obtained from different sources, but all of them offer a similar picture for the last decade.
For a comprehensive analysis of this data, see Cervantes González (2011).
In contrast with the ACS, data from INEGI does no show a recovery in migration flows after the global crisis (Figure 5).
Quarterly migration data from INEGI and regional unemployment rates in the U.S. also support this point.