IMF Executive Board Approves US$551 Million PRGF Arrangement for the Democratic Republic of the Congo and US$73 Million in Interim HIPC Assistance

This paper discusses a Request from Congo for a Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) program. Growth in Congo in 2008 was strong, but weakened by the onset of the global financial crisis during the second half of the year that resulted in a deterioration of the country’s terms of trade and large job losses in the mining sector. Macroeconomic policies for the rest of 2009 and 2010 aim at reducing inflation while mitigating the impact of the global financial sector on the economy.


This paper discusses a Request from Congo for a Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) program. Growth in Congo in 2008 was strong, but weakened by the onset of the global financial crisis during the second half of the year that resulted in a deterioration of the country’s terms of trade and large job losses in the mining sector. Macroeconomic policies for the rest of 2009 and 2010 aim at reducing inflation while mitigating the impact of the global financial sector on the economy.

The Executive Board of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) today approved a three-year, SDR 346.45 million (about US$551.45 million) arrangement for the Democratic Republic of the Congo under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF). The Executive Board also approved additional interim assistance of SDR 45.66 million (about US$72.68 million) under the enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative to reduce the DRC’s debt service payments to the IMF.

Satisfactory completion of the first review of the government’s PRGF-supported economic program is a key requirement for the DRC to reach the completion point under the enhanced HIPC Initiative and to benefit from the Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative (MDRI), which together could result in relief from the vast majority of the country’s external debt. Other requirements for the HIPC completion point are 12 months of satisfactory implementation of the government’s Poverty Reduction and Growth Strategy (PRGS) and other measures—including in social areas such as healthcare and education—which were agreed when the DRC reached its HIPC Decision Point in July 2003.

Following the Executive Board’s discussion of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Mr. John Lipsky, First Deputy Managing Director and Acting Chair, said:

“The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has made important socioeconomic progress since 2001, demonstrated by the political transition to a democratically-elected government, robust rates of economic growth, and the taming of hyperinflation. Nonetheless, socioeconomic conditions remain poor; the country’s infrastructure is dilapidated; and the country’s external debt is unsustainable. The global economic crisis has further aggravated these conditions.

“The new three-year PRGF arrangement will support the authorities’ implementation of their poverty reduction and growth strategy and economic reform program. The key priorities are to generate strong economic growth, reduce inflation to single digits, strengthen public financial management, achieve debt sustainability, and accelerate structural reforms.

“Prudent and credible fiscal policies are key to addressing fiscal dominance over monetary policy and making progress toward fiscal sustainability. The authorities aim to bolster domestic revenue, strengthen expenditure management, and implement a prudent wage policy to support fiscal consolidation while expanding priority spending programs. The authorities are committed to avoiding recourse to bank financing over the medium term.

“Monetary policy will continue to focus on reducing inflation. The central bank aims to enhance the effectiveness of monetary policy by improving its liquidity forecasting capacity and strengthening coordination with the Treasury. Completion of the restructuring and recapitalization of the central bank is important to enhance the central bank’s credibility and independence. The central bank’s supervision of the commercial banks also needs to be strengthened.

“The DRC’s flexible exchange rate regime has served the country well. The central bank will limit intervention in the foreign exchange market to smoothing short-term volatility and achieving its gross official reserve target.

“Strong and sustained economic growth requires implementation of key structural reforms. The authorities will focus on public enterprise reform, improving governance, and streamlining the business regulatory environment.

“Given the DRC’s high debt burden, the authorities recognize the need for prudent debt management. They aim to meet the enhanced HIPC Initiative requirements and triggers to reach the completion point and receive debt relief under the Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative as early as possible. Continued highly concessional assistance from the donor community will be necessary to support the authorities’ reform efforts.”

Links to interviews with Mr. Brian Ames, IMF Mission Chief:


Video (English)

Video (French):


Recent Economic Developments

Socioeconomic conditions in the DRC remain dire following a decade-long conflict that has had enormous human costs and resulted in widespread destruction of the country’s social and economic infrastructure. Although rich in natural resources, the country’s per capita income and human development indicators remain among the lowest in Africa.

A sharp decline in world commodity prices in late 2008 slowed economic growth in 2009 to a projected 2.7 percent, while the escalation of conflict in the eastern provinces led to higher security spending, increased government borrowing from the central bank, and an upsurge in inflation and depreciation of the exchange rate during the first quarter of 2009. The Congolese franc depreciated by 35 percent against the U.S. dollar between December 2008 and September 2009. Reserves declined to a historically low level of US$30 million in February 2009 before rising to US$894 million at end-September following the disbursement of emergency assistance from the Fund and other development partners, the arrival of the first tranche of the Sino-Congolese Cooperation Agreement (SCCA) signing bonus, and the IMF’s general and special SDR allocations (SDR 424.5 million).

The DRC is in debt distress with an external debt stock of about US$13.1 billion and debt service amounting to about one-fourth of total expenditure. At the end of 2008, publicly contracted or guaranteed external debt was an estimated 93 percent of GDP, 150 percent of exports, and 502 percent of government revenue, excluding foreign aid. The DRC reached the decision point of the enhanced HIPC Initiative in July 2003. It is current on repayments to multilateral financial institutions including the IMF, but continues to accumulate arrears vis-à-vis bilateral and commercial creditors. IMF staff received financing assurances in November 2009 regarding the rescheduling of the DRC’s debts to the Paris Club of sovereign bilateral creditors.

Program Summary

The Congolese Authorities’ program for the three years to June 2012 includes the following targets: (i) average real GDP growth of 5.5 percent; (ii) end-period inflation rate of 9 percent by 2012; (iii) gross reserves equivalent to 10 weeks of nonaid imports by 2012; and (iv) the external current account deficit (including grants) limited to an average of 25 percent of GDP.

The program includes structural reforms that focus on:

  • Improving domestic revenue mobilization by expanding the tax base and improving its management

  • Strengthening public financial management through improved budget preparation, execution and accountability

  • Reforming the central bank reform, with a focus on restoring the independence of the Banque Centrale du Congo and strengthening its supervisory capacity with technical assistance from the IMF’s Monetary and Capital Markets department

  • Developing the private sector, including the reform of public enterprises, streamlining government regulations, protecting foreign investment and improving transparency in natural resource management.

The authorities’ 2006–08 PRGS, which has been extended through 2010 and endorsed by IMF staff, is based on the five pillars: promotion of peace and good governance; consolidation of macroeconomic stability and promotion of economic growth; improvement in access to social services; the fight against HIV/AIDS; and promotion of a dynamic community.

The DRC became a member of the IMF on September 28, 1963 and has a quota in the Fund of SDR 533 million. The DRC’s previous PRGF arrangement, approved in June 2002 in the sum of SDR 580 million (US$924 million -- see Press Release No. 02/27), was almost fully drawn (SDR 553.47 million) before it expired in March 2006 without completion of the sixth review. IMF staff have subsequently monitored the Congolese authorities’ economic program through a series of staff monitored programs. On March 12, 2009, the Executive Board approved a disbursement in an amount equivalent to SDR 133.25 million (about US$212 million) to the Democratic Republic of the Congo under the Rapid-Access Component of the Exogenous Shocks Facility (RAC-ESF – see Press Release No. 09/74).

Table 1.

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Selected Economic and Financial Indicators, 2007–14

article image
article image
Sources: Congolese authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

Change in annual average. Minus sign indicates depreciation.

Includes interest due before debt relief and expenditure financed by HIPC resources.

Includes investment financed by resources released under the enhanced HIPC Initiative.

End-of-period debt stock includes most of London Club debt (some US$1.2 billion in 2008), which is expected to be bought back with deep discount grants from IDA, and accumulated arrears.

Estimates and projections are based on the 2009 DSA and after HIPC Initiative interim relief assistance. Includes assistance beyond the terms of the enhanced HIPC Initiative granted by some Paris Club creditors. Exports are on a three-year backward moving average; projections assume DRC reaches the HIPC completion point during the first half of 2010.