This 2009 Article IV Consultation highlights that the Lithuanian economy is undergoing a severe adjustment, after years of rapid economic growth and financial integration. With the global financial crisis, the unwinding of the imbalances accumulated during the boom has led to a sharp economic contraction. Capital inflows came to a halt in late 2008 and reversed in 2009, and the current account deficit turned into a surplus. Executive Directors have recognized the authorities’ strong commitment to maintain the currency board arrangement, which has served as a useful macroeconomic anchor.


This 2009 Article IV Consultation highlights that the Lithuanian economy is undergoing a severe adjustment, after years of rapid economic growth and financial integration. With the global financial crisis, the unwinding of the imbalances accumulated during the boom has led to a sharp economic contraction. Capital inflows came to a halt in late 2008 and reversed in 2009, and the current account deficit turned into a surplus. Executive Directors have recognized the authorities’ strong commitment to maintain the currency board arrangement, which has served as a useful macroeconomic anchor.

Appendix I. Lithuania: Fund Relations

(As of June 30, 2009)

I. Membership Status: Joined April 29, 1992; Article VIII.


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IV. Outstanding Purchases and Loans: None

V. Latest Financial Arrangements:

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VI. Projected Payments to Fund: None

VII. Implementation of HIPC Initiative: Not applicable.

VIII. Implementation of MDRI Assistance: Not applicable.

IX. Current Status of Safeguards Assessments:

Under the Fund’s safeguards assessment policy, the Bank of Lithuania (BOL) was subject to and completed a safeguards assessment with respect to the Stand-By Arrangement, (the SBA was approved on August 30, 2001 and expired on March 29, 2003) on December 10, 2001. The assessment identified certain weaknesses and proposed appropriate recommendations as reported in EBS/01/211. The BOL has implemented these recommendations.

X. Exchange Arrangements:

The currency of Lithuania is the litas. From April 1, 1994 to February 1, 2002, the litas was pegged to the U.S. dollar at LTL 4 per U.S. dollar under a currency board arrangement. Since February 2, 2002 the litas has been pegged to the euro at LTL 3.4528 per euro. Lithuania joined the European Union (EU) on May 1, 2004, and ERM II on June 28, 2004. Lithuania has accepted the obligations of Article VIII of the Fund’s Articles of Agreement and maintains an exchange system free of restrictions on the making of payment and transfers for current international transactions except for those maintained solely for the preservation of national or international security and which have been notified to the Fund pursuant to Executive Board Decision No. 144-(52/51).

XI. Article IV Consultation:

Lithuania is on the 12-month consultation cycle. The last Article IV consultation was concluded on April 16, 2008. The Executive Board assessment is available at and the staff report and other mission documents at

XII. FSAP Participation and ROSCs:

An FSAP Update mission was completed on November 19, 2007. Fiscal and statistics ROSCs were completed in November 2002 and December 2002, respectively.

XII. Technical Assistance:

The table on the following page summarizes the technical assistance missions provided by the Fund to Lithuania since 1998.

XIII. Resident Representative: Mark Allen (stationed in Warsaw, Poland).

XIV. Anti-money laundering and combating financing of terrorism:

The money laundering prevention framework is based on the amended Law on the Prevention of Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing, Resolutions of the Government, and Prevention Guidelines for credit institutions confirmed by a Resolution of the Board of the Bank of Lithuania. In 2006, MONEYVAL evaluated Lithuania’s AML/CFT framework and concluded that the system was quite sound while suggesting improvements in the implementation of AML/CFT measures. An amended Law on Prevention of Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing was adopted in January 2008. It transposes the Third Anti-Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing Directive 2005/60/EC and Commission Directive 2006/70/EC laying down implementing measures for Directive 2005/60/EC and Regulation (EC) No 1781/2006 relating to information on the payer accompanying transfers of funds. It also incorporates the previous law’s provisions that transpose Regulation (EC) No 1889/2005 on controls of cash entering or leaving the European Community as well as 40+9 FATF recommendations.

Lithuania: Technical Assistance from the Fund, 1998–2009

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appendix II: lithuania: world bank relations

Lithuania graduated from World Bank financing in Fall 2006, and became an IDA donor during the IDA 15 replenishment. The last Country Partnership Strategy (CPS) was launched at the time of Lithuania’s accession to the EU in May 2004. The CPS supported capacity-building for the public sector, sustaining growth through an improved business environment as well as rural development, and reducing social vulnerability. All Bank-financed projects under the last CPS have closed. The last two closed in December 2008—the Klaipeda Port Project which enhanced the efficiency and safety of the Klaipeda port operations, and the Vilnius Heat Demand Management Project (GEF-financed) which contributed to reducing greenhouse gas emissions from the Vilnius District Heating system.

Following graduation, Lithuania maintained an active dialogue with the Bank and made use of the Bank’s post-graduation TA which expired in fiscal 2009. The Bank provided technical assistance to the Government of Lithuania on strengthening support to rural regions to assist the implementation of the EU’s rural development programs. More recently, the Lithuanian authorities requested use of Bank-financed technical assistance to assist the Ministry of Education and Science in producing and absorbing innovation, research and development to compete more effectively in the European market. Bank engagement has also included the development of a public private partnership framework as well as the development of the consumer protection and pension annuities being undertaken region-wide.

The Bank has recently launched two pieces of crisis-related analytical work with the Lithuanian authorities, which would underpin any future engagement. These are a public expenditure review and a financial sector vulnerability assessment.

Public Expenditure Review

A rapid-response public expenditure review focusing on social sectors and public administration was delivered in May 2009 to help the government in their preparation for the June 2009 budget amendment and beyond. The Public Expenditure Review (PER) looks at both short run fiscal consolidation measures as well as efficiency-enhancing reforms that could eventually generate fiscal savings and reduce the fiscal deficit over the medium term. In particular, in the context of increased social needs arising from the crisis, the report also tries to identify the changes needed in social assistance benefits to better protect the poor and vulnerable during the crisis and beyond in a cost-efficient way. The PER also analyses the public administration, the public wage bill and the civil service.

Financial Sector Vulnerability Assessment

The work was launched in June 2009 as a piece of sector work. This banking assessment sector work focuses on the overall credit portfolio and liquidity condition of banks as well as the regulatory framework and institutional measures and the role of bank supervisors including availability of discretionary (Pillar 2, Basel II) powers to mandate system-wide regulations to prevent sector deterioration. The study also examines corporate debt issues and reviews both the judicial and extra-judicial procedures for corporate debt restructuring and corporate bankruptcy processes, and assesses the viability of implementing efficient out-of-court procedures to facilitate sound debt restructuring frameworks.

Appendix III. Lithuania: Statistical Issues

Over the past several years, Lithuania has made good progress in establishing a macroeconomic database. Official data for all sectors are adequate for surveillance purposes.

Lithuania subscribed to the Special Data Dissemination Standard (SDDS) in May 1996, and its metadata have been posted on the Fund’s Dissemination Standards Bulletin Board (DSBB) since April 1997. Lithuania meets the SDDS specifications for coverage, periodicity and timeliness of the data, and for the dissemination of the advance release calendars. A significant amount of economic and financial information is now available on various websites through the Internet (see section on Dissemination of Statistics, below). A ROSC data module was published in November 2002.

National Accounts

The national accounts are compiled by Statistics Lithuania (SL) (the former Department of Statistics) in accordance with the guidelines of the European System of Accounts 1995 (ESA 95). Quarterly GDP estimates at current and at constant prices are compiled using both the production and expenditure approaches. GDP estimates by production are considered to be more reliable than the corresponding estimates by expenditure, but no statistical discrepancies between these two estimates are shown in the published figures as the discrepancies are included in the estimates of changes in inventories. The annual and the quarterly national accounts are compiled at previous year prices and chain-linked to 2000. In general, good data sources and sound methods are used for the compilation of the national accounts, but measuring activity in the current volatile environment is proving very challenging, resulting in large published inventory changes. Moreover, difficulties remain in measuring the economic activity of the informal sector. These estimates are compiled at detailed levels of economic activity using fixed coefficients derived from a benchmark surveys conducted in 1996 and 2003, and updated in 2006. A further update of the size of the informal sector as of 2008 is expected to be released in late 2010-early 2011.

Price Data

Since December 1998, CPI weights have been updated annually. The monthly CPI is available in the second week following the reference month. The producer price index is calculated according to the chain-linked Laspeyres formula with weights updated every year.

Public Finance

Data on the central government budget execution are available at a monthly and quarterly frequency, although these data are subject to frequent revisions. The ongoing treasury project is expected to improve fiscal data quality substantially. However, further work is needed to clarify the treatment of public health care providers and of EU transactions, and the consolidation procedure for government operations. A new classification, incorporating the GFSM2001 was approved in mid-2003. Since then, the MoF has been reporting to STA general government’s annual data on an accrual and cash basis (except for local governments, which are still on a cash basis) for publication in the Government Finance Statistics Yearbook (GFSY). In addition, the MoF has been reporting quarterly and monthly data in the GFSM 2001 format for publication in the IFS.

Monetary and Financial Statistics

The Bank of Lithuania (BoL) reports monetary and financial statistics (MFS) to STA on a timely and regular basis. The scope, concepts and definitions of the MFS are broadly in line with the guidelines of the Monetary and Financial Statistics Manual (MFSM). Following Lithuania’s accession to the European Union, the BoL implemented the ECB framework for compiling and reporting monetary data reflecting the ECB regulations and ESA 95 on sectorization, valuation and classification of financial instruments.

External Sector

The BoL is responsible for compiling balance of payments, international investment position (IIP), external debt and international reserves statistics. The BoL reports quarterly data on balance of payments, IIP and monthly international reserves to STA on a timely and regular basis. Balance of payments data (on a monthly and quarterly basis) are compiled using the format recommended in the Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5). The monthly data correspond to several key balance of payments components, compiled on the basis of a sample survey covering the public sector, commercial banks, and some nonfinancial private sector institutions. The Data Template on International Reserves and Foreign Currency Liquidity is disseminated monthly according to the operational guidelines and is hyperlinked to the Fund’s DSBB. Since late 2004, the BoL disseminates quarterly external debt data in the World Bank’s Quarterly External Debt Statistics (QEDS) database.

Dissemination of Statistics

The authorities publish a range of economic statistics through a number of publications, including the SL’s monthly publication, Economic and Social Developments, and the BoL’s monthly Bulletin. A significant amount of data are available on the Internet:

  • metadata for data categories defined by the Special Data Dissemination Standard are posted on the IMF’s DSBB (;

  • the BoL website ( provides data on monetary statistics, treasury bill auction results, balance of payments, IIP, external debt and other main economic indicators;

  • the SL website ( provides monthly and quarterly information on economic and social development indicators;

  • the MoF ( home page includes data on the national budget, as well as information on laws and privatization; and government finance statistics (deficit, debt).

  • NASDAQ OMX Baltic website ( has includes information on stock trading at NASDAQ OMX Baltic stock Exchange in Vilnius (the former Vilnius Stock Exchange).