Schiavo-Campo, Salvatore, Giulio de Tommaso, and Amitabha. Mukherjee, 1997, “Government Employment and Pay: A Global and Regional Perspective,” World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 1771 (Washington: The World Bank).
Prepared by Buyankhishig Khulan (IMF Resident Representative office in Mongolia) and Byung Kyoon Jang.
2007 Civil Service Census Report, p.12.
No official data on the private sector wage level are available. However, the National Statistics Commission conducts a sample survey on average wages and salaries on a quarterly basis. This survey reports on the national average wage level and average wage levels of different economic entities classified by type of legal status and ownership. The latest survey covered around 1,035 economic entities and 172,900 employees.
The average civil servants wage was on average 2.4 times the minimum wage level and 3 times the minimum pension level for 2000–08. The minimum pension has increased from Tog 16,000 (US$15) a month in 2000 to Tog 81,000 (US$69) in 2008 and the minimum wage from Tog 18,000 (US$17) in 2000 to Tog 108,000 (US$92) in 2008.
Wages for high-ranking political positions (such as President, Prime Minister, Members of Parliament, Ministers, Vice Ministers, Chief Judge of the Supreme Court, Chairman of the Civil Service Council, and Aimag and Soum Governors) are not included. If included, the compression ratio in 2008 reaches 7.9.
The Census was conducted with support of the World Bank’s Governance Assistance Project (GAP).