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Prepared by Sarah Lacoche.
As called for in the recent Ex Post Assessment of Performance under ESAF/PRGF Programs, Country Report No. 04/111.
This paper provides a general overview of military service reform.
These measures amount to a second generation of civil service reforms (Ul Haque and Aziz, 1998). The first generation focused on containing budgetary costs, particularly wages, to address fiscal constraints, while second-generation reforms aim to improve the quality of the public sector, which allows the state “to pursue its objective in the most efficient way” and to better implement public sector policies (Tanzi, 2000).
In addition to noncompetitive hiring procedures, recruitment efforts do not match skills with job requirements, d promotions are based on time-in-grade rather than on performance, and educational degree. rather than job responsibility, determines the wage level.
In 2005, Transparency International ranked Chad (along with Bangladesh) as the most corrupt country in terms of perceived level of corruption among a sample of 159 countries.
Reinsertion programs have yet to be specified. Agriculture and livestock were identified as potential reinsertion sectors.
Most of these measure are part of the government action plan to strengthen public finance management, the PAMFIP (Plan d’Amélioration des Finances Publiques), but remains to be implemented.
The demand-side approach focuses on engaging civil society and empowering communities for service delivery and could include such measures as initiating anticorruption activities to raise awareness and mobilize reform support and shifting service delivery resources with a focus on accountability.