Front Matter

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© 2005 International Monetary Fund

July 2005

IMF Country Report No. 05/242

Bangladesh: Selected Issues

This Selected Issues paper for Bangladesh was prepared by a staff team of the International Monetary Fund as background documentation for the periodic consultation with the member country. It is based on the information available at the time it was completed on June 14, 2005. The views expressed in this document are those of the staff team and do not necessarily reflect the views of the government of Bangladesh or the Executive Board of the IMF.

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Selected Issues

Prepared by Olin Liu, Peter Berezin, Jonathan Dunn (all APD), Bernardin Akitoby (FAD), and Luc Moers (PDR)

Approved by the Asia and Pacific Department

June 14, 2005


  • I. Introduction

  • II. Growth in Bangladesh

    • A. Bangladesh’s Growth Experience

    • B. Some Key Factors Associated with Growth

    • C. Proximate Sources of Growth in Bangladesh

    • D. Conclusion

    • References

    • Figures

    • 1. Per Capita Output Growth, 1976–2003

    • 2. Investment Indicators, 1976–2003

    • 3. Sector Shares in GDP, 1980–2003

    • 4. Exports as a Percent of GDP, 1976–2003

    • Tables

    • 1. Output and Population Growth 1976–2003

    • 2. Initial Conditions, First Half of the 1970s

    • 3. Governance Indicators for Bangladesh, 2004

    • 4. Average GDP Growth and Average Sector Shares in GDP, FY 1994–FY2004

    • 5. Sector Contributions to Growth Acceleration, FY1994–FY2004

  • III. The RMG Sector and External Competitiveness in the Post-MFA World

    • A. Background

    • B. Impact of Elimination of MFA Quotas

    • C. Medium-term Competitiveness

    • D. Conclusion

    • References

    • Tables

    • 1. Infrastructure Indicators: Cross-Country Comparisons

    • 2. Cost of Doing Business: Bangladesh vs. Comparator Countries

    • 3. Labor and Productivity Comparisons

    • 4. Rankings of Average Tariffs in South Asia in Relation to Average Tariffs in Other Developing Countries

  • IV. Key Medium-Term Fiscal Challenges

    • A. Key Challenges in Tax Administration and Policy

    • B. Key Challenges in Expenditure Management and Policy

    • C. Conclusion

    • References

    • Table

    • 1. Fiscal Reform Priorities

  • V. Banking Reform in Bangladesh—A South Asian Perspective

    • A. Overview

    • B. Recent Areas of Reform

    • C. Conclusion

    • References

    • Figures

    • 1. Net NPLs

    • 2. Capital

Bangladesh: Selected Issues
Author: International Monetary Fund