Botswana Institute for Development Policy Analysis (BIDPA), 2000, Macroeconomic Impacts of the HIV/AIDS Epidemic in Botswana (Gaborone, Botswana: BIDPA)
Cuddington, John T., 1993: “Modeling the Macroeconomic Impact of AIDS with an Application to Tanzania”, World Bank Economic Review, vol. 7 (May), pp.173–89
Green, John H. and others, Botswana: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix IMF Staff Country Report no 02//243 (Washington: IMF)
Haacker, Markus, 2002, “The Economic Consequences of HIV/AIDS in Southern Africa”, IMF Working Paper 02/38. (Washington: IMF)
MacFarlan, Maitland and Silvia Sgherri, 2001, ‘The Macroeconomic Impact of HIV/AIDS in Botswana’ IMF Working Paper 01/80 (Washington: IMF)
National AIDS Coordinating Agency (NACA) 2003, Botswana National Strategic Framework for HIV/AIDS 2003–09, (Gaborone, Botswana: NACA).
Prepared by Iyabode Masha.
See World Bank (2001).
The NSF has not yet been issued as a Government policy paper, a prerequisite for its reconciliation with the National Development Plan (NDP 9) and the annual budgets.
See Green and others (2002)
According to NACA (2003), the private sector, parastatals, and the civil society are expected to implement an agreed Minimum Internal Package for HIV/AIDS prevention. During mission consultation, Debswana Corporation, Botswana Telecommunications, Barclays Bank of Botswana, Standard Chattered Bank, and Botswana Power Corporation, confirmed that they implement comprehensive workplace AIDS policies, some of which extends to their subcontractors. See NACA (2003) for details.
Following Cuddington (1993), productivity gain is defined as a worker’s experience, proxied by taking the worker’s age and subtracting 15, the assumed age of entry into the labor force. BIDPA’s estimate of the earnings function for Botswana assumes a starting age of 20 years in the formal sector as follows: ρ = δ1 + δ2 (i - 20) + δ3 (i - 20)2, where the δ s are estimated from earnings function of the labor force.
In the intervention scenario, higher levels of resources would have to be committed over the program years than in a no-intervention scenario.
The Spectrum AIM model is a Windows-based program designed to calculate the demographic consequences of HIV/AIDS; it can be downloaded from www.tfgi.com. 1991–2003 demographic data match the actual values, while the parameter used to generate the remaining years are from UN and U.S. Census Bureau projections. Botswana National Aids Coordinating Agency data were used for epidemiological information for the with-AIDS scenario, and the NSF targets for the AIDS-with-intervention scenario.