Ahmad, E. and Richard Hemming, “Poverty and Social Security,” Public Expenditure Handbook, ed. Ke-young Chu and Richard Hemming, IMF, pp. 130–136.
Enders, Klaus, Sherwyn Williams, Nada Choueiri, Yuri Sobolev, and Jan Walliser, 2002, “Yemen in the 1990s: From Unification to Economic Reform,” IMF Occasional Paper 208.
Gillingham, Robert and Christopher Bender, 2002, “Jordan: Reforming the Military and Civil Service Pension Systems,” IMF, Technical Assistance Report.
Gupta, Sanjeev, and others, 2000, Equity and Efficiency in the Reform of Price Subsidies: A Guide for Policymakers (Washington, IMF).
Heller, Peter S., Juan Amieva-Huerta, Benedict Clements, and Platon Tinios, 1996, “Jordan: Pension Reform Issues,” IMF, Technical Assistance Report.
Ke-young Chu, Benedict Clements, Etienne de Callatay, and Sarosh Sattar, 1994, “Jordan: Social Safety Net Options and Budgetary Implications,” IMF, Technical Assistance Report.
Shaban, Radwan A., Dina Abu-Ghaida, and Abdel-Salam Al-Naimat, 2001, “Poverty Alleviation in Jordan: Lessons for the Future,” Orientation in Development Series, World Bank, Middle East and North Africa Region.
Sunley, E., R. Rolando Ossowski, Walter Mahler, and Sanjeev Gupta, 2000, “Adjustment of Petroleum Product Prices,” FAD Guidance Note.
Prepared by Daria Zakharova.
R. A. Shaban et al., Poverty Alleviation in Jordan: Lessons for the Future, World Bank, 2001.
The Jordan Petroleum Refinery Company (the Zarqa refinery) operates under a 50-year concession agreement scheduled to expire in 2008.
The oil grant was recorded under budgetary grants and the oil surplus, defined as an operating profit of the Zarqa refinery, was recorded as a nontax revenue.
The minimum number of years of employment necessary to qualify for full pension at the age of 60 has been raised from 10 to 15, and for early retirement at the age of 45 the minimum number of the years of service has been increased from 16 to 18.