Prepared by Gustavo Bagattini and Jay Surti.
Manufacturing accounts for about 20 percent of total output. The agricultural sector is linked to about 60 percent of manufacturing production through, for example, the food processing, milling, beverage, and textile industries.
From 1995–99, agricultural exports averaged US$834 million and represented 38 percent of total exports.
Many communal farms partly rely on income from family members working elsewhere.
The April-May 2003 harvest thus reflects agricultural production in the 2002/03 crop year.
Zimbabwe traditionally accounted for 20 percent of total world exports of flue-cured Virginia tobacco. Its main competitors are Brazil (about 29 percent of world exports) and the United States.
Auctions may last into September and October in years of high tobacco production.
A further discussion of this can be found under Economic Impact of HIV/AIDS in Zimbabwe.
Export licenses were held by individual farmers, not by their estates.
This was related to the movement of cattle owing to resettlement. There are indications of a need to vaccinate increased number of cattle in sensitive areas; this would require some US$15–20 million in foreign exchange over the next two years.
FEWS NET, Zimbabwe Monthly Report (February 27, 2003), published March 26, 2003.
FEWS NET, Zimbabwe Monthly Report (March 31, 2003), published April 9, 2003.