Including various sectoral round tables, the 1992 Urgent Social Action Program, the 1994 strategy to address the social dimensions of adjustment, a Three-Year-Development Plan (1998-2000), the 1997 Minimum Basic Needs Program, and a UNDP-sponsored Long-Term Perspective Study.
Nonmonetary poverty is defined in the Benin PRSP as the inability to satisfy basic needs, and poverty incidence estimates are based on five social indicators calculated from DHS surveys: (i) infant mortality; (ii) the illiteracy rate; (iii) the lack of access to basic health services; (iv) the lack of access to safe water; and (v) the child malnutrition rate.
The methodology used in the household surveys raises concerns about the treatment of the nonfood expenditure share in the calculation of the poverty line, the division of Benin into 12 agro-ecological zones, and the comparability of poverty statistics across urban and rural areas and across time. Although the National Statistical Institute has conducted a sensitivity analysis showing that the estimates of poverty incidence vary significantly with the methodology used in surveys, the government has not revised its methodology from the most recent household surveys conducted in 1999 and 2000.
See the action plan for improving the PRSP in Annex 13 for a list of the surveys planned. In addition, a general population census was carried out in 2002, that will provide by June 2003 valuable data for poverty analysis.
The Pact, adopted in December 1999, reinforces the system of mutual surveillance through a set of relevant criteria in order to support the common pegged exchange rate regime and boost the regional reform agenda. Benin has been one of the most compliant members of the WAEMU regarding the Pact.
A summary of this MTEF is presented in annexes; detailed program budgets were submitted for priority sectors to the National Assembly together with the 2003 budget law.