AIDS Analysis Africa 12 (2), Aug/Sep 2001.
Haacker, Markus, 2000, “The Impact of HIV/AIDS”, in Swaziland-Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix, IMF Staff Country Report No. 00/113, by Saul Rothman and others (Washington: IMF).
HIV/AIDS Profile: Swaziland, International Programs Center, Population Division, U.S. Census Bureau, HIV/AIDS Surveillance Data Base, June 2000.
Swaziland National Strategic Plan for HIV/AIDS 2000–2005, HIV/AIDS Crisis Management and Technical Committee, UNAIDS and Swaziland Government, September 2000.
UNAIDS and World Health Organization, Swaziland: Epidemiological Fact Sheets on HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted infections, 2002 update.
Prepared by Gustavo Bagattini and Matthias Vocke.
HIV infection rates and AIDS-related mortality for the entire population are estimated based on extrapolations from small samples. HIV tests are not mandatory in any circumstances, and the need for testing is not generally accepted in Swazi society. As a result, women attending antenatal care clinics are the only group for whom somewhat reliable statistical information on the spread of the disease is available. While women with HTV have lower fertility, which would underestimate prevalence among women, female prevalence is generally higher than male prevalence.
Haiti has the highest adult HIV infection rate outside Africa, recorded at 6.1 percent in 2001.
Orphans in this context refers to children who have lost one or both parents.
U.S. Census Bureau estimate.
While the United Nations Population Division projects only a slowdown in population growth, the U.S. Census Bureau forecasts zero growth by 2004 and a -0.4 percent annual decline by 2010.
At 0.61, Swaziland’s Gini coefficient is the highest among LMI countries.
Out of NERCHA’s budget, E 20 million was allocated from the national budget, of which E 12 million was carried over from 2001/02. NERCHA became operational in June 2002, and had spent E 10 million as of September 2002.