Mauritius
Statistical Annex

This report provides details of the IMF”s projections and estimates for Mauritius on GDP at constant 1992 prices and at current prices by industrial origin; expenditure on GDP at constant 1992 and at current prices; sugar cultivation, yields, and output; electricity production and consumption; estimated labor force and employment, 1996–2000; summary of government finances; revenue and grants, budgetary central government; balance of payments; financing of central government deficits during 1995/96–1999/2000; summary accounts of the Bank of Mauritius and commercial banks, 1996–2000; summary of the tax system, 2000, and so on.

Abstract

This report provides details of the IMF”s projections and estimates for Mauritius on GDP at constant 1992 prices and at current prices by industrial origin; expenditure on GDP at constant 1992 and at current prices; sugar cultivation, yields, and output; electricity production and consumption; estimated labor force and employment, 1996–2000; summary of government finances; revenue and grants, budgetary central government; balance of payments; financing of central government deficits during 1995/96–1999/2000; summary accounts of the Bank of Mauritius and commercial banks, 1996–2000; summary of the tax system, 2000, and so on.

Table 1.

Mauritius: GDP at Constant 1992 Prices by Industrial Origin, 1996–2000

(In millions of Mauritian rupees)

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Source: Central Statistical Office, National Accounts of Mauritius.
Table 2.

Mauritius: GDP at Current Prices by Industrial Origin, 1996–2000

(In millions of Mauritian rupees)

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Source: Central Statistical Office, National Accounts of Mauritius.
Table 3.

Mauritius: Expenditure on GDP at Constant 1992 Prices, 1996–2000

(In millions of Mauritian rupees)

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Source: Central Statistical Office, National Accounts of Mauritius.

Includes purchases of ships and/or aircraft in 1997 and 1999.

Table 4.

Mauritius: Expenditure on GDP at Current Prices, 1996–2000

(In millions of Mauritian rupees)

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Source: Central Statistical Office, National Accounts of Mauritius.

Includes purchases of ships and/or aircraft in 1997 and 1999.

Table 5.

Mauritius: Composition of Gross Domestic Fixed Capital Formation at Constant 1992 Prices, 1996–2000

(In millions of Mauritian rupees)

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Source: Central Statistical Office, National Accounts of Mauritius,

Includes purchases of snips and/or aircraft in 1997 and 1999.

Table 6.

Mauritius: Composition of Gross Domestic Fixed Capital Formation at Current Prices, 1996–2000

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Source: Central Statistical Office, National Accounts of Mauritius.

Includes purchases of ships and/or aircraft in 1997 and 1999.

Table 7.

Mauritius: Sugar Cultivation, Yields, and Output, 1996–2000

(Area in thousands of arpents; yields in metric tons per arpent harvested; and production, accruals, and consumption in thousands of metric tons) 1/

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Sources: Mauritius Chamber of Agriculture; and Central Statistical Office.

One arpent = 1.043 acres, or 0.4221 hectare.

Mills and estates, including legally separate companies under same ownership.

Difference from area cultivated is attributable mainly to replanting and rotational/fallow periods.

Reflects millers’ 26 percent share of sugar produced as compensation for milling, as adjusted for mill efficiency.

Fiscal year data relate to 12-month period ending in June of current year.

Total crop from harvest beginning approximately one month before the start of the fiscal year indicated, less the output in June immediately before the indicated fiscal year, plus the June output of the next crop, most of which is produced in the next fiscal year.

During 1995/96, 36,000 tons of sugar were imported for local consumption; similarly, during 1996/97, 38,000 tons of sugar were imported. Imports for the 1997/98 period are estimated at 33,000 tons.

Table 8.

Mauritius: Sugar Exports, 1995/96–1999/2000 1/

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Sources: Mauritius Sugar Syndicate (MSS); and Bank of Mauritius.

Fiscal year from July to June. Data differ somewhat from those presented by the MSS on a crop-year basis, which refer to disposal of a given year’s crop (from June when harvest starts to the following June).

The Special Preferential Sugar Agreement was signed on June 1, 1995 between Atlantic, Caribbean, and Pacific (ACP) sugar-supplying countries and the European Union to compensate for the European cane-refiners’ deficit for a period of six years, to 2001. It provides Mauritius with the right to export a variable tonnage of approximately 80,000 tons of sugar.

Table 9.

Mauritius: Ex-Syndicate Sugar Prices, 1995/96–1999/2000 1/

(Mauritian rupees per ton)

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Source: Mauritius Sugar Syndicate.

Marketing years.

Beginning with the 1994/95 crop season, export duty is no longer applicable.

Paid to planters but not to millers.

Table 10.

Mauritius: Revenue and Expenditure of Sugar Estates with Factories, 1/ 1996–2000 2/

(In millions of Mauritian rupees, unless otherwise indicated)

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Sources: Mauritius Chamber of Agriculture; Mauritius Sugar Authority; and IMF staff estimates.

Based on companies’ audited accounts, in which accounting practices vary somewhat, supplemented by questionnaire returns.

Accounting-year basis. Mainly calendar years, except Illovo and Mon Tresor (April-March) and St. Antoine (July -June). Revenues include receipts (partly estimated) from current year’s crop through following June 30.

Production in thousands of metric tons; and prices in Mauritian rupees per metric ton.

Less Mauritius Sugar Syndicate marketing expenses and cesses; before export taxes and insurance premiums. Reflects actual final price, whereas company accounts are closed using an estimate.

Income on other crops and nonagricultural activities.

Producers are requested to credit an aggregate amount of MUR 175 million to a modernization and agricultural diversification reserve for each of the years 1994–2003. Transfers from this reserve are allowed on approved investments.

The Finance Act of 1996 placed a special levy on the 1996 sugar companies’ accounts. The Finance Act of 1997 replaced this by a special contribution.

At estimated “full-replacement value” (estimated current cost of completely new factory of average capacity times the number of factories operating over life of 24 years).

Excluding power station at the Flacq United Estates, Ltd. (FUEL) sugar mill.

Table 11.

Mauritius: Nonsugar Agricultural Production, 1996–2000

(In thousands of metric tons, unless otherwise indicated)

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Sources: Mauritius Chamber of Agriculture; and Ministry of Agriculture, Food Technology, and Natural Resources.

One arpent = 1.043 acres, or 0.4221 hectare.

Includes maize that is sent to drying stations; does not include fodder.

Includes beans and peas, eddoes (arouille), creepers (cucumber and squash), and mixed vegetables (beets, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, chilies, garlic, onions, and lettuce).

Table 12.

Mauritius: Export Processing Zone (EPZ) Activity, 1996–2000

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Source: Central Statistical Office, Digest of Industrial Statistics.

As at December.

Table 13.

Mauritius: Electricity Production and Consumption, 1996–2000

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Sources: Central Statistical Office; and Central Electricity Board (CEB).

From sugar mills and other factories generating electricity.

Table 14.

Mauritius: Building Permits Issued, 1995–99 1/

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Source: Central Statistical Office.

Includes new buildings and additions for which permits have been issued by municipalities and the central government.

Table 15.

Mauritius: Tourist Arrivals, Capacity, and Earnings, 1996–2000

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Source: Central Statistical Office.
Table 16.

Mauritius: Estimated Labor Force and Employment, 1996–2000 1/

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Source: Central Statistical Office, Survey of Employment and Earnings.

Revised data based on the 1995 Labor Force Sample Survey; includes the islands of Mauritius and Rodrigues.

Excludes foreigners.

Covers large establishments, i.e., nonagricultural establishments with ten or more employees, all government, sugar plantations of ten hectares or more, tea plantations of two hectares or more, all flue-cured tobacco, and other agricultural units with ten or more employees; excludes self-employed, piece-rate employees working at home, and and unpaid family workers. Includes Rodrigues. Because of variations in response rates and coverage, some short-term fluctuations are not significant.

At March of each year.

Covers plantations only.

Includes sugar and tea factories.

Excludes nonmanufacturing EPZ establishments.

Mainly Development Works Corporation.

Table 17.

Mauritius: Average Earnings by Sector—Monthly Paid Employees, 1996–2000 1/

(Mauritian rupees per employee per month)

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Source: Central Statistical Office, Survey of Employment and Earnings.

Covers large establishments.

Excludes factories.

Includes sugar and tea factories.

Municipalities and district councils.

Average for all sectors. Daily earnings converted to a monthly basis by assuming 26 working days in a month. Daily rates appear to be more indicative of average than do monthly rates.