APPENDIX I: Eritrea: Sumary of the Tax System as of end-May 1997

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Source: Data provided by the Eritrean authorities.

APPENDIX II

Table 1.

Eritrea: Gross Domestic Product by Sector, 1992–96 1/

(In millions of birr)

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Source: Staff estimates based on information provided by the Eritrean authorities.

Preliminary estimates.

Estimated at 50 percent of private remittances.

Table 2.

Eritrea: Gross Domestic Product by Sector, 1992–96 1/

(Annual percentage change)

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Source: Staff estimates based on information provided by the Eritrean authorities.

Provisional estimates.

Table 3.

Eritrea: Sectoral Composition of Gross Domestic Product at Current Factor Cost, 1992–96 1/

(In percent of GDP)

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Source: Staff estimates based on information provided by the Eritrean authorities.

Provisional estimates.

Table 4.

Eritrea: Agricultural Production, 1993–96 1/

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Sources: Ministry of Agriculture.

Provisional estimates.

Includes mainly horsebeans, groundnuts, and lentils.

Table 5.

Eritrea: Regional Structure of the Agricultural Sector, 1994–95

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Source: Ministry of Agriculture.

Based on 3 percent increase in population.

Includes barley, wheat, peas, sesame, and maize.

Includes Asmara.

Table 6.

Eritrea: Food Grain Position, 1992/93–96/97 1/

(In metric tons)

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Source: Ministry of Agriculture.

Agricultural year, September to August.

Table 7.

Eritrea: Annual Catch and Sales of Fish, 1994–96 1/

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Source: Ministry of Marine Resources.

Industrial or commercial fishing is almost exclusively for export.

Table 8.

Eritrea: Gross Value of Public Enterprise Production, 1993–96

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Source: Ministry of Trade and Industry.
Table 9.

Eritrea: Investment Projects by Sector, 1993–96

(In thousands of birr, unless otherwise indicated)

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Source: Eritrean Investment Center.

Local and foreign distribution not available.

Table 10.

Eritrea: Assab Refinery Production and Purchase by Eritrea, 1993–96

(Quantity in metric tons; value in millions of birr, ratio in percent)

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Source: Petroleum Corporation of Eritrea.
Table 11.

Eritrea: Ex Refinery and Retail Prices of Petroleum Products, 1992–96

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Source: Petroleum Corporation of Eritrea.
Table 12.

Eritrea: Electricity Production, Sales, and Tariffs, 1995–96

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Source: Ministry of Energy and Mines.

Includes street lighting and small industry.

Table 13.

Eritrea: Asmara Price Index, 1992–96 1/

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Source: Ministry of Trade and Industry; and staff estimates.

Index has been constructed using estimated weights. Indices for subgroups nave been constructed by using simple arithmetic averages.

Table 14.

Eritrea: Summary of Developments in the Labor Market, 1993–96

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Source: Ministry of Labor and Human Welfare.

Large establishments only.

Table 15.

Eritrea: Structure of Private Sector Wages, 1996

(Base salary per month, in birr)

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Source: Ministry of Labor and Human Welfare.
Table 16.

Eritrea: Summary of Government Operations, 1992–96

(In millions of birr)

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Source: Ministry of Finance.

In 1995, including about Br 50 million of special revenue, i.e., deductions from gross retroactive wage payments to ex–combatants.

In 1995 including payments to civil service retrenchment (Br 51 million); and retroactive salary payments to ex–combatants of Br 70 million and Br 150 million in 1995 and 1996, respectively.

In 1992 and 1993, only food aid; in 1994 and after, also including other externally financed recurrent expenditures.

Table 17.

Eritrea: Selected Indicators of Government Operations, 1992–96

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Sources: Ministry of Finance; and staff estimates.
Table 18.

Eritrea: Government Revenues and Grants, 1992–96

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Source: Ministry of Finance.

Agricultural income tax and land use fee; taxes on dividends and rental income.

Including stamp duties.

Including stamp duties, license fees, and penalty payments and “unspecified revenues.”

Includes voluntary contributions for rehabilitation purposes.

In 1994, proceeds from sale of Nyala Hotel.

In 1992 and 1993, only food aid; in 1994 and beyond, also including other externally financed expenditure.