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We are very grateful for Lisa Kolovich and Sandra Lizarazo’s invaluable inputs. We also thank Stefania Fabrizio, Anna Fruttero, Federica Marzo, the IMF’s Senegal team and participants of the 2019 CSAE Conference in Oxford for their comments. This paper is part of a research project on macroeconomic policy in low-income countries supported by the U.K. Department for International Development (DFID). The research results and conclusions expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of DFID, the IMF, its Executive Board, or its Management.
Source: USAID – Improving education Senegal
Source: World Bank’s “Women, Business, and the Law”, 2018
According to Marzo & Atuesta (forthcoming), sexual harassment is not recognized as a criminal offense and 18 percent of working Senegalese women declared that they were asked to have sexual relations to get a promotion while 16 percent claimed they were refused a work contract for having rejected sexual advances
In the calibration section we explain how we adjust the two-children assumption to account for higher fertility rates.
The household survey used is “Enquete de Suivi De La Pauvrete Au Senegal – ESPS II, 2011”, which is the latest available comprehensive household survey containing individual and household level data on social and economic characteristics.
Explanations and calculations available at OECD’s webpage http://www.oecd.org/els/soc/OECD-Note-EquivalenceScales.pdf
Data available at http://datatopics.worldbank.org/g20fidata/country/senegal#
Note that, for informal workers, earnings are elevated to the power of αeαinf, where αinf is endogenously calibrated.
This is a simple model to solve, we first solve the household problem for all possible FLFP choices and then we maximize to find the solution that gives the highest level of utility for a given prices. We then iterate until we find the equilibrium prices that solve the market clearing conditions.
Note that there are reasons to believe that indeed Senegal went through a period of female empowerment during the 2000s – for instance in 2010, president Abdoulaye Wade signed a gender parity law, aiming at a 50/50 gender division in political representation.
To reduce the discrepancy between these upper bounds and reality, we use for calibration purposes the data on years of education of individuals who work instead of education of young adults only.