Back Matter

VI. References

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1

The author is grateful to Lisa Thalheimer (World Bank) for her contribution to the paper. The author thanks A. Cantelmo, D. Gressani, G. Melina, E. Mottu, G. Papageorgiou, G. Pierra, C. Purfield, S. Roudet, H. Samei, X. Tang, and J. Lohi (World Bank) for their comments.

2

Climate change vulnerability index assesses the combined risk of exposure to extreme climate-related weather events and changes in major climate parameters (temperature, precipitation, sea-level), and sensitivity to exposure in life supporting sectors of food, water, health, infrastructure, and ecosystems services.

3

Depending on the underlying assumptions and the geographical location, the estimates of the impact of global warming on sea level vary. For the period 2081–2100, compared to 1986–2005, global mean sea level rise is rise by 0.26-0.98 meters. Only the collapse of marine-based sectors of the Antarctic ice sheet could cause global mean sea level to rise substantially above these likely range (Church et al, 2013).

4

The US$ 320 million China loan financed project of a water pipeline aiming at bringing clean drinkable water from Ethiopia is not yet operational.

Macro-Fiscal Implications of Climate Change: The Case of Djibouti
Author: Mr. Alexei P Kireyev