Sub-Saharan Africa: Economic Structure
(In percent, unless otherwise noted)
Source: International Monetary Fund, IFS, World Bank, World Developments Indicators, and UNCTAD, Commodity Yearbook.Note: Primary commodities as shares of merchandise exports and of GDP are the average share for three annual observations for 1970, 1980 and 1990 (Tables 1.19 and 1.22 of the Commodity Yearbook). Exports plus imports as percent of GDP are the average for 24 annual observations from 1970 through 1993 for 5 CFA franc zone countries and 10 non-CFA countries (IFS, the sum of line 90c and line 98c divided by line 99b). The share of agriculture in GDP is the average of two annual observations for 1970 and 1993 for the available countries (8 CFA and 11 non-CFA) in World Development Indicators (Table 3. Structure of Production). The share of governments spending is the average for 24 annual observations from 1970 through 1993 for 5 CFA franc zone countries and 10 non-CFA countries (IFS, line 91f divided by line 99b).
|(1) Share of primary commodities in merchandise exports||77.4||75.5||1.8|
|(2) Share of primary commodity exports in GDP||12.9||17.0*||-7.9|
|(3) Openness (exports plus imports as percent of GDP)||63.0||66.9||-12.0*|
|(4) Share of agriculture in GDP||36.1||36.2||-0.1|
|(5) Share of government consumption in GDP||14.6||14.3||8.4*|