Private Market Financing for Developing Countries

Abstract

This paper presents a survey by IMF staff of recent trends in private market financing for developing countries. In addition to summarizing recent developments in capital flows to developing countries through banking and securities markets, it analyzes three issues of particular interest in the debt and financing outlook for developing countries. The underlying structure of market financing for several developing countries has undergone significant change in the recent past. The change has been prompted by recognition of the adverse impact of continued uncertainty about debt refinancing terms and of a growing debt stock on countries’ development prospects, and by a concurrent reduction in banks’ financial vulnerability arising from their developing country portfolios. The analysis focuses on the extent to which capital repatriation may be influenced by such specific actions as amnesties, capital account liberalization, the availability of foreign-currency denominated instruments, and debt conversion schemes.

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