The analysis and policy considerations expressed in this publication are those of the IMF staff and do not represent official IMF policy or the views of the IMF Executive Directors or their national authorities.
This paper discusses developments in the international exchange rate and restrictive systems. Global output and trade recovered strongly in 1984, as inflation in the industrial countries remained relatively subdued and further progress in developing countries was made in tackling the problem of overindebtedness. Restrictive exchange practices in the form of multiple exchange rates have been substantially reduced in 1984. Multilateral restructurings of obligations have been large in 1983, amounting to some SDR 60 billion, as compared with SDR 6 billion in 1982.