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  • 1 0000000404811396https://isni.org/isni/0000000404811396International Monetary Fund

Abstract

The CIS-7 Initiative was launched in 2002 and endorsed by ministers from the CIS-7 and donor countries, with the objective of promoting poverty reduction, economic growth, and debt sustainability among the seven poorest countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). This volume draws from the follow-up conference held in Lucerne, Switzerland, in January 2003. The objective of this conference was to achieve an understanding of the development agenda in the seven countries and the key policy measures to be taken by the governments and donors to improve future prospects for the countries’ populations.

References

  • European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, 2001, “Energy in Transition,” EBRD Transition Report (London: European Bank for Reconstruction and Development).

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  • Global Environment Facility, 1998, “Aral Sea Basin Program. Water and Environmental Project,” GEF Project Document (Washington: Global Environment Facility).

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  • Gray, Dale R, 1998, “Evaluation of Taxes and Revenues from the Energy Sector in the Baltics, Russia and Other Former Soviet Union Countries,” IMF Working Paper 88/34 (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

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  • International Monetary Fund, 2002, “Cross-Border Issues in Energy Trade,” European II Department, March 2002, mimeo (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

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  • Kennedy, David, Samuel Fankhauser, and Martin Raiser, 2003, “Low Pressure, High Tension: 'The Energy-Water Nexus in the CIS-7 Countries,” paper presented at the Lucerne Conference on the CIS-7 Initiative, Lucerne, Switzerland, January 2003 (available at www.cis7.org).

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  • Micklin, P., 2001, “Managing Water in Central Asia,” Central Asian and Caucasian Prospects, paper presented at Chatham House, January 2000.

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  • Sharma, Raghuveer, Anil Markhandya, Masood Ahmad, and Mara Iskakov, 2003, “Central Asia Water and Energy Nexus Cooperation in the Syr Daria Basin,” An Analytical Basis, Draft (Washington: World Bank).

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1

At the time of writing, the authors were affiliated with the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD). The views expressed in this chapter are the views of the authors, not of the EBRD. The chapter draws on the analysis in EBRD (2001).

2

These studies can be found in Annex 1 of Kennedy, Fankhauser, and Raiser (2003).

7

An alternative is to introduce a lifeline tariff with a low free consumption block and a high marginal tariff, together with the option to pay a unit tariff over all consumption at a lower marginal rate. This mechanism docs not impose higher tariffs on consumers, rather, it allows them to choose whether or not to pay a higher rate.

9

In the above example of the Toktogul Cascade, the conditions for power trade are present even without adding a charge For water. However, between the Kyrgyz Republic and Kazakhstan, for instance, power trade would not take place based on cost differences for power generation alone.

11

Individual case studies from the transition economies are reviewed in Annex 1 of Kennedy, Fonkhauser, and Raiser (2003).

  • European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, 2001, “Energy in Transition,” EBRD Transition Report (London: European Bank for Reconstruction and Development).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Global Environment Facility, 1998, “Aral Sea Basin Program. Water and Environmental Project,” GEF Project Document (Washington: Global Environment Facility).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gray, Dale R, 1998, “Evaluation of Taxes and Revenues from the Energy Sector in the Baltics, Russia and Other Former Soviet Union Countries,” IMF Working Paper 88/34 (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • International Monetary Fund, 2002, “Cross-Border Issues in Energy Trade,” European II Department, March 2002, mimeo (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kennedy, David, Samuel Fankhauser, and Martin Raiser, 2003, “Low Pressure, High Tension: 'The Energy-Water Nexus in the CIS-7 Countries,” paper presented at the Lucerne Conference on the CIS-7 Initiative, Lucerne, Switzerland, January 2003 (available at www.cis7.org).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Micklin, P., 2001, “Managing Water in Central Asia,” Central Asian and Caucasian Prospects, paper presented at Chatham House, January 2000.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sharma, Raghuveer, Anil Markhandya, Masood Ahmad, and Mara Iskakov, 2003, “Central Asia Water and Energy Nexus Cooperation in the Syr Daria Basin,” An Analytical Basis, Draft (Washington: World Bank).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation