Back Matter
  • 1 0000000404811396https://isni.org/isni/0000000404811396International Monetary Fund
  • | 2 0000000404811396https://isni.org/isni/0000000404811396International Monetary Fund

Abstract

Since 1992, the Russian Federation has moved away from a command economy and has laid the foundation of a market-based system. This paper examines some of the key fiscal policy issues that arose in 1992-96, the period following the onset of economic liberalization and reform.

VII Bibliography

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    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
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    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
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    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
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    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
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    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Chu, Ke-young, and Gerd Schwartz, 1994, “Output Decline and Government Expenditures in European Transition Economies,” IMF Working Paper 94/68 (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
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    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
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    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
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    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
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    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
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    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Craig, R. Sean, and Catherine L. Mann, 1992, “Fiscal Implications of the Transition from Planned to Market Economy,” International Finance Discussion Paper 424 (Washington: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ebrill, Liam P, and others, 1994, Poland: The Path to a Market Economy, IMF Occasional Paper 113 (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Etzioni, Amitai, 1988, The Moral Dimension: Toward a New Economics (New York: Free Press).

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    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gray, Dale F., Evaluation of Taxes and Revenues from the Energy Sector in the Baltics, Russia, and Other Former Soviet Union Countries,” IMF Working Paper (Washington: International Monetary Fund, forthcoming).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Illarionov, A., 1995, “Attempts to Carry Out Policies of Financial Stabilization in the U.S.S.R. and Russia,” Voprosy Ekonomiki, No. 7, pp. 437.

    • Search Google Scholar
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    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
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    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
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    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
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    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
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    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kornai, János, 1986, “The Soft Budget Constraint,” Kyklos, Vol. 39 (No. 1), pp. 330.

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    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
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  • Lambeth, Benjamin S., 1995, “Russia’s Wounded Military,” Foreign Affairs, Vol. 74 (March-April), pp. 8698.

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    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Le Houerou, Philippe, Elana Gold, and Stanislav Katash, 1994, “Budget Coverage and Government Finance in the Russian Federation,” Internal Discussion Paper, Report No. IDP-137, Europe and Central Asia Region (Washington: World Bank).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lipton, David, and Jeffrey D. Sachs, 1992, “Prospects for Russia’s Economic Reforms,” Brookings Papers in Economic Activity: 2, pp. 21383.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lopez-Claros, Augusto, 1993, “The International Monetary Fund’s Approach to Macroeconomic Adjustment,” Money and Credit, Central Bank of Russia (February) (in Russian).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lopez-Claros, 1994, “Nekotorie Prioritety Ekonomicheskikh Reform v Rossii v 1990-e Gody,” Znamya (December), pp. 16872.

  • Maret, Xavier, and Gerd Schwartz, 1993, “Poland: The Social Safety Net During the Transition,” IMF Working Paper 93/42 (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Matlock, Jack F., Jr., 1996, “Dealing with a Russia in Turmoil,” Foreign Affairs, Vol. 75 (May-June), pp. 3851.

  • McFaul, Michael, 1995, “Why Russia’s Politics Matter,” Foreign Affairs, Vol. 74 (January-February), pp. 8799.

  • Mikhalev, Vladimir, 1996, “Social Security in Russia Under Economic Transformation,” Europe-Asia Studies, Vol. 48 (January), pp. 525.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Plessix Gray, Francine du, 1989, Soviet Women: Walking the Tightrope (New York: Doubleday).

  • Remmick, David, 1997, “Can Russia Change?Foreign Affairs, Vol. 76 (January-February), pp. 359.

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    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
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    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
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    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
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    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Tanzi, Vito, , ed., 1993c, Transition to Market: Studies in Fiscal Reform (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

  • Tanzi, Vito, 1997, “The Changing Role of the State in the Economy: A Historical Perspective,” IMF Working Paper 97/114 (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
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Cited By

Issues During the Transition in Russia
  • Alesina, Alberto, 1998, “The Political Economy of Macroeconomic Stabilizations and Income Inequality: Myths and Reality,” in Income Distribution and High-Quality Growth,” ed. by Vito Tanzi and Ke-young Chu (Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Alesina, Alberto, and Roberto Perotti, 1995, “The Political Economy of Budget Deficits,” Staff Papers, International Monetary Fund, Vol. 42 (March), pp. 131.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Alexashenko, Sergei, 1992, “The Collapse of the Soviet Fiscal System: What Should Be Done?Bank of Finland (Helsinki).

  • Alexashenko, Sergei, , 1993, “Macroeconomic Stabilization in the Former Soviet Republics: Dream or Reality?” in Economic Consequences of the Soviet Disintegration, ed. by John Williamson (Washington: Institute for International Economics).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Åslund, Anders, 1994, “Russia’s Success Story,” Foreign Affairs, Vol. 73 (September–October), pp. 5871.

  • Åslund, Anders, , 1995, How Russia Became a Market Economy (Washington: Brookings Institution).

  • Barbone, Luca, and Domenico Marchetti, Jr., 1995, “Transition and the Fiscal Crisis in Central Europe,” Economics of Transition, Vol. 3 (March), pp. 5974.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cheasty, Adrienne, and Jeffrey M. Davis, 1996, “Fiscal Transition in Countries of the Former Soviet Union: An Interim Assessment,” IMF Working Paper 96/61 (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Chu, Ke-young, and Gerd Schwartz, 1994, “Output Decline and Government Expenditures in European Transition Economies,” IMF Working Paper 94/68 (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Chu, Ke-young, and Sanjeev Gupta, 1996, “Social Protection in Transition Countries: Emerging Issues,” IMF Paper on Policy Analysis and Assessment 96/5 (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Christensen, Benedicte Vibe, 1994, The Russian Federation in Transition: External Developments, IMF Occasional Paper 111 (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Citrin, Daniel A., and Ashok K. Lahiri, 1995, eds., Policy Experiences and Issues in the Baltics, Russia, and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union, IMF Occasional Paper 133 (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Corden, Max W., 1989, “Macroeconomic Adjustment in Developing Countries,” World Bank Research Observer, Vol. 4 (January), pp. 5164.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Craig, Jon, John Norregaard, and George Tsibouris, 1997, “Russian Federation,” in Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice, ed. by Teresa Ter-Minassian (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Craig, R. Sean, and Catherine L. Mann, 1992, “Fiscal Implications of the Transition from Planned to Market Economy,” International Finance Discussion Paper 424 (Washington: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ebrill, Liam P, and others, 1994, Poland: The Path to a Market Economy, IMF Occasional Paper 113 (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Etzioni, Amitai, 1988, The Moral Dimension: Toward a New Economics (New York: Free Press).

  • Gavrilenkov, Evgeny, and Vincent Koen, 1995, “How Large Was the Output Collapse in Russia? Alternative Estimates and Welfare Implications,” Staff Studies for the World Economic Outlook, World Economic and Financial Surveys (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gray, Dale F., Evaluation of Taxes and Revenues from the Energy Sector in the Baltics, Russia, and Other Former Soviet Union Countries,” IMF Working Paper (Washington: International Monetary Fund, forthcoming).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Illarionov, A., 1995, “Attempts to Carry Out Policies of Financial Stabilization in the U.S.S.R. and Russia,” Voprosy Ekonomiki, No. 7, pp. 437.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • International Monetary Fund, European I Department, 1994, “Factors Underlying the Weakening Performance of Tax Revenues,” IMF Working Paper 94/104 (Washington).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • International Monetary Fund, European I Department, Fiscal Affairs Department, 1995, Unproductive Public Expenditures: A Pragmatic Approach to Policy Analysis, IMF Pamphlet Series 48 (Washington).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • International Monetary Fund, European I Department, Fiscal Affairs Department, Expenditure Policy Division, 1995, “Social Safety Nets for Economic Transition: Options and Recent Experiences,” IMF Paper on Policy Analysis and Assessment 95/3 (Washington).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • International Monetary Fund, European I Department, World Bank, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, and European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, 1991, A Study of the Soviet Economy, 3 vols. (Paris).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Klugman, Jeni, ed., 1997, Poverty in Russia (Washngton: World Bank).

  • Koen, Vincent, and Steven Phillips, 1993, Price Liberalization in Russia: Behavior of Prices, Household Incomes, and Consumption During the First Year, IMF Occasional Paper 104 (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kornai, János, 1986, “The Soft Budget Constraint,” Kyklos, Vol. 39 (No. 1), pp. 330.

  • Kornai, János, 1992, “The Postsocialist Transition and the State: Reflections in the Light of Hungarian Fiscal Problems,” American Economic Review, Papers and Proceedings, Vol. 82 (May), pp. 121.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kovalev, S., 1997, “Russia After Chechnya,” New York Review of Books, Vol. 44, No. 12, July 17, pp. 2731.

  • Lambeth, Benjamin S., 1995, “Russia’s Wounded Military,” Foreign Affairs, Vol. 74 (March-April), pp. 8698.

  • Landell-Mills, Pierre, and Ismail Serageldin, 1991, “Governance and the Development Process,” Finance & Development (September), pp. 1417.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Le Houerou, Philippe, Elana Gold, and Stanislav Katash, 1994, “Budget Coverage and Government Finance in the Russian Federation,” Internal Discussion Paper, Report No. IDP-137, Europe and Central Asia Region (Washington: World Bank).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lipton, David, and Jeffrey D. Sachs, 1992, “Prospects for Russia’s Economic Reforms,” Brookings Papers in Economic Activity: 2, pp. 21383.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lopez-Claros, Augusto, 1993, “The International Monetary Fund’s Approach to Macroeconomic Adjustment,” Money and Credit, Central Bank of Russia (February) (in Russian).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lopez-Claros, 1994, “Nekotorie Prioritety Ekonomicheskikh Reform v Rossii v 1990-e Gody,” Znamya (December), pp. 16872.

  • Maret, Xavier, and Gerd Schwartz, 1993, “Poland: The Social Safety Net During the Transition,” IMF Working Paper 93/42 (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Matlock, Jack F., Jr., 1996, “Dealing with a Russia in Turmoil,” Foreign Affairs, Vol. 75 (May-June), pp. 3851.

  • McFaul, Michael, 1995, “Why Russia’s Politics Matter,” Foreign Affairs, Vol. 74 (January-February), pp. 8799.

  • Mikhalev, Vladimir, 1996, “Social Security in Russia Under Economic Transformation,” Europe-Asia Studies, Vol. 48 (January), pp. 525.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Plessix Gray, Francine du, 1989, Soviet Women: Walking the Tightrope (New York: Doubleday).

  • Remmick, David, 1997, “Can Russia Change?Foreign Affairs, Vol. 76 (January-February), pp. 359.

  • Sachs, Jeffrey D., and Katharina Pistor, eds., 1997, The Rule of Law and Economic Reform in Russia (Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press).

  • Secretaría General para la Seguridad Social, 1996, “La Seguridad Social en el Umbral del Siglo XXI,” Estudio Económico-Actuarial (Madrid: Centro de Publicaciones, Ministerio de Trabajo y Seguridad Social).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Summers, Lawrence H., and Vinod Thomas, 1993, “Recent Lessons of Development,” Wo rid Bank Research Observer, Vol. 8 (July), pp. 24154.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Tanzi, Vito, ed., 1992, Fiscal Policies in Economies in Transition (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

  • Tanzi, Vito, , 1993a, “The Budget Deficit in Transition,” Staff Papers, International Monetary Fund, Vol. 40 (September), pp. 697707.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Tanzi, Vito, , 1993b, “Fiscal Policy and the Economic Restructuring of Economies in Transition,” IMF Working Paper 93/22 (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Tanzi, Vito, , ed., 1993c, Transition to Market: Studies in Fiscal Reform (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

  • Tanzi, Vito, 1997, “The Changing Role of the State in the Economy: A Historical Perspective,” IMF Working Paper 97/114 (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • United Nations Children’s Fund, International Child Development Centre, Central and Eastern Europe in Transition: Public Policy and Social Conditions, Regional Monitoring Reports, November 1993, August 1994, August 1995, and February 1997 (Florence).

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    • Export Citation
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