Economic and Social Indicators in ESAF and Other Developing Countries
(In percent a year, unless otherwise indicated)
|ESAF Countries||Non-ESAF Developing Countries1|
|Real per capita GDP growth||–1.1||0.0||0.3||1.0|
|Gross national saving (in percent of GDP)||8.0||9.9||18.6||17.4|
|Budget balance4 (In percent of GDP)||–9.1||–5.6||–6.8||–4.8|
|Export volume growth||1.7||7.9||4.4||5.7|
|Debt-service ratio (actual) (in percent of exports of goods and nonfactor services)||27.9||25.7||18.8||15.7|
|External debt (face value, in percent of GNP)||81.9||154.2||55.7||75.6|
|Gross reserves (in months of imports)||2.0||3.5||4.7||5.6|
|Premium in parallel market exchange rate|
|Life expectancy (years at birth)||51.5||55.0||59.7||63.6|
|Infant mortality (per thousand live births)||111.9||87.5||71.8||52.7|
|Illiteracy (In percent of population age 15 or above)||54.8||47.3||32.2||23.0|
Sources: Bredenkamp and Schadler (forthcoming); International Monetary Fund, World Economic Outlook and International Financial Statistics; and World Bank, World DebtTables and Social Indicators of Development.
Developing countries as defined in World Economic Outlook, excluding countries classified as “high income” by the World Bank and SAF/ESAF users.
1991–94 for some variables.
End of period when available, period average otherwise.
Overall balance, including grants as revenue.