This paper explores impact of new digital currency on Singapore. A new wind of digitization is blowing. Even cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin, Ethereum, and Ripple are vying for a spot in the cashless world, constantly reinventing themselves in the hope of offering more stable value, and quicker, cheaper settlement. Providers of e-money argue that they are less risky than banks, because they do not lend money. Instead, they hold client funds in custodian accounts, and simply settle payments within their networks. If most people adopt digital forms of money, the infrastructure for cash would degrade, leaving those in the periphery behind. The second benefit of digital currency relates to security and consumer protection. Digital currency offers great promise through its ability to reach people and businesses in remote and marginalized regions. A digital currency could boost competition by offering a low-cost and efficient alternative means of payment.



Winds of Change

The Case for New Digital Currency

Address at the Singapore Fintech Festival

Singapore • November 14, 2018

International Monetary Fund Managing Director Christine Lagarde delivered this address at the Singapore Fintech Festival in Singapore on November 14, 2018.

Copyright © 2019

International Monetary Fund

Washington, D.C. 20090, U.S.A.

All Rights Reserved

ISBN: 978-148438917-1 (paper)

Please send orders to:

International Monetary Fund, Publication Services

P.O. Box 92780, Washington, D.C. 20090, U.S.A.

Tel.: (202) 623–7430 Fax: (202) 623–7201

E-mail: publications@imf.org



The Case for New Digital Currency