Journal Issue
Share
Back Matter

Back Matter

Author(s):
Louise Fox, Alun Thomas, and Cleary Haines
Published Date:
April 2017
Share
  • ShareShare
Show Summary Details
Appendix
Appendix Table 1.Sub-Saharan Africa: Country Groups Used in This Paper
Resource RichUpper Middle-IncomeLower Middle-IncomeLow-Income
AngolaBotswana*Cameroon*Benin*Guinea-BissauRwanda*
ChadCape Verde*Côte d’Ivoire*Burkina Faso*Kenya*Sierra Leone*
Congo, Dem. Rep.*Gabon*Ghana*Burundi*Liberia*Somalia
Congo, Rep.Mauritius*LesothoCentral African Rep.MadagascarTanzania*
GuineaNamibia*MauritaniaComoros*Malawi*Togo*
Nigeria*SeychellesSão Tomé and Príncipe*EritreaMaliUganda*
SudanSouth Africa*Senegal*Ethiopia*Mozambique*Zimbabwe*
Zambia*Equatorial GuineaSwazilandGambia, TheNiger*
Note: Sudan includes South Sudan due to data availability. * signifies employment estimates based on actual household surveys.Countries marked with * are “Resource rich” with a LFPR 88%
Note: Sudan includes South Sudan due to data availability. * signifies employment estimates based on actual household surveys.Countries marked with * are “Resource rich” with a LFPR 88%
Appendix Table 2.Asia: Country Groups Used in this Paper
South AsiaEast Asia
Low-Middle-IncomeLow-IncomeLow-Middle-IncomeLow-Income
BhutanBangladeshIndonesiaCambodia
IndiaNepalLao P.D.R.Myanmar
Sri LankaMongolia
PakistanPhilippines
Vietnam
Appendix Table 3.List of Country Abbreviations
AGOAngolaCOMComorosLSOLesothoSSDSouth Sudan
BGDBangladeshCPVCabo VerdeMDGMadagascarSTPSão Tomé and Príncipe
BDIBurundiERIEritreaMLIMaliSWZSwaziland
BENBeninETHEthiopiaMOZMozambiqueSYCSeychelles
BFABurkina FasoGABGabonMUSMauritiusTCDChad
BWABotswanaGHAGhanaMWIMalawiTGOTogo
KHMCambodiaGINGuineaNAMNamibiaTZATanzania
CAFCentral African RepublicGMBGambia, TheNERNigerUGAUganda
CIVCôte d’Ivoire CameroonGNBGuinea-BissauNIGNigeriaVNMVietnam
CMRCameroonGNQEquatorial GuineaRWARwandaZAFSouth Africa
CODCongo, Dem. Rep. ofKENKenyaSENSenegalZMBZambia
COGCongo, Rep. ofLBRLiberiaSLESierra LeoneZWEZimbabwe
Appendix Table 4.Sub-Saharan Africa and Asian Countries: GDP per Capita (Current U.S. dollars)
Country2012
Burundi286
Malawi360
Niger431
Liberia439
Madagascar445
Central African Republic480
Gambia, The499
Ethiopia504
Eritrea505
Togo590
Mozambique590
Guinea-Bissau600
Sierra Leone634
Uganda678
Burkina Faso679
Nepal686
Rwanda688
São Tomé and Príncipe688
Mali703
Benin808
Comoros815
Tanzania870
Bangladesh916
Cambodia946
Zimbabwe961
Senegal1,037
Cameroon1,234
Côte d’Ivoire1,235
Kenya1,239
Lesotho1,267
Pakistan1,280
Lao P.D.R.1,414
India1,471
Ghana1,683
Vietnam1,753
Sub-Saharan African countries (median)678
South Asia (median)1,098
East Asia (median)1,414
Source: IMF, World Economic Outlook January 2016.
Source: IMF, World Economic Outlook January 2016.
Reference

    African Center for Economic Transformation (ACET). 2014. Growth with Depth—2014 African Transformation Report. Accra: ACET.

    Afrobarometer, 2013 and other years, available on http://www.afrobarometer.org/.

    Amirapu, Amrit and ArvindSubramanian,2015. “Manufacturing or Services: An Indian Illustration of a Development Dilemma,” Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 409, Washington.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

    Bah, Elhadj.2013. “Sectoral Productivity in Developing Countries.” Unpublished, University of Auckland.

    De Vries, Gaaitzen, MarcelTimmer, and Klaas deVries.2015. “Structural Transformation in Africa: Static Gains, Dynamic Losses.” Journal of Development Studies51 (6): 674–88.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

    Duarte, Margarida, and DiegoRestuccia.2010. “The Role of Structural Transformation in Aggregate Productivity.” Quarterly Journal of Economics125 (1): 129–73.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

    Eifert, Benn, AlanGelb, and VijayaRamachandran.2008. ”The Cost of Doing Business in Africa: Evidence from Enterprise Survey Data.” World Development36 (9): 1531–46.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

    Filmer, Deon, and LouisFox.2014. Youth Employment in Sub-Saharan Africa. World Bank, Washington.

    Fox, L., and T.Sohnesen.2012. “Household Enterprises in Sub-Saharan Africa: Why They Matter for Growth, Jobs and Livelihoods.” Policy Research Working Paper 6184, World Bank, Washington.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

    Fox, L., A.Tomas, C.Haines, and J.Huerta-Munoz.2013. “Africa Has Work to Do: Employment Prospects in the New Century.” Working Paper 13/321, International Monetary Fund, Washington.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

    Gelb, A., C.Meyer, and V.Ramachandran.2013. “Does Poor Mean Cheap: A Comparative Look at Africa’s Industrial Labor Costs.” Center for Global Development Working Paper, Washington, May.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

    International Monetary Fund. 2012Regional Economic Outlook for Sub-Saharan Africa, fall edition, International Monetary Fund, Washington.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

    Lewis, W. Arthur.1954. “Economic Development with Unlimited Supplies of Labor.” Manchester School of Economic and Social Studies22: 139–91.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

    McMillan, Margaret S., and KennethHarttgen.2014. “What Is Driving the ‘African Growth Miracle’?” National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper no. 20077, Boston.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

    McMillan, M., and D.Rodrik.2012. “Globalization, Structural Change and Productivity Growth.” Discussion Paper, International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, February.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

    McMillan, Margaret, DaniRodrik, and ÍñigoVerduzco-Gallo.2014. “Globalization, Structural Change, and Productivity Growth, with an Update on Africa.” World Development63(C): 11–32.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

    Rodrik, D.2015. “Premature Deindustrialization.” National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper no. 20935, Boston.

    Saccone, Donatella, and VittorioValli.2009. “Structural Change and Economic Development in China and India.” Working Paper 7/2009, Dipartimento di Economia “S. Cognetti de Martiis,” Università di Torino.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

    Timmer, C. P.1988. “The agricultural transformation.” In Handbook of Development Economics, edited by Hollis Chenery and T.N. Srinivasan. Amsterdam: North Holland, pp. 275–331.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

    Timmer, C. P.2008, “Structural transformation as a pathway out of poverty: analytics, empirics, and politics.” Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 150, Washington.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

    United Nations, 2011, World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision, Department of Economic and Social Afairs, Population. Division, United Nations, New York.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

    Other Resources Citing This Publication