Chapter

Statistical Appendix

Author(s):
International Monetary Fund. African Dept.
Published Date:
October 2018
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Unless otherwise noted, data and projections presented in this Regional Economic Outlook are IMF staff estimates as of September 20, 2018, consistent with the projections underlying the October 2018 World Economic Outlook.

The data and projections cover 45 sub-Saharan African countries in the IMF’s African Department. Data definitions follow established international statistical methodologies to the extent possible. However, in some cases, data limitations limit comparability across countries.

Country Groupings

Countries are aggregated into three (non-overlapping) groups: oil exporters, other resource-intensive countries, and non-resource-intensive countries (see table on page 52 for the country groupings).

  • The oil exporters are countries where net oil exports make up 30 percent or more of total exports.

  • The other resource-intensive countries are those where non-renewable natural resources represent 25 percent or more of total exports.

  • The non-resource-intensive countries refer to those that are not classified as either oil exporters or other resource-intensive countries.

Countries are also aggregated into four (overlapping) groups: oil exporters, middle-income, low-income, and countries in fragile situations (see table on page 52 for the country groupings).

The membership of these groups reflects the most recent data on per capita gross national income (averaged over three years) and the World Bank, Country Policy and Institutional Assessment (CPIA) score, (averaged over three years).

  • The middle-income countries had per capita gross national income in the years 2015–17 of more than US$995.00 (World Bank, using the Atlas method).

  • The low-income countries had average per capita gross national income in the years 2015–17 equal to or lower than US$995.00 (World Bank, Atlas method).

  • The countries in fragile situations had average CPIA scores of 3.2 or less in the years 2015–17 and/or had the presence of a peacekeeping or peacebuilding mission within the last three years.

  • The membership of sub-Saharan African countries in the major regional cooperation bodies is shown on page 52: CFA franc zone, comprising the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU) and CEMAC; the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA); the East Africa Community (EAC-5); the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS); the Southern African Development Community (SADC); and the Southern Africa Customs Union (SACU). EAC-5 aggregates include data for Rwanda and Burundi, which joined the group only in 2007.

Methods of Aggregation

In Tables SA1 and SA5, country group composites are calculated as the arithmetic average of data for individual countries, weighted by GDP valued at purchasing power parity as a share of total group GDP. The source of purchasing power parity weights is the World Economic Outlook (WEO) database.

In Table SA2, country group composites are calculated as the geometric average of data for individual countries, weighted by GDP valued at purchasing power parity as a share of total group GDP. The source of purchasing power parity weights is the WEO database.

In Tables SA3SA4, and SA6SA8, country group composites are calculated as the arithmetic average of data for individual countries, weighted by GDP in US dollars at market exchange rates as a share of total group GDP.

Sub-Saharan Africa: Member Countries of Groupings

Oil exportersOther resource-intensive countriesNon-resource-intensive countriesMiddle-income countriesLow-income countriesCountries in fragile situations
AngolaBotswanaBeninAngolaBeninMalawiBurundi
CameroonBurkina FasoBurundiBotswanaBurkina FasoMaliCentral African Rep.
ChadCentral African Rep.Cabo VerdeCabo VerdeBurundiMozambiqueChad
Congo, Republic ofCongo, Dem. Rep. ofComorosCameroonCentral AfricanNigerComoros
Equatorial GuineaGhanaCôte d’IvoireCongo, Republic ofRep.RwandaCongo, Dem. Rep. of
GabonGuineaEritreaCôte d’IvoireChadSierra LeoneCongo, Republic of
NigeriaLiberiaEswatiniEquatorial GuineaComorosSouth SudanCôte d’Ivoire
South SudanMaliEthiopiaEswatiniCongo, Dem. Rep. ofTanzaniaEritrea
NamibiaGambia, TheGabonEritreaTogoGambia, The
NigerGuinea-BissauGhanaUgandaGuinea
Sierra LeoneKenyaKenyaEthiopiaZimbabweGuinea-Bissau
South AfricaLesothoLesothoGambia, TheLiberia
TanzaniaMadagascarMauritiusGuineaMalawi
ZambiaMalawiNamibiaGuinea-BissauMali
ZimbabweMauritiusNigeriaLiberiaSão Tomé & Príncipe
MozambiqueSão Tomé & PríncipeMadagascarSouth Sudan
RwandaSenegalTogo
São Tomé & PríncipeSeychellesZimbabwe
SenegalSouth Africa
SeychellesZambia
Togo
Uganda

Sub-Saharan Africa: Member Countries of Regional Groupings

The West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU)Economic and Monetary Community of Central African States (CEMAC)Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA)East Africa Community (EAC-5)Southern African Development Community (SADC)Southern Africa Customs Union (SACU)Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
BeninCameroonBurundiBurundiAngolaBotswanaBenin
Burkina FasoCentral African Rep.ComorosKenyaBotswanaEswatiniBurkina Faso
Côte d’IvoireChadCongo, Dem. Rep. ofRwandaCongo, Dem. Rep. ofLesothoCabo Verde
Guinea-BissauCongo, Republic ofEritreaTanzaniaEswatiniNamibiaCôte d’Ivoire
MaliEquatorial GuineaEswatiniUgandaLesothoSouth AfricaGambia, The
NigerGabonEthiopiaMadagascarGhana
SenegalKenyaMalawiGuinea
TogoMadagascarMauritiusGuinea-Bissau
MalawiMozambiqueLiberia
MauritiusNamibiaMali
RwandaSeychellesNiger
SeychellesSouth AfricaNigeria
UgandaTanzaniaSenegal
ZambiaZambiaSierra Leone
ZimbabweZimbabweTogo

List of Country Abbreviations:

AGOAngolaERIEritreaMDGMadagascarSTPSão Tomé & Príncipe
BDIBurundiSWZEswatiniMLIMaliSYCSeychelles
BENBeninETHEthiopiaMWIMalawiTCDChad
BFABurkina FasoGABGabonMOZMozambiqueTGOTogo
BWABotswanaGHAGhanaMUSMauritiusTZATanzania
CAFCentral African Rep.GINGuineaNAMNamibiaUGAUganda
CIVCôte d’IvoireGMBGambia, TheNERNigerZAFSouth Africa
CMRCameroonGNBGuinea-BissauNGANigeriaZMBZambia
CODCongo, Dem. Rep. ofGNQEquatorial GuineaRWARwandaZWEZimbabwe
COGCongo, Rep. ofKENKenyaSENSenegal
COMComorosLBRLiberiaSLESierra Leone
CPVCabo VerdeLSOLesothoSSDSouth Sudan

List of Sources and Footnotes for Appendix Tables SA1–SA8:

Tables SA1, SA3-SA5, SA8

Source: IMF, Common Surveillance database and IMF, World Economic Outlook database, October 2018.

1 Fiscal year data.

2 In constant 2009 US dollars. The Zimbabwe dollar ceased circulating in early 2009. Data are based on IMF staff estimates of price and exchange rate developments in US dollars. Staff estimates of US dollar values may differ from authorities’ estimates.

Note: “...” denotes data not available.

Table SA2

Sources: IMF, World Economic Outlook database, October 2018.

1 In constant 2009 US dollars. The Zimbabwe dollar ceased circulating in early 2009. Data are based on IMF staff estimates of price and exchange rate developments in US dollars. Staff estimates of US dollar values may differ from authorities’ estimates.

Note: “...” denotes data not available.

Table SA6

Source: IMF, World Economic Outlook database, October 2018.

1 Including grants.

2 Fiscal year data.

3 In constant 2009 US dollars. The Zimbabwe dollar ceased circulating in early 2009. Data are based on IMF staff estimates of price and exchange rate developments in US dollars. Staff estimates of US dollar values may differ from authorities’ estimates.

Note: “...” denotes data not available.

Table SA7

Sources: IMF, Common Surveillance database, and IMF, World Economic Outlook database, October 2018

1 As a member of the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU), see WAEMU aggregate for reserves data.

2 As a member of the Central African Economic and Monetary Community (CEMAC), see CEMAC aggregate for reserves data.

3 Fiscal year data.

4 In constant 2009 US dollars. The Zimbabwe dollar ceased circulating in early 2009. Data are based on IMF staff estimates of price and exchange rate developments in US dollars. Staff estimates of US dollar values may differ from authorities’ estimates.

Note: “...” denotes data not available.

Table SA1.Real GDP Growth(Percent)
2010–152016201720182019
Angola4.6–2.6–2.5–0.13.1
Benin4.34.05.66.06.3
Botswana5.54.32.44.63.6
Burkina Faso5.95.96.45.96.0
Burundi3.3–1.00.00.10.4
Cabo Verde1.53.83.94.34.0
Cameroon4.84.63.53.84.4
Central African Rep.–3.44.54.34.35.0
Chad6.2–6.4–3.13.53.6
Comoros2.32.22.72.82.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. of7.72.43.43.84.1
Congo, Rep. of4.8–2.8–3.12.03.7
Côte d’Ivoire5.88.37.87.47.0
Equatorial Guinea–1.2–8.6–3.2–7.7–2.6
Eritrea4.71.95.04.23.8
Eswatini3.31.41.61.30.4
Ethiopia110.28.010.97.58.5
Gabon5.42.10.52.03.4
Gambia, The2.90.44.65.45.4
Ghana7.73.78.46.37.6
Guinea4.510.58.25.85.9
Guinea-Bissau3.66.35.94.55.0
Kenya6.05.94.96.06.1
Lesotho4.23.1–1.60.81.2
Liberia5.3–1.62.53.04.5
Madagascar2.24.24.25.05.4
Malawi4.62.34.03.34.7
Mali3.95.85.45.14.8
Mauritius3.83.83.83.94.0
Mozambique7.03.83.73.54.0
Namibia5.70.7–0.81.13.1
Niger6.64.94.95.35.4
Nigeria5.8–1.60.81.92.3
Rwanda7.56.06.17.27.8
São Tomé & Príncipe4.94.23.94.04.5
Senegal4.36.27.27.06.7
Seychelles5.14.55.33.63.3
Sierra Leone5.36.33.73.75.5
South Africa2.40.61.30.81.4
South Sudan–5.1–13.9–5.1–3.2–4.6
Tanzania6.87.06.05.86.6
Togo6.15.14.44.75.0
Uganda5.32.34.85.96.1
Zambia6.03.83.43.84.5
Zimbabwe29.10.73.73.64.2
Sub-Saharan Africa5.11.42.73.13.8
Median5.03.83.93.94.5
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa5.83.54.44.65.4
Oil-exporting countries5.3–1.70.21.62.4
Excluding Nigeria4.1–2.0–1.20.62.8
Oil-importing countries4.93.64.44.04.6
Excluding South Africa6.45.26.05.66.1
Middle-income countries4.60.41.82.33.0
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa5.22.73.13.84.9
Low-income countries6.54.45.85.46.0
Excluding low-income countries in fragile situations7.46.17.36.37.0
Countries in fragile situations5.12.73.84.54.7
CFA franc zone4.63.53.94.45.0
CEMAC3.9–0.30.31.73.2
WAEMU5.26.56.66.46.3
COMESA (SSA members)6.74.86.05.66.1
EAC-56.15.45.35.96.3
ECOWAS5.80.52.73.23.6
SACU2.60.81.31.01.5
SADC3.91.41.82.02.9
Source: IMF, Common Surveillance database and IMF, World Economic Outlook database, October 2018.Note: “...” denotes data not available.
Table SA2.Consumer Prices(Annual average, percent change)
2010–152016201720182019
Angola10.630.729.820.515.8
Benin2.0–0.80.12.32.3
Botswana6.12.83.33.83.9
Burkina Faso1.2–0.20.42.02.0
Burundi8.75.516.61.27.3
Cabo Verde1.7–1.40.81.01.6
Cameroon2.20.90.61.01.1
Central African Rep.5.24.64.14.03.4
Chad2.7–1.1–0.92.12.6
Comoros2.81.81.02.02.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. of7.118.241.523.013.5
Congo, Rep. of2.63.20.51.22.0
Côte d’Ivoire2.00.70.81.72.0
Equatorial Guinea3.81.40.70.91.4
Eritrea7.89.09.09.09.0
Eswatini6.07.86.25.05.3
Ethiopia15.27.39.912.79.5
Gabon1.72.12.72.82.5
Gambia, The5.57.28.06.25.3
Ghana11.017.512.49.58.0
Guinea13.68.28.98.28.0
Guinea-Bissau1.61.51.12.02.2
Kenya7.86.38.05.05.6
Lesotho4.86.25.36.35.3
Liberia8.08.812.421.324.5
Madagascar7.36.78.37.87.2
Malawi18.421.712.29.28.4
Mali1.9–1.81.82.52.1
Mauritius3.61.03.75.14.5
Mozambique5.719.215.36.05.7
Namibia5.26.76.13.55.8
Niger0.50.22.43.92.0
Nigeria10.415.716.512.413.5
Rwanda3.85.74.83.35.5
São Tomé & Príncipe9.85.45.76.85.5
Senegal1.00.81.30.40.9
Seychelles2.8–1.02.94.43.7
Sierra Leone6.210.918.215.613.1
South Africa5.26.35.34.85.3
South Sudan24.9379.8187.9106.491.4
Tanzania9.25.25.33.84.7
Togo1.90.9–0.70.41.2
Uganda7.55.55.63.84.2
Zambia8.117.96.68.58.2
Zimbabwe11.5–1.60.93.99.6
Sub-Saharan Africa7.711.211.08.68.5
Median4.95.55.34.05.3
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa7.210.610.28.07.0
Oil-exporting countries9.417.617.112.612.7
Excluding Nigeria6.922.618.613.110.7
Oil-importing countries6.56.97.06.15.8
Excluding South Africa7.47.27.96.76.1
Middle-income countries7.611.511.08.58.7
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa6.510.89.47.16.4
Low-income countries8.110.311.08.97.7
Excluding low-income countries in fragile situations8.96.06.86.76.0
Countries in fragile situations5.713.213.69.88.5
CFA franc zone2.00.60.91.61.8
CEMAC2.61.30.81.51.7
WAEMU1.50.11.01.81.8
COMESA (SSA members)8.88.410.38.87.7
EAC-58.05.76.54.25.0
ECOWAS8.912.713.010.010.5
SACU5.36.25.24.75.2
SADC6.610.49.97.67.1
Sources: IMF, World Economic Outlook database, October 2018.Note: “...” denotes data not available.
Table SA3.Overall Fiscal Balance, Including Grants(Percent of GDP)
2010–152016201720182019
Angola1.1–4.5–6.1–0.8–0.2
Benin–0.6–5.9–5.8–4.7–2.4
Botswana4.50.70.2–3.7–3.0
Burkina Faso–0.8–3.5–7.8–5.0–3.0
Burundi–8.2–6.2–7.8–8.6–9.1
Cabo Verde–3.4–3.1–3.1–3.1–5.9
Cameroon7.9–6.1–4.9–2.6–2.1
Central African Rep.0.51.6–1.10.90.7
Chad1.2–2.0–0.21.30.5
Comoros–1.7–7.40.6–1.9–2.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. of0.1–1.0–1.5–0.6–1.6
Congo, Rep. of14.6–20.4–7.69.010.5
Côte d’Ivoire–1.0–3.9–4.2–3.8–3.0
Equatorial Guinea16.3–10.8–2.50.62.3
Eritrea–17.9–14.7–14.5–13.2–12.9
Eswatini1.4–10.4–8.8–11.5–9.5
Ethiopia1–3.4–2.3–3.3–3.7–3.5
Gabon8.5–4.7–1.71.30.7
Gambia, The–1.6–6.5–5.4–2.5–0.1
Ghana–5.2–8.9–5.1–6.0–3.9
Guinea–1.1–0.1–2.1–2.2–2.2
Guinea-Bissau–5.4–5.6–1.4–2.6–2.3
Kenya–1.9–8.3–7.9–6.6–5.8
Lesotho7.6–6.3–2.4–4.0–2.2
Liberia0.5–3.7–5.2–5.1–4.9
Madagascar–2.6–1.3–2.4–2.3–4.3
Malawi–2.3–7.3–7.3–4.0–2.4
Mali3.6–3.9–2.9–3.3–3.0
Mauritius–3.6–3.5–3.3–3.5–3.5
Mozambique–2.9–6.3–4.4–7.1–7.6
Namibia1.9–8.7–5.1–7.6–9.8
Niger7.1–6.1–5.0–5.9–4.5
Nigeria4.7–3.9–5.3–5.1–4.5
Rwanda0.6–2.3–2.5–2.0–2.1
São Tomé & Príncipe31.5–4.2–2.60.4–3.7
Senegal–2.0–3.3–3.0–3.5–3.0
Seychelles–0.70.20.41.01.1
Sierra Leone2.2–8.5–9.1–9.8–10.0
South Africa0.1–4.1–4.6–4.6–4.5
South Sudan...–21.33.717.7–3.7
Tanzania–2.5–2.2–1.4–2.9–4.1
Togo–1.5–9.6–0.3–3.2–0.7
Uganda–0.8–4.9–3.8–4.7–5.9
Zambia2.1–5.8–7.8–9.8–10.9
Zimbabwe2–3.5–8.4–12.7–10.8–9.1
Sub-Saharan Africa1.7–4.5–4.8–4.2–3.9
Median–0.7–4.9–3.8–3.5–3.0
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa1.1–5.0–4.7–3.6–3.5
Oil-exporting countries5.3–4.6–5.2–3.3–3.0
Excluding Nigeria6.6–6.0–5.00.10.3
Oil-importing countries–0.5–4.5–4.6–4.7–4.5
Excluding South Africa–1.2–4.7–4.6–4.8–4.5
Middle-income countries2.2–4.8–5.1–4.4–3.9
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa2.6–6.1–5.4–3.6–3.0
Low-income countries–1.3–3.7–3.7–3.7–4.0
Excluding low-income countries in fragile situations–1.6–3.2–3.4–4.0–4.1
Countries in fragile situations0.4–4.9–4.3–2.6–2.9
CFA franc zone4.7–5.6–3.9–2.1–1.4
CEMAC9.3–7.3–3.60.50.9
WAEMU–0.1–4.3–4.2–4.0–3.0
COMESA (SSA members)–1.7–4.8–5.4–5.2–5.1
EAC-5–1.9–5.5–5.0–5.0–5.1
ECOWAS2.9–4.3–5.0–4.9–4.1
SACU0.3–4.1–4.5–4.7–4.6
SADC0.3–4.0–4.6–4.0–4.1
Source: IMF, Common Surveillance database and IMF, World Economic Outlook database, October 2018.Note: “...” denotes data not available.
Table SA4Government Debt(Percent of GDP)
2010–152016201720182019
Angola37.275.365.080.571.8
Benin30.649.754.656.855.0
Botswana18.615.614.013.213.5
Burkina Faso30.438.338.141.241.3
Burundi41.448.451.758.463.5
Cabo Verde97.8129.5127.1130.0130.6
Cameroon19.632.536.936.936.6
Central African Rep.39.756.052.946.941.8
Chad34.252.452.549.245.4
Comoros33.827.732.429.030.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. of22.319.318.116.215.0
Congo, Rep. of60.8128.7130.8100.789.9
Côte d’Ivoire52.147.047.048.847.3
Equatorial Guinea12.443.337.437.337.4
Eritrea132.2132.8131.2129.4127.3
Eswatini15.025.528.437.644.3
Ethiopia144.553.254.259.559.9
Gabon29.064.262.758.457.0
Gambia, The56.082.388.082.877.1
Ghana56.173.471.871.267.1
Guinea44.241.837.940.443.1
Guinea-Bissau53.657.953.955.352.7
Kenya45.953.254.256.155.4
Lesotho36.936.233.739.338.7
Liberia20.728.334.440.142.5
Madagascar33.538.436.035.136.4
Malawi46.660.359.257.957.6
Mali26.536.035.436.937.1
Mauritius59.666.164.063.962.5
Mozambique54.2121.6102.1112.9118.7
Namibia25.639.541.347.254.0
Niger29.745.245.346.348.4
Nigeria12.719.621.824.826.8
Rwanda24.837.340.542.643.4
São Tomé & Príncipe77.693.188.476.973.7
Senegal36.547.848.350.447.5
Seychelles75.569.163.659.954.9
Sierra Leone39.954.963.979.293.4
South Africa42.451.653.055.757.3
South Sudan26.886.662.743.753.2
Tanzania31.038.037.037.438.6
Togo54.981.675.775.770.6
Uganda27.137.440.042.944.7
Zambia31.860.763.170.977.6
Zimbabwe250.569.982.381.979.6
Sub-Saharan Africa31.043.845.448.548.2
Median35.851.652.950.453.2
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa37.354.053.156.254.8
Oil-exporting countries19.033.835.739.337.7
Excluding Nigeria32.565.960.666.760.9
Oil-importing countries40.850.651.453.954.5
Excluding South Africa39.750.150.552.853.0
Middle-income countries29.842.544.747.947.4
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa38.258.956.860.757.8
Low-income countries36.047.948.150.450.9
Excluding low-income countries in fragile situations35.949.249.252.953.9
Countries in fragile situations40.550.050.650.149.1
CFA franc zone33.049.149.549.247.6
CEMAC27.452.653.750.448.3
WAEMU39.146.446.548.347.1
COMESA (SSA members)39.549.551.253.954.2
EAC-536.245.046.047.948.3
ECOWAS20.329.632.235.035.7
SACU40.649.050.553.254.9
SADC39.053.352.556.756.3
Source: IMF, Common Surveillance database and IMF, World Economic Outlook database, October 2018.Note: “...” denotes data not available.
Table SA5.Broad Money(Percent of GDP)
2010–152016201720182019
Angola35.239.531.127.127.6
Benin37.541.039.245.746.3
Botswana43.941.440.240.641.1
Burkina Faso30.538.943.545.948.2
Burundi24.621.722.925.826.4
Cabo Verde87.4104.1105.5104.6103.1
Cameroon21.622.522.622.822.8
Central African Rep.23.426.226.726.826.8
Chad13.415.815.816.016.2
Comoros37.745.945.045.045.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. of11.312.513.413.213.4
Congo, Rep. of33.542.734.930.527.3
Côte d’Ivoire15.614.112.816.717.8
Equatorial Guinea14.517.416.116.419.0
Eritrea112.1100.8101.4101.7101.4
Eswatini25.130.529.529.129.1
Ethiopia127.228.931.734.135.6
Gabon23.024.722.722.724.7
Gambia, The35.036.740.039.938.5
Ghana30.933.932.332.332.8
Guinea24.524.924.123.323.3
Guinea-Bissau37.446.945.246.146.0
Kenya41.538.436.939.139.1
Lesotho32.731.135.134.533.8
Liberia23.320.519.919.919.9
Madagascar25.628.429.629.529.5
Malawi24.623.023.724.124.1
Mali26.828.929.029.429.0
Mauritius99.9109.9113.6114.7114.7
Mozambique32.837.135.634.234.1
Namibia58.451.753.453.453.4
Niger22.627.124.124.825.3
Nigeria20.326.526.727.627.8
Rwanda21.023.923.624.926.1
São Tomé & Príncipe38.934.331.432.732.7
Senegal30.337.437.536.544.3
Seychelles61.471.877.777.977.9
Sierra Leone22.425.124.525.325.6
South Africa73.172.672.672.672.6
South Sudan19.928.816.015.218.8
Tanzania24.022.321.321.121.5
Togo45.554.256.956.956.9
Uganda20.521.922.122.623.2
Zambia20.720.622.123.023.1
Zimbabwe226.334.544.748.351.1
Sub-Saharan Africa36.238.237.738.038.3
Median27.530.531.129.529.1
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa29.531.230.330.731.5
Oil-exporting countries22.327.826.526.626.9
Excluding Nigeria27.331.326.024.024.6
Oil-importing countries46.445.445.245.545.6
Excluding South Africa30.331.231.532.533.3
Middle-income countries39.241.640.841.041.2
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa33.234.832.432.433.2
Low-income countries25.327.328.029.029.8
Excluding low-income countries in fragile situations25.827.428.129.430.3
Countries in fragile situations23.625.525.226.026.4
CFA franc zone23.726.926.227.328.7
CEMAC21.024.022.522.222.5
WAEMU26.129.128.930.933.1
COMESA (SSA members)31.131.833.134.635.2
EAC-529.628.227.328.328.6
ECOWAS22.427.727.728.729.3
SACU70.569.669.669.669.5
SADC53.953.452.451.851.6
Source: IMF, Common Surveillance database and IMF, World Economic Outlook database, October 2018.Note: “...” denotes data not available.
Table SA6.External Current Account1(Percent of GDP)
2010–152016201720182019
Angola4.4–4.8–1.0–2.1–1.9
Benin–8.0–9.4–11.1–10.6–8.9
Botswana5.413.712.38.77.7
Burkina Faso–6.8–7.2–8.1–8.6–7.6
Burundi–16.8–13.1–12.3–13.4–12.6
Cabo Verde–9.7–2.4–6.2–9.1–10.2
Cameroon–3.3–3.2–2.7–3.2–3.0
Central African Rep.–8.7–5.5–8.4–8.9–8.4
Chad–9.0–9.2–5.7–4.2–5.5
Comoros–4.3–7.4–4.1–9.2–10.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. of–5.6–3.1–0.5–0.0–1.8
Congo, Rep. of0.0–73.6–12.99.112.4
Côte d’Ivoire1.8–1.1–4.6–4.6–4.2
Equatorial Guinea–8.3–12.9–5.9–3.1–3.6
Eritrea1.0–2.1–2.4–1.6–2.3
Eswatini11.817.213.710.39.8
Ethiopia2–5.6–9.0–8.1–6.2–6.2
Gabon11.0–9.9–4.9–1.6–0.5
Gambia, The–7.5–5.9–13.1–12.5–13.6
Ghana–9.7–6.7–4.5–4.1–4.0
Guinea–13.9–31.1–6.9–21.2–16.4
Guinea-Bissau–4.21.3–2.0–3.6–4.1
Kenya–8.2–5.2–6.3–5.6–5.3
Lesotho–7.4–8.2–3.7–6.0–12.5
Liberia–16.5–14.1–19.1–18.3–21.4
Madagascar–5.50.6–0.3–2.2–3.4
Malawi–8.7–13.6–9.5–9.3–8.1
Mali–5.1–7.2–5.8–7.2–7.8
Mauritius–7.9–4.3–6.6–8.2–10.4
Mozambique–34.6–39.3–22.4–18.2–44.7
Namibia–6.6–13.8–3.3–6.0–7.6
Niger–19.0–15.7–14.1–16.2–18.3
Nigeria1.80.72.82.01.0
Rwanda–9.9–15.8–6.8–8.9–9.4
São Tomé & Príncipe–20.4–6.5–8.2–7.0–10.2
Senegal–6.5–4.0–7.3–7.7–7.1
Seychelles–19.5–20.1–20.5–18.4–18.0
Sierra Leone–28.8–2.3–11.3–13.4–14.1
South Africa–4.1–2.8–2.5–3.2–3.5
South Sudan–2.11.3–5.0–8.82.7
Tanzania–9.9–4.5–2.8–4.3–5.5
Togo–9.2–9.3–8.0–9.2–8.0
Uganda–7.8–2.9–4.6–6.9–8.9
Zambia2.5–4.5–3.9–4.0–3.4
Zimbabwe3–14.6–3.4–4.1–5.8–5.6
Sub-Saharan Africa–2.5–3.9–2.3–2.8–3.4
Median–7.4–5.9–5.8–6.2–7.1
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa–4.5–6.8–4.6–4.8–5.4
Oil-exporting countries1.8–2.20.80.70.2
Excluding Nigeria1.6–8.5–2.6–2.0–1.4
Oil-importing countries–5.9–5.0–4.2–4.8–5.5
Excluding South Africa–7.5–6.2–5.3–5.8–6.6
Middle-income countries–0.9–2.6–1.1–1.6–1.9
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa–1.1–5.7–3.3–3.3–3.2
Low-income countries–9.6–8.2–6.3–6.9–8.2
Excluding low-income countries in fragile situations–10.8–9.3–7.5–7.5–9.7
Countries in fragile situations–5.5–8.5–4.8–4.9–4.7
CFA franc zone–3.2–8.9–6.2–5.0–4.7
CEMAC–1.7–13.7–5.1–1.7–1.2
WAEMU–4.9–5.3–7.0–7.5–7.2
COMESA (SSA members)–6.2–5.6–5.2–5.1–5.4
EAC-5–8.9–5.4–5.1–5.7–6.2
ECOWAS–0.5–1.6–0.3–1.3–1.7
SACU–3.6–2.2–1.6–2.6–3.0
SADC–3.5–3.8–2.3–3.2–4.2
Source: IMF, World Economic Outlook database, October 2018.Note: “...” denotes data not available.
Table SA7.External Debt, Official Debt, Debtor Based(Percent of GDP)
2010–152016201720182019
Angola22.044.034.542.144.3
Benin17.521.423.123.625.7
Botswana12.510.014.011.39.8
Burkina Faso23.526.124.323.723.7
Burundi21.216.715.314.914.1
Cabo Verde72.292.799.295.396.2
Cameroon11.019.622.523.625.5
Central African Rep.18.328.227.923.621.7
Chad23.627.128.726.025.1
Comoros32.526.330.126.528.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. of17.413.813.112.912.3
Congo, Rep. of23.948.241.030.528.4
Côte d’Ivoire34.226.930.633.532.8
Equatorial Guinea7.19.19.010.313.1
Eritrea30.220.520.120.119.9
Eswatini7.89.510.312.614.1
Ethiopia125.133.833.530.530.8
Gabon21.935.640.637.440.6
Gambia, The30.340.946.345.143.1
Ghana27.338.536.534.531.3
Guinea29.722.220.726.531.1
Guinea-Bissau27.022.820.919.920.0
Kenya21.926.126.928.329.1
Lesotho31.034.833.434.037.0
Liberia9.320.124.729.634.1
Madagascar23.225.424.425.027.2
Malawi21.432.732.430.831.3
Mali21.123.825.624.124.1
Mauritius14.114.612.912.010.6
Mozambique45.292.490.791.695.1
Namibia7.916.615.516.216.6
Niger19.229.730.731.433.8
Nigeria3.14.06.38.27.9
Rwanda18.933.636.938.438.9
São Tomé & Príncipe77.678.874.766.964.8
Senegal25.931.239.542.842.2
Seychelles42.931.830.028.826.9
Sierra Leone27.036.145.956.869.4
South Africa12.718.921.319.920.4
South Sudan...............
Tanzania22.728.727.928.228.9
Togo15.819.320.823.625.8
Uganda15.922.025.428.130.4
Zambia16.238.236.941.244.5
Zimbabwe245.042.138.636.533.2
Sub-Saharan Africa13.920.622.223.023.1
Median21.726.627.928.228.7
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa22.030.630.031.131.6
Oil-exporting countries8.113.715.217.316.8
Excluding Nigeria19.235.831.434.736.3
Oil-importing countries18.625.426.526.326.8
Excluding South Africa23.328.929.529.930.2
Middle-income countries11.718.120.121.020.9
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa20.831.630.332.332.7
Low-income countries24.029.429.729.530.2
Excluding low-income countries in fragile situations23.933.233.633.234.2
Countries in fragile situations25.725.626.126.526.4
CFA franc zone20.625.928.428.829.5
CEMAC15.725.026.525.426.8
WAEMU25.826.529.831.431.5
COMESA (SSA members)21.527.227.427.427.8
EAC-520.826.527.328.529.5
ECOWAS8.811.614.616.616.1
SACU12.618.420.719.419.8
SADC16.826.225.726.026.6
Sources: IMF, Common Surveillance database, and IMF, World Economic Outlook database, October 2018Note: “...” denotes data not available.
Table SA8.Reserves(Month of imports of goods and services)
2010–152016201720182019
Angola7.810.36.14.95.5
Benin1...............
Botswana11.614.612.912.511.8
Burkina Faso1...............
Burundi3.41.41.41.31.3
Cabo Verde4.86.15.25.24.8
Cameroon2...............
Central African Rep.2...............
Chad2...............
Comoros7.16.66.36.7”6.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. of1.40.50.50.60.7
Congo, Rep. of 2...............
Côte d’Ivoire1...............
Equatorial Guinea2...............
Eritrea2.22.01.51.51.4
Eswatini4.33.63.42.82.7
Ethiopia32.02.12.01.71.7
Gabon2...............
Gambia, The4.41.42.82.93.0
Ghana2.82.62.92.93.0
Guinea2.41.41.41.92.1
Guinea-Bissau1...............
Kenya4.14.74.14.44.5
Lesotho5.24.44.23.53.7
Liberia2.13.03.12.83.0
Madagascar2.83.03.63.83.9
Malawi2.02.93.32.93.1
Mali1...............
Mauritius5.68.39.39.19.0
Mozambique3.12.84.62.92.3
Namibia2.62.61.61.51.0
Niger1...............
Nigeria5.86.57.28.07.5
Rwanda4.94.14.13.93.8
São Tomé & Príncipe4.03.93.33.33.3
Senegal1...............
Seychelles3.23.73.73.33.3
Sierra Leone2.73.53.33.33.5
South Africa5.25.75.65.55.2
South Sudan2.80.20.10.40.4
Tanzania4.05.35.34.84.7
Togo1...............
Uganda4.65.15.04.44.2
Zambia3.02.42.01.40.8
Zimbabwe40.50.80.50.40.4
Sub-Saharan Africa5.05.24.94.94.8
Median3.53.53.43.33.3
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa4.34.23.63.33.4
Oil-exporting countries6.06.66.36.66.6
Excluding Nigeria6.36.74.64.04.6
Oil-importing countries4.14.24.14.03.8
Excluding South Africa3.43.33.23.13.1
Middle-income countries5.56.05.65.85.7
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa5.55.64.44.24.4
Low-income countries2.72.42.42.22.2
Excluding low-income countries in fragile situations3.13.23.32.92.8
Countries in fragile situations2.91.41.41.71.8
CFA franc zone5.23.13.23.84.0
CEMAC5.22.32.43.03.6
WAEMU5.33.93.94.74.5
COMESA (SSA members)3.03.12.92.92.9
EAC-54.24.94.64.44.4
ECOWAS5.15.25.66.15.8
SACU5.36.05.75.65.3
SADC5.26.05.24.84.6
Source: IMF, Common Surveillance database and IMF, World Economic Outlook database, October 2018.Note: “...” denotes data not available.

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