Chapter

Appendice statistique

Author(s):
International Monetary Fund
Published Date:
April 2014
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Sauf indication contraire, les données et projections utilisées dans ce rapport reposent sur les estimations des services du FMI au 8 octobre 2013 et correspondent à celles qui ont servi pour l’édition d’octobre 2013 des Perspectives de l’économie mondiale (PEM).

La base de données et les projections couvrent 45 pays d’Afrique subsaharienne qui relèvent du Département Afrique. Les données obéissent, dans la mesure du possible, aux méthodes statistiques internationalement reconnues; toutefois, le manque de données limite dans certains cas la portée des comparaisons internationales.

Groupes de Pays

Comme dans les éditions précédentes des Perspectives économiques régionales, les pays sont répartis en quatre groupes distincts : pays exportateurs de pétrole, pays à revenu intermédiaire, pays à faible revenu et États fragiles (voir les tableaux de l’appendice). La composition de ces groupes de pays s’appuie sur les données les plus récentes relatives au revenu national brut par habitant (moyenne sur trois ans) et l’indice d’allocation des ressources de l’Association internationale de développement 2011.

  • Les huit pays exportateurs de pétrole sont les pays où les exportations nettes de pétrole représentent au moins 30 % des exportations totales. Hormis l’Angola, le Nigéria et le Soudan du Sud, ils appartiennent à la Communauté économique et monétaire de l’Afrique centrale (CEMAC). Les pays exportateurs de pétrole sont classés comme tels même s’ils pourraient appartenir à un autre groupe.

  • Les 11 pays à revenu intermédiaire qui ne sont pas classés comme exportateurs de pétrole ou États fragiles avaient un revenu national brut par habitant qui dépassait 1.021,66 dollars en 2010–12, selon les calculs de la Banque mondiale fondés sur la méthode Atlas.

  • Les 14 pays à faible revenu qui ne sont pas classés comme exportateurs de pétrole ou États fragiles avaient un revenu national brut par habitant égal ou inférieur à 1.021,66 dollars en 2010–12 (Banque mondiale, méthode Atlas) et ont obtenu une note supérieure à 3,2 selon l’indice d’allocation des ressources de l’IDA.

  • Les 12 États fragiles qui ne sont pas classés comme exportateurs de pétrole avaient une note égale ou inférieure à 3,2 selon l’indice d’allocation des ressources de l’IDA.

À la page 69, les pays sont groupés en fonction des grands organes de coopération régionale auxquels ils appartiennent : zone franc, qui comprend l’Union économique et monétaire ouest-africaine (UEMOA) et la CEMAC; le Marché commun de l’Afrique de l’Est et de l’Afrique australe (COMESA); la Communauté de l’Afrique de l’Est (CAE–5); la Communauté économique des États de l’Afrique de l’Ouest (CEDEAO); la Communauté du développement de l’Afrique australe (SADC); et l’Union douanière d’Afrique australe (SACU). Les données agrégées relatives à la CAE-5 comprennent des données afférentes au Rwanda et au Burundi, qui sont devenus membres en 2007.

Méthodes D’Agrégation

Pour les tableaux AS1AS3, AS6, AS7, AS13, AS15, AS22 et AS23, les chiffres composites des groupes de pays correspondent à la moyenne arithmétique des données de chaque pays, pondérée par le PIB calculé à parité de pouvoir d’achat (PPA) et exprimé en pourcentage du PIB du groupe de pays considéré. Les pondérations afférentes à la PPA sont tirées de la base de données des Perspectives de l’économie mondiale.

Pour les tableaux AS8AS12, AS16AS20 et AS23AS26, les chiffres composites des groupes de pays correspondent à la moyenne arithmétique des données de chaque pays, pondérée par le PIB converti en dollars aux taux de change du marché et exprimé en pourcentage du PIB du groupe considéré.

Pour les tableaux AS4, AS5 et AS14, les chiffres composites des groupes de pays correspondent à la moyenne géométrique des données de chaque pays, pondérée par le PIB calculé à parité de pouvoir d’achat (PPA) et exprimé en pourcentage du PIB du groupe de pays considéré. Les pondérations afférentes à la PPA sont tirées de la base de données des PEM.

Tableau AS MN 1.Afrique subsaharienne : pays membres des groupements régionaux
Union

économique

et monétaire

ouest-africaine

(UEMOA)
Communauté

économique

et monétaire de

l’Afrique centrale

(CEMAC)
Marché commun

de l’Afrique de l’Est

et de l’Afrique

australe (COMESA)
Communauté

de l’Afrique

de l’Est

(CAE-5)
Communauté

du développement

de l’Afrique

australe (SADC)
Union

douanière

d’Afrique

australe

(SACU)
Communauté

économique

des États

de l’Afrique

de l’Ouest

(CEDEAO)
BéninCamerounBurundiBurundiAfrique du SudAfrique du SudBénin
Burkina FasoCongo, Rép. duComoresKenyaAngolaBotswanaBurkina Faso
Côte d’IvoireGabonCongo, Rép. dém. duOugandaBotswanaLesothoCap-Vert
Guinée BissauGuinée équatorialeÉrythréeRwandaCongo, Rép. dém. duNamibieCôte d’Ivoire
MaliRépubliqueÉthiopieTanzanieLesothoSwazilandGambie
NigercentrafricaineKenyaMadagascarGhana
SénégalTchadMadagascarMalawiGuinée
TogoMalawiMauriceGuinée Bissau
MauriceMozambiqueLibéria
OugandaNamibieMali
RwandaSeychellesNiger
SeychellesSwazilandNigéria
SwazilandTanzanieSénégal
ZambieZambieSierra Leone
ZimbabweZimbabweTogo
Tableau AS MN 2.Liste d’abréviations des pays
AGOAngola
ARGArgentine
BENBénin
BWABotswana
BRABrésil
BFABurkina Faso
BDIBurundi
CMRCameroun
CPVCap-Vert
CAFRépublique centrafricaine
TCDTchad
CHLChili
CHNChine
CIVCôte d’Ivoire
CODCongo, Rép. dém. du
COGCongo, Rép. du
COLColombie
COMComores
GNQGuinée équatoriale
ERIÉrythrée
ETHÉthiopie
GABGabon
GMBGambie
GHAGhana
GINGuinée
GNBGuinée Bissau
HUNHongrie
INDInde
IDNIndonésie
ISRIsrael
KENKenya
LSOLesotho
LBRLibéria
MDGMadagascar
MWIMalawi
MLIMali
MUSMaurice
MOZMozambique
MYSMalaisie
NAMNamibie
NERNiger
NGANigéria
PERPérou
PHLPhilippines
POLPologne
RUSRussie
RWARwanda
STPSão Tomé-et-Príncipe
SENSénégal
SYCSeychelles
SLESierra Leone
ZAFAfrique du Sud
SSDSoudan du Sud
SWZSwaziland
TZATanzanie
THAThaïlande
TGOTogo
TURTurquie
UGAOuganda
ZMBZambie
ZWEZimbabwe
Notes pour les graphiques 1.9, 2.2a, 2.2b, 2.19 et 2.20.

Liste des tableaux

Tableau AS1.Croissance du PIB réel(En pourcentage)
2004–0820052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Pays exportateurs de pétrole8,47,37,59,27,24,86,76,15,25,76,66,5
Hors Nigéria10,710,39,512,68,91,64,83,93,04,85,75,7
Angola17,820,620,722,613,82,43,43,95,24,15,35,5
Cameroun3,12,33,22,83,61,93,34,14,64,64,85,1
Congo, Rép. du4,37,86,2−1,65,67,58,73,43,84,58,15,8
Gabon1,3−0,8−1,96,31,7−2,36,26,95,55,95,76,3
Guinée équatoriale14,99,71,313,112,3−8,1−1,35,03,2−4,9−2,4−8,3
Nigéria7,05,46,27,06,07,08,07,46,66,37,17,0
Soudan du Sud−47,624,47,117,6
Tchad9,77,90,63,33,14,213,60,18,93,610,87,3
Pays à revenu intermédiaire15,15,15,65,84,1−0,84,14,93,42,73,03,3
Hors Afrique du Sud5,64,75,86,45,61,56,78,55,84,74,75,1
Afrique du Sud4,95,35,65,53,6−1,53,13,62,51,92,32,7
Botswana5,64,68,08,73,9−7,88,66,14,23,94,14,4
Cap-Vert7,15,89,19,26,7−1,31,54,01,00,53,03,5
Ghana6,56,06,16,58,44,08,015,07,95,44,85,4
Lesotho4,02,94,14,95,14,55,64,36,05,85,65,5
Maurice4,31,54,55,95,53,04,13,83,33,13,74,0
Namibie6,12,57,15,43,4−1,16,35,75,04,34,34,5
Sénégal4,55,62,54,93,72,44,32,13,54,04,64,8
Seychelles4,89,09,410,4−2,1−1,15,97,92,83,63,73,8
Swaziland2,92,53,33,52,41,21,9−0,61,92,82,12,1
Zambie5,85,36,26,25,76,47,66,87,26,07,37,1
Pays à faible revenu et États fragiles6,26,56,16,66,24,76,55,86,56,66,96,9
Pays à faible revenu hors États fragiles7,37,97,27,77,45,17,06,56,26,86,96,8
Bénin3,92,93,84,65,02,72,63,35,45,65,55,2
Burkina Faso5,98,76,34,15,83,08,45,09,06,86,07,0
Éthiopie211,812,611,511,811,210,010,611,48,59,77,57,5
Gambie3,3−0,91,13,65,76,46,5−4,35,36,37,47,0
Kenya5,25,96,37,01,52,75,84,44,65,66,36,3
Madagascar5,84,85,46,57,2−3,50,11,52,52,43,04,0
Malawi5,62,62,19,58,39,06,54,31,95,06,16,5
Mali4,66,15,34,35,04,55,82,70,01,76,55,0
Mozambique7,88,48,77,36,86,37,17,37,27,18,37,9
Niger5,28,45,83,29,6−0,78,42,311,13,66,55,9
Ouganda8,310,07,08,110,44,16,26,22,86,06,46,8
Rwanda9,09,49,27,611,26,27,28,28,05,07,57,5
Sierra Leone5,74,54,28,05,23,25,36,015,216,313,910,8
Tanzanie7,37,46,77,17,46,07,06,46,97,07,27,0
États fragiles2,72,72,53,12,53,34,83,37,56,07,17,1
Burundi4,44,45,43,44,93,85,14,24,04,54,74,8
Comores1,34,21,20,51,01,82,12,23,03,54,04,0
Congo, Rép. dém. du6,16,15,36,36,22,97,16,97,28,58,78,5
Côte d’Ivoire1,61,90,71,62,33,72,4−4,79,88,18,27,7
Érythrée−1,12,6−1,01,4−9,83,92,28,77,01,32,31,9
Guinée2,93,02,51,84,9−0,31,93,93,82,54,55,0
Guinée Bissau3,14,32,13,23,23,03,55,3−1,50,33,03,9
Libéria7,55,98,412,96,05,16,17,98,38,07,08,7
République centrafricaine3,32,54,84,62,11,73,03,34,1−36,01,55,3
São Tomé-et-Príncipe6,01,612,62,09,14,04,54,94,04,05,05,5
Togo2,41,24,12,32,43,54,14,85,95,66,06,0
Zimbabwe3−7,5−7,7−3,6−3,3−16,48,211,411,910,63,04,24,5
Afrique subsaharienne6,46,26,37,15,72,65,65,54,94,95,45,5
Médiane5,25,05,35,55,23,15,84,65,14,55,55,5
Hors Afrique du Sud et Nigéria7,27,16,98,16,83,36,15,95,55,86,26,3
Pays importateurs de pétrole5,55,75,86,15,01,55,15,34,74,44,85,0
Hors Afrique du Sud6,06,16,06,56,13,96,66,56,36,16,36,4
Zone franc4,64,52,74,04,51,95,32,65,94,26,15,4
UEMOA3,74,73,33,44,43,04,81,26,65,56,46,2
CEMAC5,54,32,04,54,60,95,93,95,32,95,84,6
CAE-56,87,56,87,26,24,46,45,75,26,16,66,7
CEDEAO6,15,25,46,05,85,57,16,86,86,16,76,7
SADC6,46,57,17,75,30,14,14,33,83,33,94,2
Union douanière d’Afrique australe5,05,15,75,73,6−1,73,53,72,62,12,52,8
COMESA (pays membres d’AfSS)6,86,96,77,66,45,07,07,05,86,66,56,7
IADM6,66,96,36,57,44,86,97,36,46,36,66,6
Pays à régime de parité fixe classique4,64,32,94,04,21,85,22,85,84,25,85,3
Pays sans régime de parité fixe classique6,96,77,17,76,12,75,76,05,04,85,35,5
Afrique subsaharienne46,46,26,37,15,72,65,65,55,24,75,45,4
Sources : FMI, bases de données du Département Afrique (24 mars 2014) et des Perspectives de l’économie mondiale (24 mars 2014).
Tableau AS2.Croissance du PIB réel, hors pétrole(En pourcentage)
2004–0820052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Pays exportateurs de pétrole10,78,011,812,89,97,38,08,47,07,26,27,0
Hors Nigéria12,19,415,316,811,55,97,27,85,96,14,96,2
Angola18,014,127,624,415,08,17,69,55,65,86,46,7
Cameroun3,73,22,93,64,02,84,14,64,64,64,74,9
Congo, Rép. du5,75,45,96,65,43,96,57,49,79,87,57,2
Gabon3,20,12,68,73,2−1,86,112,210,49,17,18,9
Guinée équatoriale29,922,829,840,528,211,40,79,90,32,9−0,4−4,8
Nigéria9,87,09,610,18,98,38,58,87,77,97,07,5
Soudan du Sud−6,47,4−12,811,9
Tchad6,311,03,26,98,46,417,30,211,65,06,55,1
Pays à revenu intermédiaire15,15,15,65,84,1−0,84,14,33,42,53,03,3
Hors Afrique du Sud5,64,75,86,45,61,56,76,45,74,14,65,0
Afrique du Sud4,95,35,65,53,6−1,53,13,62,51,92,32,7
Botswana5,64,68,08,73,9−7,88,66,14,23,94,14,4
Cap-Vert7,15,89,19,26,7−1,31,54,01,00,53,03,5
Ghana6,56,06,16,58,44,08,09,47,83,94,55,2
Lesotho4,02,94,14,95,14,55,64,36,05,85,65,5
Maurice4,31,54,55,95,53,04,13,83,33,13,74,0
Namibie6,12,57,15,43,4−1,16,35,75,04,34,34,5
Sénégal4,55,62,54,93,72,44,32,13,54,04,64,8
Seychelles4,89,09,410,4−2,1−1,15,97,92,83,63,73,8
Swaziland2,92,53,33,52,41,21,9−0,61,92,82,12,1
Zambie5,85,36,26,25,76,47,66,87,26,07,37,1
Pays à faible revenu et États fragiles6,26,36,06,66,24,76,65,86,36,66,96,9
Pays à faible revenu hors États fragiles7,37,97,27,77,35,17,06,56,06,86,96,8
Bénin3,92,93,84,65,02,72,63,35,45,65,55,2
Burkina Faso5,98,76,34,15,83,08,45,09,06,86,07,0
Éthiopie211,812,611,511,811,210,010,611,48,59,77,57,5
Gambie3,3−0,91,13,65,76,46,5−4,35,36,37,47,0
Kenya5,25,96,37,01,52,75,84,44,65,66,36,3
Madagascar5,74,65,06,27,1−4,10,41,81,92,63,84,0
Malawi5,62,62,19,58,39,06,54,31,95,06,16,5
Mali4,66,15,34,35,04,55,82,70,01,76,55,0
Mozambique7,88,48,77,36,86,37,17,37,27,18,37,9
Niger5,28,45,83,29,6−0,78,42,33,81,65,86,0
Ouganda8,310,07,08,110,44,16,26,22,86,06,46,8
Rwanda9,09,49,27,611,26,27,28,28,05,07,57,5
Sierra Leone5,74,54,28,05,23,25,36,015,216,313,910,8
Tanzanie7,37,46,77,17,46,07,06,46,97,07,27,0
États fragiles2,61,92,43,42,63,25,03,27,66,07,17,2
Burundi4,44,45,43,44,93,85,14,24,04,54,74,8
Comores1,34,21,20,51,01,82,12,23,03,54,04,0
Congo, Rép. dém. du5,94,35,46,66,32,87,26,97,28,68,78,8
Côte d’Ivoire1,51,30,02,12,53,72,9−4,910,08,18,27,6
Érythrée−1,12,6−1,01,4−9,83,92,28,77,01,32,31,9
Guinée2,93,02,51,84,9−0,31,93,93,82,54,55,0
Guinée Bissau3,14,32,13,23,23,03,55,3−1,50,33,03,9
Libéria7,55,98,412,96,05,16,17,98,38,07,08,7
République centrafricaine3,32,54,84,62,11,73,03,34,1−36,01,55,3
São Tomé-et-Príncipe6,01,612,62,09,14,04,54,94,04,05,05,5
Togo2,41,24,12,32,43,54,14,85,95,66,06,0
Zimbabwe3−7,5−7,7−3,6−3,3−16,48,211,411,910,63,04,24,5
Afrique subsaharienne7,26,37,78,26,63,46,16,15,55,35,35,7
Médiane5,44,65,46,05,33,65,95,05,14,85,75,4
Hors Afrique du Sud et Nigéria7,56,88,29,27,54,46,86,46,16,06,06,4
Pays importateurs de pétrole5,55,65,86,15,01,55,15,04,64,34,85,0
Hors Afrique du Sud6,05,95,96,66,13,96,65,96,26,06,36,4
Zone franc5,75,64,97,16,33,45,83,76,65,45,85,7
UEMOA3,74,53,13,64,42,94,91,16,05,46,36,2
CEMAC7,86,76,810,78,33,86,86,37,15,45,35,2
CAE-56,87,56,87,26,24,46,45,75,26,16,66,7
CEDEAO7,76,17,48,07,66,47,47,17,46,96,67,0
SADC6,55,87,87,95,50,84,65,03,83,64,14,4
Union douanière d’Afrique australe5,05,15,75,73,6−1,73,53,72,62,12,52,8
COMESA (pays membres d’AfSS)6,76,76,77,66,45,07,07,05,86,76,66,7
IADM6,76,86,36,87,44,86,96,86,46,36,56,6
Pays à régime de parité fixe classique5,65,34,96,85,93,15,73,86,45,25,65,5
Pays sans régime de parité fixe classique7,66,78,38,66,83,56,16,55,35,35,45,7
Afrique subsaharienne47,26,37,78,26,63,46,16,15,55,35,45,7
Sources : FMI, bases de données du Département Afrique (24 mars 2014) et des Perspectives de l’économie mondiale (24 mars 2014).
Tableau AS3.Croissance du PIB réel par habitant(En pourcentage)
2004–0820052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Pays exportateurs de pétrole5,64,44,66,34,42,13,93,32,42,93,73,7
Hors Nigéria7,77,26,69,66,2−1,02,01,20,32,02,92,9
Angola14,617,217,419,310,9−0,20,40,92,11,02,22,5
Cameroun0,3−0,50,40,00,8−0,90,81,62,02,12,22,5
Congo, Rép. du1,44,73,2−4,42,64,45,70,50,92,35,83,5
Gabon−1,0−3,2−4,33,70,3−3,74,75,44,04,44,24,8
Guinée équatoriale11,66,5−1,79,99,1−10,6−4,02,10,4−7,5−5,1−10,7
Nigéria4,22,63,44,13,14,15,14,53,73,44,34,2
Soudan du Sud−50,018,72,412,5
Tchad7,05,3−1,80,80,51,710,8−2,46,21,18,14,7
Pays à revenu intermédiaire13,53,64,14,32,6−2,22,53,31,81,11,41,8
Hors Afrique du Sud3,62,73,74,73,5−0,54,66,43,62,62,62,9
Afrique du Sud3,53,94,24,22,3−2,81,82,21,10,51,01,3
Botswana4,23,36,57,22,5−9,17,24,93,02,72,93,2
Cap-Vert6,44,78,48,86,4−1,51,13,30,2−0,71,82,3
Ghana3,83,43,53,85,71,45,312,15,22,82,22,8
Lesotho3,92,74,74,64,84,25,34,05,75,55,35,2
Maurice3,60,63,74,95,22,33,63,42,72,63,23,5
Namibie4,30,75,23,51,5−2,95,44,84,23,53,43,6
Sénégal1,72,8−0,32,10,9−0,41,3−0,80,51,11,61,8
Seychelles3,78,57,19,9−4,3−1,53,06,71,62,42,52,6
Swaziland4,11,52,013,51,30,10,8−1,80,71,60,80,9
Zambie3,02,63,43,32,73,34,43,63,92,73,93,7
Pays à faible revenu et États fragiles3,43,83,23,73,42,03,83,03,73,84,14,1
Pays à faible revenu hors États fragiles4,55,14,34,84,52,44,33,73,54,04,14,1
Bénin0,6−0,40,51,51,9−0,3−0,30,52,62,92,82,6
Burkina Faso2,85,43,21,22,20,25,61,75,74,93,64,6
Éthiopie29,210,09,09,38,87,78,29,06,07,24,95,2
Gambie0,4−3,8−1,70,82,83,63,7−6,92,43,54,54,1
Kenya2,43,13,54,2−1,10,03,01,61,82,83,53,5
Madagascar2,81,82,43,54,2−6,2−2,6−2,10,0−0,10,61,5
Malawi3,00,5−0,86,55,46,03,61,4−1,02,03,13,5
Mali1,42,92,01,11,81,32,7−0,4−3,0−1,33,21,8
Mozambique4,95,45,84,54,13,64,44,64,64,55,85,4
Niger1,85,22,2−0,45,9−4,15,1−0,87,70,43,32,7
Ouganda4,86,53,64,66,90,82,82,8−0,52,63,03,4
Rwanda7,07,57,35,48,94,05,06,05,72,85,35,3
Sierra Leone2,40,61,15,33,01,23,33,913,013,911,59,3
Tanzanie4,75,13,84,34,73,44,43,94,43,84,13,9
États fragiles−0,10,1−0,20,4−0,20,52,00,44,53,14,24,2
Burundi2,32,33,31,42,41,42,61,71,62,02,32,3
Comores−0,72,1−0,8−1,6−1,1−0,30,00,10,81,41,81,8
Congo, Rép. dém. du3,03,02,33,23,1−0,14,03,84,05,35,55,4
Côte d’Ivoire−1,7−0,8−2,2−1,4−0,70,7−0,5−7,56,64,95,04,5
Érythrée−4,7−1,4−4,5−2,0−12,70,6−1,15,23,6−1,9−1,0−1,3
Guinée0,81,00,4−0,42,6−2,7−0,61,41,30,01,92,4
Guinée Bissau1,12,30,11,11,10,91,33,2−3,5−1,80,91,7
Libéria3,63,04,27,80,80,81,85,15,65,24,36,0
République centrafricaine1,50,72,92,70,1−0,21,11,32,1−37,3−0,53,3
São Tomé-et-Príncipe3,9−0,410,50,07,02,12,63,1−7,51,92,93,5
Togo−0,2−1,41,5−0,2−0,10,91,42,13,22,93,33,3
Zimbabwe3−8,2−8,5−5,0−3,6−17,07,210,49,17,81,83,13,3
Afrique subsaharienne4,13,94,04,83,40,43,33,22,52,53,03,1
Médiane3,02,73,03,52,50,83,02,52,62,53,13,3
Hors Afrique du Sud et Nigéria4,54,44,15,44,20,73,53,22,83,13,53,6
Pays importateurs de pétrole3,43,73,74,12,9−0,53,03,22,62,32,62,8
Hors Afrique du Sud3,43,53,34,03,41,34,03,93,73,53,73,8
Zone franc1,71,6−0,21,11,7−0,82,6−0,13,21,73,42,8
UEMOA0,61,70,30,41,30,01,8−1,83,52,73,43,3
CEMAC2,81,5−0,71,82,1−1,63,41,52,80,63,42,3
CAE-54,04,73,94,33,31,63,53,02,43,13,73,7
CEDEAO3,22,42,63,23,02,74,23,93,93,33,93,9
SADC4,64,75,35,93,5−1,62,32,41,91,42,02,3
Union douanière d’Afrique australe3,53,84,34,42,3−3,02,12,41,30,81,21,5
COMESA (pays membres d’AfSS)4,24,34,15,23,82,44,44,33,24,03,94,1
IADM3,84,13,53,74,52,14,14,53,63,63,83,8
Pays à régime de parité fixe classique1,91,60,21,61,5−0,82,70,33,21,83,32,8
Pays sans régime de parité fixe classique4,64,54,85,53,80,63,43,72,72,53,03,1
Afrique subsaharienne44,13,94,04,83,40,43,33,22,82,43,03,1
Sources : FMI, bases de données du Département Afrique (24 mars 2014) et des Perspectives de l’économie mondiale (24 mars 2014).
Tableau AS4.Prix à la consommation(Pourcentage moyen de variation annuelle)
2004–0820052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Pays exportateurs de pétrole10,614,68,05,310,511,011,39,610,77,06,66,3
Hors Nigéria8,99,67,75,08,98,87,47,58,24,85,65,2
Angola20,923,013,312,212,513,714,513,510,38,87,77,7
Cameroun2,72,04,91,15,33,01,32,92,42,12,52,5
Congo, Rép. du3,92,54,72,66,04,35,01,85,04,62,42,4
Gabon0,91,2−1,4−1,05,31,91,41,32,70,55,62,5
Guinée équatoriale4,45,64,52,84,75,75,34,83,43,23,93,7
Nigéria11,617,98,25,411,612,513,710,812,28,57,37,0
Soudan du Sud45,10,011,29,0
Tchad1,53,77,7−7,48,310,1−2,11,97,70,22,43,0
Pays à revenu intermédiaire16,54,75,57,411,88,15,05,66,06,26,45,9
Hors Afrique du Sud9,39,18,18,412,611,07,17,26,87,37,56,7
Afrique du Sud5,63,44,77,111,57,14,35,05,75,86,05,6
Botswana9,48,611,67,112,68,16,98,57,55,83,83,4
Cap-Vert2,90,44,84,46,81,02,14,52,51,51,72,0
Ghana13,015,110,210,716,520,611,78,79,211,713,011,1
Lesotho6,73,46,18,010,77,43,65,06,25,34,74,6
Maurice7,44,88,98,89,72,52,96,53,93,53,84,5
Namibie5,72,35,16,710,48,84,55,06,56,25,95,7
Sénégal3,21,72,15,95,8−1,71,23,41,40,81,41,7
Seychelles6,20,6−1,9−8,637,031,7−2,42,67,14,33,53,3
Swaziland6,21,85,28,112,77,44,56,18,95,65,55,2
Zambie13,718,39,010,712,413,48,58,76,67,07,06,0
Pays à faible revenu et États fragiles9,58,48,95,517,810,36,814,511,05,75,25,3
Pays à faible revenu hors États fragiles9,58,68,07,617,48,75,815,713,06,45,75,6
Bénin3,75,43,81,37,40,92,22,76,71,01,72,8
Burkina Faso3,86,42,4−0,210,72,6−0,62,83,82,02,02,0
Éthiopie18,011,713,617,244,48,58,133,224,18,06,27,8
Gambie6,25,02,15,44,54,65,04,84,65,25,35,0
Kenya8,37,86,04,315,110,64,314,09,45,76,65,5
Madagascar12,518,410,810,49,29,09,310,05,85,86,26,0
Malawi11,515,413,98,08,78,47,47,621,327,715,16,9
Mali3,16,41,51,59,12,21,33,15,3−0,63,92,5
Mozambique10,26,413,28,210,33,312,710,42,14,25,65,6
Niger3,97,80,10,111,34,3−2,82,90,52,32,52,1
Ouganda7,58,67,26,112,013,14,018,714,05,46,36,3
Rwanda10,99,18,89,115,410,32,35,76,34,24,14,8
Sierra Leone12,512,09,511,614,89,217,818,513,89,87,86,7
Tanzanie6,64,47,37,010,312,17,212,716,07,95,25,0
États fragiles9,57,911,6−0,818,916,110,210,44,13,33,24,1
Burundi12,51,29,114,426,04,64,114,912,08,85,96,0
Comores4,03,03,44,54,84,83,96,86,32,33,23,2
Congo, Rép. dém. du14,721,413,216,718,046,223,515,52,10,82,44,1
Côte d’Ivoire3,23,92,51,96,31,01,44,91,32,61,22,5
Érythrée16,412,515,19,319,933,012,713,312,312,312,312,3
Guinée25,031,434,722,918,44,715,521,415,212,010,28,5
Guinée Bissau4,03,20,74,610,4−1,61,15,12,10,62,52,0
Libéria9,86,99,511,417,57,47,38,56,87,68,17,5
République centrafricaine3,52,96,70,99,33,51,51,25,96,64,54,2
São Tomé-et-Príncipe20,817,223,118,632,017,013,314,310,68,16,64,9
Togo3,86,82,20,98,73,71,43,62,62,03,02,7
Zimbabwe239,9−31,533,0−72,7157,06,23,03,53,71,61,51,7
Afrique subsaharienne8,58,77,26,213,09,77,59,49,06,36,15,9
Médiane6,66,06,96,410,77,34,35,96,35,34,94,7
Hors Afrique du Sud et Nigéria9,38,98,46,014,410,17,011,39,45,85,75,6
Pays importateurs de pétrole7,76,26,86,714,29,05,79,38,16,05,95,6
Hors Afrique du Sud9,48,68,76,316,410,56,812,59,96,15,85,7
Zone franc3,03,73,10,86,92,91,23,03,41,72,62,5
UEMOA3,44,72,22,07,91,20,73,62,81,51,92,3
CEMAC2,52,74,1−0,45,94,51,72,53,91,93,32,7
CAE-57,86,86,96,113,111,55,014,112,56,35,95,5
CEDEAO9,914,27,45,611,410,410,59,29,87,46,86,5
SADC7,86,27,16,812,59,86,97,57,06,25,95,6
Union douanière d’Afrique australe5,83,65,07,111,67,24,45,25,85,85,85,5
COMESA (pays membres d’AfSS)11,69,710,46,322,413,47,717,512,46,35,96,1
IADM9,39,38,18,315,410,97,212,510,26,15,85,7
Pays à régime de parité fixe classique3,43,73,51,57,43,61,63,43,82,23,02,8
Pays sans régime de parité fixe classique9,610,27,88,013,710,98,710,69,87,26,76,4
Afrique subsaharienne38,58,77,26,213,09,77,59,48,86,46,15,9
Sources : FMI, bases de données du Département Afrique (24 mars 2014) et des Perspectives de l’économie mondiale (24 mars 2014).
Tableau AS5.Prix à la consommation(Fin de période, variation en pourcentage)
2004–0820052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Pays exportateurs de pétrole9,510,07,66,412,911,410,39,29,96,46,56,2
Hors Nigéria8,27,56,16,19,77,78,07,56,54,05,64,9
Angola17,318,512,211,813,214,015,311,49,07,78,07,5
Cameroun3,13,52,43,45,30,92,62,72,51,72,52,5
Congo, Rép. du4,43,18,1−1,711,42,55,41,87,52,12,72,3
Gabon1,11,1−0,7−0,25,60,90,72,32,23,32,52,5
Guinée équatoriale4,33,23,83,75,55,05,44,92,64,93,73,4
Nigéria10,411,68,56,615,113,911,710,312,07,97,07,0
Soudan du Sud25,2−8,814,25,0
Tchad3,2−3,4−0,91,79,74,7−2,210,82,10,93,23,0
Pays à revenu intermédiaire17,25,06,49,110,97,04,36,46,06,06,65,8
Hors Afrique du Sud9,89,48,49,613,59,16,77,26,67,77,26,2
Afrique du Sud6,43,65,89,010,16,33,56,15,75,46,35,6
Botswana9,911,38,58,113,75,87,49,27,44,13,53,3
Cap-Vert3,51,85,83,46,7−0,43,43,64,10,12,02,0
Ghana13,714,810,912,718,120,28,68,68,813,512,39,8
Lesotho7,23,56,410,510,64,53,17,75,14,64,64,6
Maurice7,33,811,68,66,81,56,14,93,23,54,55,0
Namibie6,43,56,07,110,97,03,17,26,46,05,85,7
Sénégal3,51,43,96,24,3−3,44,32,71,11,21,71,7
Seychelles16,5−1,60,216,763,3−2,60,45,55,83,43,53,2
Swaziland7,77,64,89,812,94,54,57,88,34,45,65,2
Zambie13,415,98,28,916,69,97,97,27,37,16,55,5
Pays à faible revenu et États fragiles10,48,29,87,817,59,07,516,77,65,15,45,2
Pays à faible revenu hors États fragiles10,17,19,38,117,67,17,418,98,55,86,15,5
Bénin4,13,75,30,38,4−0,54,01,86,8−1,84,02,8
Burkina Faso4,14,51,52,311,6−0,3−0,35,11,62,02,02,0
Éthiopie19,312,318,518,439,27,114,635,914,97,77,08,0
Gambie5,24,80,46,06,82,75,84,44,95,65,05,0
Kenya9,04,97,35,615,58,05,818,93,27,16,65,1
Madagascar13,611,510,88,210,18,010,27,55,86,36,56,0
Malawi11,616,610,17,59,97,66,39,834,620,19,75,8
Mali3,73,43,62,67,41,71,95,32,40,08,13,3
Mozambique9,211,19,410,36,24,216,65,52,23,06,05,6
Niger5,34,20,44,713,6−3,11,41,40,71,12,61,2
Ouganda8,43,710,95,214,311,03,127,05,35,67,05,6
Rwanda11,45,612,16,622,35,70,28,33,93,64,55,0
Sierra Leone12,413,18,313,812,210,818,416,912,08,57,56,0
Tanzanie7,15,06,76,413,512,25,619,812,15,65,05,0
États fragiles11,311,711,66,817,215,48,09,34,72,63,24,1
Burundi12,51,29,114,426,04,64,114,912,08,85,96,0
Comores4,47,21,72,27,42,26,67,01,03,23,23,2
Congo, Rép. dém. du17,221,318,210,027,653,49,815,42,71,03,74,5
Côte d’Ivoire3,92,52,01,59,0−1,75,12,03,40,40,02,5
Érythrée17,518,59,012,630,222,214,212,312,312,312,312,3
Guinée24,629,739,112,813,57,920,819,012,811,08,57,8
Guinée Bissau4,6−1,03,29,38,7−6,45,73,41,61,72,82,0
Libéria9,57,011,911,79,49,76,611,47,78,57,97,0
République centrafricaine4,72,27,1−0,214,5−1,22,34,35,95,93,92,3
São Tomé-et-Príncipe21,917,224,627,624,816,112,911,910,47,16,04,0
Togo4,95,51,53,410,30,63,81,52,92,22,82,7
Zimbabwe2−7,73,24,92,90,32,02,0
Afrique subsaharienne8,87,47,77,913,39,07,210,27,75,96,25,8
Médiane7,34,87,17,111,44,75,47,25,54,54,84,8
Hors Afrique du Sud et Nigéria9,78,38,67,714,68,77,512,47,15,35,85,3
Pays importateurs de pétrole8,46,27,78,613,57,85,710,66,75,66,15,5
Hors Afrique du Sud10,28,59,48,316,49,07,314,17,35,85,95,5
Zone franc3,52,42,52,37,90,42,63,62,91,52,62,5
UEMOA4,03,02,72,98,7−1,33,23,02,60,72,42,3
CEMAC3,01,72,21,77,02,22,04,23,12,32,82,7
CAE-58,54,68,26,015,29,84,620,26,86,16,05,2
CEDEAO9,410,07,86,513,810,79,68,79,57,06,66,3
SADC8,46,67,49,111,69,16,08,26,75,56,15,6
Union douanière d’Afrique australe6,64,05,98,910,36,33,76,35,85,36,15,5
COMESA (pays membres d’AfSS)12,99,812,29,921,611,78,220,18,26,36,26,0
IADM10,08,69,28,316,59,97,214,07,85,76,05,5
Pays à régime de parité fixe classique4,02,82,93,08,41,22,94,03,31,93,02,8
Pays sans régime de parité fixe classique9,88,48,78,914,310,68,011,48,56,86,86,3
Afrique subsaharienne38,87,47,77,913,39,07,210,27,76,06,25,8
Sources : FMI, bases de données du Département Afrique (24 mars 2014) et des Perspectives de l’économie mondiale (24 mars 2014).
Tableau AS6.Investissement total(En pourcentage du PIB)
2004–0820052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Pays exportateurs de pétrole22,721,422,524,421,928,824,721,922,223,523,122,9
Hors Nigéria20,720,121,019,720,024,022,820,821,921,622,321,6
Angola12,88,815,413,516,215,214,412,914,413,314,614,2
Cameroun16,816,814,315,017,516,316,419,119,620,620,320,5
Congo, Rép. du20,920,221,621,818,322,520,525,326,033,534,627,9
Gabon24,723,125,626,323,032,530,031,130,130,629,929,8
Guinée équatoriale60,873,559,451,742,381,671,460,354,458,453,054,6
Nigéria24,022,223,527,623,331,825,922,522,424,623,623,6
Soudan du Sud10,212,311,217,720,0
Tchad22,620,722,222,321,930,234,528,530,526,528,928,4
Pays à revenu intermédiaire121,119,420,622,323,620,820,921,022,522,422,522,7
Hors Afrique du Sud24,524,023,425,526,124,626,226,330,930,430,230,3
Afrique du Sud19,918,019,721,222,719,519,119,119,419,419,419,6
Botswana29,927,125,930,834,437,935,438,739,339,137,836,7
Cap-Vert36,732,134,141,340,436,537,737,237,636,537,237,4
Ghana22,823,821,722,923,023,827,123,534,033,433,134,1
Lesotho25,523,523,725,927,929,029,033,635,433,034,636,3
Maurice25,622,726,726,927,321,323,626,024,823,223,223,4
Namibie22,019,722,323,725,422,321,120,023,424,726,625,7
Sénégal26,324,524,729,331,322,422,927,327,826,826,125,0
Seychelles28,635,730,429,026,927,336,635,038,036,434,632,0
Swaziland12,417,815,614,86,83,19,77,78,110,011,911,3
Zambie22,723,722,122,020,921,022,625,026,425,525,825,8
Pays à faible revenu et États fragiles20,019,219,620,321,720,622,624,226,425,426,126,2
Pays à faible revenu hors États fragiles22,021,221,822,423,723,025,027,028,827,428,027,3
Bénin18,316,417,220,118,420,917,618,717,625,619,519,5
Burkina Faso18,520,317,118,920,118,018,015,622,822,617,120,0
Éthiopie222,722,423,920,821,221,523,627,234,628,330,027,0
Gambie20,922,024,319,115,019,621,419,223,118,021,121,4
Kenya18,016,917,919,019,219,919,820,520,120,520,620,6
Madagascar28,823,825,028,341,034,128,725,823,725,227,127,0
Malawi23,722,725,726,525,725,626,015,316,920,421,222,4
Mali27,726,624,626,732,825,533,224,016,018,222,924,4
Mozambique17,217,717,015,317,614,921,339,153,848,751,753,0
Niger23,223,123,622,932,132,145,343,937,434,240,836,5
Ouganda21,521,620,723,020,422,023,125,025,226,427,527,2
Rwanda20,620,819,320,222,822,321,722,222,223,025,325,0
Sierra Leone10,011,29,99,59,69,231,142,126,614,816,016,4
Tanzanie26,925,127,629,629,829,032,036,734,634,232,831,6
États fragiles13,213,012,113,414,712,514,514,117,618,218,922,2
Burundi18,117,818,118,418,819,019,219,319,519,619,619,7
Comores10,79,39,611,214,312,415,414,916,819,721,021,6
Congo, Rép. dém. du14,312,512,017,317,914,218,216,520,321,121,422,5
Côte d’Ivoire9,79,79,38,710,18,99,08,213,717,219,319,7
Érythrée15,920,313,712,712,79,39,310,09,58,88,07,8
Guinée17,819,517,214,217,511,410,614,625,619,115,145,9
Guinée Bissau8,26,66,411,78,710,19,810,17,55,57,07,0
Libéria
République centrafricaine10,19,910,210,712,713,214,312,215,08,711,616,4
São Tomé-et-Príncipe50,479,339,653,529,548,648,449,746,941,940,340,2
Togo15,916,316,814,717,318,018,918,619,118,821,121,9
Zimbabwe315,123,922,414,214,015,014,1
Afrique subsaharienne21,320,020,922,522,523,422,722,223,523,723,823,8
Médiane21,220,821,621,521,121,322,622,523,423,223,224,4
Hors Afrique du Sud et Nigéria21,120,420,721,222,122,323,423,726,125,525,925,8
Pays importateurs de pétrole20,619,320,221,522,820,721,622,424,223,824,124,3
Hors Afrique du Sud21,220,520,621,822,921,723,624,827,626,727,127,2
Zone franc22,022,120,921,622,224,825,124,424,725,925,725,3
UEMOA18,618,117,519,021,518,520,519,720,722,322,422,6
CEMAC25,426,224,424,222,931,329,729,028,729,629,228,1
CAE-521,820,821,723,323,123,524,626,926,226,626,626,1
CEDEAO22,321,221,624,622,627,324,622,123,624,924,224,9
SADC20,218,220,021,322,920,320,521,021,921,722,022,1
Union douanière d’Afrique australe20,418,520,021,723,220,319,920,120,520,520,620,7
COMESA (pays membres d’AfSS)20,719,920,421,221,820,722,022,925,123,924,824,1
IADM21,621,020,821,923,122,024,225,628,727,828,327,7
Pays à régime de parité fixe classique21,822,020,921,622,124,124,523,824,325,425,525,1
Pays sans régime de parité fixe classique21,219,620,922,622,623,322,322,023,523,523,523,6
Afrique subsaharienne421,320,020,922,522,523,422,722,323,623,723,823,8
Sources : FMI, bases de données du Département Afrique (24 mars 2014) et des Perspectives de l’économie mondiale (24 mars 2014).
Tableau AS7.Épargne nationale brute(En pourcentage du PIB)
2004–0820052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Pays exportateurs de pétrole33,929,243,639,333,631,229,426,927,926,826,124,9
Hors Nigéria27,426,335,432,128,317,625,628,224,322,722,220,3
Angola28,327,041,033,426,55,322,525,523,618,216,813,8
Cameroun15,813,415,916,416,313,013,416,215,616,216,816,9
Congo, Rép. du19,823,925,215,317,816,524,331,124,732,336,628,0
Gabon41,343,539,741,246,340,138,844,344,241,336,834,3
Guinée équatoriale52,540,076,367,654,674,061,959,749,946,442,843,7
Nigéria38,031,048,844,137,340,031,726,130,129,328,527,7
Soudan du Sud27,5−15,413,415,422,2
Tchad17,221,726,830,525,621,125,522,822,218,322,922,0
Pays à revenu intermédiaire116,516,416,416,716,416,317,618,617,016,116,917,3
Hors Afrique du Sud22,222,622,824,219,218,819,023,624,722,824,124,9
Afrique du Sud14,714,514,414,315,515,517,116,814,213,514,114,2
Botswana40,742,444,347,834,727,629,938,534,538,738,337,0
Cap-Vert27,229,029,228,426,621,925,320,926,534,627,227,2
Ghana14,716,813,414,211,018,416,425,426,220,222,926,4
Lesotho45,136,450,050,451,337,924,324,931,231,733,930,9
Maurice19,317,717,621,517,213,913,312,717,114,114,515,0
Namibie29,524,436,132,928,121,219,316,420,820,121,618,8
Sénégal16,115,615,517,617,215,718,519,417,417,518,618,3
Seychelles9,813,114,310,2−0,34,914,38,413,218,720,118,8
Swaziland8,913,98,912,7−0,8−10,0−0,2−0,812,115,513,810,1
Zambie22,723,722,122,020,921,022,625,026,425,525,825,8
Pays à faible revenu et États fragiles14,614,014,215,213,913,715,615,415,114,815,515,6
Pays à faible revenu hors États fragiles15,915,515,416,615,115,417,417,117,016,416,816,6
Bénin11,09,912,29,910,311,98,910,99,711,110,312,3
Burkina Faso8,18,77,610,68,613,315,814,522,015,49,811,7
Éthiopie221,220,118,323,719,319,020,727,328,122,224,620,9
Gambie12,411,617,410,82,77,35,43,76,11,86,96,6
Kenya15,115,515,715,112,714,412,49,49,612,211,012,8
Madagascar15,712,115,115,620,413,019,018,915,319,223,022,7
Malawi15,110,714,427,416,020,724,79,412,516,918,420,1
Mali20,218,520,920,320,618,220,618,012,714,916,218,7
Mozambique4,90,58,44,44,72,79,614,78,26,88,99,8
Niger14,114,215,014,719,27,725,521,622,017,019,018,8
Ouganda16,619,016,517,511,714,712,012,514,714,715,015,0
Rwanda18,921,915,018,017,915,016,214,910,815,713,714,7
Sierra Leone4,65,95,75,30,72,811,4−2,8−10,10,76,68,8
Tanzanie17,818,316,815,619,219,924,119,519,219,918,818,8
États fragiles10,39,410,110,69,58,19,49,68,09,110,611,8
Burundi12,215,1−1,514,619,021,77,86,42,7−3,2−1,5−1,3
Comores3,61,93,65,42,14,69,75,513,013,69,510,6
Congo, Rép. dém. du9,64,49,816,67,36,513,310,512,311,213,415,1
Côte d’Ivoire11,110,012,18,512,516,511,421,112,416,017,017,7
Érythrée12,720,810,26,47,21,73,710,812,28,97,85,9
Guinée11,818,512,62,67,02,9−0,9−5,8−7,3−1,0−3,0−2,1
Guinée Bissau5,34,50,88,33,93,41,39,01,0−3,22,52,5
Libéria
République centrafricaine4,63,37,24,52,84,04,14,69,4−1,7−2,33,0
São Tomé-et-Príncipe20,555,45,121,6−5,524,925,423,026,421,525,126,3
Togo8,08,29,06,010,511,312,69,67,36,810,212,1
Zimbabwe3−24,50,2−18,2−8,9−5,7−3,3−3,0
Afrique subsaharienne21,519,824,423,521,320,521,020,620,219,419,719,5
Médiane15,416,215,115,616,214,716,216,214,716,016,816,9
Hors Afrique du Sud et Nigéria19,418,821,221,418,715,718,820,419,318,418,818,5
Pays importateurs de pétrole15,815,515,516,115,415,216,817,316,215,616,316,5
Hors Afrique du Sud16,716,416,517,715,315,016,517,617,616,917,717,9
Zone franc19,518,722,021,421,521,121,523,821,420,820,920,5
UEMOA12,712,013,112,513,914,415,417,515,114,914,916,0
CEMAC26,225,331,030,329,127,927,730,027,627,027,225,3
CAE-516,417,615,716,015,016,516,313,713,915,214,415,1
CEDEAO28,424,235,032,027,830,525,523,225,324,224,124,3
SADC17,416,418,518,417,614,018,318,016,415,616,015,8
Union douanière d’Afrique australe16,516,216,516,616,816,117,617,715,515,215,715,7
COMESA (pays membres d’AfSS)16,616,015,518,614,713,815,515,616,916,117,116,7
IADM15,515,015,016,514,715,217,419,018,917,418,618,6
Pays à régime de parité fixe classique19,919,122,521,921,520,320,722,721,220,820,820,2
Pays sans régime de parité fixe classique21,919,924,723,921,320,821,120,320,419,419,619,4
Afrique subsaharienne421,519,824,423,521,320,521,020,520,419,519,719,4
Sources : FMI, bases de données du Département Afrique (24 mars 2014) et des Perspectives de l’économie mondiale (24 mars 2014).
Tableau AS8.Solde budgétaire global, dons compris(En pourcentage du PIB)
2004–0820052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Pays exportateurs de pétrole7,511,211,93,74,8−7,2−3,13,20,7−3,7−1,8−1,5
Hors Nigéria7,48,616,46,62,8−4,42,45,91,6−2,2−1,8−1,4
Angola4,69,411,84,7−4,5−7,43,48,75,1−1,5−2,0−2,6
Cameroun8,53,632,84,72,2−0,1−1,1−2,7−1,7−4,2−3,8−4,1
Congo, Rép. du13,514,616,69,423,44,816,116,56,46,78,310,3
Gabon8,47,88,38,010,96,82,72,41,5−1,7−2,3−3,3
Guinée équatoriale20,421,927,222,018,7−10,4−6,41,1−9,8−7,8−6,4−3,7
Nigéria7,613,08,91,66,3−9,4−6,70,90,0−4,9−1,8−1,7
Soudan du Sud4,4−16,3−8,6−3,86,7
Tchad1,2−0,12,22,53,6−9,2−4,22,40,5−2,40,30,9
Pays à revenu intermédiaire1−0,2−0,41,30,8−1,4−5,0−5,3−4,1−4,6−4,9−4,5−4,5
Hors Afrique du Sud−0,9−0,53,2−1,1−3,9−5,4−6,4−4,6−5,5−6,6−4,8−4,5
Afrique du Sud0,0−0,30,71,3−0,5−4,9−4,9−4,0−4,3−4,3−4,4−4,5
Botswana4,510,213,05,5−7,5−13,5−7,5−0,10,20,21,92,2
Cap-Vert−3,3−6,0−5,1−0,9−0,6−5,9−10,7−7,7−9,8−7,7−9,0−8,2
Ghana−4,9−2,8−4,7−5,4−8,4−7,0−9,4−6,5−12,1−10,8−7,5−7,3
Lesotho9,04,413,910,78,6−3,9−5,0−10,65,03,01,72,1
Maurice−3,9−4,7−4,4−3,3−2,8−3,6−3,2−3,2−1,8−3,5−3,0−3,0
Namibie1,9−0,52,95,94,2−0,1−4,6−6,6−1,3−4,7−2,0−2,8
Sénégal−3,8−2,8−5,4−3,8−4,7−4,9−5,2−6,3−5,6−5,4−4,9−3,9
Seychelles−2,5−0,3−6,1−9,55,52,8−0,82,52,21,21,52,0
Swaziland1,5−1,99,32,51,8−3,3−10,8−4,64,0−0,7−1,8−4,7
Zambie2,5−2,820,2−1,3−0,8−2,5−3,0−2,2−3,9−8,6−8,0−6,9
Pays à faible revenu et États fragiles−1,8−2,90,7−2,0−2,4−3,4−3,0−3,4−3,0−3,8−3,9−3,4
Pays à faible revenu hors États fragiles−1,6−2,72,0−2,3−2,7−3,7−3,7−3,5−3,3−4,2−4,5−3,8
Bénin−0,7−2,3−0,20,3−0,1−3,3−0,4−1,4−0,3−2,1−1,4−1,3
Burkina Faso−1,0−5,516,1−6,7−4,3−5,3−4,6−2,4−3,2−3,0−3,9−3,7
Éthiopie2−3,5−4,2−3,9−3,6−2,9−0,9−1,3−1,6−1,2−3,4−3,0−2,7
Gambie−3,2−5,9−5,10,4−1,3−2,7−5,4−4,7−4,4−8,2−4,3−2,5
Kenya−2,4−1,9−2,7−3,1−4,1−5,3−5,4−5,0−6,2−6,2−5,5−5,2
Madagascar−2,6−3,0−0,5−2,7−1,9−2,5−0,9−1,7−1,3−1,5−2,1−2,5
Malawi−3,2−2,50,7−3,5−4,5−4,42,6−5,2−2,6−6,7−2,6−3,1
Mali4,0−3,131,3−3,2−2,2−4,2−2,9−4,1−1,1−2,7−5,7−3,1
Mozambique−3,3−2,8−4,1−2,9−2,5−5,5−4,3−5,1−4,0−4,6−12,4−8,1
Niger7,1−2,040,3−1,01,5−5,3−2,4−1,5−1,2−5,6−2,6−2,1
Ouganda−0,9−0,2−0,8−1,1−2,7−2,3−6,7−3,1−3,5−3,7−2,9−2,6
Rwanda0,20,90,2−1,80,90,30,4−1,9−1,7−2,5−3,1−2,5
Sierra Leone2,2−1,9−1,620,1−3,5−2,3−5,0−4,6−5,2−2,2−4,0−3,7
Tanzanie−3,3−4,0−4,5−1,9−2,6−6,0−6,5−5,0−5,1−5,6−5,1−4,5
États fragiles−2,2−3,2−2,1−1,4−1,7−2,7−1,3−3,4−2,1−2,6−2,5−2,1
Burundi−2,7−3,6−1,0−2,5−2,7−5,1−3,6−3,9−3,7−1,9−1,6−1,9
Comores−1,70,1−2,6−2,0−2,50,67,01,43,618,2−1,5−1,3
Congo, Rép. dém. du−2,1−2,6−2,2−2,3−1,6−1,63,7−1,20,5−1,7−2,1−1,6
Côte d’Ivoire−1,1−1,5−1,5−0,5−0,4−1,5−2,0−5,7−3,4−2,5−2,2−2,8
Érythrée−17,9−22,2−14,1−15,7−21,1−14,7−16,0−16,2−13,5−12,5−11,6−12,1
Guinée−2,2−1,6−3,10,3−1,3−7,1−14,0−1,3−3,3−5,3−2,8−0,4
Guinée Bissau−8,1−7,6−11,2−10,6−2,41,7−2,1−2,1−2,8−2,6−1,4−1,8
Libéria−0,40,04,83,1−10,1−10,2−5,7−3,1−1,7−5,3−4,5−5,4
République centrafricaine0,5−4,69,11,2−1,0−0,1−1,4−2,40,0−6,3−8,91,3
São Tomé-et-Príncipe26,427,2−12,7125,414,2−18,4−11,0−12,0−10,8−7,5−7,1−6,0
Togo−1,4−2,4−2,8−1,9−0,9−3,8−2,1−3,4−6,6−5,3−4,4−3,8
Zimbabwe3−3,5−6,4−2,5−3,0−2,1−2,10,7−1,3−0,6−0,10,00,9
Afrique subsaharienne1,92,54,61,20,8−5,4−4,0−1,3−2,2−4,2−3,3−3,0
Médiane−0,9−2,0−0,7−1,0−1,4−3,8−3,9−2,9−1,8−3,6−2,9−2,8
Hors Afrique du Sud et Nigéria1,10,75,80,9−0,9−4,1−2,0−0,4−1,9−3,8−3,4−2,9
Pays importateurs de pétrole−0,7−1,21,1−0,2−1,7−4,4−4,5−3,9−4,0−4,4−4,3−4,0
Hors Afrique du Sud−1,5−2,21,5−1,7−2,8−4,0−4,1−3,8−3,7−4,6−4,2−3,6
Zone franc4,82,613,63,24,7−2,2−0,9−0,5−2,0−2,9−2,5−1,9
UEMOA−0,4−2,66,9−2,3−1,8−3,5−2,9−4,2−3,1−3,4−3,4−3,0
CEMAC9,87,819,88,410,4−0,91,22,9−0,9−2,4−1,5−0,8
CAE-5−2,2−2,1−2,6−2,2−3,0−4,4−5,5−4,3−4,9−5,1−4,6−4,2
CEDEAO4,16,96,80,22,9−7,6−6,3−1,1−2,0−5,2−2,7−2,4
SADC0,20,12,31,3−1,5−5,1−3,3−1,8−2,0−3,6−3,8−3,8
Union douanière d’Afrique australe0,30,01,41,6−0,5−5,0−5,1−4,0−3,9−4,0−4,0−4,1
COMESA (pays membres d’AfSS)−2,1−3,00,1−2,7−2,6−2,8−2,4−2,9−2,6−4,0−3,7−3,4
IADM0,0−1,46,1−1,3−1,3−3,0−2,5−2,5−3,4−4,5−4,2−3,5
Pays à régime de parité fixe classique4,32,012,23,44,4−2,3−1,7−1,4−2,0−3,1−2,6−2,2
Pays sans régime de parité fixe classique1,42,73,20,80,0−6,0−4,5−1,4−2,2−4,4−3,5−3,3
Afrique subsaharienne41,92,54,61,20,8−5,4−4,0−1,4−2,1−4,1−3,3−3,1
Sources : FMI, bases de données du Département Afrique (24 mars 2014) et des Perspectives de l’économie mondiale (24 mars 2014).
Tableau AS9.Solde budgétaire global, hors dons(En pourcentage du PIB)
2004–0820052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Pays exportateurs de pétrole6,911,09,73,64,7−7,3−3,23,00,5−3,9−2,0−1,7
Hors Nigéria5,98,110,86,32,5−4,82,25,51,1−2,7−2,3−1,9
Angola4,49,111,84,6−4,5−7,43,48,75,1−1,5−2,0−2,6
Cameroun2,33,04,43,51,3−0,9−1,8−3,2−2,1−4,5−4,1−4,4
Congo, Rép. du13,214,516,59,022,74,516,015,96,36,77,910,0
Gabon8,37,78,38,010,96,82,72,41,5−1,7−2,3−3,3
Guinée équatoriale20,421,927,222,018,7−10,4−6,41,1−9,8−7,8−6,4−3,7
Nigéria7,613,08,91,66,3−9,4−6,70,90,0−4,9−1,8−1,7
Soudan du Sud1,5−23,0−14,0−9,61,1
Tchad−0,7−3,00,61,32,4−11,9−5,50,8−2,1−3,4−1,9−0,9
Pays à revenu intermédiaire1−0,8−0,80,10,2−1,9−5,6−5,6−4,5−4,9−5,2−4,9−4,8
Hors Afrique du Sud−3,7−2,5−2,2−3,5−6,1−7,7−8,1−6,0−7,0−7,5−6,1−5,7
Afrique du Sud0,0−0,30,71,3−0,5−4,9−4,9−4,0−4,3−4,3−4,4−4,5
Botswana3,810,012,24,7−8,3−14,5−7,8−0,70,1−0,11,51,8
Cap-Vert−9,0−11,9−10,4−5,5−5,4−11,0−17,0−10,6−11,6−10,0−11,9−10,0
Ghana−8,3−6,1−8,1−9,1−11,2−10,0−11,7−8,5−13,7−11,3−8,8−8,7
Lesotho7,32,413,09,16,5−6,9−12,3−18,4−3,6−2,3−2,4−1,7
Maurice−4,2−4,9−4,6−3,4−3,4−5,2−3,9−3,9−2,5−3,9−3,6−3,4
Namibie1,8−0,62,95,84,1−0,4−4,7−6,7−1,4−4,8−2,1−2,8
Sénégal−5,8−4,4−6,9−6,4−7,0−7,9−7,7−8,5−8,5−8,2−7,7−6,6
Seychelles−3,6−0,5−7,4−9,82,0−1,2−1,70,1−2,4−1,3−1,10,3
Swaziland0,9−2,98,52,31,6−4,0−10,8−4,64,0−1,2−3,9−5,5
Zambie−6,8−8,4−6,3−5,8−4,9−5,4−4,8−2,9−6,0−9,6−9,5−8,2
Pays à faible revenu et États fragiles−6,5−6,9−6,6−6,1−6,1−7,2−6,9−6,8−5,8−6,5−6,8−6,0
Pays à faible revenu hors États fragiles−7,3−7,6−7,5−7,3−6,9−7,9−7,5−6,9−6,2−6,9−7,2−6,2
Bénin−3,0−4,4−2,5−2,7−1,8−6,5−1,9−4,0−2,3−3,1−3,6−3,3
Burkina Faso−10,5−10,1−11,7−13,2−8,2−11,2−9,1−7,6−8,2−7,9−8,7−7,5
Éthiopie2−7,7−8,5−7,5−8,1−7,0−5,3−4,6−4,9−2,9−5,2−4,5−4,3
Gambie−4,7−7,1−6,1−0,5−2,5−6,9−9,4−9,9−13,4−10,4−9,7−8,0
Kenya−3,6−3,2−3,8−4,2−5,2−6,1−6,2−5,6−6,7−6,9−6,2−5,9
Madagascar−9,5−10,5−10,3−7,0−6,2−3,7−0,9−1,7−2,2−3,1−4,5−3,3
Malawi−15,6−13,1−15,5−17,4−16,6−13,7−10,1−10,1−15,3−17,0−14,1−14,8
Mali−6,9−7,1−7,6−7,9−5,6−8,8−5,8−7,9−1,4−6,3−9,9−7,1
Mozambique−11,3−8,8−12,0−12,2−11,9−15,0−13,3−12,9−9,4−8,9−16,1−11,3
Niger−7,6−9,5−6,8−8,1−4,4−9,7−7,0−5,2−7,5−11,8−8,3−7,1
Ouganda−5,9−6,2−5,3−4,7−5,4−5,0−9,6−5,1−5,7−4,9−4,5−3,8
Rwanda−10,0−10,8−9,6−10,7−9,9−11,4−13,1−12,7−11,1−11,1−11,6−9,9
Sierra Leone−7,5−9,3−7,7−4,6−7,0−8,4−10,3−10,1−9,0−4,9−6,6−6,3
Tanzanie−8,9−10,0−9,7−7,9−8,5−10,9−11,2−9,7−8,7−8,7−8,4−7,8
États fragiles−4,5−5,5−4,6−3,4−4,1−5,4−5,5−6,6−5,1−5,5−5,6−5,2
Burundi−18,7−11,9−13,9−25,5−27,7−24,0−26,3−24,5−20,5−18,7−15,7−16,1
Comores−7,8−4,2−7,6−9,7−13,0−9,1−7,8−6,0−6,0−10,3−10,6−9,9
Congo, Rép. dém. du−4,9−6,7−6,3−3,7−3,2−6,2−5,4−6,8−4,7−6,0−5,5−5,7
Côte d’Ivoire−2,1−2,6−2,2−1,0−2,1−2,0−2,5−6,1−4,1−3,9−4,7−5,0
Érythrée−24,8−31,5−18,2−18,8−24,0−17,3−21,3−19,4−14,7−13,0−12,0−12,5
Guinée−3,2−2,3−4,6−0,5−1,8−7,5−14,4−4,7−6,0−7,2−8,1−3,4
Guinée Bissau−17,0−14,3−17,5−18,8−16,9−14,1−11,8−9,7−9,2−7,1−7,6−8,3
Libéria−0,70,04,72,9−10,7−12,6−7,5−4,7−4,2−8,5−8,4−8,4
République centrafricaine−5,5−8,7−4,4−2,9−5,8−5,4−7,0−4,9−4,9−9,0−11,8−2,3
São Tomé-et-Príncipe−15,010,8−28,4−0,4−14,7−33,0−30,8−30,2−28,2−20,8−22,5−21,7
Togo−2,7−3,6−4,2−3,6−2,3−5,3−4,2−6,5−8,2−7,3−8,0−7,4
Zimbabwe3−3,5−6,4−2,5−3,0−2,1−2,60,7−1,3−0,6−0,10,00,9
Afrique subsaharienne0,41,31,80,0−0,3−6,6−5,0−2,2−3,1−5,0−4,2−3,9
Médiane−4,8−4,7−5,7−3,6−5,0−7,4−7,0−5,4−5,3−6,6−6,5−5,6
Hors Afrique du Sud et Nigéria−2,2−1,9−0,5−1,7−3,2−6,6−4,3−2,3−3,7−5,4−5,2−4,6
Pays importateurs de pétrole−2,7−2,7−2,0−1,9−3,5−6,2−6,1−5,2−5,3−5,7−5,7−5,3
Hors Afrique du Sud−5,6−5,5−5,2−5,3−6,1−7,3−7,3−6,6−6,2−6,8−6,6−5,9
Zone franc1,31,02,31,43,0−4,2−2,3−1,9−3,4−4,5−4,4−3,7
UEMOA−5,1−5,2−5,5−5,3−4,6−6,5−5,2−6,8−5,4−6,3−6,8−6,0
CEMAC7,27,09,67,79,8−1,70,62,4−1,6−2,7−2,1−1,3
CAE-5−6,3−6,5−6,3−6,2−6,9−8,0−9,4−7,7−7,7−7,6−7,1−6,5
CEDEAO2,65,83,7−1,12,0−8,7−7,1−1,9−2,8−5,9−3,7−3,3
SADC−0,8−0,70,80,5−2,4−6,0−4,1−2,4−2,7−4,2−4,5−4,4
Union douanière d’Afrique australe0,20,01,31,6−0,6−5,1−5,1−4,1−3,9−4,1−4,1−4,2
COMESA (pays membres d’AfSS)−6,2−6,9−5,9−5,9−5,8−6,1−6,1−5,5−5,1−6,2−5,8−5,4
IADM−5,7−5,6−5,5−5,8−5,1−7,1−6,4−5,8−6,3−7,0−6,8−6,0
Pays à régime de parité fixe classique0,90,32,21,52,7−4,3−3,2−2,9−3,4−4,6−4,5−3,9
Pays sans régime de parité fixe classique0,31,71,8−0,3−1,0−7,1−5,4−2,2−2,9−5,0−4,2−4,0
Afrique subsaharienne40,41,31,80,0−0,3−6,6−5,0−2,3−3,0−4,9−4,2−4,0
Sources : FMI, bases de données du Département Afrique (24 mars 2014) et des Perspectives de l’économie mondiale (24 mars 2014).
Tableau AS10.Recettes publiques, hors dons(En pourcentage du PIB)
2004–0820052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Pays exportateurs de pétrole33,634,534,731,136,123,626,133,630,624,927,327,0
Hors Nigéria34,931,838,437,041,430,835,238,137,232,534,133,4
Angola45,543,950,245,850,934,543,548,845,938,139,337,2
Cameroun18,217,619,019,120,017,616,818,218,318,419,519,2
Congo, Rép. du39,638,644,338,946,429,137,542,042,549,347,643,0
Gabon28,128,028,727,329,629,725,428,029,028,327,226,5
Guinée équatoriale42,638,749,847,244,253,537,538,438,034,733,438,5
Nigéria32,636,332,326,932,017,820,029,925,318,922,122,3
Soudan du Sud21,711,913,332,042,5
Tchad14,18,514,618,521,312,318,923,220,917,918,519,7
Pays à revenu intermédiaire126,925,927,828,327,826,626,126,827,327,427,727,6
Hors Afrique du Sud23,323,624,023,422,421,821,223,224,023,324,424,0
Afrique du Sud28,026,528,929,729,628,127,527,928,328,929,028,9
Botswana41,343,344,540,538,636,432,135,935,833,133,333,1
Cap-Vert22,721,723,024,024,321,921,722,721,021,122,422,7
Ghana13,613,513,713,813,213,414,417,117,517,519,519,5
Lesotho57,050,263,359,262,759,944,744,657,557,457,955,9
Maurice19,419,418,919,420,521,221,220,720,821,021,220,4
Namibie28,226,228,430,330,931,028,029,432,532,333,831,0
Sénégal19,519,219,721,119,218,619,320,220,420,920,821,0
Seychelles36,539,239,731,731,432,934,235,334,432,931,331,4
Swaziland34,430,838,635,437,433,424,225,336,435,535,132,6
Zambie18,117,617,218,418,916,017,820,921,020,220,220,5
Pays à faible revenu et États fragiles14,814,514,815,215,315,417,017,417,917,918,018,5
Pays à faible revenu hors États fragiles15,515,115,616,015,815,817,117,317,517,817,718,3
Bénin18,216,916,920,819,618,518,617,618,819,418,718,7
Burkina Faso13,112,712,913,612,913,715,316,117,819,018,518,9
Éthiopie214,214,815,012,812,112,114,213,714,012,111,511,9
Gambie15,914,616,417,416,316,214,916,116,416,117,517,6
Kenya21,321,020,821,721,721,823,823,223,224,024,624,5
Madagascar11,410,911,211,711,210,412,212,310,69,49,611,3
Malawi21,021,520,721,322,524,027,525,026,030,528,528,7
Mali16,917,517,316,615,517,117,217,017,117,416,817,4
Mozambique14,814,115,015,915,917,619,620,823,327,423,724,4
Niger13,710,613,015,118,314,313,614,215,917,118,319,0
Ouganda12,111,812,212,412,312,112,514,813,413,413,914,5
Rwanda12,812,512,112,414,812,713,113,915,216,617,518,9
Sierra Leone8,88,78,98,39,29,19,911,511,411,110,611,4
Tanzanie13,712,213,615,216,016,116,317,317,518,019,019,5
États fragiles13,413,213,013,314,114,616,817,619,018,318,618,9
Burundi13,914,213,613,513,413,914,515,314,513,213,213,3
Comores14,115,713,612,713,113,914,316,119,315,215,215,7
Congo, Rép. dém. du8,36,97,99,011,510,312,112,414,912,713,713,8
Côte d’Ivoire18,217,018,419,218,918,919,219,920,220,319,719,7
Érythrée22,325,923,021,218,213,313,314,216,016,816,916,2
Guinée14,114,514,414,315,616,215,316,820,118,419,720,7
Guinée Bissau9,09,210,28,09,29,010,811,510,810,010,510,5
Libéria15,211,515,218,718,920,725,024,426,225,424,324,7
République centrafricaine9,48,39,610,310,410,811,610,811,55,76,418,9
São Tomé-et-Príncipe28,755,118,238,616,516,618,218,816,118,616,617,0
Togo16,415,717,016,815,615,918,417,318,218,719,119,7
Zimbabwe36,212,27,32,92,311,423,326,728,029,630,330,2
Afrique subsaharienne26,425,927,326,428,222,824,127,426,424,125,024,9
Médiane17,517,017,118,618,616,918,519,320,219,019,619,7
Hors Afrique du Sud et Nigéria22,721,223,823,825,621,423,625,925,623,824,424,2
Pays importateurs de pétrole23,022,423,723,923,122,423,123,723,823,623,623,6
Hors Afrique du Sud17,517,317,717,717,517,218,319,219,719,519,719,9
Zone franc21,820,223,023,124,421,421,623,523,723,623,023,0
UEMOA17,216,317,218,217,617,317,818,118,819,319,019,3
CEMAC26,224,028,427,730,525,825,328,228,127,627,026,9
CAE-516,415,716,317,217,417,318,218,818,719,320,020,4
CEDEAO26,328,226,623,326,617,218,925,723,018,821,121,3
SADC28,026,229,029,530,927,028,129,830,028,829,128,6
Union douanière d’Afrique australe28,727,329,730,330,328,727,728,328,929,429,629,4
COMESA (pays membres d’AfSS)15,915,815,815,615,915,517,618,118,417,818,118,4
IADM15,615,015,916,016,715,216,617,818,018,018,218,4
Pays à régime de parité fixe classique22,921,324,224,325,322,522,324,024,824,524,123,8
Pays sans régime de parité fixe classique27,427,128,227,129,023,024,528,126,824,125,124,9
Afrique subsaharienne426,425,927,326,428,222,824,127,426,524,225,024,8
Sources : FMI, bases de données du Département Afrique (24 mars 2014) et des Perspectives de l’économie mondiale (24 mars 2014).
Tableau AS11.Dépenses publiques(En pourcentage du PIB)
2004–0820052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Pays exportateurs de pétrole26,723,525,027,631,430,929,330,630,128,829,328,7
Hors Nigéria29,023,727,630,738,935,633,032,636,135,236,435,2
Angola41,134,738,441,255,441,940,040,240,839,641,339,8
Cameroun15,914,614,615,618,618,518,621,420,422,923,623,6
Congo, Rép. du26,424,227,829,923,624,721,426,136,242,639,733,0
Gabon19,820,320,319,318,722,822,825,727,430,029,529,8
Guinée équatoriale22,216,722,625,225,563,843,937,347,842,639,842,2
Nigéria25,023,323,325,325,727,226,829,025,323,823,923,9
Soudan du Sud20,234,927,341,641,4
Tchad14,911,614,017,118,924,224,422,423,021,320,420,5
Pays à revenu intermédiaire127,826,727,728,129,732,231,731,332,232,532,632,4
Hors Afrique du Sud27,026,126,226,928,529,629,429,231,030,830,529,7
Afrique du Sud28,026,928,228,430,133,032,431,932,633,233,433,4
Botswana37,533,432,335,846,950,939,936,535,733,231,831,2
Cap-Vert31,733,533,329,529,632,838,733,332,631,034,332,8
Ghana21,819,521,822,924,423,426,125,631,228,828,328,2
Lesotho49,847,850,350,156,266,857,063,161,159,660,357,6
Maurice23,724,423,522,823,826,325,124,623,324,924,823,8
Namibie26,326,825,524,626,831,332,736,234,037,135,933,8
Sénégal25,323,626,627,526,326,527,028,628,929,128,627,6
Seychelles40,039,747,141,529,434,135,935,236,834,332,431,0
Swaziland33,533,630,133,135,837,335,030,032,436,739,038,1
Zambie24,826,123,524,323,821,322,623,927,129,929,728,7
Pays à faible revenu et États fragiles21,321,421,321,321,522,624,024,223,824,424,824,4
Pays à faible revenu hors États fragiles22,922,723,123,322,823,724,624,223,724,624,924,5
Bénin21,221,319,423,421,425,020,421,621,022,422,222,0
Burkina Faso23,622,724,626,821,124,924,423,625,926,927,226,4
Éthiopie221,923,322,520,919,117,418,818,516,917,316,116,2
Gambie20,521,722,617,918,823,124,326,029,826,527,225,6
Kenya24,824,224,625,926,928,030,028,829,930,930,830,3
Madagascar20,921,421,518,717,414,113,114,012,812,514,114,6
Malawi36,534,636,338,739,137,737,635,041,247,542,643,5
Mali23,824,624,924,521,225,923,024,918,523,726,724,5
Mozambique26,122,927,028,127,832,632,933,732,636,339,835,7
Niger21,320,219,723,222,623,920,619,423,429,026,526,1
Ouganda18,018,017,517,117,717,122,219,919,118,318,418,3
Rwanda22,823,421,723,124,724,126,226,726,327,729,128,8
Sierra Leone16,418,016,613,016,217,520,221,620,416,017,217,7
Tanzanie22,622,223,223,124,527,027,526,926,326,827,427,3
États fragiles17,918,717,616,718,220,022,324,224,123,824,324,1
Burundi32,626,227,639,041,238,040,839,835,131,929,029,4
Comores21,919,921,222,326,023,022,122,125,325,525,825,6
Congo, Rép. dém. du13,113,614,212,714,716,517,519,119,618,719,319,5
Côte d’Ivoire20,319,620,620,221,021,021,725,924,224,224,424,7
Érythrée47,157,541,239,942,130,634,633,630,729,829,028,7
Guinée17,216,919,014,817,523,729,721,526,125,627,824,2
Guinée Bissau26,123,527,726,826,123,222,521,220,017,018,118,8
Libéria15,911,510,515,829,533,332,529,130,433,832,733,1
République centrafricaine14,917,014,013,216,216,218,615,716,314,718,221,2
São Tomé-et-Príncipe43,744,346,539,031,249,649,149,044,439,439,138,7
Togo19,119,321,220,417,921,222,523,826,426,027,127,0
Zimbabwe39,718,79,85,94,314,022,627,928,629,630,329,3
Afrique subsaharienne26,124,625,526,428,529,429,229,629,529,129,328,8
Médiane23,223,123,323,824,425,025,626,027,228,928,527,9
Hors Afrique du Sud et Nigéria25,023,124,225,428,827,927,928,229,329,229,628,8
Pays importateurs de pétrole25,625,125,725,826,628,629,128,929,129,329,328,9
Hors Afrique du Sud23,122,822,923,023,624,525,625,825,926,226,325,8
Zone franc20,519,220,621,721,425,623,925,427,128,027,526,7
UEMOA22,221,622,623,522,123,823,024,924,225,625,825,3
CEMAC18,916,918,720,020,727,624,725,929,730,329,128,2
CAE-522,822,322,623,424,325,327,626,526,526,927,127,0
CEDEAO23,822,422,924,424,625,926,027,625,724,724,724,6
SADC28,826,928,229,033,333,032,332,232,733,033,633,0
Union douanière d’Afrique australe28,527,328,428,730,833,832,832,332,933,533,733,6
COMESA (pays membres d’AfSS)22,122,621,721,421,721,723,723,623,524,023,923,8
IADM21,320,721,421,821,822,223,023,624,325,025,024,4
Pays à régime de parité fixe classique22,021,021,922,822,526,825,526,928,229,228,727,8
Pays sans régime de parité fixe classique27,025,426,427,329,930,129,930,229,729,129,328,9
Afrique subsaharienne426,124,625,526,428,529,429,229,729,429,129,228,7
Sources : FMI, bases de données du Département Afrique (24 mars 2014) et des Perspectives de l’économie mondiale (24 mars 2014).
Tableau AS12.Dette publique(En pourcentage du PIB)
2004–0820052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Pays exportateurs de pétrole29,235,717,918,017,825,121,020,721,121,322,323,0
Hors Nigéria37,646,327,425,325,937,429,424,924,523,725,326,3
Angola34,744,821,621,431,649,939,833,729,326,629,230,9
Cameroun30,151,515,912,09,510,612,113,816,118,621,624,4
Congo, Rép. du114,4108,398,898,068,161,622,935,135,830,830,429,1
Gabon40,248,138,139,516,723,320,217,318,522,922,624,2
Guinée équatoriale2,42,91,61,00,67,210,87,89,98,86,75,7
Nigéria23,528,611,812,811,615,215,517,218,419,420,020,5
Soudan du Sud0,05,012,716,110,2
Tchad24,825,626,222,220,023,125,631,128,030,223,721,5
Pays à revenu intermédiaire131,434,030,428,427,531,735,138,141,545,047,149,1
Hors Afrique du Sud32,637,028,128,728,332,134,635,739,744,446,547,6
Afrique du Sud31,133,231,028,327,231,635,338,842,145,247,349,6
Botswana8,07,46,08,27,617,819,419,418,115,914,112,5
Cap-Vert74,085,377,765,058,264,673,077,889,495,0104,1109,9
Ghana39,348,226,231,033,636,246,343,751,260,166,569,2
Lesotho57,460,362,658,250,437,234,937,839,539,638,936,7
Maurice49,553,551,047,344,052,152,052,151,553,853,453,0
Namibie22,826,023,819,117,716,115,722,924,426,627,428,9
Sénégal32,545,721,823,523,934,035,540,543,445,947,448,1
Seychelles143,3144,1135,1144,0130,0123,580,872,076,262,059,755,1
Swaziland16,515,816,017,615,611,816,017,418,218,826,929,8
Zambie24,319,429,826,723,524,623,625,430,935,139,341,7
Pays à faible revenu et États fragiles63,675,058,750,448,846,442,343,437,037,438,138,4
Pays à faible revenu hors États fragiles48,364,640,033,132,933,436,436,235,136,337,438,0
Bénin26,840,612,521,226,927,330,231,929,229,829,529,0
Burkina Faso32,644,122,625,425,228,629,329,727,333,332,133,9
Éthiopie258,176,739,437,230,825,327,926,221,222,223,524,2
Gambie107,3136,0140,660,963,962,669,677,377,282,180,075,0
Kenya51,653,650,545,048,949,755,152,650,550,451,150,6
Madagascar52,182,131,028,827,831,832,131,529,727,729,730,0
Malawi79,4141,236,435,444,643,437,441,853,568,949,243,7
Mali32,753,120,421,122,624,728,729,129,431,531,332,6
Mozambique57,981,053,641,942,145,645,839,641,943,347,050,0
Niger43,166,327,125,121,127,723,927,435,233,842,640,2
Ouganda38,852,835,521,921,421,426,829,331,133,936,038,1
Rwanda47,370,726,627,021,322,923,123,924,129,428,828,9
Sierra Leone94,0130,9103,142,242,448,146,844,937,132,631,931,8
Tanzanie42,556,042,628,429,232,637,140,240,441,042,042,2
États fragiles97,595,998,289,187,378,856,460,141,540,039,939,3
Burundi136,1137,0130,3134,0106,726,140,336,435,431,730,329,0
Comores65,167,565,761,857,553,550,346,142,519,018,417,0
Congo, Rép. dém. du96,688,9100,083,487,089,827,123,321,021,623,423,7
Côte d’Ivoire79,783,981,476,073,367,768,498,349,243,240,439,9
Érythrée156,0156,2151,6156,7174,9144,6143,8133,0125,8126,0124,6126,7
Guinée117,9150,2137,192,490,289,399,677,835,437,838,436,0
Guinée Bissau201,3227,3208,7178,6167,5157,954,049,758,561,058,353,1
Libéria554,1650,2599,6486,7308,9175,033,629,827,328,230,933,0
République centrafricaine93,3108,894,779,180,236,832,332,630,550,856,650,1
São Tomé-et-Príncipe211,6300,3265,9104,160,069,278,173,384,285,381,579,8
Togo93,481,790,7107,288,573,447,344,045,243,343,642,3
Zimbabwe351,038,845,150,569,468,363,252,155,254,754,052,8
Afrique subsaharienne37,443,532,329,628,633,131,732,832,833,935,036,0
Médiane51,363,341,038,337,936,535,135,735,433,937,236,3
Hors Afrique du Sud et Nigéria49,058,742,737,936,940,936,735,333,334,235,436,2
Pays importateurs de pétrole41,746,739,335,735,437,337,539,939,841,943,344,4
Hors Afrique du Sud53,963,249,043,642,642,439,941,037,839,440,440,8
Zone franc47,056,840,338,432,434,430,635,729,430,230,230,8
UEMOA53,964,847,246,845,145,343,853,739,338,938,838,8
CEMAC40,649,033,830,721,222,717,819,820,621,921,722,6
CAE-547,957,145,736,436,836,241,341,541,242,443,443,8
CEDEAO36,745,526,225,723,727,326,129,026,828,428,729,3
SADC35,238,933,430,031,337,435,536,737,939,040,842,3
Union douanière d’Afrique australe30,032,029,927,426,230,534,037,540,543,245,147,2
COMESA (pays membres d’AfSS)57,464,251,545,744,943,838,236,735,736,838,038,5
IADM54,067,745,539,736,936,131,231,932,835,136,537,3
Pays à régime de parité fixe classique46,455,440,738,533,134,731,336,331,232,232,433,3
Pays sans régime de parité fixe classique35,441,130,527,727,332,431,532,533,234,235,436,6
Afrique subsaharienne437,443,532,329,628,633,131,733,333,134,135,136,2
Sources : FMI, bases de données du Département Afrique (24 mars 2014) et des Perspectives de l’économie mondiale (24 mars 2014).
Tableau AS13.Masse monétaire au sens large(En pourcentage du PIB)
2004–0820052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Pays exportateurs de pétrole22,216,819,924,332,138,031,231,933,932,933,034,8
Hors Nigéria18,115,217,218,824,230,427,526,927,929,332,534,6
Angola22,217,520,522,233,242,536,037,435,237,742,546,2
Cameroun19,317,918,320,821,723,524,625,223,824,724,624,6
Congo, Rép. du16,014,016,417,718,322,523,828,033,034,136,037,2
Gabon16,716,317,717,516,220,519,319,822,323,724,525,9
Guinée équatoriale8,27,57,49,08,316,817,314,420,122,925,828,5
Nigéria24,817,921,527,937,542,933,535,237,735,133,235,0
Soudan du Sud8,821,816,0
Tchad9,0