Back Matter

Back Matter

International Monetary Fund. African Dept.
Published Date:
May 2013
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      Adler, Gustavo, and SebastiánSosa, 2013, “Debt Sustainability in Latin America: How Dependent on External Conditions?IMF, mimeo (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

      Anayiotos, George C., and HovhannesToroyan, 2009, “Institutional Factors and Financial Sector Development: Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa,” IMF Working Paper 09/258 (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

      Andrle, Michal, AndrewBerg, R. ArmandoMorales, RafaelPortillo, and JanVlcek, 2013, “Forecasting and Monetary Policy Analysis in Low-Income Countries: Food and Non-Food Inflation in Kenya,” IMF Working Paper 13/61 (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

      Arze del Granado, Javier, DavidCoady, and RobertGillingham, 2010, “The Unequal Benefits of Fuel Subsidies: A Review of Evidence for Developing Countries,” IMF Working Paper 10/202 (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

      Baldacci, Emanuele, IvaPetrova, NazimBelhocine, GabrielaDobrescu, and SamahMazraani, 2011, “Assessing Fiscal Stress,” IMF Working Paper 11/100 (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

      Bank for International Settlements (BIS), 2012, “BIS Quarterly Review” (Basel: Switzerland).

      Basdevant, Olivier, ChikakoBaba, and BorislavaMircheva, 2011, “Restoring Sustainability in a Global Environment: Options for Swaziland,” African Departmental Paper 11/06 (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

      Basdevant, Olivier, EmilyForrest, and BorislavaMircheva, 2013, “Macroeconomic Vulnerabilities Stemming from the Global Economic Crisis: The Case of Swaziland,” African Departmental Paper 13/01 (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

      Berg, Andrew, NorbertFunke, AlejandroHajdenberg, VictorLledo, RolandoOssowski, MartinSchindler, AntonioSpilimbergo, ShamsuddinTareq, and IreneYackovlev, 2009, “Fiscal Policy in Sub-Saharan Africa in Response to the Impact of the Global Crisis,” IMF Staff Position Note SPN/09/10 (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

      Briceño-Garmendia, Cecilia, and MariaShkaratan, 2011, “Power Tariffs: Caught between Cost Recovery and Affordability,” Policy Research Working Paper 5904 (Washington: World Bank).

      Calderón, César, and KlausSchmidt-Hebbel, 2008, “What Drives the Choice of Money-Based Targets in the World?Working Paper 479 (Chile: Central Bank of Chile).

      Calderón, César, 2009, “Infrastructure and Growth in Africa,” Policy Research Working Paper 4914 (Washington: World Bank).

      Cruces, Juan J., and ChristophTrebesch, 2011, “Sovereign Defaults: The Price of Haircuts,” CES Working Paper 3604 (Munich: Center for Economics Studies).

      Das, Udaibir S., MichaelG. Papaioannou, and MagdalenaPolan, 2008a, “Strategic Considerations for First-Time Sovereign Bond Issuers,” IMF Working Paper 08/261 (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

      Das, Udaibir S., MichaelG. Papaioannou, and MagdalenaPolan, 2008b, “Debut Sovereign Bond Issues: Strategic Considerations and Determinants of Characteristics,” in Debt Relief and Beyond: Lessons Learned and Challenges Ahead, edited byCarlos A.Primo Braga and DörteDömeland, Chapter 13, pp. 31341 (Washington: World Bank).

      Das, Udaibir S., MichaelG. Papaioannou, and MagdalenaPolan, 2011, “First-Time Sovereign Issuers: Considerations in Accessing International Capital Markets,” in Sovereign Debt: From Safety to Default,edited byRobertKolb, Chapter 12, pp. 11118 (New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.).

      Das, Udaibir S., MichaelG. Papaioannou, and ChristophTrebesch, 2012, “Sovereign Debt Restructurings 1950–2010: Literature Survey, Data, and Stylized Facts,” IMF Working Paper 12/203 (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

      Devarajan, Shantayanan, 2013, “Africa’s Statistical Tragedy,” Review of Income and Wealth (Washington: World Bank).

      Diouf, Mame Astou, and FrançoisBoutin-Dufresne, 2012, “Financing Growth in the WAEMU through the Regional Securities Market: Past Successes and Current Challenges,” IMF Working Paper 12/249 (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

      Eberhard, Anton, OrvikaRosnes, MariaShkaratan, and HaakonVennemo, 2011, “Africa’s Power Infrastructure: Investment, Integration, Efficiency” (Washington: World Bank).

      Foster, Vivien, and CeciliaBriceño-Garmendia, 2010, “Africa’s Infrastructure: A Time for Transformation” (Washington: World Bank).

      Fox, Louise, and AlunThomas, forthcoming, “Employment in Sub-Saharan Africa—Present and Future” (Washington: International Monetary Fund and World Bank).

      Gueye, Cheikh A., and Amadou R. Sy, Beyond Aid: How Much Should African Countries Pay to Borrow?IMF Working Paper 10/140 (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

      Heller, Peter S., 2005, “Understanding Fiscal Space,” IMF Policy Discussion Paper No. 05/4 (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

      International Monetary Fund, 2004a, Global Financial Stability Report (Washington, April).

      International Monetary Fund, 2004b, Global Financial Stability Report (Washington, September).

      International Monetary Fund, 2007, Regional Economic Outlook: Sub-Saharan Africa (Washington, October).

      International Monetary Fund, 2010a, Regional Economic Outlook: Sub-Saharan Africa (Washington, October).

      International Monetary Fund, 2010b, “Staff Guidance Note on the Application of the Joint Bank-Fund Debt Sustainability Framework for Low-Income Countries” (Washington: International Monetary Fund). Available at:

      International Monetary Fund, 2011, “Managing Global Growth Risks and Commodity Price Shocks—Vulnerabilities and Policy Challenges for Low-Income Countries” (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

      International Monetary Fund, and World Bank, 2012a, “Revisiting the Debt Sustainability Framework for Low-Income Countries” (Washington: International Monetary Fund and World Bank).

      International Monetary Fund, and World Bank, 2012b, “Global Risks, Vulnerabilities, and Policy Challenges Facing Low-Income Countries” (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

      International Monetary Fund, and World Bank, 2012c, Fiscal Monitor (Washington, October).

      International Monetary Fund, and World Bank, 2012d, “Côte d’Ivoire: Second Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Extended Credit Facility, Request for Modification of Performance Criteria, and Financing Assurances Review,” IMF Country Report No. 12/332 (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

      International Monetary Fund, and World Bank, 2012e, Regional Economic Outlook: Sub-Saharan Africa (Washington, April).

      International Monetary Fund, and World Bank, 2012f, Regional Economic Outlook: Sub-Saharan Africa (Washington, October).

      International Monetary Fund, and World Bank, 2013a, “Energy Subsidy Reform: Lessons and Implications,”IMF Joint Policy Paper (FAD/AFR/MCD) (Washington, April). Available at:

      International Monetary Fund, and World Bank, 2013b, forthcoming, “Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa: Experiences and Lessons,” IMF Departmental Paper (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

      International Monetary Fund, and World Bank, 2013c, World Economic Outlook (Washington, April).

      Jerven, Morten, 2013, Poor Numbers: How We Are Misled by African Development Statistics and What to Do About It, (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press).

      Mu, Yibin, PeterPhelps, and JanetG. Stotsky, 2013, “Bond Markets in Africa,” IMF Working Paper 13/12 (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

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      Samarina, Anna, 2012, “Monetary Targeting and Financial System Characteristics: An Empirical Analysis,” Research Report 12011—EEF, University of Groningen, Research Institute SOM (Systems, Organisations and Management) (Netherlands: University of Groningen).

    Publications of the IMF African Department, 2009–13

    Books and Monographs


    • Case Studies on Energy Subsidy Reform: Lessons and Implications

    • Joint Fiscal Affairs, African and Middle East and Central Asia Department paper


    • Oil Wealth in Central Africa: Policies for Inclusive Growth

    • Coorey, Sharmini, and Bernardin Akitoby


    • The Impact of the Global Financial Crisis on Sub-Saharan Africa

    • African Department


    • Tanzania: The Story of an African Transition

    • Nord, Roger, Yuri Sobolev, David Dunn, Alejandro Hajdenberg, Niko Hobdari, Samar Maziad, and Stéphane Roudet

    Departmental Papers


    • Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa: Experiences and Lessons

    • Trevor Alleyne


    • Restoring Sustainability in a Changing Global Environment: Options for Swaziland

    • Basdevant, Olivier, Emily Forrest, and Borislava Mircheva


    • Macroeconomic Vulnerabilities Stemming from the Global Economic Crisis: The Case of Switzerland

    • Basdevant, Olivier, Chikako Baba, and Borislava Mircheva


    • What Do Fast Job Creators Look Like? Some Stylized Facts and Perspectives on South Africa

    • Zhan, Zaijin


    • South Africa: Macro Policy Mix and Its Effects on Growth and the Real Exchange Rate—Empirical Evidence and GIMF Simulations

    • Canales-Kriljenko, Jorge Iván


    • Measuring the Potential Output of South Africa

    • Klein, Nir


    • In the Wake of the Global Economic Crisis: Adjusting to Lower Revenue of the Southern African Customs Union in Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, and Swaziland

    • Mongardini, Joannes, Dalmacio Benicio, Thomson Fontaine, Gonzalo C. Pastor, and Geneviève Verdier


    • Zimbabwe: Challenges and Policy Options after Hyperinflation

    • Kramarenko, Vitaliy, Lars H. Engstrom,

    • Geneviève Verdier, Gilda Fernandez, Stefan E. Oppers,

    • Richard Hughes, James McHugh, and Warren L. Coats


    • Expenditure Composition and Economic Developments in Benin

    • Pani, Marco, and Mohamed El Harrak


    • Wage Policy and Fiscal Sustainability in Benin

    • Lundgren, Charlotte J.


    • The Global Financial Crisis and Adjustments to Shocks in Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda: A Balance Sheet Analysis Perspective

    • Masha, Iyabo


    • Impact of the Global Financial Crisis on Exchange Rates and Policies in Sub-Saharan Africa

    • Ben Ltaifa, Nabil, Stella Kaendera, and Shiv Dixit


    • Spillover Effects and the East African Community: Explaining the Slowdown and the Recovery

    • Drummond, Paulo, and Gustavo Ramirez


    • Foreign Exchange Reserve Adequacy in East African Community Countries

    • Drummond, Paulo, Aristide Mrema, Stéphane Roudet, and Mika Saito

    Staff Position Notes


    • Economic Diversification in LICs: Stylized Facts and Macroeconomic Implications

    • Papageorgiou, Chris, and Nicola Spatafora


    • The International Financial Crisis and Global Recession: Impact on the CEMAC Region and Policy Considerations

    • Wakeman-Linn, John, Rafael A. Portillo, Plamen Iossifov, and Dimitre Milkov


    • The Global Financial Crisis: Impact on WAEMU Member Countries and Policy Options

    • Mueller, Johannes, Irene Yackovlev, and Hans Weisfeld


    • The Southern African Development Community’s Macroeconomic Convergence Program: Initial Performance

    • Burgess, Robert


    • Fiscal Policy in Sub-Saharan Africa in Response to the Impact of the Global Crisis

    • Berg, Andrew, Norbert Funke, Alejandro Hajdenberg, Victor Duarte Lledo, Rolando Ossowski, Martin Schindler, Antonio Spilimbergo, Shamsuddin Tareq, and Irene Yackovlev

    Working Papers


    • The Quality of the Recent High-Growth Episode in Sub-Saharan Africa

    • Mlachila, Montfort, and Marcelo Martinez


    • Benchmarking Banking Sector Efficiency Across Regional Blocks in Sub-Saharan Africa: What Room for Policy?

    • Boutin-Dufresne, Francois, Santiago Peña, Oral Williams, and Tomasz A. Zawisza


    • Monetary Transmission Mechanism in the East African Community: An Empirical Investigation

    • Davoodi, Hamid, Shiv Dixit, and Gabor Pinter


    • Determinants of Bank Interest Margins in Sub-Saharan Africa

    • Ahokpossi, Calixte


    • Exchange Rate Liberalization in Selected Sub-Saharan African Countries Successes, Failures, and Lessons

    • Mæhle, Nils, Haimanot Teferra, and Armine Khachatryan


    • Inward and Outward Spillovers in the SACU Area

    • Canales Kriljenko, Jorge, Farayi Gwenhamo, and Saji Thomas


    • Bond Markets in Africa

    • Mu, Yibin, Peter Phelps, and Janet Stotsky


    • Inequalities and Growth in the Southern African Customs Union (SACU) Region

    • Basdevant, Olivier, Dalmacio Benicio, and Yorbol Yakhshilikov


    • Striking an Appropriate Balance Among Public Investment, Growth, and Debt Sustainability in Cape Verde

    • Mu, Yibin


    • The East African Community: Prospects for Sustained Growth

    • McAuliffe, Catherine, Sweta Saxena, and Masafumi Yabara


    • Financing Growth in the WAEMU through the Regional Securities Market: Past Successes and Current Challenges

    • Diouf, Mame Astou, and Francois Boutin-Dufresne


    • Exchange Rate and Foreign Interest Rate Linkages for Sub-Saharan Africa Floaters

    • Thomas, Alun


    • A Financial Conditions Index for South Africa

    • Gumata, Nombulelo, Nir Klein, and Eliphas Ndou


    • Estimating the Implicit Inflation Target of the South African Reserve Bank

    • Klein, Nir


    • Monetization in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

    • McLoughlin, Cameron, and Noriaki Kinoshita


    • The Relationship between the Foreign Exchange Regime and Macroeconomic Performance in Eastern Africa

    • Stotsky, Janet Gale, Manuk Ghazanchyan, Olumuyiwa Adedeji, and Nils O. Maehle


    • Exchange Rate Pass-Through in Sub-Saharan African Economies and its Determinants

    • Razafimahefa, Ivohasina Fizara


    • Welfare Effects of Monetary Integration: The Common Monetary Area and Beyond

    • Asonuma, Tamon, Xavier Debrun, and Paul R. Masson


    • As You Sow So Shall You Reap: Public Investment Surges, Growth, and Debt Sustainability in Togo

    • Andrle, Michal, Antonio David, Raphael A. Espinoza, Marshall Mills, and Luis-Felipe Zanna


    • Tracking Short-Term Dynamics of Economic Activity in Low-Income Countries in the Absence of High-Frequency GDP Data

    • Opoku-Afari, Maxwell, and Shiv Dixit


    • Mobilizing Revenue in Sub-Saharan Africa: Empirical Norms and Key Determinants

    • Drummond, Paulo, Wendell Daal, Nandini Srivastava, and Luiz E. Oliveira


    • Monetary Policy in Low-Income Countries in the Face of the Global Crisis: The Case of Zambia

    • Baldini, Alfredo, Jaromir Benes, Andrew Berg, Mai Dao, and Rafael Portillo


    • Fiscal Policies and Rules in the Face of Revenue Volatility Within Southern Africa Customs Union Countries (SACU)

    • Basdevant, Olivier


    • Real Wage, Labor Productivity, and Employment Trends in South Africa: A Closer Look

    • Klein, Nir


    • Exchange Rate Volatility Under Peg: Do Trade Patterns Matter?

    • Lonkeng Ngouana, Constant


    • Assessing Bank Competition within the East African Community

    • Sanya, Sarah, and Matthew Gaertner


    • Prudential Liquidity Regulation in Developing Countries: A Case Study of Rwanda

    • Sanya, Sarah, Wayne Mitchell, and Angelique Kantengwa


    • Capital Market Integration: Progress Ahead of the East African Community Monetary Union

    • Yabara, Masafumi


    • International Reserves in Low-Income Countries: Have They Served as Buffers?

    • Cripolti, Valerio, and George Tsibouris


    • Inflation Differentials in the GCC: Does the Oil Cycle Matter?

    • Mohaddes, Kamiar, and Oral Williams


    • Effectiveness of Capital Controls in Selected Emerging Markets in the 2000s

    • Baba, Chikako, and Annamaria Kokenyne


    • How Costly Are Debt Crises?

    • Furceri, Davide, and Aleksandra Zdzienicka


    • Monetary Policy Transmission in Ghana: Does the Interest Rate Channel Work?

    • Kovanen, Arto


    • Does Money Matter for Inflation in Ghana?

    • Kovanen, Arto


    • On the Stability of Monetary Demand in Ghana: A Bounds Testing Approach

    • Dagher, Jihad, and Arto Kovanen


    • Oil-Price Boom and Real Exchange Rate Appreciation: Is There Dutch Disease in the CEMAC?

    • Treviño, Juan Pedro


    • The Design of Fiscal Adjustment Strategies in Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, and Swaziland

    • Basdevant, Olivier, Dalmacio Benicio, Borislava Mircheva, Joannes Mongardini, Geneviève Verdier, Susan Yang, and Luis-Felipe Zanna


    • Do Remittances Reduce Aid Dependency?

    • Kpodar, Kangni, and Maelan Le Goff


    • Determinants of Non-oil Growth in the CFA-Zone Oil Producing Countries: How do they Differ?

    • Tabova, Alexandra, and Carol L. Baker


    • Inflation Dynamics in the CEMAC Region

    • Caceres, Carlos, Marcos Poplawski-Ribeiro, and Darlena Tartari


    • External Sustainability of Oil-Producing Sub-Saharan African Countries

    • Takebe, Misa, and Robert C. York


    • The Cyclicality of Fiscal Policies in the CEMAC Region

    • Mpatswe, Gaston K., Sampawende J. Tapsoba, and

    • Robert C. York


    • South Africa: The Cyclical Behavior of the Markups and Its Implications for Monetary Policy

    • Klein, Nir


    • Burkina Faso—Policies to Protect the Poor from the Impact of Food and Energy Price Increases

    • Arze del Granado, Javier, and Isabell Adenauer


    • De Jure versus De Facto Exchange Rate Regimes in Sub-Saharan Africa

    • Slavov, Slavi T.


    • Financial Deepening, Property Rights and Poverty: Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa

    • Singh, Raju Jan, and Yifei Huang


    • FDI from BRICs to LICs: Emerging Growth Driver?

    • Mlachila, Montfort, and Misa Takebe


    • Determinants of Interest Rate Pass-Through: Do Macroeconomic Conditions and Financial Market Structure Matter?

    • Gigineishvili, Nikoloz


    • The Quest for Higher Growth in the WAEMU Region: The Role of Accelerations and Decelerations

    • Kinda, Tidiane, and Montfort Mlachila


    • Fiscal Policy Implementation in Sub-Saharan Africa

    • Lledo, Victor Duarte, and Marcos Poplawski Ribeiro


    • Post-Conflict Recovery: Institutions, Aid, or Luck?

    • David, Antonio, Fabiano Rodrigues Bastos, and Marshall Mills


    • Ghana: Will It Be Gifted, or Will It Be Cursed?

    • Aydin, Burcu


    • Oil Spill(over)s: Linkages in Petroleum Product Pricing Policies in West African Countries

    • David, Antonio, Mohamed El Harrak, Marshall Mills, and Lorraine Ocampos


    • Feeling the Elephant’s Weight: The Impact of Côte d’Ivoire’s Crisis on WAEMU Trade

    • Egoumé-Bossogo, Philippe, and Ankouvi Nayo


    • ICT, Financial Inclusion, and Growth Evidence from African Countries

    • Andrianaivo, Mihasonirina, and Kangni Kpodar


    • Fiscal Sustainability and the Fiscal Reaction Function for South Africa

    • Burger, Philippe, Alfredo Cuevas, Ian Stuart, and Charl Jooste


    • Reviving the Competitive Storage Model: A Holistic Approach to Food Commodity Prices

    • Miao, Yanliang, Weifeng Wu, and Norbert Funke


    • Inflation Uncertainty and Relative Price Variability in WAEMU

    • Fernandez Valdovinos, Carlos, and Kerstin Gerling


    • Modeling Inflation in Chad

    • Kinda, Tidiane


    • Fiscal Expectations under the Stability and Growth Pact: Evidence from Survey Data

    • Poplawski-Ribeiro, Marcos, and Jan-Christoph Rulke


    • Growth in Africa under Peace and Market Reforms Korbut, Olessia, Gonzalo Salinas, and Cheikh A. Gueye


    • Feeling the Elephant’s Weight: The Impact of Côte d’Ivoire’s Crisis on WAEMU Trade

    • Egoumé-Bossogo, Philippe, and Nayo Ankouvi


    • Capital Flows, Exchange Rate Flexibility, and the Real Exchange Rate

    • Kinda, Tidiane, Jean-Louis Combes, and Patrick Plane


    • Weathering the Global Storm: The Benefits of Monetary Policy Reform in the LA5 Countries

    • Canales Kriljenko, Jorge Iván, Luis Ignacio Jácome, Ali Alichi, and Ivan Luis de Oliveira Lima


    • Export Tax and Pricing Power: Two Hypotheses on the Cocoa Market in Côte d’Ivoire

    • Kireyev, Alexei


    • What Can International Cricket Teach Us About the Role of Luck in Labor Markets?

    • Aiyar, Shekhar, and Rodney Ramcharan


    • Performance of Fiscal Accounts in South Africa in a Cross-Country Setting

    • Aydin, Burcu


    • Cyclicality of Revenue and Structural Balances in South Africa

    • Aydin, Burcu


    • Mother, Can I Trust the Government? Sustained Financial Deepening—A Political Institutions View

    • Quintyn, Marc, and Geneviève Verdier


    • Islamic Banking: How Has It Diffused?

    • Imam, Patrick A., and Kangni Kpodar


    • A Macro Model of the Credit Channel in a Currency Union Member: The Case of Benin

    • Samaké, Issouf


    • How Do International Financial Flows to Developing Countries Respond to Natural Disasters?

    • David, Antonio


    • Exchange Rate Assessment for Sub-Saharan Economies

    • Aydin, Burcu


    • Balance Sheet Vulnerabilities of Mauritius during a Decade of Shocks

    • Imam, Patrick A., and Rainer Koehler


    • Beyond Aid: How Much Should African Countries Pay to Borrow?

    • Gueye, Cheikh A., and Amadou N.R. Sy


    • Banking Efficiency and Financial Development in Sub-Saharan Africa

    • Kablan, Sandrine


    • FDI Flows to Low-Income Countries: Global Drivers and Growth Implications

    • Dabla-Norris, Era, Jiro Honda, Amina Lahrèche-Révil, and Geneviève Verdier


    • The Linkage between the Oil and Nonoil Sectors—A Panel VAR Approach

    • Klein, Nir


    • Short- versus Long-Term Credit and Economic Performance: Evidence from the WAEMU

    • Kpodar, Kangni, and Kodzo Gbenyo


    • Budget Institutions and Fiscal Performance in Low-Income Countries

    • Dabla-Norris, Era, Richard Allen, Luis-Felipe Zanna, Tej Prakash, Eteri Kvintradze, Victor Duarte Lledo, Irene Yackovlev, and Sophia Gollwitzer


    • ICT Equipment Investment and Growth in Low-and Lower-Middle-Income Countries

    • Haacker, Markus


    • The Real Exchange Rate and Growth Revisited: The Washington Consensus Strikes Back?

    • Berg, Andrew, and Yanliang Miao


    • Firm Productivity, Innovation, and Financial Development

    • Dabla-Norris, Era, Eramus Kersting, and Geneviève Verdier


    • Cyclical Patterns of Government Expenditures in Sub-Saharan Africa: Facts and Factors

    • Lledo, Victor, Irene Yackovlev, and Lucie Gadenne


    • A Framework to Assess the Effectiveness of IMF Technical Assistance in National Accounts Pastor, Gonzalo C.


    • Improving Surveillance across the CEMAC Region Iossifov, Plamen, Noriaki Kinoshita, Misa Takebe, Robert C. York, and Zaijin Zhan


    • A Rule Based Medium-Term Fiscal Policy Framework for Tanzania

    • Kim, Daehaeng, and Mika Saito


    • Analyzing Fiscal Space Using the MAMS Model: An Application to Burkina Faso

    • Gottschalk, Jan, Vu Manh Le, Hans Lofgren, and Kofi Nouve


    • Determinants and Macroeconomic Impact of Remittances in Sub-Saharan Africa

    • Singh, Raju Jan, Markus Haacker, and Kyung-woo Lee


    • São Tomé and Príncipe: Domestic Tax System and Tax Revenue Potential

    • Farhan, Nisreen


    • The Gambia: Demand for Broad Money and Implications for Monetary Policy Conduct

    • Sriram, Subramanian S.


    • Understanding the Growth of African Markets

    • Yartey, Charles Amo, and Mihasonirina Andrianaivo


    • Credit Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa—Sources, Risks, and Policy Responses

    • Iossifov, Plamen, and May Y. Khamis


    • Spillovers from the Rest of the World into Sub-Saharan African Countries

    • Drummond, Paulo, Flavio Nacif, and Gustavo Ramirez


    • In Search of Successful Inflation Targeting: Evidence from an Inflation Targeting Index

    • Miao, Yanliang


    • Introducing the Euro as Legal Tender—Benefits and Costs of Eurorization for Cape Verde

    • Imam, Patrick A.


    • The Macroeconomics of Scaling Up Aid: The Gleneagles Initiative for Benin

    • Mongardini, Joannes, and Issouf Samaké


    • Sub-Saharan Africa’s Integration in the Global Financial Markets

    • Deléchat, Corinne, Gustavo Ramirez, Smita Wagh, and John Wakeman-Linn


    • Financial Deepening in the CFA Franc Zone: The Role of Institutions

    • Singh, Raju, Kangni Kpodar, and Dhaneshwar Ghura


    • Madagascar: A Competitiveness and Exchange Rate Assessment

    • Eyraud, Luc


    • Understanding Inflation Inertia in Angola

    • Klein, Nir, and Alexander Kyei


    • Grants, Remittances, and the Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate in Sub-Saharan African Countries

    • Mongardini, Joannes, and Brett Rayner


    • Dedollarization in Liberia—Lessons from Cross-Country Experience

    • Erasmus, Lodewyk, Jules Leichter and Jeta Menkulasi


    • The Macroeconomic Impact of Scaled-Up Aid: The Case of Niger

    • Farah, Abdikarim, Emilio Sacerdoti, and Gonzalo Salinas


    • The Value of Institutions for Financial Markets: Evidence from Emerging Markets

    • Akitoby, Bernardin, and Thomas Stratmann


    • Why Isn’t South Africa Growing Faster? A Comparative Approach

    • Eyraud, Luc


    • The Determinants of Commercial Bank Profitability in Sub-Saharan Africa

    • Flamini, Valentina, Calvin A. McDonald, and Liliane Schumacher


    • Bank Efficiency in Sub-Saharan African Middle-Income Countries

    • Chen, Chuling


    • How Can Burundi Raise its Growth Rate? The Impact of Civil Conflicts and State Intervention ton Burundi’s Growth Performance

    • Basdevant, Olivier

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