Chapter

Statistical Appendix

Author(s):
International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.
Published Date:
November 2012
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The IMF’s Middle East and Central Asia Department (MCD) countries and territories comprise Afghanistan, Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Djibouti, Egypt, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, the Kyrgyz Republic, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tajikistan, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, the United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, the West Bank and Gaza, and Yemen.

The following statistical appendix tables contain data for 30 MCD countries. Data revisions reflect changes in methodology and/or revisions provided by country authorities.

All data for Syria are excluded for 2011 onward due to the uncertain political situation.

2011 data for Sudan excludes South Sudan; data for 2012 onward pertain to the current Sudan.

All data refer to the calendar years, except for the following countries, which refer to the fiscal years: Afghanistan and Iran (March 21/March 20), Qatar (April/March), and Egypt and Pakistan (July/June).

Data in Tables 7 and 8 relate to the calendar year for all aggregates and countries, except for Iran, for which the Iranian calendar year (beginning on March 21) is used.

Tables 1, 7, 11, 20, and 21 include data for West Bank and Gaza.

In Tables 3, 6, 13, and 14, “oil” includes gas, which is also an important resource in several countries. REO aggregates are constructed using a variety of weights as appropriate to the series:

  • Composites for data relating to the domestic economy (Tables 1, 3, and 717), whether growth rates or ratios, are weighted by GDP valued at purchasing power parities (PPPs) as a share of total MCD or group GDP. Country group composites for the growth rates of broad money (Table 9) are weighted by GDP converted to U.S. dollars at market exchange rates (both GDP and exchange rates are averaged over the preceding three years) as a share of MCD or group GDP.

  • Composites relating to the external economy (Tables 1820 and 22) are sums of individual country data after conversion to U.S. dollars at the average market exchange rates in the years indicated for balance of payments data and at end-of-year market exchange rates for debt denominated in U.S. dollars.

  • Composites in Tables 2, 4, and 5 are sums of the individual country data.

Table 1.Real GDP Growth(Annual change; percent)
AverageProjections
2000-062007200820092010201120122013
MENAP5.45.84.42.64.83.35.13.6
Oil exporters5.85.34.01.75.33.96.63.8
Algeria4.13.02.42.43.32.42.63.4
Bahrain6.18.46.33.24.72.12.02.8
Iran, I.R. of6.06.40.63.95.92.0−0.90.8
Iraq1.59.52.93.08.910.214.7
Kuwait7.76.54.2−7.82.58.26.31.9
Libya5.36.42.4−1.43.7−59.7121.916.7
Oman3.76.713.13.95.05.45.03.9
Qatar11.218.017.712.016.714.16.34.9
Saudi Arabia3.92.04.20.15.17.16.04.2
United Arab Emirates8.26.55.3−4.81.35.24.02.6
Yemen4.33.33.63.97.7−10.5−1.94.1
Oil importers4.96.85.34.24.02.02.13.3
Afghanistan, Rep. of13.73.621.08.45.85.26.5
Djibouti2.85.15.85.03.54.54.85.0
Egypt4.47.17.24.75.11.82.03.0
Jordan6.38.27.25.52.32.63.03.5
Lebanon3.07.59.38.57.01.52.02.5
Mauritania4.81.03.5−1.25.14.05.36.9
Morocco4.92.75.64.93.74.92.95.5
Pakistan5.16.83.71.73.13.03.73.3
Sudan8.212.22.34.62.2−4.5−11.2−0.0
Syrian Arab Republic4.05.74.55.93.4
Tunisia4.66.34.53.13.1−1.82.73.3
CCA10.012.36.83.76.76.75.75.5
Oil and gas exporters10.412.67.04.97.26.85.85.5
Azerbaijan14.625.010.89.35.00.13.92.7
Kazakhstan10.38.93.21.27.37.55.55.7
Turkmenistan15.811.114.76.19.214.78.07.7
Uzbekistan5.49.59.08.18.58.37.46.5
Oil and gas importers7.911.25.7-3.54.06.25.05.8
Armenia11.713.76.9−14.12.14.63.94.0
Georgia6.912.32.3−3.86.37.06.55.5
Kyrgyz Republic3.98.57.62.9−0.55.71.08.5
Tajikistan8.97.87.93.96.57.46.86.0
Memorandum
MENA5.55.74.52.65.03.35.33.6
MENA oil importers4.76.76.14.94.31.41.23.3
Arab countries in transition (excl. Libya)4.66.06.34.54.71.22.03.6
GCC5.75.36.3-0.25.57.55.53.7
Non-GCC oil exporters5.85.31.93.35.10.67.63.9
West Bank and Gaza1−0.15.47.17.49.89.96.25.6
Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.
Table 2.Nominal GDP(Billions of U.S. dollars)
AverageProjections
2000-062007200820092010201120122013
MENAP1,144.92,017.22,496.42,230.82,576.82,982.93,204.43,371.5
Oil exporters803.51,488.61,862.71,564.11,837.62,236.12,427.02,556.7
Algeria77.1134.3171.7138.0162.0197.9206.5214.4
Bahrain10.718.522.119.321.525.926.527.7
Iran, I.R. of154.1307.4350.6360.6419.1482.4483.8514.8
Iraq59.789.669.284.1114.2130.6154.3
Kuwait57.2114.7147.4106.0119.9161.0174.6175.2
Libya36.768.287.863.673.635.785.197.6
Oman24.741.960.748.359.272.780.082.9
Qatar30.879.5115.097.6127.3173.5184.6190.9
Saudi Arabia242.4384.9476.3376.7455.9597.1657.0682.6
United Arab Emirates141.7257.9314.5259.7283.9342.0361.9374.9
Yemen13.121.726.925.131.033.836.441.3
Oil importers341.3528.6633.8666.7739.2746.9777.4814.7
Afghanistan, Rep. of8.710.512.515.918.319.822.0
Djibouti0.60.81.01.01.11.21.41.5
Egypt91.3130.3162.4188.6218.5235.7255.0275.9
Jordan10.917.122.023.826.428.931.433.8
Lebanon20.025.130.134.737.139.041.844.4
Mauritania1.52.83.53.03.74.24.14.4
Morocco49.675.288.990.990.899.397.2103.3
Pakistan91.1143.2163.9161.8176.5210.2230.5236.6
Sudan20.245.954.152.864.864.051.647.3
Syrian Arab Republic24.740.452.653.960.0
Tunisia27.438.944.943.544.346.044.745.6
CCA85.8211.4266.5242.3293.5361.5396.6439.3
Oil and gas exporters74.0184.5231.7213.3262.1324.4356.8396.2
Azerbaijan9.633.146.444.352.964.871.078.2
Kazakhstan39.6103.1135.2115.3148.0186.2200.6220.1
Turkmenistan12.126.021.520.222.128.133.540.2
Uzbekistan12.622.328.633.539.045.451.657.7
Oil and gas importers11.926.934.829.131.437.039.843.0
Armenia3.49.211.78.69.410.310.611.0
Georgia4.710.212.910.811.614.315.817.3
Kyrgyz Republic2.03.85.14.74.85.96.27.0
Tajikistan1.73.75.15.05.66.57.37.8
Memorandum
MENA1,049.81,865.22,322.12,056.52,384.42,754.42,954.03,112.8
MENA oil importers246.3376.7459.4492.4546.7518.3527.0556.1
Arab countries in transition (excl. Libya)192.3283.3345.1372.0411.0443.6464.6499.8
GCC507.4897.51,136.0907.51,067.81,372.11,484.61,534.3
Non-GCC oil exporters296.1591.1726.6656.5769.8864.0942.41,022.5
Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.
Table 3.Oil Exporters: Oil and Non-Oil Real GDP Growth(Annual change; percent)
AverageProjections
2000-062007200820092010201120122013
Non-Oil GDP
MENAP oil exporters6.47.94.74.25.53.94.84.7
Algeria4.96.35.99.35.95.35.04.8
Bahrain7.99.67.23.85.21.91.91.9
Iran, I.R. of6.46.80.94.76.32.41.11.3
Iraq−2.05.44.04.55.05.55.5
Kuwait10.214.73.4−4.63.54.45.15.3
Libya4.122.75.95.14.4−63.130.025.0
Oman6.813.216.01.24.76.35.95.5
Qatar14.221.621.317.68.612.99.09.0
Saudi Arabia4.14.64.33.56.27.96.55.6
United Arab Emirates9.69.16.3−2.91.43.03.33.5
Yemen5.15.34.84.14.4−10.0−1.63.0
CCA oil and gas exporters10.79.98.32.87.59.26.66.6
Azerbaijan10.811.315.73.07.69.47.57.0
Kazakhstan9.99.13.20.57.28.35.96.2
Turkmenistan16.410.718.614.98.713.18.27.9
Uzbekistan
Memorandum
GCC6.98.97.02.75.27.05.95.5
Non-GCC oil exporters6.07.02.65.45.90.93.73.9
Oil GDP
MENAP oil exporters3.9-0.31.6-4.54.22.61.3-0.2
Algeria3.2−0.9−2.3−6.0−2.6−3.2−1.60.7
Bahrain−1.01.10.4−0.81.83.42.69.3
Iran, I.R. of3.22.6−2.2−3.02.1−1.3−22.2−6.5
Iraq4.012.32.22.011.413.120.0
Kuwait5.3−4.75.4−12.90.714.98.4−3.4
Libya6.5−4.2−0.5−7.13.0−56.2200.413.6
Oman0.1−3.57.79.35.43.83.20.9
Qatar8.613.813.24.528.815.72.9−0.3
Saudi Arabia3.6−3.64.2−7.82.44.64.50.0
United Arab Emirates4.3−2.71.6−8.90.99.45.31.0
Yemen−0.5−13.1−8.11.646.9−14.5−4.814.0
CCA oil and gas exporters16.715.43.64.67.31.41.70.9
Azerbaijan20.237.36.914.85.0−9.8−0.3−2.6
Kazakhstan15.36.92.87.17.31.01.61.3
Turkmenistan16.112.6−0.7−35.512.927.35.96.2
Uzbekistan
Memorandum
GCC3.9-2.04.8-6.05.27.94.80.0
Non-GCC oil exporters3.91.0-1.1-3.13.2-2.4-2.1-0.3
Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.
Table 4.Crude Oil and Natural Gas Production(Millions of barrels per day)
AverageProjections
2000-062007200820092010201120122013
Crude Oil Production
MENAP oil exporters22.5125.4526.0224.1124.2124.8626.2326.82
Algeria1.321.561.501.391.341.291.271.28
Bahrain0.220.180.180.180.180.190.190.21
Iran, I.R. of3.754.093.943.733.693.622.812.63
Iraq2.042.292.342.382.653.003.60
Kuwait2.182.572.682.262.312.662.902.80
Libya1.521.801.781.621.690.491.481.68
Oman0.850.710.760.810.860.880.910.92
Qatar0.730.840.840.790.790.760.740.71
Saudi Arabia18.428.829.208.408.409.5610.0510.05
United Arab Emirates2.262.532.572.322.312.552.692.71
Yemen0.410.310.290.270.260.200.180.23
CCA oil and gas exporters1.612.422.532.732.882.812.832.84
Azerbaijan0.380.840.860.981.020.910.900.88
Kazakhstan1.051.381.451.561.671.691.711.73
Turkmenistan0.180.200.210.200.200.220.230.24
Uzbekistan
Memorandum
GCC14.6615.6616.2314.7714.8616.6017.4817.40
Non-GCC oil exporters7.859.809.809.349.368.268.749.42
Natural Gas Production
MENAP oil exporters4.978.478.899.5311.1011.8812.3012.54
Algeria1.461.471.371.391.341.321.33
Bahrain0.220.250.270.270.280.270.270.28
Iran, I.R. of12.132.302.713.033.143.143.20
Iraq0.000.000.000.000.000.000.00
Kuwait0.200.220.230.200.210.230.260.25
Libya0.060.110.130.150.160.030.140.16
Oman0.410.530.530.540.540.650.690.71
Qatar0.661.231.391.592.533.123.253.27
Saudi Arabia1.391.451.501.621.711.811.91
United Arab Emirates1.071.141.141.181.181.211.241.26
Yemen0.000.000.000.020.160.170.170.17
CCA oil and gas exporters1.152.002.071.591.792.062.232.33
Azerbaijan0.100.210.300.280.300.250.300.27
Kazakhstan0.310.500.550.620.690.740.800.86
Turkmenistan1.281.210.690.811.071.131.20
Uzbekistan
Memorandum
GCC3.134.765.005.296.367.197.537.68
Non-GCC oil exporters1.843.713.904.244.744.694.774.86
Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.
Table 5.Crude Oil and Natural Gas Exports(Millions of barrels per day)
AverageProjections
2000-062007200820092010201120122013
Crude Oil Exports
MENAP oil exporters16.4019.0919.5817.5117.9618.1719.1519.39
Algeria0.710.930.840.750.710.700.680.68
Bahrain0.170.150.150.150.150.150.150.15
Iran, I.R. of2.422.262.092.042.141.251.10
Iraq1.591.821.871.852.042.302.80
Kuwait1.381.621.771.411.451.822.011.86
Libya1.181.471.441.311.350.261.201.30
Oman0.780.610.590.670.740.740.750.76
Qatar0.670.770.770.730.710.680.660.63
Saudi Arabia6.456.967.326.276.647.227.607.53
United Arab Emirates2.092.342.412.082.142.272.392.41
Yemen0.330.230.210.200.190.150.150.16
CCA oil and gas exporters1.212.012.062.302.432.332.342.34
Azerbaijan0.280.740.770.870.910.800.780.75
Kazakhstan0.891.241.251.371.481.491.521.54
Turkmenistan0.040.030.050.060.040.040.040.05
Uzbekistan
Memorandum
GCC11.5412.4513.0111.3011.8412.8813.5613.35
Non-GCC oil exporters4.866.646.576.216.135.295.586.04
Natural Gas Exports
MENAP oil exporters2.733.413.613.784.565.295.295.10
Algeria1.391.341.341.181.121.041.011.01
Bahrain0.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.00
Iran, I.R. of10.170.200.310.370.390.290.28
Iraq0.000.000.000.000.000.000.00
Kuwait0.100.100.110.100.130.130.130.13
Libya0.060.110.130.150.160.030.140.16
Oman0.160.220.210.210.220.210.210.21
Qatar0.601.101.261.451.932.742.752.55
Saudi Arabia0.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.00
United Arab Emirates0.410.370.350.370.470.580.590.61
Yemen0.020.160.170.170.17
CCA oil and gas exporters0.720.930.960.410.510.760.810.86
Azerbaijan0.000.050.130.120.120.120.120.12
Kazakhstan0.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.00
Turkmenistan0.720.870.820.290.390.640.690.74
Uzbekistan
Memorandum
GCC1.261.791.942.122.753.663.683.49
Non-GCC oil exporters1.621.671.661.811.621.611.61
Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.
Table 6.Breakeven Oil Prices(U.S. dollars per barrel)
Projections
2007200820092010201120122013
Fiscal Breakeven Oil Prices1
MENAP oil exporters
Algeria73.374.882.0104.7117.999.5
Bahrain65.579.782.5102.7113.9118.2111.4
Iran, I.R. of81.065.076.0107.0134.0150.0
Iraq111.472.390.095.0112.094.1
Kuwait33.028.045.944.449.056.4
Libya46.668.257.7183.588.598.8
Oman42.161.761.166.677.981.383.3
Qatar24.225.024.038.040.468.0
Saudi Arabia37.673.667.577.074.485.2
United Arab Emirates23.461.086.592.479.077.5
Yemen138.0130.0195.0237.0
CCA oil and gas exporters
Azerbaijan16.434.229.033.454.055.060.0
Kazakhstan73.876.076.169.9
Turkmenistan54.050.047.0
Uzbekistan
External Breakeven Oil Prices2
MENAP oil exporters
Algeria49.255.658.968.174.471.6
Bahrain29.263.854.266.261.970.466.0
Iran, I.R. of56.058.071.058.080.092.0
Iraq53.080.586.289.583.8
Kuwait24.925.929.527.728.933.4
Libya93.677.088.0
Oman65.074.073.080.387.3
Qatar35.044.050.054.158.0
Saudi Arabia50.553.852.652.957.261.2
United Arab Emirates75.068.567.472.467.3
Yemen83.0109.0172.0218.0
CCA oil and gas exporters
Azerbaijan26.443.230.731.447.049.053.0
Kazakhstan82.971.573.977.483.283.7
Turkmenistan56.052.048.0
Uzbekistan
Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.
Table 7.Consumer Price Inflation(Year average; percent)
AverageProjections
2000-062007200820092010201120122013
MENAP5.99.914.37.37.310.310.99.5
MENAP oil exporters6.711.515.05.76.610.411.59.7
Algeria2.33.64.95.73.94.58.45.0
Bahrain0.93.33.52.82.0−0.40.62.0
Iran, I.R. of13.318.425.410.812.421.525.221.8
Iraq30.82.7−2.22.45.66.05.5
Kuwait1.95.510.64.04.04.74.34.1
Libya6.210.42.42.515.910.00.9
Oman0.55.912.63.53.34.03.23.0
Qatar4.713.815.0−4.9−2.41.92.03.0
Saudi Arabia0.34.19.95.15.45.04.94.6
United Arab Emirates4.411.112.31.60.90.90.71.6
Yemen11.57.919.03.711.219.515.012.7
MENAP oil importers4.57.113.010.28.59.99.79.2
Afghanistan, Rep. of8.630.5−8.30.913.89.15.0
Djibouti2.35.012.01.74.05.14.72.4
Egypt5.19.518.311.711.49.99.711.4
Jordan2.74.713.9−0.75.04.44.53.9
Lebanon1.34.110.81.24.55.06.55.7
Mauritania6.57.37.52.16.35.75.96.1
Morocco1.72.03.91.01.00.92.22.5
Pakistan5.07.810.817.610.113.711.010.4
Sudan7.68.014.311.313.018.328.617.0
Syrian Arab Republic3.84.715.22.84.4
Tunisia2.93.44.93.54.43.55.04.0
CCA9.511.416.56.27.09.15.87.2
Oil and gas exporters9.911.916.86.57.08.96.37.3
Azerbaijan4.716.620.81.65.77.93.06.0
Kazakhstan8.110.817.17.37.18.35.06.6
Turkmenistan8.46.314.5−2.74.45.34.36.0
Uzbekistan17.412.312.714.19.412.812.910.7
Oil and gas importers7.78.814.44.27.110.72.66.5
Armenia2.74.69.03.57.37.72.84.2
Georgia6.09.210.01.77.18.50.25.5
Kyrgyz Republic6.410.224.56.87.816.62.99.4
Tajikistan17.813.220.46.56.512.46.08.1
Memorandum
MENA5.910.214.66.27.09.810.99.5
MENA oil importers4.26.713.67.38.07.99.08.8
Arab countries in transition (excl. Libya)4.77.114.07.78.47.97.88.6
GCC1.66.611.03.03.23.63.53.6
Non-GCC oil exporters11.415.618.68.09.416.819.115.4
West Bank and Gaza13.52.79.92.83.72.93.02.9
Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.
Table 8.Core Consumer Price Inflation1(Year average; percent)
AverageProjections
2000-062007200820092010201120122013
MENAP7.513.06.05.99.4
Oil exporters7.914.36.25.710.2
Algeria
Bahrain2.4
Iran, I.R. of14.312.623.511.310.416.9
Iraq19.313.05.12.96.57.06.5
Kuwait4.89.13.72.2
Libya1.14.32.02.2
Oman2.35.93.44.04.33.33.0
Qatar7.511.3−1.92.24.5
Saudi Arabia1.35.03.43.13.64.43.5
United Arab Emirates2.90.8
Yemen9.29.220.33.810.6
Oil importers1.86.711.05.76.38.2
Afghanistan, Rep. of4.59.54.85.913.810.05.0
Djibouti2.42.34.2−1.44.1
Egypt7.918.98.56.98.0
Jordan0.92.54.53.23.63.73.83.9
Lebanon0.43.74.7
Mauritania3.84.01.34.14.4
Morocco1.81.11.51.00.81.31.11.0
Pakistan0.58.39.66.28.610.7
Sudan7.613.78.010.29.916.0
Syrian Arab Republic1.06.40.63.5
Tunisia2.53.74.33.13.33.65.04.0
CCA7.212.26.06.65.24.66.9
Oil and gas exporters7.512.75.96.85.14.26.9
Azerbaijan6.322.11.63.55.42.74.9
Kazakhstan8.910.79.47.95.44.87.0
Turkmenistan4.714.44.56.61.74.010.4
Uzbekistan6.27.03.27.65.7
Oil and gas importers5.79.16.55.95.67.56.7
Armenia2.37.08.26.93.53.94.6
Georgia6.58.22.03.93.3
Kyrgyz Republic7.414.512.68.312.410.38.2
Tajikistan7.58.75.85.96.09.37.7
Memorandum
MENA7.413.56.05.69.1
MENA oil importers6.011.75.55.36.8
Arab countries in transition (excl. Libya)6.013.55.95.55.9
GCC2.76.52.82.53.94.33.4
Non-GCC oil exporters14.212.120.79.69.015.6
Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.
Table 9.Broad Money Growth(Annual change; percent)
AverageProjections
2000-062007200820092010201120122013
MENAP16.725.118.413.012.113.812.612.5
Oil exporters17.928.419.413.612.114.613.112.7
Algeria15.324.216.04.813.519.915.312.7
Bahrain11.040.818.45.810.53.44.74.7
Iran, I.R. of31.928.615.223.526.717.326.520.2
Iraq37.335.426.714.838.019.516.1
Kuwait11.119.315.613.43.08.57.88.8
Libya10.336.648.812.53.625.0−15.04.5
Oman10.437.223.14.711.312.214.714.5
Qatar22.839.519.716.923.117.113.014.5
Saudi Arabia11.819.617.610.75.013.310.09.2
United Arab Emirates20.441.719.29.86.25.04.19.4
Yemen20.716.813.710.69.20.013.015.0
Oil importers14.216.215.811.212.011.811.111.8
Afghanistan, Rep. of14.464.917.121.318.817.113.8
Djibouti11.19.620.617.512.2−4.57.07.5
Egypt13.318.315.58.410.410.18.312.6
Jordan11.210.617.39.311.58.18.19.5
Lebanon18.710.915.523.212.27.28.09.0
Mauritania21.018.913.714.912.919.913.113.8
Morocco12.717.413.57.04.96.66.26.8
Pakistan15.119.315.39.612.515.98.412.8
Sudan31.710.416.424.124.917.738.417.5
Syrian Arab Republic15.712.412.59.412.6
Tunisia19.812.514.413.012.19.210.99.1
CCA40.743.734.219.224.122.621.719.2
Oil and gas exporters41.942.638.419.624.822.422.119.3
Azerbaijan37.072.425.516.621.932.133.418.4
Kazakhstan46.125.935.417.915.714.116.716.7
Turkmenistan35.772.262.810.943.436.316.622.5
Uzbekistan40.546.938.740.852.432.330.229.1
Oil and gas importers33.650.96.117.019.424.519.117.9
Armenia24.342.32.416.410.623.615.514.5
Georgia37.354.07.97.823.920.320.420.4
Kyrgyz Republic26.333.39.820.921.114.918.516.8
Tajikistan50.278.86.338.925.744.522.618.9
Memorandum
MENA16.925.618.513.212.013.712.912.4
MENA oil importers14.015.114.811.711.610.011.911.3
Arab countries in transition (excl. Libya)13.116.614.88.99.28.38.411.0
GCC14.528.318.311.07.310.68.710.1
Non-GCC oil exporters23.628.721.117.719.220.419.616.6
Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.
Table 10.Central Government Net Lending/Borrowing(Percent of GDP)
AverageProjections
2000-062007200820092010201120122013
MENAP2.25.25.7-2.40.11.10.90.7
Oil exporters5.710.311.5-0.83.25.55.33.6
Algeria7.56.29.0−5.1−0.9−0.2−3.9−1.3
Bahrain1.61.94.9−6.6−7.0−2.4−3.9−3.6
Iran, I.R. of2.77.40.71.01.6−0.2−2.9−3.9
Iraq11.9−1.3−20.5−8.87.6−1.93.1
Kuwait28.239.019.826.825.229.130.226.4
Libya13.224.025.1−3.016.7−27.719.47.7
Oman9.812.116.8−0.35.49.68.57.1
Qatar8.710.99.813.42.612.39.68.5
Saudi Arabia6.512.732.5−6.15.113.015.710.2
United Arab Emirates10.10.10.20.20.10.40.20.1
Yemen0.2−7.2−4.5−11.0−6.3−7.5−7.2−5.5
Oil importers-5.2-4.9-5.4-5.2-5.9-7.3-7.8-7.8
Afghanistan, Rep. of−2.0−4.0−1.30.9−0.9−0.8−0.6
Djibouti−1.9−2.61.3−4.6−0.5−0.70.40.8
Egypt2−7.3−7.0−6.9−8.1−9.8−11.1−10.5
Jordan−3.0−5.7−5.5−8.9−5.6−5.7−6.5−5.5
Lebanon−14.6−10.8−9.5−8.3−7.7−6.1−7.9−8.3
Mauritania3−1.6−6.5−5.1−1.5−1.5−2.4−2.3
Morocco−4.0−0.10.7−1.8−4.4−6.9−6.1−5.3
Pakistan4−3.3−4.4−7.4−4.9−6.4−7.5−6.7
Sudan−0.9−2.5−0.1−4.2−0.4−1.3−4.0−3.9
Syrian Arab Republic
Tunisia−1.5−1.8−0.4−2.7−1.0−2.6−4.6−4.9
CCA3.86.90.94.55.63.83.4
Oil and gas exporters4.37.71.65.26.34.54.0
Azerbaijan0.42.320.06.614.011.38.36.3
Kazakhstan4.71.1−1.41.45.83.53.6
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan0.25.210.73.14.82.63.02.7
Oil and gas importers
Armenia−2.3−1.8−7.7−4.9−2.8−3.1−2.6
Georgia
Kyrgyz Republic−5.2−1.5−0.3−8.0−5.6−4.9−6.0−5.5
Tajikistan
Memorandum
MENA3.06.57.5−2.00.92.21.90.7
MENA oil importers-5.1-4.4-5.5-5.8-7.3-8.6-8.1
Arab countries in transition (excl. Libya)-5.3-4.6-5.9-6.4-8.1-9.0-8.3
GCC7.913.020.61.35.811.812.99.5
Non-GCC oil exporters3.98.13.4-2.60.9-0.5-1.9-2.0
Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.
Table 11.General Government Fiscal Balance(Percent of GDP)
AverageProjections
2000-062007200820092010201120122013
MENAP3.16.26.6-3.0-0.41.51.50.4
Oil exporters7.412.413.3-1.82.55.96.14.4
Algeria7.64.47.6−6.4−2.3−0.2−3.9−1.3
Bahrain11.61.94.9−6.6−7.0−2.4−3.9−3.6
Iran, I.R. of 12.77.40.71.01.6−0.2−2.9−3.9
Iraq11.9−1.3−20.5−8.87.6−1.93.1
Kuwait128.239.019.826.825.229.130.226.4
Libya13.224.025.1−3.016.7−27.719.47.7
Oman19.111.113.7−2.14.08.17.15.8
Qatar8.710.99.813.42.612.39.68.5
Saudi Arabia10.516.334.4−4.73.414.016.611.2
United Arab Emirates27.316.016.8−12.8−2.23.17.57.5
Yemen0.2−7.2−4.5−10.2−4.0−4.3−5.7−6.0
Oil importers-4.5-5.2-5.6-5.0-5.6-7.0-7.8-7.4
Afghanistan, Rep. of−2.0−4.0−1.30.9−0.9−0.8−0.6
Djibouti−1.9−2.61.3−4.6−0.5−0.70.40.8
Egypt−6.8−7.5−8.0−6.8−7.8−9.9−11.1−9.8
Jordan1−3.0−5.7−5.5−8.9−5.6−5.7−6.5−5.5
Lebanon1−14.6−10.8−9.5−8.3−7.7−6.1−7.9−8.3
Mauritania1,3−1.6−6.5−5.1−1.5−1.5−2.4−2.3
Morocco1−5.0−0.10.7−1.8−4.4−6.9−6.1−5.3
Pakistan−2.8−5.5−7.3−5.0−5.9−6.4−6.4−7.2
Sudan−0.9−2.5−0.1−4.2−0.4−1.3−4.0−3.9
Syrian Arab Republic−1.9−3.0−2.9−2.9−4.8
Tunisia−2.7−2.8−0.7−2.6−0.9−3.1−6.4−5.3
CCA1.13.16.10.83.76.33.52.9
Oil and gas exporters1.94.37.82.15.17.84.73.9
Azerbaijan10.22.620.37.014.613.38.26.1
Kazakhstan3.14.71.1−1.41.45.83.53.6
Turkmenistan41.63.910.07.02.03.66.84.7
Uzbekistan0.25.210.22.84.99.03.02.0
Oil and gas importers-2.6-3.4-3.6-6.8-5.3-3.3-3.8-3.1
Armenia1−2.5−2.3−1.8−7.7−4.9−2.8−3.1−2.6
Georgia−1.4−4.7−6.3−9.2−6.6−3.6−3.6−3.0
Kyrgyz Republic−5.1−0.30.0−3.5−6.3−4.8−6.2−5.6
Tajikistan−2.4−5.5−5.1−5.2−3.0−2.1−2.9−1.9
Memorandum
MENA3.97.78.4-2.80.22.52.51.4
MENA oil importers-5.3-5.1-4.8-5.2-5.6-7.5-8.7-7.7
Arab countries in transition (excl. Libya)-5.2-5.5-5.2-5.7-6.0-8.0-9.1-8.0
GCC11.517.924.8-0.74.512.714.611.2
Non-GCC oil exporters3.97.83.2-2.80.8-0.3-1.8-2.1
West Bank and Gaza1,5−26.7−30.5−26.4−16.7−10.8−14.6−15.1
Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.
Table 12.General Government Total Revenue, Excluding Grants(Percent of GDP)
AverageProjections
2000-062007200820092010201120122013
MENAP31.235.137.231.031.633.232.732.3
Oil exporters36.941.945.136.037.440.239.538.5
Algeria37.839.646.836.636.539.637.535.1
Bahrain131.528.832.023.526.827.328.427.8
Iran, I.R. of124.429.025.423.722.824.818.417.1
Iraq75.474.064.768.176.573.574.7
Kuwait164.469.260.269.068.467.669.669.3
Libya50.261.968.052.466.038.570.464.0
Oman147.045.446.137.739.041.341.039.5
Qatar39.940.733.747.733.739.239.438.6
Saudi Arabia46.050.466.041.048.153.354.151.7
United Arab Emirates227.133.839.126.830.035.036.135.0
Yemen33.532.836.524.624.823.423.224.0
Oil importers21.322.622.922.221.219.719.319.9
Afghanistan, Rep. of7.77.810.311.011.211.311.3
Djibouti27.130.228.830.630.128.529.030.8
Egypt26.127.227.626.924.821.821.822.9
Jordan126.129.525.524.522.720.521.021.9
Lebanon120.722.722.824.222.723.423.823.8
Mauritania1,325.823.424.724.926.830.727.8
Morocco124.229.532.228.927.327.427.726.9
Pakistan13.915.014.614.514.012.512.413.3
Sudan16.522.724.016.518.617.911.512.7
Syrian Arab Republic27.022.720.123.821.8
Tunisia26.727.429.629.330.031.430.429.7
CCA25.228.533.228.329.732.130.429.5
Oil and gas exporters26.629.334.829.030.733.231.230.2
Azerbaijan124.728.251.140.445.645.540.838.3
Kazakhstan25.029.327.922.123.927.826.326.3
Turkmenistan421.117.320.920.416.118.921.318.4
Uzbekistan33.235.440.536.336.639.937.636.8
Oil and gas importers18.324.324.023.823.725.125.625.4
Armenia115.919.320.120.220.220.321.021.4
Georgia519.028.727.527.126.027.427.026.6
Kyrgyz Republic21.728.128.027.127.730.232.931.4
Tajikistan16.820.520.520.020.922.623.022.9
Memorandum
MENA33.637.740.233.233.936.035.534.8
MENA oil importers24.926.527.026.024.623.523.123.6
Arab countries in transition (excl. Libya)26.428.229.227.325.824.024.024.5
GCC43.847.754.841.444.148.449.347.7
Non-GCC oil exporters30.736.936.631.331.732.630.329.8
Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.
Table 13.Oil Exporters: General Government Non-Oil Fiscal Balance(Percent of non-oil GDP)
AverageProjections
2000-062007200820092010201120122013
MENAP oil exporters-33.1-37.7-49.5-47.0-50.5-52.7-56.0-56.1
Algeria−32.1−45.7−53.3−44.1−40.5−44.0−44.8−37.6
Bahrain1−29.0−28.7−31.7−34.4−40.4−38.6−41.2−39.9
Iran, I.R. of1−18.1−17.1−21.5−15.2−16.2−17.0−13.6−12.2
Iraq−126.0−215.5−171.3−174.2−200.3−226.8−206.2
Kuwait1−35.5−28.7−74.5−62.5−70.2−74.9−77.2−78.7
Libya−74.5−113.3−144.8−115.7−155.2−195.9−251.1−252.3
Oman1−48.7−41.1−51.1−48.6−51.3−59.7−60.0−56.3
Qatar−43.7−28.0−20.7−18.0−37.8−29.1−29.2−27.0
Saudi Arabia−40.7−50.1−52.2−66.7−73.0−76.0−69.8−72.5
United Arab Emirates2−16.7−12.8−22.9−42.2−35.7−42.3−36.5−33.9
Yemen−36.4−43.1−46.3−31.3−29.9−30.4−27.1−29.5
CCA oil and gas exporters-7.7-12.3-21.2-19.4-19.3-19.5-19.7-18.1
Azerbaijan1−14.9−28.6−39.4−35.7−36.5−41.7−39.7−36.1
Kazakhstan−5.3−6.5−16.0−13.7−13.6−12.1−13.9−13.2
Turkmenistan3−9.6−6.5−6.0−8.4−7.9−8.9−7.2−6.7
Uzbekistan
GCC-35.7-36.9-45.4-54.3-59.4-61.9-58.2-58.7
Non-GCC oil exporters-30.6-38.3-53.1-40.8-43.0-44.1-53.9-53.6
Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.
Table 14.Oil Exporters: General Government Non-Oil Revenue(Percent of non-oil GDP)
AverageProjections
2000-062007200820092010201120122013
MENAP oil exporters16.718.718.717.115.515.916.916.6
Algeria17.217.118.118.218.918.919.217.5
Bahrain110.87.16.14.74.93.54.45.1
Iran, I.R. of110.112.111.612.610.611.911.711.8
Iraq13.112.516.013.612.511.812.6
Kuwait136.738.430.325.129.633.735.534.6
Libya18.322.328.419.722.46.915.714.9
Oman114.316.613.613.912.210.810.810.7
Qatar29.233.832.444.226.434.540.039.1
Saudi Arabia23.025.127.919.218.116.717.917.6
United Arab Emirates211.114.112.511.611.010.110.710.4
Yemen13.214.812.412.612.211.013.612.5
CCA oil and gas exporters24.226.122.519.017.518.217.317.0
Azerbaijan124.829.727.725.122.823.122.422.5
Kazakhstan25.426.921.816.816.117.316.216.0
Turkmenistan314.211.613.415.512.411.511.610.4
Uzbekistan
Memorandum
GCC21.924.324.120.418.319.020.620.2
Non-GCC oil exporters12.113.914.014.313.113.013.313.1
Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.
Table 15.General Government Total Expenditure and Net Lending(Percent of GDP)
AverageProjections
2000-062007200820092010201120122013
MENAP28.729.331.134.532.431.931.732.2
Oil exporters29.829.732.338.335.234.433.634.2
Algeria130.335.239.243.038.839.841.436.4
Bahrain230.627.527.430.534.230.734.735.1
Iran, I.R. of221.721.724.722.621.225.021.421.1
Iraq68.784.195.081.770.576.071.8
Kuwait236.230.240.442.243.238.539.442.9
Libya36.937.842.955.449.366.251.056.3
Oman237.836.432.340.034.933.134.035.0
Qatar31.229.823.934.231.026.929.830.1
Saudi Arabia35.534.131.645.644.639.337.440.6
United Arab Emirates319.817.822.339.632.232.028.627.5
Yemen33.840.341.235.230.128.935.631.8
Oil importers26.628.429.027.927.327.328.028.2
Afghanistan, Rep. of22.021.521.821.122.723.823.7
Djibouti34.737.740.641.636.035.235.134.8
Egypt33.635.335.834.533.032.033.633.2
Jordan235.438.035.635.430.433.231.731.3
Lebanon235.834.933.232.830.629.631.832.2
Mauritania35.829.630.730.627.529.034.531.1
Morocco2,429.430.131.831.131.934.534.433.3
Pakistan17.820.822.319.920.319.219.220.8
Sudan17.525.424.120.719.620.016.918.0
Syrian Arab Republic28.925.723.026.726.6
Tunisia29.630.230.732.331.034.837.435.1
CCA24.425.727.528.126.526.527.226.8
Oil and gas exporters24.925.127.127.125.825.926.626.3
Azerbaijan2,524.425.931.133.831.734.232.532.0
Kazakhstan22.024.626.923.522.522.022.822.6
Turkmenistan619.413.410.913.414.115.214.513.7
Uzbekistan33.630.430.533.932.131.234.935.2
Oil and gas importers22.029.229.634.231.230.431.229.9
Armenia2,520.023.223.032.026.925.525.325.4
Georgia21.134.037.038.434.932.031.830.7
Kyrgyz Republic27.831.029.336.136.638.041.138.4
Tajikistan20.128.027.228.626.127.029.026.7
Memorandum
MENA30.130.432.236.433.933.633.333.7
MENA oil importers30.932.132.231.730.631.532.632.1
Arab countries in transition (excl. Libya)32.434.234.833.732.232.634.233.3
GCC32.329.830.042.139.735.734.836.7
Non-GCC oil exporters27.529.634.335.031.433.132.431.9
Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.
Table 16Total Government Gross Debt(Percent of GDP)
AverageProjections
2000-062007200820092010201120122013
MENAP56.535.431.535.934.933.133.531.7
Oil exporters38.718.514.119.718.514.913.910.7
Algeria45.913.58.110.410.99.58.67.9
Bahrain130.719.214.625.435.636.836.037.1
Iran, I.R. of111.67.87.28.911.39.07.86.7
Iraq172.9106.6135.5116.788.777.725.5
Kuwait122.87.05.36.75.94.54.24.1
Libya18.90.00.00.00.00.00.00.0
Oman116.96.94.76.35.35.05.56.1
Qatar37.48.39.235.042.232.835.632.8
Saudi Arabia70.118.513.215.99.86.15.55.3
United Arab Emirates24.77.812.523.422.317.816.516.4
Yemen53.340.436.449.840.942.444.945.1
Oil importers87.867.063.564.764.868.673.074.2
Afghanistan, Rep. of
Djibouti36.063.660.259.856.152.351.153.2
Egypt92.380.270.273.073.276.479.781.1
Jordan192.773.860.364.867.170.779.283.0
Lebanon1164.8167.7156.3147.6141.7137.4135.2135.6
Mauritania3191.696.9110.5124.586.179.485.180.0
Morocco165.654.648.248.051.354.358.158.9
Pakistan73.753.659.361.361.660.261.862.3
Sudan129.776.769.472.574.074.1112.1116.3
Syrian Arab Republic109.743.237.431.429.4
Tunisia60.345.943.342.940.544.446.351.5
CCA28.011.210.814.314.813.715.315.1
Oil and gas exporters21.68.17.710.010.69.811.611.7
Azerbaijan119.38.67.311.811.110.011.411.2
Kazakhstan14.95.96.710.210.710.512.413.0
Turkmenistan417.22.42.82.410.67.314.413.3
Uzbekistan40.315.812.711.010.09.18.88.6
Oil and gas importers60.128.228.040.240.937.938.236.6
Armenia130.214.214.634.133.335.134.231.3
Georgia51.821.527.637.339.233.933.832.1
Kyrgyz Republic99.256.848.558.060.352.455.151.4
Tajikistan70.134.629.836.236.335.536.437.2
Memorandum
MENA54.233.228.132.731.729.629.927.8
MENA oil importers94.573.365.466.366.272.978.680.3
Arab countries in transition (excl. Libya)80.368.160.162.962.766.269.671.3
GCC46.013.411.218.015.912.111.811.4
Non-GCC oil exporters31.822.816.621.220.617.615.89.9
Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.
Table 17.Selected MENAP Countries: Total Government Net Debt(Percent of GDP)
AverageProjections
2000-062007200820092010201120122013
MENAP31.018.916.420.621.522.523.622.1
Oil exporters-7.6-12.7-15.3-8.2-6.5-7.1-7.3-11.6
Bahrain122.619.214.625.435.636.836.037.1
Iran, I.R. of1−1.2−8.4−6.40.20.0−0.71.53.0
Iraq172.9106.6135.5116.788.777.725.5
Libya−30.1−85.5−77.3−99.9−97.3−196.1−100.4−94.7
Oman1−28.4−36.2−29.5−38.8−34.6−34.7−33.2−33.5
Qatar31.74.45.930.438.629.029.828.1
United Arab Emirates2−114.0−100.9−100.8−107.1−96.8−86.0−91.1−96.3
Yemen47.035.231.443.736.839.141.842.5
Oil importers72.657.554.655.055.460.564.166.3
Egypt65.064.555.658.760.064.368.971.7
Jordan187.967.654.957.161.165.474.378.5
Lebanon1158.5162.0144.9134.0132.1131.7130.9131.6
Mauritania3191.194.890.6101.484.777.383.078.2
Morocco163.353.147.547.350.853.957.758.5
Pakistan72.048.654.754.453.452.655.757.7
Syrian Arab Republic79.227.622.918.118.6
Tunisia60.345.943.342.940.544.446.351.5
Memorandum
MENA23.013.59.614.616.016.917.715.7
MENA oil importers72.962.154.655.356.464.868.771.2
Arab countries in transition (excl. Libya)63.558.150.853.654.458.562.765.3
Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.
Table 18.Exports of Goods and Services(Billions of U.S. dollars)
AverageProjections
2000-062007200820092010201120122013
MENAP496.21,029.91,341.0972.31,188.41,505.91,570.41,607.6
Oil exporters405.1867.01,132.4793.4989.11,310.21,381.01,404.1
Algeria32.763.582.148.260.776.676.075.5
Bahrain9.617.221.115.517.722.722.923.3
Iran, I.R. of47.2105.2109.696.7118.7155.7101.993.1
Iraq38.763.540.653.080.693.6113.9
Kuwait32.772.798.465.977.0114.5124.2120.2
Libya21.949.262.337.447.313.058.660.4
Oman14.926.439.529.338.449.252.553.7
Qatar19.950.573.048.381.7119.7119.1119.0
Saudi Arabia125.9249.3322.8202.1261.8376.2409.4404.2
United Arab Emirates85.0186.7249.7202.3223.6292.1312.7330.0
Yemen5.17.810.27.19.39.910.110.9
Oil importers91.2162.9208.6178.9199.3195.6189.4203.5
Afghanistan, Rep. of2.02.82.93.23.33.23.2
Djibouti0.20.30.40.40.40.50.50.6
Egypt21.639.453.347.046.648.446.949.4
Jordan5.39.312.410.912.613.214.315.8
Lebanon9.216.022.822.824.626.226.327.7
Mauritania0.61.51.91.52.23.02.83.0
Morocco15.027.333.426.330.135.537.041.4
Pakistan14.021.424.023.224.931.129.632.3
Sudan3.410.013.18.513.011.85.76.5
Syrian Arab Republic8.715.619.315.419.5
Tunisia11.720.125.219.922.222.723.023.7
CCA38.3100.6142.199.9126.6174.9179.3183.5
Oil and gas exporters34.192.8133.092.1117.2162.6165.9168.8
Azerbaijan5.222.532.122.828.537.235.034.0
Kazakhstan20.351.976.448.265.893.096.498.9
Turkmenistan4.29.512.39.510.317.418.319.4
Uzbekistan4.38.912.211.512.515.016.216.5
Oil and gas importers4.27.79.17.99.412.313.414.6
Armenia0.91.81.81.31.92.42.62.7
Georgia1.53.23.73.24.15.26.16.4
Kyrgyz Republic0.92.02.82.62.53.53.54.2
Tajikistan0.80.80.90.80.91.21.21.3
Memorandum
MENA481.01,006.51,314.2946.21,160.31,471.51,537.61,572.1
MENA oil importers75.9139.5181.8152.9171.2161.2156.6168.1
Arab countries in transition (excl. Libya)58.8103.8134.5111.3120.9129.7131.3141.3
GCC288.0602.7804.6563.4700.2974.41,040.81,050.3
Non-GCC oil exporters117.1264.3327.8230.0288.9335.9340.1353.7
Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.
Table 19.Imports of Goods and Services(Billions of U.S. dollars)
AverageProjections
2000-062007200820092010201120122013
MENAP374.6778.21,006.6914.5985.91,082.11,183.61,250.3
Oil exporters261.7569.0734.3671.5730.4820.3906.7963.2
Algeria18.033.349.149.150.857.561.059.0
Bahrain7.312.315.711.112.813.714.814.6
Iran, I.R. of39.273.988.287.494.196.185.586.3
Iraq29.748.453.656.266.385.699.8
Kuwait17.832.538.232.335.039.643.146.8
Libya10.420.024.927.130.815.538.047.8
Oman9.419.426.621.524.428.231.735.3
Qatar9.227.235.030.138.047.949.453.2
Saudi Arabia67.6145.3176.7162.1174.2198.0217.5228.7
United Arab Emirates67.5166.1219.7187.3203.1246.8266.9279.1
Yemen4.89.411.710.011.010.513.212.6
Oil importers112.9209.3272.3243.0255.5261.8276.9287.0
Afghanistan, Rep. of8.09.610.210.711.512.513.1
Djibouti0.30.60.70.60.50.70.80.8
Egypt25.045.463.159.957.061.667.368.3
Jordan18.315.719.216.518.321.322.923.6
Lebanon13.320.628.128.431.033.935.336.9
Mauritania1.02.12.72.02.63.33.73.5
Morocco17.534.646.337.240.149.551.254.9
Pakistan18.135.345.439.238.143.648.050.2
Sudan4.310.410.710.611.310.58.98.7
Syrian Arab Republic8.815.819.917.321.5
Tunisia12.420.826.621.124.425.926.327.0
CCA35.282.8100.987.394.2118.2129.8137.3
Oil and gas exporters29.167.580.271.976.996.3105.2111.5
Azerbaijan4.89.411.59.910.515.917.718.7
Kazakhstan17.445.049.639.044.252.156.460.2
Turkmenistan3.24.97.811.310.914.115.616.2
Uzbekistan3.88.111.411.711.214.215.416.4
Oil and gas importers6.115.320.715.417.221.924.525.8
Armenia1.53.64.73.74.24.85.05.2
Georgia2.35.97.55.36.17.99.19.4
Kyrgyz Republic1.13.24.83.73.95.25.96.3
Tajikistan1.22.63.72.73.04.04.54.9
Memorandum
MENA352.8735.0951.6865.1937.11,027.11,123.11,187.0
MENA oil importers91.1166.0217.3193.6206.7206.8216.5223.7
Arab countries in transition (excl. Libya)68.2125.9166.8144.6150.8168.9181.0186.4
GCC178.8402.8512.0444.4487.5574.3623.3657.7
Non-GCC oil exporters82.9166.2222.4227.1242.9246.0283.3305.5
Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.
Table 20.Current Account Balance(Billions of U.S. dollars)
AverageProjections
2000-062007200820092010201120122013
MENAP117.3264.1341.543.8179.2392.9357.3325.7
Oil exporters120.2277.3367.675.7202.1419.2397.6361.8
Algeria12.930.634.50.412.119.712.913.1
Bahrain0.82.92.30.60.83.22.62.9
Iran, I.R. of8.532.622.89.525.360.116.56.9
Iraq6.916.8−9.3−2.59.50.39.3
Kuwait18.242.260.228.338.370.877.068.7
Libya10.429.837.19.414.60.518.610.0
Oman2.72.55.0−0.65.112.211.28.3
Qatar7.820.233.010.033.952.454.651.1
Saudi Arabia43.593.4132.321.066.8158.5171.3155.1
United Arab Emirates14.817.724.89.19.133.333.637.9
Yemen0.5−1.5−1.3−2.6−1.4−1.0−1.0−1.7
Oil importers-2.9-13.2-26.1-31.9-22.9-26.3-40.3-36.1
Afghanistan, Rep. of0.50.50.20.60.60.40.1
Djibouti0.0−0.2−0.2−0.1−0.1−0.2−0.2−0.2
Egypt1.32.30.9−4.4−4.3−6.1−8.7−9.0
Jordan−0.1−2.9−2.0−1.2−1.9−3.5−4.4−3.3
Lebanon−2.7−1.7−2.8−3.4−3.6−5.5−6.7−6.9
Mauritania−0.3−0.5−0.5−0.3−0.3−0.3−1.0−0.6
Morocco1.1−0.1−4.6−4.9−3.9−8.0−7.6−5.6
Pakistan0.3−6.9−13.9−9.3−3.90.2−4.5−4.0
Sudan−1.3−2.7−1.1−5.3−1.4−0.3−4.0−3.1
Syrian Arab Republic−0.4−0.1−0.7−1.9−2.0
Tunisia−0.7−0.9−1.7−1.2−2.1−3.4−3.6−3.5
CCA-0.13.223.40.914.631.324.920.3
Oil and gas exporters0.56.428.83.817.534.428.823.8
Azerbaijan−0.29.016.510.215.017.114.512.6
Kazakhstan−0.7−8.36.3−4.12.414.112.410.0
Turkmenistan0.84.03.6−3.0−2.30.6−0.5−0.6
Uzbekistan0.61.62.50.72.42.62.41.9
Oil and gas importers-0.7-3.2-5.4-2.9-2.9-3.1-3.8-3.5
Armenia−0.1−0.6−1.4−1.4−1.4−1.1−1.0−1.0
Georgia−0.5−2.0−2.8−1.1−1.2−1.7−2.0−1.9
Kyrgyz Republic0.0−0.2−0.8−0.1−0.3−0.4−0.8−0.4
Tajikistan0.0−0.3−0.4−0.30.00.00.0−0.1
Memorandum
MENA117.1270.4354.852.9182.5392.1361.4329.5
MENA oil importers-3.1-6.8-12.8-22.8-19.6-27.2-36.1-32.2
Arab countries in transition (excl. Libya)2.2-3.2-8.7-14.3-13.6-22.0-25.2-23.1
GCC87.9178.9257.668.3154.0330.4350.3324.1
Non-GCC oil exporters32.398.4109.97.448.188.847.337.7
West Bank and Gaza1−1.0−0.40.7−0.8−0.9−2.7−2.1−1.3
Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.
Table 21.Current Account Balance(Percent of GDP)
AverageProjections
2000-062007200820092010201120122013
MENAP9.213.113.72.07.013.211.29.7
Oil exporters13.418.619.74.811.018.716.414.2
Algeria15.522.820.10.37.510.06.26.1
Bahrain6.315.710.22.93.612.69.910.5
Iran, I.R. of5.510.66.52.66.012.53.41.3
Iraq11.518.8−13.4−3.08.30.36.1
Kuwait28.836.840.926.731.944.044.139.2
Libya23.843.842.314.719.81.321.810.3
Oman10.35.98.3−1.28.616.714.010.0
Qatar25.025.428.710.226.730.229.626.8
Saudi Arabia15.624.327.85.614.626.526.122.7
United Arab Emirates9.86.97.93.53.29.79.310.1
Yemen4.7−7.0−4.6−10.2−4.4−3.0−2.7−4.0
Oil importers-0.8-2.5-4.1-4.8-3.1-3.5-5.2-4.4
Afghanistan, Rep. of5.85.11.63.93.32.10.5
Djibouti−2.0−21.4−24.3−9.1−5.8−12.6−12.2−12.5
Egypt1.61.70.5−2.3−2.0−2.6−3.4−3.3
Jordan0.2−17.2−9.3−4.9−7.1−12.0−14.1−9.9
Lebanon−13.8−6.8−9.2−9.8−9.6−14.0−16.2−15.6
Mauritania−16.3−17.2−14.8−10.7−8.7−7.5−23.6−13.9
Morocco2.2−0.1−5.2−5.4−4.3−8.0−7.9−5.4
Pakistan0.8−4.8−8.5−5.7−2.20.1−2.0−1.7
Sudan−5.7−5.9−2.0−10.0−2.1−0.5−7.8−6.6
Syrian Arab Republic−1.8−0.2−1.3−3.6−3.3
Tunisia−2.8−2.4−3.8−2.8−4.8−7.3−7.9−7.7
CCA-0.91.58.80.45.08.76.34.6
Oil and gas exporters-0.13.512.41.86.710.68.16.0
Azerbaijan−7.927.335.523.028.426.520.416.1
Kazakhstan−1.6−8.14.7−3.61.67.66.24.5
Turkmenistan5.815.516.5−14.7−10.62.0−1.5−1.6
Uzbekistan4.57.38.72.26.25.84.73.3
Oil and gas importers-5.7-11.7-15.5-10.1-9.2-8.5-9.7-8.2
Armenia−5.8−6.4−11.8−15.8−14.7−10.9−9.8−9.3
Georgia−9.1−19.7−21.9−10.6−10.3−11.8−12.6−11.2
Kyrgyz Republic−0.5−6.2−15.5−2.5−6.4−6.3−12.8−6.2
Tajikistan−2.8−8.6−7.6−5.9−0.30.6−0.4−1.5
Memorandum
MENA10.014.515.32.67.714.212.210.6
MENA oil importers-1.3-1.8-2.8-4.6-3.6-5.2-6.9-5.8
Arab countries in transition (excl. Libya)1.1-1.1-2.5-3.9-3.3-4.9-5.4-4.6
GCC15.419.922.77.514.424.123.621.1
Non-GCC oil exporters10.016.615.11.16.210.35.03.7
West Bank and Gaza1−25.1−7.510.9−12.0−10.6−27.3−19.7−11.7
Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.
Table 22.Gross Official Reserves(Billions of U.S. dollars)
AverageProjections
2000-062007200820092010201120122013
MENAP301.1848.41,009.8999.71,091.51,207.91,398.11,579.6
Oil exporters235.3733.0886.1863.5942.71,087.51,293.91,472.8
Algeria37.6110.2143.1148.9162.2182.2196.4211.4
Bahrain1.64.13.83.54.84.25.05.3
Iran, I.R. of30.882.979.678.078.9101.589.284.6
Iraq31.550.244.350.661.167.773.6
Kuwait8.515.916.717.718.723.026.228.5
Libya26.979.591.9100.3102.2107.6121.4125.4
Oman3.59.511.412.213.113.715.116.6
Qatar2.99.89.818.831.116.728.732.0
Saudi Arabia195.0304.9441.3408.1443.2536.2699.3848.2
United Arab Emirates218.177.930.925.532.837.240.843.6
Yemen4.67.07.36.25.14.04.13.6
Oil importers65.8115.4123.7136.1148.8120.4104.2106.8
Afghanistan, Rep of2.83.54.25.46.26.97.3
Djibouti0.10.10.20.20.20.20.20.3
Egypt16.528.634.631.335.226.615.617.1
Jordan4.26.97.711.112.410.77.47.5
Lebanon38.011.518.827.430.031.934.737.4
Mauritania0.10.20.20.20.30.50.50.5
Morocco13.124.722.823.623.620.618.418.8
Pakistan6.814.38.69.113.014.810.88.0
Sudan0.71.41.40.90.81.31.91.9
Syrian Arab Republic12.017.017.117.518.2
Tunisia3.57.99.010.69.57.57.87.8
CCA11.533.740.146.755.965.470.973.3
Oil and gas exporters10.129.435.940.749.658.363.966.3
Azerbaijan1.14.36.55.46.710.913.113.6
Kazakhstan6.917.619.923.128.329.430.630.6
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan2.27.59.512.214.618.020.222.1
Oil and gas importers1.44.34.36.06.37.17.17.0
Armenia0.61.71.42.01.91.91.71.6
Georgia0.31.41.52.12.32.82.82.5
Kyrgyz Republic0.51.21.21.61.71.81.92.1
Tajikistan0.10.10.20.30.50.60.70.8
Memorandum
MENA293.5831.4997.8986.31,073.11,186.91,380.41,564.2
MENA oil importers58.198.3111.7122.8130.499.486.591.4
Arab countries in transition (excl. Libya)41.975.181.482.885.969.453.354.8
GCC129.7422.1514.0485.8543.7631.1815.1974.2
Non-GCC oil exporters105.7311.0372.1377.8399.0456.4478.7498.6
Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.
Table 23.Total Gross External Debt

(Percent of GDP)1

AverageProjections
2000-062007200820092010201120122013
MENAP33.034.329.433.831.127.926.824.5
Oil exporters22.732.527.533.029.725.424.321.1
Algeria29.84.33.44.13.52.21.91.9
Bahrain48.8139.3151.5169.9164.8139.9140.9141.1
Iran, I.R. of10.49.25.85.95.43.73.02.5
Iraq166.8106.6129.7105.178.568.319.3
Kuwait28.450.241.042.926.017.516.316.4
Libya16.48.26.48.87.615.66.55.7
Oman22.116.514.717.511.811.410.410.0
Qatar57.552.649.682.085.677.084.183.1
Saudi Arabia11.119.717.523.820.615.113.913.5
United Arab Emirates20.150.543.250.449.543.441.640.7
Yemen41.326.921.924.019.818.017.816.5
Oil importers55.539.335.035.834.835.234.735.3
Afghanistan, Rep. of23.019.79.48.26.66.76.6
Djibouti58.863.660.259.856.152.351.153.2
Egypt31.822.921.316.815.514.813.816.4
Jordan269.543.323.422.924.520.117.314.9
Lebanon161.8190.1167.4168.6167.2173.8172.3170.9
Mauritania199.395.782.4106.793.989.584.688.3
Morocco34.423.720.623.324.723.625.424.9
Pakistan41.228.228.232.332.529.425.924.9
Sudan128.067.760.266.060.964.884.896.2
Syrian Arab Republic83.220.615.615.414.9
Tunisia359.251.845.949.448.347.952.355.1
CCA52.554.748.957.651.444.344.142.0
Oil and gas exporters50.956.349.857.149.742.142.040.0
Azerbaijan417.17.76.57.77.47.38.48.3
Kazakhstan75.693.979.897.979.966.566.163.4
Turkmenistan17.22.42.82.410.67.314.413.3
Uzbekistan34.916.713.115.014.813.312.812.3
Oil and gas importers60.944.343.461.565.863.662.759.8
Armenia444.931.629.556.465.670.767.763.3
Georgia45.838.644.258.762.758.559.156.0
Kyrgyz Republic102.993.570.087.991.480.881.975.3
Tajikistan83.440.946.351.750.548.146.849.4
Memorandum
MENA32.134.829.534.131.227.927.024.6
MENA oil importers60.443.937.737.636.338.639.540.8
Arab countries in transition (excl. Libya)38.628.624.523.121.920.820.521.6
GCC19.437.733.442.739.032.431.731.3
Non-GCC oil exporters28.124.518.419.516.714.312.75.8
Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.
Table 24.Capital Adequacy Ratios(Percent of risk-weighted assets)
Dec-06Dec-07Dec-08Dec-09Dec-10Dec-11Mar-12Jun-12
MENAP
Oil exporters
Algeria15.212.916.526.223.623.7
Bahrain22.021.018.119.619.9
Iran, I.R. of 19.19.08.89.68.4
Iraq
Kuwait20.219.315.616.718.918.5
Libya11.611.812.214.517.3
Oman17.215.814.715.515.815.915.4
Qatar14.313.515.516.116.120.621.1
Saudi Arabia21.920.616.016.517.117.4
United Arab Emirates216.614.413.019.920.721.221.2
Yemen312.08.714.614.6420.2
Oil importers
Afghanistan, Rep. of
Djibouti17.414.18.911.012.29.4
Egypt14.714.814.715.116.115.615.5
Jordan21.420.818.419.620.319.3
Lebanon5,625.012.512.213.713.411.8
Mauritania27.333.038.234.035.3
Morocco12.310.611.211.812.311.7
Pakistan12.712.312.214.014.014.614.7
Sudan19.722.010.57.110.013.011.09.5
Syrian Arab Republic7.06.56.56.36.5
Tunisia11.811.611.712.211.611.5
CCA
Armenia34.930.127.528.322.218.317.816.8
Azerbaijan18.719.919.617.716.914.715.414.2
Georgia36.030.024.025.623.625.627.025.9
Kazakhstan15.014.214.9−8.217.917.418.24.3
Kyrgyz Republic28.531.032.633.530.430.329.727.3
Tajikistan27.819.424.225.424.521.322.124.3
Turkmenistan25.315.930.916.517.2
Uzbekistan23.623.823.223.423.424.224.3
Source: National authorities.
Table 25.Return on Assets(Percent)
Dec-06Dec-07Dec-08Dec-09Dec-10Dec-11Mar-12Jun-12
MENAP
Oil exporters
Algeria0.91.11.21.82.12.1
Bahrain2.11.21.31.21.1
Iran, I.R. of
Iraq
Kuwait2.73.30.80.71.21.1
Libya0.50.50.61.31.0
Oman2.32.11.72.11.61.71.9
Qatar3.73.62.92.62.62.72.5
Saudi Arabia4.02.82.32.01.82.0
United Arab Emirates12.32.01.41.41.31.51.6
Yemen1.21.61.00.91.3
Oil importers
Afghanistan, Rep. of1.2
Djibouti1.81.81.71.81.11.0
Egypt0.80.90.80.80.81.00.8
Jordan1.71.61.41.11.11.1
Lebanon20.91.01.11.11.21.1
Mauritania0.51.91.40.41.2
Morocco1.31.51.21.21.21.1
Pakistan3.12.21.21.31.72.22.5
Sudan3.63.73.03.83.94.21.12.9
Syrian Arab Republic2.02.41.81.91.0
Tunisia0.70.91.01.00.90.7
CCA
Armenia3.62.93.10.72.21.91.51.5
Azerbaijan1.31.91.82.20.9−1.11.00.1
Georgia32.81.9−2.6−0.81.72.90.5
Kazakhstan2.30.3−24.112.0
Kyrgyz Republic3.44.43.82.51.13.02.72.7
Tajikistan3.82.72.00.80.80.41.61.5
Turkmenistan5.44.14.33.63.6
Uzbekistan0.81.31.41.51.21.91.9
Source: National authorities.
Table 26.Nonperforming Loans(Percent of total loans)
Dec-06Dec-07Dec-08Dec-09Dec-10Dec-11Mar-12Jun-12
MENAP
Oil exporters
Algeria34.235.528.221.118.314.4
Bahrain4.86.02.33.94.3
Iran, I.R. of115.716.919.118.113.7
Iraq
Kuwait4.63.86.811.58.97.3
Libya26.126.222.517.017.2
Oman4.63.22.12.72.92.42.5
Qatar2.21.51.21.72.01.71.8
Saudi Arabia2.02.11.43.33.02.3
United Arab Emirates26.32.92.34.35.66.27.6
Yemen323.019.518.0413.917.7
Oil importers
Afghanistan, Rep. of0.71.20.7
Djibouti15.616.012.49.38.39.4
Egypt518.219.314.813.411.010.910.7
Jordan4.34.14.26.78.28.5
Lebanon13.510.17.56.04.33.73.8
Mauritania632.445.339.2
Morocco10.57.65.75.34.74.84.94.8
Pakistan6.97.610.512.614.716.215.8
Sudan19.426.022.420.514.412.614.114.8
Syrian Arab Republic4.75.35.14.8
Tunisia19.317.615.513.213.013.0
CCA
Armenia2.52.44.44.83.13.44.94.1
Azerbaijan6.63.03.33.54.76.06.56.6
Georgia0.80.84.16.35.44.64.04.1
Kazakhstan75.221.223.830.831.930.9
Kyrgyz Republic6.25.35.38.215.810.29.99.0
Tajikistan84.12.85.410.47.57.27.79.9
Turkmenistan0.60.40.10.10.1
Uzbekistan2.63.01.21.00.70.7
Source: National authorities.

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