Chapter

Appendice Statistique

Author(s):
International Monetary Fund. African Dept.
Published Date:
October 2012
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Sauf indication contraire, les données et projections utilisées dans ce rapport reposent sur les estimations des services du FMI au 7 septembre 2012 et correspondent à celles qui ont servi pour l’édition d’octobre 2012 des Perspectives de l’économie mondiale.

La base de données et les projections couvrent 45 pays d’Afrique subsaharienne qui relèvent du Département Afrique. On ne dispose que de données très incomplètes pour le Soudan du Sud. Les données obéissent, dans la mesure du possible, aux méthodes statistiques internationalement reconnues; toutefois, le manque de données limite dans certains cas la portée des comparaisons internationales.

Groupes de Pays

Comme dans les éditions précédentes des Perspectives économiques régionales, les pays sont répartis en quatre groupes distincts: pays exportateurs de pétrole, pays à revenu intermédiaire, pays à faible revenu et États fragiles (voir les tableaux de l’appendice). La composition de ces groupes de pays s’appuie sur les données les plus récentes relatives au revenu national brut par habitant (moyenne sur trois ans) et l’indice d’allocation des ressources de l’IDA 2010.

  • Les huit pays exportateurs de pétrole sont les pays où les exportations nettes de pétrole représentent au moins 30 % des exportations totales. Hormis l’Angola, le Nigéria et le Soudan du Sud, ils appartiennent à la Communauté économique et monétaire de l’Afrique centrale (CEMAC). Les pays exportateurs de pétrole sont classés comme tels même s’ils pourraient appartenir à un autre groupe.

  • Les 11 pays à revenu intermédiaire qui ne sont pas classés comme exportateurs de pétrole ou États fragiles avaient un revenu national brut par habitant qui dépassait 992,70 dollars en 2008–10, selon les calculs de la Banque mondiale fondés sur la méthode Atlas.

  • Les 14 pays à faible revenu qui ne sont pas classés comme exportateurs de pétrole ou États fragiles avaient un revenu national brut par habitant égal ou inférieur à 992,70 dollars en 2008–10 (Banque mondiale, méthode Atlas) et ont obtenu une note supérieure à 3,2 selon l’indice d’allocation des ressources de l’IDA.

  • Les 12 États fragiles qui ne sont pas classés comme exportateurs de pétrole avaient une note égale ou inférieure à 3,2 selon l’indice d’allocation des ressources de l’IDA.

Dans le tableau AS MN 1, les pays sont groupés en fonction des grands organes de coopération régionale auxquels ils appartiennent: zone franc, qui comprend l’Union économique et monétaire ouest-africaine (UEMOA) et la CEMAC; le Marché commun de l’Afrique de l’Est et de l’Afrique australe (COMESA); la Communauté de l’Afrique de l’Est (CAE-5); la Communauté du développement de l’Afrique australe (SADC); et l’Union douanière d’Afrique australe (SACU). Les données agrégées relatives à la CAE-5 comprennent des données afférentes au Rwanda et au Burundi, qui sont devenus membres en 2007.

Tableau AS MN 1.Afrique subsaharienne: pays membres des groupements régionaux
Union

économique

et monétaire

ouest-africaine

(UEMOA)
Communauté

économique

et monétaire de

I’Afrique centrale

(CEMAC)
Marché commun

de I’Afrique de I’Est

et de I’Afrique

australe (COMESA)
Communauté

de I’Afrique

de I’Est

(CAE-5)
Communauté

du développement

de I’Afrique

australe (SADC)
Union douanière

d’Afrique

australe (SACU)
Bénin

Burkina Faso

Côte d’Ivoire

Guinée-Bissau

Mali

Niger

Sénégal

Togo
Cameroun

Congo, Rép. du

Gabon

Guinée équatoriale

République centrafricaine

Tchad
Burundi

Comores

Congo, Rép. dém. du

Érythree

Éthiopie

Kenya

Madagascar

Malawi

Maurice

Ouganda

Rwanda

Seychelles

Swaziland

Zambie

Zimbabwe
Burundi

Kenya

Ouganda

Rwanda

Tanzanie
Afrique du Sud

Angola

Botswana

Congo, Rép. dém. du

Lesotho

Madagascar

Malawi

Maurice

Mozambique

Namibie

Seychelles

Swaziland

Tanzanie

Zambie

Zimbabwe
Afrique du Sud

Botswana

Lesotho

Namibie

Swaziland

Méthodes D’agregation

Pour les tableaux AS13, AS6, AS7, AS13, AS15, AS21 et AS22, les chiffres composites des groupes de pays correspondent à la moyenne arithmétique des données de chaque pays, pondérée par le PIB calculé à parité de pouvoir d’achat (PPA) et exprimé en pourcentage du PIB du groupe de pays considéré. Les pondérations afférentes à la PPA sont tirées de la base de données des Perspectives de l’économie mondiale.

Pour les tableaux AS812, AS1620 et AS2325, les chiffres composites des groupes de pays correspondent à la moyenne arithmétique des données de chaque pays, pondérée par le PIB converti en dollars aux taux de change du marché et exprimé en pourcentage du PIB du groupe considéré.

Pour les tableaux AS4, AS5 et AS14, les chiffres composites des groupes de pays correspondent à la moyenne géométrique des données de chaque pays, pondérée par le PIB calculé à parité de pouvoir d’achat et exprimé en pourcentage du PIB du groupe de pays considéré. Les pondérations afférentes à la PPA sont tirées de la base de données des Perspectives de l’économie mondiale.

Liste des tableaux

Tableau AS1.Croissance du PIB réel(Pourcentages)
2004–082004200520062007200820092010201120122013
Pays exportateurs de pétrole18,611,27,57,69,57,15,16,66,36,76,0
Hors Nigéria11,012,310,99,913,48,82,34,44,46,24,9
Angola17,811,220,620,722,613,82,43,43,96,85,5
Cameroun3,03,72,33,23,42,62,02,94,24,75,0
Congo, Rép. du4,33,57,86,2−1,65,67,58,83,44,95,3
Gabon2,71,43,01,25,62,3−1,46,66,66,12,0
Guinée équatoriale16,238,09,71,321,410,74,6−0,57,85,76,1
Nigéria7,010,65,46,27,06,07,08,07,47,16,7
Tchad8,733,67,90,20,21,7−1,213,01,87,32,4
Soudan du Sud1,4−55,069,6
Pays à revenu intermédiaire25,04,95,05,55,64,1−0,63,84,53,43,8
Hors Afrique du Sud5,35,84,25,35,75,52,16,58,25,65,9
Afrique du Sud4,94,65,35,65,53,6−1,52,93,12,63,0
Botswana4,16,01,65,14,83,0−4,77,05,13,84,1
Cap-Vert7,24,36,510,18,66,23,75,25,04,34,4
Ghana6,55,36,06,16,58,44,08,014,48,27,8
Lesotho3,92,82,94,14,84,83,85,24,94,34,7
Maurice4,65,51,54,55,95,53,04,24,13,43,7
Namibie6,112,32,57,15,43,4−0,46,64,94,04,1
Sénégal4,55,95,62,45,03,72,14,12,63,74,3
Seychelles4,6−2,98,08,99,9−1,00,56,75,13,03,5
Swaziland2,62,32,22,92,83,11,22,00,3−2,9−1,0
Zambie5,85,45,36,26,25,76,47,66,66,58,2
Pays à faible revenu et États fragiles6,25,66,66,36,66,04,96,04,96,06,2
Pays à faible revenu hors États fragiles7,36,67,77,57,77,05,46,45,55,96,1
Bénin3,93,12,93,84,65,02,72,63,53,53,8
Burkina Faso5,94,58,76,34,15,83,07,94,27,07,0
Éthiopie311,811,712,611,511,811,210,08,07,57,06,5
Gambie3,67,0−0,30,84,06,56,75,53,3−1,69,7
Kenya5,14,66,06,37,01,52,75,84,45,15,6
Madagascar5,75,34,65,06,27,1−4,10,41,81,92,6
Malawi5,65,52,62,19,58,39,06,54,34,35,7
Mali4,62,36,15,34,35,04,55,82,7−4,53,0
Mozambique7,87,98,48,77,36,86,37,17,37,58,4
Niger5,2−0,88,45,83,19,6−0,98,02,314,56,6
Ouganda8,26,68,69,58,67,77,06,15,14,25,7
Rwanda8,67,49,49,25,511,24,17,28,67,77,5
Sierra Leone5,76,54,44,48,05,43,25,36,021,37,5
Tanzanie7,37,87,46,77,17,46,07,06,46,56,8
États fragiles2,52,42,92,32,82,23,14,22,36,66,5
Burundi4,73,84,45,44,85,03,53,84,24,24,5
Comores1,3−0,24,21,20,51,01,82,12,22,53,5
Congo, Rép. dém. du6,56,67,85,66,36,22,87,26,97,18,2
Côte d’Ivoire1,61,61,90,71,62,33,72,4−4,78,17,0
Érythrée−1,11,52,6−1,01,4−9,83,92,28,77,53,4
Guinée2,92,33,02,51,84,9−0,31,93,94,85,0
Guinée-Bissau3,12,84,32,13,23,23,03,55,3−2,85,7
Libéria7,64,15,99,013,26,25,36,18,29,07,9
République centrafricaine2,61,02,43,83,72,01,73,03,34,14,2
São Tomé-et-Príncipe6,04,51,612,62,09,14,04,54,94,55,5
Togo2,42,11,24,12,32,43,54,04,95,05,3
Zimbabwe4−7,4−6,0−5,5−3,5−3,8−18,36,39,69,45,06,0
Afrique subsaharienne16,57,16,26,47,15,62,85,35,25,35,3
Médiane5,04,64,95,25,25,23,35,64,94,95,4
Hors Afrique du Sud et Nigéria7,37,37,27,08,26,73,65,65,46,05,7
Pays importateurs de pétrole5,55,25,65,86,04,91,64,74,64,15,6
Hors Afrique du Sud6,05,76,06,06,45,94,26,15,75,27,3
Zone franc4,97,74,92,94,74,32,54,93,05,55,0
UEMOA3,72,94,73,33,44,42,94,61,25,45,6
CEMAC6,112,65,12,55,94,32,25,24,85,54,3
CAE-56,76,27,27,37,25,64,96,35,55,56,1
SADC6,45,66,57,17,65,30,23,93,93,94,2
Union douanière d’Afrique australe4,94,85,05,65,53,6−1,63,23,22,63,1
COMESA (pays membres d’AfSS)6,96,47,07,27,76,25,36,25,75,45,9
IADM6,66,16,96,66,67,15,06,46,66,16,4
Pays à régime de parité fixe classique4,87,64,73,14,64,12,44,93,25,24,8
Pays sans régime de parité fixe classique6,97,06,67,17,76,02,95,45,65,35,3
Afrique subsaharienne6,57,16,26,47,15,62,85,35,15,05,7
Sources: FMI, bases de données du Département Afrique (19 septembre 2012) et des Perspectives de l’économie mondiale (19 septembre 2012).
Tableau AS2.Croissance du PIB réel, hors pétrole(Pourcentages)
2004–082004200520062007200820092010201120122013
Pays exportateurs de pétrole110,911,38,312,113,29,57,87,98,67,47,1
Hors Nigéria12,58,010,316,117,710,47,17,18,36,46,8
Angola18,09,014,127,624,415,08,17,69,56,06,8
Cameroun3,64,93,22,94,03,12,93,74,74,35,0
Congo, Rép. du5,75,05,45,96,65,43,96,57,49,78,0
Gabon4,22,34,34,96,23,4−0,55,78,66,94,1
Guinée équatoriale29,328,422,829,847,218,124,36,214,38,513,9
Nigéria9,813,37,09,610,18,98,38,58,87,97,3
Tchad4,82,111,04,73,13,00,015,02,67,93,8
Soudan du Sud47,5−27,2−7,4
Pays à revenu intermédiaire25,04,95,05,55,64,1−0,63,73,93,53,8
Hors Afrique du Sud5,35,84,25,35,75,52,16,06,05,85,8
Afrique du Sud4,94,65,35,65,53,6−1,52,93,12,63,0
Botswana4,16,01,65,14,83,0−4,77,05,113,84,1
Cap-Vert7,24,36,510,18,66,23,75,25,04,34,4
Ghana6,55,36,06,16,58,44,06,48,78,87,6
Lesotho3,92,82,94,14,84,83,85,24,94,34,7
Maurice4,65,51,54,55,95,53,04,24,13,43,7
Namibie6,112,32,57,15,43,4−0,46,64,94,04,1
Sénégal4,55,95,62,45,03,72,14,12,63,74,3
Seychelles4,6−2,98,08,99,9−1,00,56,75,13,03,5
Swaziland2,62,32,22,92,83,11,22,00,3−2,9−1,0
Zambie5,85,45,36,26,25,76,47,66,66,58,2
Pays à faible revenu et États fragiles6,25,66,46,36,76,04,96,04,95,86,2
Pays à faible revenu hors États fragiles7,36,67,77,57,77,05,46,45,55,66,1
Bénin3,93,12,93,84,65,02,72,63,53,53,8
Burkina Faso5,94,58,76,34,15,83,07,94,27,07,0
Éthiopie311,811,712,611,511,811,210,08,07,57,06,5
Gambie3,67,0−0,30,84,06,56,75,53,3−1,69,7
Kenya5,14,66,06,37,01,52,75,84,45,15,6
Madagascar5,75,34,65,06,27,1−4,10,41,81,92,6
Malawi5,65,52,62,19,58,39,06,54,34,35,7
Mali4,62,36,15,34,35,04,55,82,7−4,53,0
Mozambique7,87,98,48,77,36,86,37,17,37,58,4
Niger5,2−0,88,45,83,19,6−0,98,02,35,15,6
Ouganda8,26,68,69,58,67,77,06,15,14,25,7
Rwanda8,67,49,49,25,511,24,17,28,67,77,5
Sierra Leone5,76,54,44,48,05,43,25,36,021,37,5
Tanzanie7,37,87,46,77,17,46,07,06,46,56,8
États fragiles2,42,41,82,23,42,23,14,52,26,66,5
Burundi4,73,84,45,44,85,03,53,84,24,24,5
Comores1,3−0,24,21,20,51,01,82,12,22,53,5
Congo, Rép. dém. du6,16,63,66,48,06,02,77,86,66,88,4
Côte d’Ivoire1,51,61,30,02,12,53,72,8−4,98,46,9
Érythrée−1,11,52,6−1,01,4−9,83,92,28,77,53,4
Guinée2,92,33,02,51,84,9−0,31,93,94,85,0
Guinée-Bissau3,12,84,32,13,23,23,03,55,3−2,85,7
Libéria7,64,15,99,013,26,25,36,18,29,07,9
République centrafricaine2,61,02,43,83,72,01,73,03,34,14,2
São Tomé-et-Príncipe6,04,51,612,62,09,14,04,54,94,55,5
Togo2,42,11,24,12,32,43,54,04,95,05,3
Zimbabwe4−7,4−6,0−5,5−3,5−3,8−18,36,39,69,45,06,0
Afrique subsaharienne17,27,16,47,88,36,43,75,85,85,55,6
Mediane5,04,64,55,35,45,23,55,84,94,95,6
Hors Afrique du Sud et Nigeria7,76,36,98,69,47,14,96,26,06,06,2
Pays importateurs de pétrole5,55,25,55,86,04,91,64,65,04,24,7
Hors Afrique du Sud6,05,75,86,06,55,94,26,06,45,45,8
Zone franc6,05,16,25,67,95,34,55,64,25,76,1
UEMOA3,72,94,53,13,64,42,94,71,14,65,5
CEMAC8,37,47,98,112,26,26,16,57,26,86,7
CAE-56,76,27,27,37,25,64,96,35,55,56,1
SADC6,55,45,87,87,95,50,94,44,63,74,3
Union douanière d’Afriqu e australe4,94,85,05,65,53,6−1,63,23,22,63,1
COMESA (pays membres d’AfSS)6,96,46,77,27,96,25,36,35,75,45,9
IADM6,76,26,76,67,07,15,06,26,06,16,4
Pays à régime de parité fixe classique5,85,35,85,57,55,04,15,54,25,45,8
Pays sans régime de parité fixe classique7,57,66,68,38,56,73,65,86,05,55,6
Afrique subsaharienne7,27,16,47,88,36,43,75,86,25,35,5
Sources: FMI, bases de données du Département Afrique (19 septembre 2012) et des Perspectives de l’économie mondiale (19 septembre 2012).
Tableau AS3.Croissance du PIB réel par habitant(Pourcentages)
2004–082004200520062007200820092010201120122013
Pays exportateurs de pétrole15,78,24,64,76,64,32,43,83,43,93,2
Hors Nigéria8,19,37,96,910,46,0−0,31,61,73,42,1
Angola14,68,017,217,419,310,9−0,20,40,93,72,4
Cameroun0,20,9−0,50,40,6−0,2−0,80,41,72,12,4
Congo, Rép. du1,40,64,73,2−4,42,64,45,70,52,03,0
Gabon0,4−1,10,5−1,33,00,8−2,85,15,14,60,5
Guinée équatoriale12,934,16,7−1,618,07,61,6−3,34,82,73,1
Nigéria4,27,62,63,44,13,14,15,14,54,23,9
Tchad6,130,45,3−2,3−2,3−0,8−3,610,2−0,74,7−0,1
Soudan du Sud−12,3−57,166,3
Pays à revenu intermédiaire23,63,63,84,23,52,7−2,02,53,01,82,4
Hors Afrique du Sud3,33,92,33,43,63,50,14,66,13,03,9
Afrique du Sud3,63,54,34,53,42,5−2,61,81,91,41,8
Botswana3,04,80,84,33,51,8−5,95,83,92,62,9
Cap-Vert5,62,64,98,57,14,72,33,83,62,93,0
Ghana3,82,73,43,53,85,71,45,311,55,55,1
Lesotho4,32,12,29,24,04,03,14,54,23,53,9
Maurice3,84,60,73,74,95,22,53,73,52,73,1
Namibie4,310,40,75,23,51,5−2,25,74,03,23,2
Sénégal1,73,02,8−0,32,20,9−0,61,4−0,1−3,81,9
Seychelles3,6−2,57,56,69,3−3,20,13,83,91,82,3
Swaziland1,61,71,31,71,61,6−0,32,40,7−2,5−0,6
Zambie3,33,13,03,73,63,13,85,04,03,95,6
Pays à faible revenu et États fragiles3,52,84,03,63,83,22,23,22,23,43,5
Pays à faible revenu hors États fragiles4,53,95,14,74,84,22,63,72,83,33,5
Bénin0,7−0,2−0,30,61,52,0−0,3−0,30,70,71,1
Burkina Faso2,81,55,53,21,12,7−0,14,71,14,64,6
Éthiopie38,98,99,88,78,98,37,35,55,04,54,0
Gambie0,63,8−3,3−2,11,13,63,92,70,5−4,26,8
Kenya2,42,64,03,23,9−1,4−0,32,71,42,12,6
Madagascar2,82,41,82,23,44,3−6,6−2,2−0,8−0,60,1
Malawi3,03,30,5−0,86,55,46,03,61,41,42,8
Mali1,4−0,92,92,01,11,81,32,7−0,4−7,4−0,1
Mozambique5,75,86,36,65,24,74,25,05,25,46,3
Niger2,1−3,85,22,60,06,3−3,94,7−0,811,03,4
Ouganda4,73,25,16,05,14,23,62,71,80,92,4
Rwanda6,65,97,57,33,38,92,05,06,35,55,3
Sierra Leone2,42,30,71,15,02,80,72,63,318,24,8
Tanzanie5,15,55,14,85,05,33,94,94,44,44,7
États fragiles−0,3−1,00,3−0,30,1−0,60,41,4−0,33,83,8
Burundi2,51,72,33,32,72,61,01,41,71,82,0
Comores−0,7−2,32,1−0,8−1,6−1,1−0,30,00,10,31,4
Congo, Rép. dém. du3,43,54,72,53,23,1−0,24,13,84,05,0
Côte d’Ivoire−1,7−3,3−0,8−2,2−1,4−0,70,7−0,6−7,55,03,9
Érythrée−4,5−2,6−1,2−4,3−1,9−12,60,7−0,95,44,30,4
Guinée0,80,41,00,4−0,42,6−2,7−0,61,42,22,4
Guinée-Bissau0,80,31,8−0,20,91,00,71,23,1−4,93,4
Libéria3,82,33,04,88,01,01,01,85,46,25,2
République centrafricaine0,6−1,00,41,81,70,0−1,90,50,81,61,7
São Tomé-et-Príncipe4,43,00,110,90,47,42,32,73,02,53,4
Togo−0,2−0,5−1,41,5−0,2−0,11,31,72,62,73,0
Zimbabwe4−8,0−7,0−6,5−3,3−4,0−18,96,39,69,45,06,0
Afrique subsaharienne14,24,94,14,24,63,40,63,12,93,03,0
Médiane2,72,52,42,93,32,60,72,72,82,73,0
Hors Afrique du Sud et Nigéria4,64,64,64,45,54,01,13,12,93,33,2
Pays importateurs de pétrole3,53,33,94,03,62,9−0,32,82,52,03,6
Hors Afrique du Sud3,43,13,53,53,83,31,63,62,92,54,8
Zone franc2,04,42,10,11,81,5−0,22,10,32,42,4
UEMOA0,7−0,71,80,40,51,40,01,6−1,71,72,8
CEMAC3,39,62,4−0,23,11,7−0,42,72,33,01,9
CAE-54,13,84,74,64,42,82,23,62,82,83,4
SADC4,84,15,05,65,43,7−1,42,32,32,22,5
Union douanière d’Afrique australe3,63,74,04,53,42,4−2,72,12,11,51,9
COMESA (pays membres d’AfSS)4,33,94,64,55,03,52,73,63,12,83,3
IADM3,93,34,13,83,84,32,33,73,93,33,8
Pays à régime de parité fixe classique2,04,51,90,51,91,4−0,32,30,72,42,3
Pays sans régime de parité fixe classique4,75,04,65,05,13,80,83,33,33,13,1
Afrique subsaharienne14,24,94,14,24,63,40,63,12,82,73,5
Sources: FMI, bases de données du Département Afrique (19 septembre 2012) et des Perspectives de l’économie mondiale (19 septembre 2012).
Tableau AS4.Prix à la consommation(Pourcentage moyen de variation annuelle)
2004–082004200520062007200820092010201120122013
Pays exportateurs de pétrole110,714,614,78,05,610,411,111,49,69,88,2
Hors Nigéria9,213,99,87,75,98,89,07,77,77,16,1
Angola20,943,623,013,312,212,513,714,513,510,88,6
Cameroun2,70,32,04,91,15,33,01,32,93,03,0
Congo, Rép. du3,93,72,54,72,66,04,35,01,85,14,5
Gabon2,10,41,2−1,45,05,31,91,41,32,32,6
Guinée équatoriale4,44,25,64,52,84,78,36,16,35,47,0
Nigéria11,615,017,98,25,411,612,513,710,811,49,5
Tchad1,5−4,83,77,7−7,48,310,1−2,11,95,53,0
Soudan du Sud47,354,822,2
Pays à revenu intermédiaire26,53,04,85,57,511,88,04,95,66,05,8
Hors Afrique du Sud9,48,29,38,18,612,610,66,77,37,27,3
Afrique du Sud5,61,43,44,77,111,57,14,35,05,65,2
Botswana9,47,08,611,67,112,68,16,98,57,56,2
Cap-Vert2,9−1,90,44,84,46,81,02,14,52,12,0
Ghana13,012,615,110,210,716,519,310,78,79,810,9
Lesotho6,75,03,46,18,010,77,43,65,65,34,9
Maurice7,44,74,98,78,69,72,52,96,54,55,2
Namibie5,74,12,35,16,710,48,84,55,86,75,9
Sénégal3,20,51,72,15,95,8−1,71,23,42,32,1
Seychelles9,03,90,6−1,95,337,031,7−2,42,67,54,5
Swaziland6,93,44,95,28,112,77,44,56,17,86,9
Zambie13,718,018,39,010,712,413,48,58,76,46,2
Pays à faible revenu et États fragiles9,66,09,58,37,916,59,36,414,411,87,3
Pays à faible revenu hors États fragiles9,76,29,08,07,617,58,65,915,513,07,6
Bénin3,70,95,43,81,37,40,92,12,76,93,3
Burkina Faso3,8−0,46,42,4−0,210,72,6−0,62,73,02,0
Éthiopie18,03,211,713,617,244,48,58,133,122,910,2
Gambie6,214,35,02,15,44,54,65,04,84,75,5
Kenya9,411,89,96,04,315,110,64,114,010,05,8
Madagascar12,514,018,410,810,49,29,09,310,06,57,0
Malawi11,511,515,413,98,08,78,47,47,617,716,2
Mali3,1−3,16,41,51,59,12,21,33,17,26,2
Mozambique10,212,66,413,28,210,33,312,710,43,08,6
Niger3,80,47,80,10,110,51,10,92,94,52,0
Ouganda7,53,78,67,26,112,013,14,018,714,66,1
Rwanda10,912,09,18,89,115,410,32,35,77,06,1
Sierra Leone12,514,212,09,511,614,89,217,818,513,77,0
Tanzanie6,64,14,47,37,010,312,17,212,715,69,8
États fragiles9,55,311,19,58,812,612,28,69,86,96,0
Burundi12,511,81,29,114,426,04,64,114,914,78,4
Comores4,04,53,03,44,54,84,83,96,85,63,1
Congo, Rép. dém. du14,74,021,413,216,718,046,223,515,510,49,5
Côte d’Ivoire3,21,53,92,51,96,31,01,44,92,02,5
Érythrée16,425,112,515,19,319,933,012,713,312,312,3
Guinée25,017,531,434,722,918,44,715,521,414,710,3
Guinée-Bissau4,00,83,20,74,610,4−1,61,15,05,02,5
Libéria9,83,66,97,213,717,57,47,38,56,65,4
République centrafricaine3,5−2,22,96,70,99,33,51,51,26,81,6
São Tomé-et-Príncipe20,813,317,223,118,632,017,013,314,310,56,2
Togo3,80,46,82,20,98,71,93,23,62,54,2
Zimbabwe36,23,03,55,05,7
Afrique subsaharienne18,67,49,07,07,012,69,47,59,38,97,0
Médiane6,94,16,46,76,710,57,44,26,26,65,9
Hors Afrique du Sud et Nigéria9,38,19,38,17,413,79,46,811,29,77,0
Pays importateurs de pétrole7,74,26,66,67,613,68,55,59,78,76,6
Hors Afrique du Sud9,66,69,48,38,115,49,76,513,210,97,6
Zone franc3,10,43,73,11,56,82,91,63,23,83,4
UEMOA3,40,34,72,22,07,90,91,13,63,62,9
CEMAC2,80,42,74,11,05,84,92,22,94,13,8
CAE-58,27,57,56,96,113,111,54,914,112,87,3
SADC7,86,16,66,78,111,79,36,77,47,36,5
Union douanière d’Afrique australe5,81,83,65,07,111,67,24,45,25,85,3
COMESA (pays membres d’AfSS)12,18,211,69,610,220,712,17,017,513,47,9
IADM9,25,49,08,08,015,49,86,712,210,87,5
Pays à régime de parité fixe classique3,61,03,83,52,17,33,72,03,64,23,7
Pays sans régime de parité fixe classique9,78,710,27,87,913,610,58,510,49,87,7
Afrique subsaharienne18,67,49,07,07,012,69,47,59,79,17,1
Sources: FMI, bases de données du Département Afrique (19 septembre 2012) et des Perspectives de l’économie mondiale (19 septembre 2012).
Tableau AS5.Prix à la consommation(Fin de période, variation en pourcentage)
2004–082004200520062007200820092010201120122013
Pays exportateurs de pétrole19,610,610,17,66,712,911,510,49,39,48,0
Hors Nigéria8,411,77,76,26,89,77,98,47,66,75,5
Angola17,331,018,512,211,813,214,015,311,49,67,5
Cameroun3,11,03,52,43,45,30,92,62,73,03,0
Congo, Rép. du4,41,13,18,1−1,711,42,55,41,85,34,1
Gabon2,3−0,51,1−0,75,95,60,90,72,32,32,6
Guinée équatoriale4,35,13,23,83,75,57,17,36,57,07,0
Nigéria10,410,011,68,56,615,113,911,710,311,09,5
Tchad3,29,2−3,4−0,91,79,74,7−2,210,85,53,0
Soudan du Sud65,660,4−5,9
Pays à revenu intermédiaire27,24,65,06,49,110,96,74,36,45,95,7
Hors Afrique du Sud9,98,39,58,49,613,57,86,77,27,56,9
Afrique du Sud6,43,53,65,89,010,16,33,56,15,35,3
Botswana9,97,911,38,58,113,75,87,49,26,46,0
Cap-Vert3,5−0,31,85,83,46,7−0,43,43,62,32,3
Ghana13,711,814,810,912,718,116,08,68,611,59,5
Lesotho7,25,03,56,410,510,64,53,17,74,35,5
Maurice7,35,63,911,68,66,81,56,14,94,85,1
Namibie6,44,33,56,07,110,97,03,17,26,25,7
Sénégal3,51,71,43,96,24,3−3,44,32,72,22,1
Seychelles16,53,9−1,60,216,763,3−2,60,45,57,03,1
Swaziland7,73,27,64,89,812,94,54,57,83,114,3
Zambie13,417,515,98,28,916,69,97,97,26,76,1
Pays à faible revenu et États fragiles10,39,37,89,67,817,17,97,416,69,17,1
Pays à faible revenu hors États fragiles10,39,47,19,38,117,57,27,218,79,97,3
Bénin4,12,73,75,30,38,4−0,54,01,87,23,3
Burkina Faso4,10,74,51,52,311,6−0,3−0,35,13,02,0
Éthiopie319,37,912,318,518,439,27,114,635,916,69,0
Gambie5,28,14,80,46,06,82,75,84,45,06,0
Kenya10,017,14,77,35,615,58,04,518,67,07,0
Madagascar13,627,311,510,88,210,18,010,27,57,77,0
Malawi11,613,716,610,17,59,97,66,39,822,611,8
Mali3,71,53,43,62,67,41,71,95,36,47,6
Mozambique9,29,111,19,410,36,24,216,65,55,58,2
Niger4,53,74,20,44,79,4−0,62,71,44,52,0
Ouganda8,48,03,710,95,214,311,03,127,07,15,0
Rwanda11,410,25,612,16,622,35,70,28,36,35,9
Sierra Leone12,414,413,18,313,812,210,818,416,911,07,5
Tanzanie7,14,15,06,76,413,512,25,619,811,19,6
États fragiles10,48,910,410,66,415,710,98,18,56,16,1
Burundi12,511,81,29,114,426,04,64,114,914,78,4
Comores4,43,37,21,72,27,42,26,67,04,32,0
Congo, Rép. dém. du17,29,221,318,210,027,653,49,815,49,99,0
Côte d’Ivoire3,94,42,52,01,59,0−1,75,11,91,52,5
Érythrée17,517,418,59,012,630,222,214,212,312,312,3
Guinée24,627,629,739,112,813,57,920,819,012,08,7
Guinée-Bissau4,62,9−1,03,29,38,7−6,45,73,33,31,7
Libéria9,57,57,08,914,79,49,76,611,44,94,7
République centrafricaine4,7−0,32,27,1−0,214,5−1,22,34,32,92,3
São Tomé-et-Príncipe21,915,217,224,627,624,816,112,911,98,36,0
Togo4,93,95,51,53,410,3−2,46,91,51,012,0
Zimbabwe3−7,73,24,96,54,3
Afrique subsaharienne18,87,77,37,68,013,28,67,210,18,06,9
Médiane7,15,64,77,17,110,94,75,57,26,46,0
Hors Afrique du Sud et Nigéria9,69,58,08,57,914,37,97,512,48,26,6
Pays importateurs de pétrole8,46,46,17,68,613,37,25,611,27,56,1
Hors Afrique du Sud10,29,08,39,38,316,17,97,215,19,26,8
Zone franc3,62,62,42,52,97,60,73,13,73,83,6
UEMOA3,92,83,02,72,98,3−1,23,53,03,33,4
CEMAC3,32,51,82,43,06,92,72,74,44,33,8
CAE-58,910,34,58,26,015,29,84,220,18,57,4
SADC8,27,16,47,39,111,38,56,08,16,86,3
Union douanière d’Afrique australe6,63,74,05,98,910,36,33,76,35,45,4
COMESA (pays membres d’AfSS)13,012,39,211,99,921,410,17,920,110,37,5
IADM9,87,38,39,08,316,28,47,213,89,17,0
Pays à régime de parité fixe classique4,13,02,92,93,58,21,43,34,14,04,0
Pays sans régime de parité fixe classique9,78,88,38,68,914,210,18,011,38,77,4
Afrique subsaharienne18,87,77,37,68,013,28,67,210,68,26,8
Sources: FMI, bases de données du Département Afrique (19 septembre 2012) et des Perspectives de l’économie mondiale (19 septembre 2012).
Tableau AS6.Investissement total(En Pourcentage du PIB)
2004–082004200520062007200820092010201120122013
Pays exportateurs de pétrole121,822,220,521,923,320,926,522,621,421,421,0
Hors Nigéria19,120,417,719,318,719,323,221,920,320,020,3
Angola12,89,98,815,413,516,215,212,711,411,712,6
Cameroun16,820,416,814,315,017,516,416,119,819,720,1
Congo, Rép. du20,922,520,221,621,818,322,520,525,335,433,9
Gabon23,424,421,325,124,821,526,927,329,228,329,2
Guinée équatoriale35,541,839,932,234,629,058,454,635,536,435,3
Nigéria23,523,322,223,526,322,028,623,122,122,221,5
Tchad26,829,324,026,926,527,136,942,437,524,423,3
Soudan du Sud11,510,78,16,2
Pays à revenu intermédiaire221,119,719,520,622,223,621,121,021,122,022,7
Hors Afrique du Sud24,824,524,423,325,326,425,625,424,724,725,0
Afrique du Sud19,918,118,019,721,222,719,619,419,721,021,8
Botswana28,033,226,324,025,830,831,829,530,725,826,8
Cap-Vert41,439,536,038,047,046,239,137,836,533,934,3
Ghana22,822,823,821,722,923,023,823,018,619,820,1
Lesotho25,526,323,523,725,927,928,628,636,143,444,5
Maurice25,624,422,726,726,927,321,223,625,526,727,1
Namibie22,619,119,722,323,728,229,428,135,532,430,1
Sénégal30,126,028,528,234,033,829,329,728,731,029,9
Seychelles28,320,635,129,828,926,927,336,735,436,833,6
Swaziland10,11,415,96,812,613,913,912,29,210,511,0
Zambie22,724,923,722,122,020,921,022,625,024,927,4
Pays à faible revenu et États fragiles20,118,719,320,020,421,921,122,823,525,325,5
Pays à faible revenu hors États fragiles21,720,120,921,922,223,523,124,725,626,326,2
Bénin18,319,316,417,220,118,420,917,618,719,119,2
Burkina Faso18,516,220,317,118,920,118,018,315,618,017,8
Éthiopie324,026,523,825,222,122,422,724,725,526,225,6
Gambie20,824,221,824,319,014,819,521,417,821,420,4
Kenya17,514,416,917,919,019,219,920,920,922,322,0
Madagascar28,825,823,825,028,341,034,128,625,723,424,0
Malawi23,718,222,725,726,525,725,626,015,516,521,7
Mali17,016,515,516,916,919,020,318,420,413,714,0
Mozambique17,218,317,717,015,317,614,921,924,525,025,4
Niger23,314,623,123,622,832,333,038,636,841,435,4
Ouganda22,221,321,722,523,322,422,824,325,526,927,9
Rwanda20,919,920,919,720,223,522,421,722,123,823,1
Sierra Leone10,210,011,310,09,69,89,324,340,515,415,4
Tanzanie26,922,625,127,629,629,829,032,036,740,039,5
États fragiles13,613,513,412,513,115,313,115,115,020,822,4
Burundi19,519,219,419,519,719,819,919,920,020,020,0
Comores10,79,49,39,611,214,312,415,414,917,919,0
Congo, Rép. dém. du16,112,813,813,218,222,418,023,520,528,228,7
Côte d’Ivoire9,710,89,79,38,710,18,99,08,212,113,9
Érythrée15,920,320,313,712,712,79,39,310,09,58,7
Guinée17,820,719,517,214,217,511,410,617,637,344,1
Guinée-Bissau8,27,66,66,411,78,710,19,810,15,78,8
Libéria
République centrafricaine10,06,89,810,110,712,713,214,312,414,915,7
São Tomé-et-Príncipe48,443,575,639,653,529,548,648,449,758,245,8
Togo15,914,516,316,814,717,318,018,918,821,121,8
Zimbabwe415,124,323,025,125,5
Afrique subsaharienne121,020,219,820,822,122,322,922,021,922,722,9
Médiane21,220,320,621,621,521,721,023,022,123,823,3
Hors Afrique du Sud et Nigéria20,720,219,920,520,922,222,623,122,923,824,0
Pays importateurs de pétrole20,719,319,420,321,522,921,121,521,923,223,7
Hors Afrique du Sud21,420,320,720,921,723,222,323,123,524,925,0
Zone franc20,420,920,019,420,620,924,424,323,223,823,6
UEMOA18,016,317,517,218,620,219,219,318,920,520,3
CEMAC22,825,522,521,722,621,729,729,427,426,926,7
CAE-521,819,020,922,223,423,623,725,427,229,329,2
SADC20,218,518,320,121,223,120,620,621,122,123,0
Union douanière d’Afrique australe20,318,718,419,821,523,120,420,720,121,522,4
COMESA (pays membres d’AfSS)21,420,220,721,321,823,122,023,423,124,524,8
IADM21,921,321,421,422,223,422,824,024,425,725,8
Pays à régime de parité fixe classique20,420,520,019,320,721,324,424,223,724,123,8
Pays sans régime de parité fixe classique21,220,119,721,122,422,522,721,621,522,422,7
Afrique subsaharienne21,020,219,820,822,122,322,921,921,722,622,8
Sources: FMI, bases de données du Département Afrique (19 septembre 2012) et des Perspectives de l’économie mondiale (19 septembre 2012).
Tableau AS7.Épargne nationale brute(En pourcentage du PIB)
2004–082004200520062007200820092010201120122013
Pays exportateurs de pétrole133,323,729,242,838,132,428,627,225,324,723,7
Hors Nigéria26,314,726,133,430,526,815,824,424,623,122,1
Angola28,313,627,041,033,526,65,421,721,020,219,2
Cameroun15,817,013,415,916,416,312,813,115,715,516,3
Congo, Rép. du20,416,823,925,215,320,615,125,526,034,833,5
Gabon41,635,544,240,641,845,733,236,439,837,333,3
Guinée équatoriale31,820,233,739,938,626,740,734,129,528,727,5
Nigéria37,629,031,148,843,236,136,928,925,725,724,6
Tchad22,3−20,825,132,838,136,032,938,939,622,521,3
Soudan du Sud8,927,9−7,914,1
Pays à revenu intermédiaire216,416,716,316,316,316,516,917,617,016,417,2
Hors Afrique du Sud21,621,822,022,322,619,521,020,618,618,820,2
Afrique du Sud14,715,014,514,414,315,515,616,616,415,516,0
Botswana39,536,241,441,240,837,626,627,931,129,730,2
Cap-Vert30,625,132,532,632,330,523,425,324,122,425,4
Ghana14,718,116,813,414,211,018,414,69,310,813,7
Lesotho33,334,424,935,234,137,928,816,518,732,233,9
Maurice19,221,917,717,621,517,213,815,515,216,218,0
Namibie30,126,024,436,132,931,029,128,433,828,625,6
Sénégal20,019,119,619,022,419,722,625,322,322,522,9
Seychelles11,711,612,814,013,66,717,516,613,916,914,1
Swaziland6,44,511,8−0,610,35,7−0,11,70,110,65,6
Zambie16,313,715,223,315,413,825,229,626,223,126,3
Pays à faible revenu et États fragiles14,715,714,214,415,214,013,715,514,415,015,5
Pays à faible revenu hors États fragiles15,916,615,615,416,615,214,917,115,716,316,5
Bénin10,912,310,111,89,910,311,910,38,79,810,1
Burkina Faso8,15,28,77,610,68,613,316,014,513,714,6
Éthiopie321,124,620,018,123,519,218,920,524,418,916,9
Gambie12,419,711,517,410,82,77,25,73,65,56,2
Kenya15,917,217,216,815,412,813,815,09,613,813,4
Madagascar15,715,312,115,115,620,413,018,918,815,515,9
Malawi15,17,010,714,427,416,020,724,79,612,420,3
Mali9,18,67,012,910,06,913,05,810,28,39,2
Mozambique6,37,76,16,35,65,72,710,211,613,413,0
Niger14,17,314,215,014,619,37,917,710,915,114,7
Ouganda19,220,619,319,220,216,713,314,114,115,816,2
Rwanda19,121,821,915,418,018,615,015,814,814,013,3
Sierra Leone4,75,66,05,75,40,72,85,0−11,82,36,1
Tanzanie17,819,218,316,815,619,219,924,120,524,626,1
États fragiles10,112,39,310,39,59,19,28,78,79,511,2
Burundi11,914,614,6−2,314,218,28,010,17,28,48,5
Comores3,84,81,93,65,53,44,68,45,47,69,5
Congo, Rép. dém. du8,69,80,510,517,14,97,515,49,015,714,6
Côte d’Ivoire10,912,410,012,18,012,115,910,114,99,112,4
Érythrée12,718,920,810,26,47,21,73,710,812,611,4
Guinée11,818,318,512,62,67,21,6−1,81,3−1,74,4
Guinée-Bissau5,39,14,50,88,23,93,71,63,72,95,9
Libéria
République centrafricaine4,55,13,27,14,52,84,04,13,67,39,5
São Tomé-et-Príncipe27,427,564,613,923,47,423,120,924,335,521,3
Togo8,06,28,29,06,010,511,312,611,612,312,7
Zimbabwe4−7,0−4,5−13,24,75,5
Afrique subsaharienne121,318,719,824,223,021,020,020,319,118,919,0
Médiane15,716,116,015,015,415,713,815,814,515,514,7
Hors Afrique du Sud et Nigéria19,216,818,920,720,818,615,518,617,617,717,9
Pays importateurs de pétrole15,716,315,515,615,815,515,616,616,115,616,4
Hors Afrique du Sud16,617,416,416,617,215,515,716,615,915,816,7
Zone franc18,113,218,120,019,719,419,620,020,719,119,2
UEMOA12,011,411,412,712,012,514,913,914,312,914,2
CEMAC24,315,025,027,527,526,424,426,127,025,224,2
CAE-517,318,818,316,816,716,315,617,714,517,818,2
SADC17,315,916,418,518,017,714,618,417,617,518,0
Union douanière d’Afrique australe16,316,416,116,216,117,016,317,317,416,617,0
COMESA (pays membres d’AfSS)16,917,916,116,318,815,414,717,115,616,115,9
IADM15,516,214,915,316,414,815,517,516,116,717,3
Pays à régime de parité fixe classique18,614,018,520,420,219,819,519,820,819,519,4
Pays sans régime de parité fixe classique21,919,620,124,923,621,320,120,518,918,818,9
Afrique subsaharienne121,318,719,824,223,021,020,020,119,218,818,9
Sources: FMI, bases de données du Département Afrique (19 septembre 2012) et des Perspectives de l’économie mondiale (19 septembre 2012).
Tableau AS8.Solde budgétaire global, dons compris(En pourcentage du PIB)
2004–082004200520062007200820092010201120122013
Pays exportateurs de pétrole17,55,911,211,93,74,8−7,1−2,63,21,52,8
Hors Nigéria7,42,38,616,66,62,8−4,33,66,94,12,9
Angola4,61,49,411,84,7−4,5−7,45,510,27,05,3
Cameroun8,5−0,73,233,14,52,3−0,1−1,1−2,9−3,3−3,7
Congo, Rép. du13,53,614,616,69,423,44,816,116,43,73,1
Gabon9,27,68,79,28,711,77,53,02,14,83,1
Guinée équatoriale17,110,418,522,917,815,7−8,0−5,10,9−1,2−1,6
Nigéria7,68,113,08,91,66,3−9,4−6,70,2−0,42,8
Tchad1,5−2,7−0,12,63,14,5−9,9−5,23,1−0,7−1,6
Soudan du Sud0,24,5−15,09,8
Pays à revenu intermédiaire2−0,2−1,4−0,21,30,9−1,5−5,3−5,1−4,6−4,8−4,4
Hors Afrique du Sud−1,2−2,2−0,82,9−1,4−4,3−5,2−5,8−4,7−4,3−3,3
Afrique du Sud30,1−1,20,00,81,5−0,5−5,3−4,8−4,6−5,0−4,7
Botswana33,11,28,310,43,6−8,2−12,0−6,8−2,20,30,8
Cap-Vert−3,8−4,1−6,7−5,7−1,1−1,4−6,3−10,6−9,4−12,3−8,6
Ghana−4,9−3,0−2,8−4,7−5,6−8,5−5,8−7,2−4,1−5,6−3,8
Lesotho39,37,64,514,311,18,9−4,0−5,2−10,52,12,0
Maurice−3,9−4,6−4,7−4,4−3,3−2,8−3,6−3,2−3,2−2,9−2,8
Namibie31,1−3,4−0,82,34,52,9−0,9−4,6−10,5−6,3−4,5
Sénégal−3,8−2,3−2,8−5,4−3,8−4,7−4,9−5,2−6,3−6,5−4,7
Seychelles−2,5−2,2−0,3−6,0−9,55,52,8−0,82,62,40,5
Swaziland31,6−4,7−2,010,14,8−0,3−6,4−13,8−6,42,9−7,1
Zambie2,5−2,9−2,820,2−1,3−0,9−2,5−3,1−3,0−5,8−3,8
Pays à faible revenu et États fragiles−1,7−2,4−2,90,9−1,9−2,3−3,3−2,9−3,6−3,5−3,2
Pays à faible revenu hors États fragiles−1,4−2,2−2,52,3−2,0−2,3−3,4−3,3−3,4−3,5−3,1
Bénin−0,7−1,1−2,3−0,20,3−0,1−3,3−0,4−1,4−0,7−1,2
Burkina Faso−1,0−4,7−5,516,1−6,7−4,3−5,3−4,7−2,5−3,8−3,0
Éthiopie3−3,4−2,7−4,2−3,8−3,6−2,9−0,9−1,3−1,6−2,3−2,9
Gambie−3,2−4,1−5,8−5,10,4−1,4−2,6−5,4−4,4−3,9−2,5
Kenya−2,4−0,1−1,8−2,5−3,1−4,3−5,2−5,1−4,3−4,5−3,9
Madagascar−2,5−5,0−3,0−0,5−2,7−1,1−3,1−0,4−4,8−2,9−2,5
Malawi−3,8−6,6−3,30,2−4,4−5,1−5,01,5−5,0−6,0−2,3
Mali6,9−0,2−0,733,7−0,22,10,51,80,17,88,7
Mozambique−3,3−4,4−2,8−4,1−2,9−2,5−5,5−3,9−5,0−6,3−7,0
Niger7,1−3,5−2,040,3−1,01,5−5,5−2,6−2,8−4,2−3,9
Ouganda0,10,31,00,60,1−1,6−1,9−6,3−4,8−6,0−2,6
Rwanda0,20,90,90,2−1,71,00,30,4−1,8−2,9−3,2
Sierra Leone2,3−2,4−1,4−1,720,8−3,7−2,5−5,1−4,6−2,2−2,6
Tanzanie−3,3−3,7−4,0−4,5−1,9−2,6−6,0−6,5−5,0−4,8−4,9
États fragiles−2,6−2,9−3,8−2,4−1,7−2,3−3,1−1,9−3,9−3,7−3,3
Burundi−2,7−3,6−3,6−1,0−2,5−2,7−5,3−3,6−4,0−2,7−4,6
Comores−1,7−1,70,1−2,6−2,0−2,50,67,01,40,6−0,7
Congo, Rép. dém. du−3,8−3,2−4,3−3,6−3,8−3,8−2,64,9−1,8−2,6−3,4
Côte d’Ivoire−1,3−1,7−1,7−1,8−0,8−0,6−1,6−2,3−5,7−3,7−1,9
Érythrée−17,9−16,6−22,2−14,1−15,7−21,1−14,7−16,1−16,2−13,5−12,5
Guinée−2,2−5,4−1,6−3,10,3−1,3−7,1−14,0−1,3−5,2−2,1
Guinée-Bissau−4,9−7,8−6,2−4,8−5,0−0,82,9−0,2−2,1−1,6−1,7
Libéria−0,40,00,04,93,0−9,8−10,0−6,2−3,0−5,8−7,7
République centrafricaine0,5−2,1−4,59,01,2−1,0−0,1−1,4−2,40,00,5
São Tomé-et-Príncipe28,4−16,130,9−12,7125,414,2−18,4−10,6−12,0−8,7−12,3
Togo−1,41,0−2,4−2,8−1,9−0,9−2,8−1,6−2,9−6,3−5,2
Zimbabwe4−8,1−3,1−3,7−2,6−2,80,1−1,9−1,7−3,5
Afrique subsaharienne11,90,32,64,71,30,8−5,4−3,7−1,6−2,2−1,4
Médiane−1,4−2,4−1,9−0,4−0,9−1,2−3,8−3,8−2,9−2,9−2,9
Hors Afrique du Sud et Nigéria1,1−1,20,86,00,9−0,9−4,0−1,5−0,3−1,2−1,2
Pays importateurs de pétrole−0,7−1,7−1,01,10,0−1,8−4,6−4,3−4,1−4,5−3,6
Hors Afrique du Sud−1,5−2,4−2,21,6−1,8−2,9−3,9−3,7−3,6−4,1−2,7
Zone franc5,00,22,713,83,45,0−1,8−0,6−0,3−1,1−1,0
UEMOA−0,1−2,0−2,47,1−2,0−1,3−2,9−2,4−3,8−2,7−1,5
CEMAC9,92,67,720,28,410,5−0,61,22,70,2−0,6
CAE-5−2,0−1,2−1,8−2,2−2,0−2,8−4,3−5,3−4,4−4,7−3,9
SADC0,2−1,40,32,41,4−1,6−5,5−3,0−2,2−2,6−2,7
Union douanière d’Afrique australe0,3−1,20,31,41,8−0,7−5,4−5,0−4,7−4,7−4,5
COMESA (pays membres d’AfSS)−2,1−2,4−3,10,3−2,7−2,8−3,0−2,6−3,4−3,7−3,5
IADM0,1−2,3−1,36,5−1,2−1,2−2,8−2,1−2,4−3,5−3,0
Pays à régime de parité fixe classique4,4−0,42,012,43,44,5−2,1−1,5−1,6−1,7−1,6
Pays sans régime de parité fixe classique1,50,52,93,30,90,0−6,1−4,2−1,6−2,3−1,3
Afrique subsaharienne1,90,32,64,71,30,8−5,4−3,7−1,5−2,3−1,3
Sources: FMI, bases de données du Département Afrique (19 septembre 2012) et des Perspectives de l’économie mondiale (19 septembre 2012).
Tableau AS9.Solde budgétaire global, hors dons(En pourcentage du PIB)
2004-082004200520062007200820092010201120122013
Pays exportateurs de pétrole17,05,711,19,73,64,7−7,3−2,63,11,42,8
Hors Nigéria6,01,98,211,06,32,6−4,73,46,73,92,7
Angola4,41,09,111,84,6−4,5−7,45,510,27,05,3
Cameroun2,4−0,83,04,73,31,5−0,9−1,8−3,4−3,8−4,1
Congo, Rép. du13,23,314,516,59,022,74,516,015,92,92,4
Gabon9,27,58,79,28,711,77,53,02,14,83,1
Guinée équatoriale17,110,418,522,917,815,7−8,0−5,10,9−1,2−1,6
Nigéria7,68,113,08,91,66,3−9,4−6,70,2−0,42,8
Tchad−0,8−5,7−3,40,71,73,0−13,4−6,81,0−2,8−3,6
Soudan du Sud−3,91,6−17,27,6
Pays à revenu intermédiaire2−0,8−1,9−0,60,10,3−2,0−5,8−5,4−5,0−5,2−4,7
Hors Afrique du Sud−4,0−4,5−2,8−2,4−3,7−6,4−7,5−7,5−6,2−6,0−4,6
Afrique du Sud30,1−1,20,00,81,5−0,5−5,3−4,8−4,6−5,0−4,7
Botswana32,50,58,19,72,9−8,8−12,9−7,1−2,50,00,6
Cap-Vert−10,2−13,0−13,3−11,6−6,3−6,8−11,6−16,9−12,2−13,2−10,6
Ghana−8,3−6,9−6,1−8,1−9,3−11,2−8,8−9,6−6,2−7,7−5,3
Lesotho37,55,32,513,49,56,7−7,0−12,7−18,5−6,7−3,1
Maurice−4,2−4,9−4,9−4,6−3,4−3,4−5,2−3,9−3,9−3,8−3,5
Namibie31,0−3,6−0,82,24,42,8−1,1−4,7−10,6−6,3−4,5
Sénégal−5,8−4,4−4,4−6,9−6,4−7,0−8,0−7,8−8,5−9,2−7,3
Seychelles−3,5−2,2−0,5−7,3−9,72,0−1,3−1,70,1−1,4−2,0
Swaziland30,9−5,5−3,09,34,5−0,9−6,9−14,0−6,62,2−7,8
Zambie−6,8−8,4−8,4−6,3−5,8−5,0−5,4−4,9−4,5−7,5−5,6
Pays à faible revenu et États fragiles−6,6−6,7−7,2−6,7−6,3−6,2−7,3−7,0−7,2−7,2−6,4
Pays à faible revenu hors États fragiles−7,1−7,2−7,5−7,3−7,1−6,5−7,6−7,1−7,0−7,1−6,2
Bénin−3,0−3,7−4,4−2,5−2,7−1,8−6,5−1,9−4,0−3,6−3,4
Burkina Faso−10,5−9,3−10,1−11,7−13,2−8,2−11,2−9,3−7,8−10,8−9,4
Éthiopie3−7,6−7,3−8,4−7,4−8,0−6,9−5,2−4,6−4,8−4,1−4,3
Gambie−4,7−7,2−7,0−6,1−0,5−2,5−6,9−9,4−9,1−10,7−7,8
Kenya−3,5−1,3−3,1−3,6−4,2−5,3−6,0−5,8−5,4−6,0−5,4
Madagascar−9,3−13,2−10,5−10,3−7,0−5,4−4,2−0,4−4,8−3,7−4,1
Malawi−15,2−15,0−13,3−14,4−17,1−16,2−13,6−10,3−9,2−15,5−11,8
Mali−4,0−4,1−4,7−5,1−4,9−1,3−4,1−1,1−3,44,65,5
Mozambique−11,3−11,7−8,8−12,0−12,2−11,9−15,0−12,9−12,8−13,4−12,2
Niger−7,6−9,3−9,6−6,8−8,1−4,4−9,9−7,4−6,8−12,8−11,5
Ouganda−5,9−8,4−7,1−5,2−4,7−4,4−4,6−9,2−6,7−8,3−4,6
Rwanda−10,1−9,2−10,8−9,6−10,7−10,0−11,4−13,2−13,4−14,9−13,5
Sierra Leone−7,5−9,1−8,9−8,0−4,3−7,3−8,6−10,5−10,2−6,3−5,7
Tanzanie−8,9−8,4−10,0−9,7−7,9−8,5−10,9−11,2−9,8−9,3−8,7
États fragiles−5,3−5,5−6,4−5,3−4,0−5,1−6,3−6,7−7,6−7,4−6,9
Burundi−18,7−14,3−11,9−13,9−25,5−27,7−24,5−26,4−24,7−18,5−19,4
Comores−7,8−4,5−4,2−7,6−9,7−13,0−9,1−7,8−6,0−10,7−10,6
Congo, Rép. dém. du−8,2−7,0−11,1−10,3−6,1−6,4−10,1−9,1−10,3−11,2−10,1
Côte d’Ivoire−2,3−2,6−2,8−2,4−1,3−2,3−2,2−2,8−6,1−4,3−3,4
Érythrée−24,8−31,7−31,5−18,2−18,8−24,0−17,3−21,3−19,4−14,7−13,0
Guinée−3,2−6,5−2,3−4,6−0,5−1,8−7,5−14,4−4,7−9,0−5,9
Guinée-Bissau−13,8−16,7−12,9−11,1−13,2−15,3−12,9−9,9−9,6−5,6−8,8
Libéria−0,6−0,20,04,72,9−10,4−12,4−8,0−7,3−6,6−10,1
République centrafricaine−5,5−5,5−8,7−4,4−2,9−5,8−5,4−7,0−4,9−4,8−4,9
São Tomé-et-Príncipe−13,0−35,814,5−28,4−0,4−14,7−33,0−30,4−30,2−32,2−26,7
Togo−2,70,2−3,6−4,2−3,6−2,3−4,3−3,7−6,0−10,1−9,0
Zimbabwe4−8,1−3,1−3,7−2,6−3,40,1−1,7−1,7−3,5
Afrique subsaharienne10,4−0,91,51,90,1−0,3−6,7−4,8−2,5−3,2−2,3
Médiane−4,8−5,5−4,6−5,1−3,9−4,7−7,4−7,3−6,1−6,3−5,3
Hors Afrique du Sud et Nigéria−2,3−4,0−2,0−0,5−1,7−3,2−6,5−3,8−2,3−3,3−3,1
Pays importateurs de pétrole−2,6−3,3−2,6−2,0−1,8−3,5−6,3−5,9−5,5−6,1−5,0
Hors Afrique du Sud−5,7−5,9−5,8−5,3−5,4−6,2−7,3−7,0−6,5−7,1−5,3
Zone franc1,4−1,41,12,51,53,3−3,8−2,0−1,8−3,0−2,9
UEMOA−4,7−4,5−5,0−5,2−5,0−4,1−5,9−4,7−6,3−5,9−4,8
CEMAC7,32,17,19,97,79,9−1,50,62,2−0,4−1,2
CAE-5−6,3−5,7−6,7−6,2−6,2−6,8−7,9−9,1−8,1−8,3−7,0
SADC−0,8−2,2−0,50,90,6−2,5−6,4−3,9−2,8−3,4−3,3
Union douanière d’Afrique australe0,3−1,20,31,31,7−0,7−5,5−5,1−4,8−4,8−4,5
COMESA (pays membres d’AfSS)−6,6−6,9−7,5−6,2−6,2−6,2−6,5−6,5−6,3−6,6−6,0
IADM−5,7−6,5−5,8−5,5−5,9−5,1−6,9−6,1−5,8−7,1−6,1
Pays à régime de parité fixe classique1,0−2,10,42,41,62,8−4,0−3,0−3,1−3,5−3,4
Pays sans régime de parité fixe classique0,4−0,61,81,8−0,2−1,0−7,2−5,1−2,5−3,1−2,1
Afrique subsaharienne0,4−0,91,51,90,1−0,3−6,7−4,8−2,51−3,3−2,2
Sources: FMI, bases de données du Département Afrique (19 septembre 2012) et des Perspectives de l’économie mondiale (19 septembre 2012).
Tableau AS10.Recettes publiques, hors dons(En pourcentage du PIB)
2004-082004200520062007200820092010201120122013
Pays exportateurs de pétrole133,731,834,634,831,236,123,726,233,931,330,6
Hors Nigéria35,126,132,138,737,141,430,935,439,637,937,2
Angola45,536,743,950,245,850,934,543,548,845,544,4
Cameroun18,215,217,619,319,120,017,616,818,418,118,2
Congo, Rép. du39,630,038,644,338,946,429,137,442,042,041,2
Gabon30,930,131,331,729,531,932,628,128,228,428,5
Guinée équatoriale35,527,932,541,938,337,041,330,230,830,029,1
Nigéria32,635,436,332,326,932,017,820,029,526,425,8
Tchad16,98,89,617,222,826,416,123,630,224,322,1
Soudan du Sud16,922,49,228,1
Pays à revenu intermédiaire226,724,826,126,828,127,726,426,026,326,426,4
Hors Afrique du Sud22,922,823,223,622,921,921,721,022,423,522,9
Afrique du Sud327,925,326,827,729,629,827,827,527,527,327,6
Botswana335,836,339,738,634,030,432,429,129,329,328,4
Cap-Vert25,622,824,325,627,327,823,421,722,320,021,2
Ghana13,613,613,513,713,813,313,514,517,418,718,3
Lesotho358,850,951,365,161,565,061,046,145,257,854,4
Maurice19,418,919,418,919,420,521,221,220,720,820,2
Namibie328,425,326,428,630,631,031,028,328,432,831,6
Sénégal19,518,319,219,721,119,218,619,420,220,920,7
Seychelles36,039,538,538,931,631,533,134,537,338,535,4
Swaziland336,531,432,241,936,840,235,725,024,639,328,4
Zambie18,118,217,617,218,418,916,017,820,918,519,7
Pays à faible revenu et États fragiles15,615,115,315,515,916,116,217,918,218,819,0
Pays à faible revenu hors États fragiles15,715,215,315,716,216,115,917,317,517,818,1
Bénin18,216,716,916,920,819,618,518,617,618,919,1
Burkina Faso13,113,512,712,913,612,913,715,616,516,916,7
Éthiopie314,016,114,614,812,712,012,014,113,513,713,3
Gambie15,814,514,516,417,316,116,114,914,915,817,0
Kenya21,521,421,221,122,021,821,923,823,824,724,7
Madagascar11,812,010,911,211,713,311,112,311,311,111,7
Malawi18,416,819,217,718,419,921,224,925,221,522,1
Mali19,319,619,919,719,217,919,719,719,719,720,0
Mozambique14,813,114,115,015,915,917,620,522,223,123,1
Niger13,711,410,613,015,018,414,714,415,117,818,4
Ouganda12,411,512,412,612,812,712,512,712,812,713,6
Rwanda12,812,212,512,112,314,912,813,214,213,914,3
Sierra Leone9,29,49,49,38,89,19,19,911,510,79,7
Tanzanie13,711,412,213,615,216,016,116,317,218,218,7
États fragiles15,314,715,315,115,316,317,019,420,121,321,5
Burundi13,914,614,213,713,513,414,214,615,415,115,5
Comores14,115,615,713,612,713,113,914,316,114,014,4
Congo, Rép. dém. du13,49,511,412,814,718,516,818,918,822,321,7
Côte d’Ivoire18,217,517,018,419,218,918,919,219,918,719,4
Érythrée22,323,225,923,021,218,213,313,314,216,016,6
Guinée14,111,514,514,414,315,616,215,316,819,220,2
Guinée-Bissau9,08,69,210,28,09,29,010,810,910,113,8
Libéria15,111,811,515,318,418,420,325,024,825,524,5
République centrafricaine9,48,38,29,510,310,410,811,610,811,411,7
São Tomé-et-Príncipe28,715,055,118,238,616,516,619,018,821,418,4
Togo16,416,815,717,016,815,616,918,918,219,019,5
Zimbabwe415,49,03,62,815,229,630,933,232,0
Afrique subsaharienne126,624,626,327,226,628,423,024,427,426,526,3
Médiane17,616,717,017,218,818,417,219,119,819,920,1
Hors Afrique du Sud et Nigéria23,219,721,724,324,226,121,924,126,426,125,7
Pays importateurs de pétrole23,222,022,923,424,223,522,623,223,723,523,8
Hors Afrique du Sud18,017,717,818,218,217,917,818,819,719,920,5
Zone franc22,018,620,523,323,324,621,722,023,623,323,1
UEMOA17,516,816,617,518,517,917,718,318,718,919,2
CEMAC26,420,524,228,827,830,626,025,628,027,226,6
CAE-516,615,616,016,517,517,617,418,318,719,420,0
SADC28,324,926,828,629,831,427,228,529,829,629,6
Union douanière d’Afrique australe28,425,927,528,530,030,128,327,627,727,927,9
COMESA (pays membres d’AfSS)16,917,217,016,916,617,016,518,619,019,419,3
IADM16,214,715,616,616,617,315,717,218,518,518,5
Pays à régime de parité fixe classique23,219,921,624,624,525,522,922,724,024,524,0
Pays sans régime de parité fixe classique27,525,627,427,827,229,223,124,628,026,826,6
Afrique subsaharienne26,624,626,327,226,628,423,024,327,326,426,3
Sources: FMI, bases de données du Département Afrique (19 septembre 2012) et des Perspectives de l’économie mondiale (19 septembre 2012).
Tableau AS11.Dépenses publiques(En pourcentage du PIB)
2004–082004200520062007200820092010201120122013
Pays exportateurs de pétrole126,826,123,525,127,631,531,028,830,829,927,8
Hors Nigéria29,124,223,927,830,838,935,632,032,934,034,5
Angola41,135,734,738,441,255,441,937,938,638,639,1
Cameroun15,916,014,614,515,718,518,418,621,721,922,4
Congo, Rép. du26,426,724,227,829,923,624,721,426,139,138,8
Gabon21,822,622,722,520,820,225,125,126,123,525,3
Guinée équatoriale18,517,514,119,020,521,349,335,329,931,330,8
Nigéria25,027,223,323,325,325,727,226,729,226,823,0
Tchad17,714,413,116,521,123,429,530,529,227,225,7
Soudan du Sud20,720,826,320,5
Pays à revenu intermédiaire227,526,726,726,727,829,732,231,531,3l31,631,1
Hors Afrique du Sud26,827,326,026,026,628,329,228,528,629,527,5
Afrique du Sud327,726,526,826,928,130,233,132,332,132,332,3
Botswana333,335,931,628,931,039,245,336,231,829,327,9
Cap-Vert35,835,937,637,233,634,635,038,634,533,331,7
Ghana21,920,519,521,823,124,522,324,023,626,323,6
Lesotho351,345,648,851,752,058,368,058,863,764,557,5
Maurice23,723,824,423,522,823,826,425,124,624,623,7
Namibie327,428,827,326,426,228,332,132,938,939,136,1
Sénégal25,322,723,626,627,526,326,627,228,630,128,1
Seychelles39,541,738,946,241,329,534,436,237,239,937,4
Swaziland335,636,935,232,632,241,142,639,031,137,136,2
Zambie24,926,626,123,524,323,921,322,625,526,025,3
Pays à faible revenu et États fragiles22,221,822,522,322,222,323,424,925,425,925,4
Pays à faible revenu hors États fragiles22,822,422,823,023,322,623,524,424,525,024,3
Bénin21,220,421,319,423,421,425,020,421,522,522,5
Burkina Faso23,622,822,724,626,821,124,924,924,327,826,1
Éthiopie321,623,423,122,220,718,917,218,618,417,817,5
Gambie20,421,721,522,617,918,623,024,324,026,524,9
Kenya25,022,724,324,726,227,227,929,729,230,730,1
Madagascar21,125,321,421,518,718,615,312,716,014,815,7
Malawi33,631,832,532,135,536,234,835,234,437,033,9
Mali23,323,824,624,924,119,323,720,823,215,114,5
Mozambique26,124,822,927,028,127,832,633,435,136,435,3
Niger21,320,720,219,723,122,824,621,821,930,629,9
Ouganda18,419,919,517,817,517,117,221,919,621,018,1
Rwanda22,921,323,421,723,124,824,326,427,728,827,8
Sierra Leone16,818,618,317,313,116,517,720,421,717,115,5
Tanzanie22,619,922,223,223,124,527,027,527,127,527,4
États fragiles20,620,221,720,519,321,323,326,227,728,728,4
Burundi32,628,926,227,639,041,238,841,040,033,634,9
Comores21,920,119,921,222,326,023,022,122,124,725,0
Congo, Rép. dém. du21,616,522,523,120,824,926,928,129,133,431,8
Côte d’Ivoire20,520,119,920,820,521,121,122,025,923,122,8
Érythrée47,154,857,541,239,942,130,634,733,630,729,7
Guinée17,217,916,919,014,817,523,729,721,528,126,1
Guinée-Bissau22,925,322,121,321,324,521,920,720,515,722,5
Libéria15,712,011,510,615,628,732,833,032,132,034,6
République centrafricaine14,813,816,913,913,216,216,218,615,716,216,6
São Tomé-et-Príncipe41,750,940,646,539,031,249,649,449,053,645,1
Togo19,116,619,321,220,417,921,222,524,229,228,5
Zimbabwe423,612,17,25,418,729,532,834,935,5
Afrique subsaharienne126,225,524,925,326,528,829,629,129,929,728,6
Médiane23,322,823,023,123,124,525,726,927,429,027,9
Hors Afrique du Sud et Nigeria25,523,823,724,825,929,328,427,928,729,328,8
Pays importateurs de pétrole25,825,225,425,426,027,129,029,129,229,628,8
Hors Afrique du Sud23,723,623,623,523,624,225,125,826,227,025,8
Zone franc20,620,019,420,821,821,325,524,025,426,326,0
UEMOA22,221,321,622,723,521,923,623,025,024,824,0
CEMAC19,118,517,119,020,120,727,525,025,727,627,7
CAE-522,921,322,622,823,624,425,327,426,827,727,0
SADC29,027,127,327,829,233,933,632,432,633,032,9
Union douanière d’Afrique australe28,127,227,227,228,330,833,832,732,432,632,5
COMESA (pays membres d’AfSS)23,524,124,523,122,823,223,025,125,3l26,025,3
IADM21,921,321,422,022,522,422,723,424,3l25,624,6
Pays à régime de parité fixe classique22,221,921,222,222,922,726,925,727,128,027,4
Pays sans régime de parité fixe classique27,126,225,626,027,430,230,329,830,4l30,028,7
Afrique subsaharienne126,225,524,925,326,528,829,629,029,829,728,5
Sources: FMI, bases de données du Département Afrique (19 septembre 2012) et des Perspectives de l’économie mondiale (19 septembre 2012).
Tableau AS12.Dette publique(En pourcentage du PIB)
2004–082004200520062007200820092010201120122013
Pays exportateurs de pétrole129,456,935,917,918,118,021,820,520,520,421,2
Hors Nigéria38,063,747,127,525,426,129,928,024,723,424,6
Angola34,754,144,821,621,431,636,437,631,528,029,2
Cameroun30,161,651,515,912,09,510,612,113,717,820,5
Congo, Rép. du114,4198,7108,398,898,068,157,223,922,523,021,6
Gabon45,065,253,842,143,220,926,425,020,718,618,7
Guinée équatoriale2,56,23,01,61,10,75,15,06,89,19,8
Nigéria23,552,728,611,812,811,615,215,517,318,218,8
Tchad29,434,233,629,626,023,630,525,827,023,424,2
Soudan du Sud
Pays à revenu intermédiaire232,639,336,731,628,327,331,534,937,840,141,5
Hors Nigeria36,152,744,727,828,227,031,333,834,436,536,2
Afrique du Sud331,835,934,632,628,327,431,535,338,841,243,3
Botswana37,19,77,05,47,16,415,817,616,715,013,6
Cap-Vert83,492,695,786,873,967,968,875,078,186,790,5
Ghana39,357,448,226,231,033,636,246,343,444,941,1
Lesotho349,756,961,664,460,45,13,54,95,95,24,7
Maurice49,551,653,551,047,344,050,750,650,952,051,4
Namibie322,827,526,023,819,117,715,915,723,927,234,5
Sénégal32,547,545,721,823,523,934,235,740,846,147,6
Seychelles138,4159,8141,4129,8130,1130,7124,482,577,486,580,2
Swaziland317,518,516,517,318,416,612,615,915,422,029,4
Zambie63,3148,687,929,826,723,526,925,826,028,028,5
Pays à faible revenu et États fragiles68,190,581,064,553,551,248,642,945,041,642,0
Pays à faible revenu hors États fragiles50,672,967,144,335,033,834,837,237,3137,137,4
Bénin28,235,143,214,721,126,927,330,029,628,227,6
Burkina Faso31,645,844,122,622,023,626,127,129,328,126,5
Éthiopie357,6105,776,039,036,830,525,127,625,922,223,2
Gambie107,9132,9130,8142,362,570,765,967,468,873,467,6
Kenya48,855,050,846,846,045,647,549,948,547,245,3
Madagascar64,2100,385,445,544,545,262,264,459,158,757,2
Malawi73,8131,0132,432,232,441,240,135,140,549,043,6
Mali32,546,252,920,321,721,624,229,530,630,127,9
Mozambique57,970,781,053,641,942,141,641,136,842,046,2
Niger31,258,851,615,815,914,020,117,616,620,423,6
Ouganda56,084,477,272,523,622,122,227,033,336,238,9
Rwanda47,390,870,726,626,921,423,023,224,025,824,3
Sierra Leone95,3153,4132,7104,443,142,847,848,941,134,434,2
Tanzanie49,763,362,949,836,336,039,042,745,4146,848,8
États fragiles112,5134,0113,3113,8101,2100,088,858,365,154,354,9
Burundi137,7181,0137,0130,3128,5111,536,936,735,331,628,5
Comores73,080,571,269,874,668,851,949,244,740,536,8
Congo, Rép. dém. du150,4196,0147,9149,0126,1133,1136,335,129,932,334,7
Côte d’Ivoire81,384,986,384,275,675,366,566,490,562,661,6
Érythrée156,0140,8156,2151,6156,7174,9145,7144,8133,8125,8123,7
Guinée117,7119,8150,2137,192,488,980,479,171,666,578,9
Guinée-Bissau202,0235,4216,2213,8186,9157,7164,346,741,643,540,7
Libéria609,7829,9734,8673,9494,9315,1171,131,627,228,533,5
République centrafricaine94,1109,2103,997,782,677,437,039,837,536,432,2
São Tomé-et-Príncipe211,8328,2300,9265,9104,060,069,278,280,983,576,6
Togo94,099,682,291,3107,889,073,448,647,246,145,2
Zimbabwe449,055,661,887,591,356,666,961,558,6
Afrique subsaharienne138,754,945,833,830,128,932,331,533,1133,134,0
Médiane56,280,570,948,342,538,636,935,536,035,334,6
Hors Afrique du Sud et Nigéria51,874,463,345,038,937,639,436,235,834,535,2
Pays importateurs de pétrole43,654,250,041,736,435,937,837,540,140,641,7
Hors Afrique du Sud57,777,969,352,445,343,643,640,041,540,040,2
Zone franc47,267,257,340,738,132,533,629,832,829,529,9
UEMOA53,665,064,647,745,744,944,142,650,842,942,6
CEMAC41,369,750,134,230,921,622,317,416,917,818,4
CAE-552,568,463,353,839,437,737,740,742,242,943,2
SADC37,145,642,235,130,632,036,335,737,138,239,9
Union douanière d’Afrique australe30,534,533,331,327,325,930,233,737,239,441,5
COMESA (pays membres d’AfSS)65,797,377,057,849,147,447,439,539,739,139,0
IADM59,490,875,750,041,738,738,033,233,034,234,4
Pays à régime de parité fixe classique46,664,656,041,338,432,933,730,233,531,232,2
Pays sans régime de parité fixe classique36,952,943,732,128,227,831,631,532,733,234,1
Afrique subsaharienne138,754,945,833,830,128,932,331,533,133,134,0
Sources: FMI, bases de données du Département Afrique (19 septembre 2012) et des Perspectives de l’économie mondiale (19 septembre 2012).
Tableau AS13.Masse monétaire au sens large(En pourcentage du PIB)
2004–082004200520062007200820092010201120122013
Pays exportateurs de pétrole122,217,916,819,824,332,037,931,132,632,535,9
Hors Nigéria18,115,215,117,218,724,030,127,328,329,334,8
Angola22,217,717,520,522,233,242,536,037,437,847,2
Cameroun19,318,117,918,320,821,723,524,725,525,325,1
Congo, Rép. du16,013,414,016,417,718,322,523,827,939,349,4
Gabon18,317,418,219,618,917,522,521,322,218,320,7
Guinée équatoriale7,07,56,46,37,57,112,114,511,912,913,0
Nigéria24,819,417,921,527,937,542,933,535,234,436,5
Tchad7,75,85,78,69,59,210,19,810,615,216,4
Soudan du Sud
Pays à revenu intermédiaire266,657,662,067,072,274,071,769,467,166,967,1
Hors Afrique du Sud38,236,336,537,639,141,543,144,042,442,642,5
Afrique du Sud75,764,670,176,382,784,681,278,376,176,076,6
Botswana41,441,843,037,442,442,646,943,037,736,337,5
Cap-Vert84,576,284,087,788,286,682,980,475,372,070,5
Ghana22,720,419,322,624,826,327,329,830,733,133,0
Lesotho33,629,729,635,835,936,939,441,237,034,234,4
Maurice96,990,299,097,298,1100,0105,1106,8103,2102,5101,5
Namibie44,437,137,641,740,065,665,565,362,562,562,5
Sénégal34,734,133,835,836,533,536,939,939,840,340,5
Seychelles83,5102,195,088,066,665,755,962,560,358,058,0
Swaziland23,721,521,624,025,426,030,930,829,229,428,6
Zambie21,421,518,021,522,523,421,423,123,422,322,2
Pays à faible revenu et États fragiles27,827,126,628,028,928,629,532,533,333,234,0
Pays à faible revenu hors États fragiles28,527,827,528,829,528,829,332,132,832,533,4
Bénin33,226,530,132,735,941,141,744,545,845,145,1
Burkina Faso24,025,121,422,325,925,128,130,230,430,430,9
Éthiopie334,939,038,036,133,028,125,027,228,326,626,4
Gambie38,831,334,242,241,545,048,549,951,553,553,2
Kenya41,040,239,440,342,442,844,249,950,151,954,8
Madagascar19,721,318,019,220,419,720,920,822,422,823,1
Malawi20,419,820,218,120,523,224,428,535,734,835,9
Mali28,829,129,629,129,726,228,127,729,829,928,2
Mozambique19,717,718,419,520,622,427,227,128,531,633,3
Niger15,715,214,015,217,316,619,021,622,122,122,1
Ouganda19,518,918,919,119,321,220,825,523,723,025,0
Rwanda16,815,615,216,718,318,217,818,920,520,921,1
Sierra Leone16,914,816,116,317,919,622,923,823,320,921,8
Tanzanie26,421,222,228,829,730,131,134,134,733,234,0
États fragiles25,624,623,525,327,027,630,334,135,135,936,5
Burundi22,321,521,323,022,523,224,825,422,622,322,3
Comores25,623,123,326,027,228,530,434,134,933,333,4
Congo, Rép. dém. du10,88,37,810,412,415,316,616,517,017,517,6
Côte d’Ivoire26,323,724,125,329,928,632,336,840,542,243,5
Érythrée130,2129,0129,3123,9127,7141,3121,6122,1119,0119,2122,5
Guinée20,218,219,021,519,622,726,938,233,629,529,1
Guinée-Bissau19,415,717,318,221,624,424,429,931,629,629,6
Libéria18,614,616,619,019,623,327,933,337,036,636,6
République centrafricaine16,116,418,016,014,615,516,818,219,920,920,2
São Tomé-et-Príncipe34,227,233,232,939,138,835,538,034,935,233,8
Togo33,429,928,133,438,037,541,345,647,749,449,6
Zimbabwe413,621,011,018,810,76,722,531,332,839,042,0
Afrique subsaharienne142,237,038,541,845,348,348,946,446,145,847,1
Médiane23,121,420,722,525,126,128,031,033,2l33,333,6
Hors Afrique du Sud et Nigéria27,726,326,127,428,530,132,633,734,1134,436,2
Pays importateurs de pétrole51,445,848,351,855,356,154,454,253,152,753,0
Hors Afrique du Sud30,729,729,430,631,732,133,135,635,835,836,3
Zone franc21,420,120,021,323,222,625,727,428,429,430,5
UEMOA27,926,326,127,530,429,332,235,036,537,037,3
CEMAC14,914,013,914,915,915,919,019,820,4l22,023,8
CAE-529,627,627,530,031,231,732,336,436,236,237,9
SADC58,751,454,759,062,965,464,662,060,660,261,7
Union douanière d’Afrique australe72,462,167,272,878,981,378,575,573,1173,073,6
COMESA (pays membres d’AfSS)33,834,533,633,833,833,132,935,836,035,736,5
IADM24,022,822,524,325,325,226,028,129,029,229,8
Pays à régime de parité fixe classique24,823,223,124,526,227,029,531,131,832,633,6
Pays sans régime de parité fixe classique45,840,041,945,449,352,552,849,448,9l48,249,6
Afrique subsaharienne142,237,038,541,845,348,348,946,446,145,847,1
Sources: FMI, bases de données du Département Afrique (19 septembre 2012) et des Perspectives de l’économie mondiale (19 septembre 2012).
Tableau AS14.Expansion de la masse monétaire au sens large(Pourcentages)
2004–082004200520062007200820092010201120122013
Pays exportateurs de pétrole136,317,622,746,539,155,415,610,318,514,021,6
Hors Nigéria35,524,133,936,730,951,913,416,023,816,123,5
Angola64,549,859,759,649,3104,121,57,134,014,738,9
Cameroun10,57,34,29,318,613,46,911,310,65,97,1
Congo, Rép. du28,715,936,347,96,936,45,038,934,546,930,2
Gabon14,211,626,017,47,28,82,219,226,5−13,510,6
Guinée équatoriale30,733,534,714,141,330,118,848,96,125,410,5
Nigéria37,214,016,253,144,857,917,16,915,412,720,5
Tchad23,03,332,059,213,37,3−1,522,712,564,78,8
Soudan du Sud
Pays à revenu intermédiaire219,514,518,223,123,817,94,510,610,410,511,0
Hors Nigeria21,619,011,525,124,527,913,121,716,317,515,2
Afrique du Sud18,913,120,522,523,614,81,86,98,38,09,4
Botswana17,410,714,49,031,221,7−1,312,44,311,114,2
Cap-Vert12,510,615,818,010,87,63,55,42,23,15,2
Ghana30,625,914,338,835,938,125,737,532,534,522,7
Lesotho16,83,49,135,316,419,717,714,51,64,712,4
Maurice14,718,315,89,515,314,68,17,64,66,59,0
Namibie31,716,29,729,610,292,93,67,35,510,910,3
Sénégal9,512,97,412,712,71,710,914,16,77,37,7
Seychelles7,914,01,73,0−8,029,07,013,54,54,48,6
Swaziland16,410,49,725,121,515,426,87,91,24,60,0
Zambie25,632,03,344,025,323,27,729,921,76,613,8
Pays à faible revenu et États fragiles18,115,412,523,119,819,921,124,220,618,317,2
Pays à faible revenu hors États fragiles17,411,513,521,620,420,218,023,021,719,018,1
Bénin15,6−6,721,816,517,628,86,211,69,07,47,0
Burkina Faso6,9−7,0−3,910,023,811,718,219,110,610,911,0
Éthiopie318,010,319,617,419,722,919,924,339,233,519,2
Gambie16,518,313,126,26,718,419,413,711,06,814,9
Kenya14,913,49,117,019,1