Chapter

Statistical Appendix

Author(s):
International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.
Published Date:
October 2011
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The IMF’s Middle East and Central Asia Department (MCD) countries and territories comprise Afghanistan, Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Djibouti, Egypt, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, the Kyrgyz Republic, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tajikistan, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, the United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, the West Bank and Gaza, and Yemen.

The following statistical appendix tables contain data for 30 MCD countries. Data revisions reflect changes in methodology and/or revisions provided by country authorities.

All data refer to calendar years, except for those for the following countries, which refer to fiscal years: Afghanistan and Iran (March 21/March 20), Qatar (April/March), and Egypt and Pakistan (July/June).

Data in Tables 5 and 6 relate to the calendar year for all aggregates and countries, except for those for Iran, for which the Iranian calendar year (beginning on March 21) is used.

In Tables 3, 4, 10, and 11, “oil” includes gas, which is also an important resource in several countries.

REO aggregates are constructed using a variety of weights as appropriate to the series:

  • Country group composites for the growth rates of monetary aggregates (Table 7) are weighted by GDP converted to U.S. dollars at market exchange rates (both GDP and exchange rates are averaged over the preceding three years) as a share of MCD or group GDP.

  • Composites for other data relating to the domestic economy (Tables 1, 3, and 513), whether growth rates or ratios, are weighted by GDP valued at purchasing power parities (PPPs) as a share of total MCD or group GDP.

  • Composites relating to the external economy (Tables 17 and 19) are sums of individual-country data after conversion to U.S. dollars at the average market exchange rates in the years indicated, for balance of payments data, and at end-of-year market exchange rates, for debt denominated in U.S. dollars.

In Tables 2, 4, 1517, and 19, lines in boldface are sums of the individual-country data.

Table 1.Real GDP Growth(Annual change; percent)
AverageProj
2000–052006200720082009201020112012
MENAP 15.26.06.74.52.64.43.93.7
Oil exporters 15.65.96.84.01.84.44.93.9
Algeria4.52.03.02.42.43.32.93.3
Bahrain6.06.78.46.33.14.11.53.6
Iran, I.R. of5.55.810.80.63.53.22.53.4
Iraq6.21.59.54.20.89.612.6
Kuwait7.15.34.55.0-5.23.45.74.5
Libya4.36.77.52.3-2.34.2
Oman3.35.56.712.91.14.14.43.6
Qatar8.726.218.017.712.016.618.76.0
Saudi Arabia4.03.22.04.20.14.16.53.6
Sudan6.39.410.23.74.66.5-0.2-0.4
United Arab Emirates8.18.86.55.3-3.23.23.33.8
Yemen4.53.23.33.63.98.0-2.5-0.5
Oil importers4.46.26.55.54.24.31.93.1
Afghanistan, Rep. of5.613.73.620.98.27.17.2
Djibouti2.44.85.15.85.03.54.85.1
Egypt4.06.87.17.24.75.11.21.8
Jordan6.08.18.27.25.52.32.52.9
Lebanon3.40.67.59.38.57.51.53.5
Mauritania3.711.41.03.5-1.25.25.15.7
Morocco4.47.82.75.64.93.74.64.6
Pakistan5.05.86.83.71.73.82.63.8
Syrian Arab Republic3.85.05.74.56.03.2-2.01.5
Tunisia4.45.76.34.53.13.10.03.9
CCA9.413.612.36.83.76.75.66.2
Oil and gas exporters9.714.512.67.04.97.25.66.4
Azerbaijan11.334.525.010.89.35.00.27.1
Kazakhstan10.310.78.93.21.27.36.55.6
Turkmenistan16.611.011.114.76.19.29.97.2
Uzbekistan5.17.59.59.08.18.57.17.0
Oil and gas importers7.78.811.25.7-3.53.95.75.3
Armenia11.213.213.76.9-14.12.14.64.3
Georgia6.59.412.32.4-3.86.45.55.2
Kyrgyz Republic4.13.18.57.62.9-1.47.06.0
Tajikistan9.27.07.87.93.96.56.06.0
Memorandum
MENA 15.26.06.74.62.64.44.03.6
MENA oil importers4.16.46.16.44.94.51.42.6
GCC5.56.55.06.40.35.47.24.0
Maghreb 14.44.84.23.52.43.52.93.9
Mashreq4.06.17.06.95.24.90.81.9
Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

2011 and 2012 data exclude Libya.

Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

2011 and 2012 data exclude Libya.

Table 2.Nominal GDP(Billion U.S. dollars)
AverageProj.
2000–052006200720082009201020112012
MENAP 11,043.71,704.52,017.42,506.32,238.02,581.22,967.43,127.7
Oil exporters 1738.41,288.21,534.71,926.81,623.91,905.12,223.02,311.6
Algeria70.4117.3134.3170.2139.8157.8183.4188.6
Bahrain9.815.818.522.119.322.726.427.3
Iran, I.R. of135.3222.1309.1353.8362.6407.4475.1494.5
Iraq45.157.086.564.281.1108.6118.7
Kuwait49.8101.6114.7148.8109.5132.6171.1176.6
Libya33.255.169.095.358.871.3
Oman22.736.841.960.646.957.966.868.8
Qatar25.760.879.5115.097.6127.3173.2180.7
Saudi Arabia223.7356.6385.2476.9377.2448.4560.3581.9
Sudan17.835.745.755.752.765.463.359.3
United Arab Emirates128.3222.1258.2314.8270.3302.0358.1375.9
Yemen12.119.121.726.925.131.336.739.3
Oil importers305.3416.3482.7579.4614.1676.1744.4816.1
Afghanistan, Rep. of7.18.710.212.515.517.919.1
Djibouti0.60.80.81.01.01.11.31.4
Egypt88.7107.4130.3162.4188.6218.5231.9252.8
Jordan10.215.117.122.023.826.428.430.9
Lebanon19.622.425.130.134.939.241.544.9
Mauritania1.32.72.83.53.03.64.04.3
Morocco46.965.675.288.990.991.1101.8109.2
Pakistan85.0127.5143.2163.9161.8176.9204.1233.8
Syrian Arab Republic23.233.440.452.653.959.364.767.5
Tunisia26.334.438.944.943.544.348.952.2
CCA73.4160.3211.4266.5239.6292.7352.6395.8
Oil and gas exporters62.9140.5184.5231.7210.5261.4316.5356.9
Azerbaijan7.721.033.146.443.154.468.580.8
Kazakhstan32.781.0103.1135.2115.3148.0180.1200.0
Turkmenistan10.621.426.021.518.720.024.127.7
Uzbekistan11.917.022.328.633.539.043.748.4
Oil and gas importers10.519.826.934.829.131.336.138.9
Armenia2.96.49.211.78.69.410.210.5
Georgia4.27.810.212.910.811.713.814.9
Kyrgyz Republic1.82.83.85.14.74.65.46.1
Tajikistan1.52.83.75.15.05.66.87.5
Memorandum
MENA 1955.21,569.91,865.52,332.22,063.72,388.82,745.42,874.8
MENA oil importers216.9281.8330.8405.3439.8483.6522.5563.2
GCC460.0793.8897.91,138.3920.81,090.81,355.91,411.3
Maghreb 1178.2275.1320.3402.9336.0368.1338.1354.4
Mashreq141.7178.3213.0267.1301.3343.5366.5396.0
Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

2011 and 2012 data exclude Libya.

Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

2011 and 2012 data exclude Libya.

Table 3.Oil Exporters: Oil and Non-Oil Real GDP Growth(Annual change; percent)
AverageProj.
2000–052006200720082009201020112012
Non-Oil GDP
MENAP oil exporters 15.97.98.84.94.54.54.24.5
Algeria4.85.66.35.99.36.05.35.3
Bahrain7.88.19.67.23.64.60.83.2
Iran, I.R. of5.96.211.40.94.33.62.63.5
Iraq7.5-2.05.44.04.55.05.5
Kuwait9.77.29.76.1-1.23.55.56.3
Libya2.810.714.87.96.07.0
Oman6.011.313.116.1-0.83.04.35.3
Qatar9.542.121.621.317.68.49.08.4
Saudi Arabia4.05.14.64.33.54.95.45.0
Sudan5.07.77.55.04.97.74.02.8
United Arab Emirates9.69.59.16.30.62.13.33.9
Yemen5.24.75.34.84.14.4-1.5-1.2
CCA oil and gas exporters10.611.29.98.32.87.37.46.2
Azerbaijan10.512.111.315.73.07.68.96.2
Kazakhstan9.710.89.13.20.56.96.66.0
Turkmenistan17.211.610.718.614.88.88.07.5
Uzbekistan
Memorandum
GCC6.39.58.27.33.64.55.35.3
Oil GDP
MENAP oil exporters 15.52.62.11.4-4.63.74.51.1
Algeria4.1-2.5-0.9-2.3-6.0-2.6-1.50.5
Bahrain-1.0-1.01.10.4-0.30.16.27.0
Iran, I.R. of2.92.75.8-2.0-3.70.01.52.5
Iraq5.34.012.34.3-1.512.817.0
Kuwait4.52.8-2.63.3-11.33.26.11.3
Libya5.64.32.8-1.6-8.91.6
Oman0.6-2.5-3.56.84.96.24.40.5
Qatar8.111.713.813.24.528.831.03.6
Saudi Arabia4.3-0.8-3.64.2-7.82.29.40.0
Sudan49.726.533.0-4.42.6-2.6-35.9-44.1
United Arab Emirates3.96.5-2.71.6-9.65.33.43.6
Yemen0.8-8.3-13.1-8.11.651.0-10.16.3
CCA oil and gas exporters15.922.015.43.64.69.04.64.1
Azerbaijan13.262.037.36.914.84.9-8.18.2
Kazakhstan16.39.96.92.87.110.26.12.1
Turkmenistan17.48.612.6-0.7-35.512.925.35.2
Uzbekistan
Memorandum
GCC4.12.0-1.74.5-6.36.310.41.5
Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

2011 and 2012 data exclude Libya.

Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

2011 and 2012 data exclude Libya.

Table 4.Oil Exporters: Crude Oil Production and Exports(Million barrels per day)
AverageProj.
2000–052006200720082009201020112012
Production
MENAP oil exporters 122.026.025.826.324.324.524.124.6
Algeria1.11.41.41.31.31.21.21.2
Bahrain0.20.20.20.20.20.20.20.2
Iran, I.R. of3.74.04.13.93.63.63.63.7
Iraq2.02.02.32.42.42.73.1
Kuwait2.12.62.62.72.32.32.52.5
Libya1.51.81.81.81.61.6
Oman0.90.70.70.80.80.90.90.9
Qatar0.70.80.80.80.80.80.80.7
Saudi Arabia8.39.28.89.28.48.49.39.3
Sudan0.20.40.50.50.50.50.30.2
United Arab Emirates2.22.62.52.62.32.42.52.6
Yemen0.40.40.30.30.30.30.20.3
CCA oil and gas exporters1.52.22.42.52.72.92.93.1
Azerbaijan0.30.60.80.91.01.00.91.0
Kazakhstan1.01.31.41.51.61.71.81.8
Turkmenistan0.20.20.20.20.20.20.20.2
Uzbekistan
Memorandum
GCC14.416.215.716.214.814.916.116.2
Exports 2
MENAP oil exporters 116.119.519.620.017.818.117.918.2
Algeria0.70.90.90.80.70.70.70.7
Bahrain0.20.10.10.10.20.20.20.2
Iran, I.R. of2.42.52.42.12.02.02.0
Iraq1.41.61.81.91.92.12.5
Kuwait1.31.71.71.71.41.41.51.4
Libya1.11.41.51.41.21.2
Oman0.80.60.60.60.70.70.70.7
Qatar0.70.70.80.80.70.70.70.7
Saudi Arabia6.47.07.07.36.36.67.47.4
Sudan0.20.20.40.40.40.40.30.1
United Arab Emirates2.02.42.32.42.12.12.22.3
Yemen0.30.30.20.20.20.20.20.2
CCA oil and gas exporters1.11.72.02.12.32.52.52.6
Azerbaijan0.20.60.70.80.90.90.80.9
Kazakhstan0.91.11.21.21.41.51.61.7
Turkmenistan0.00.00.00.00.10.00.00.0
Uzbekistan
Memorandum
GCC11.412.712.513.011.311.812.612.6
Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

2011 and 2012 data exclude Libya.

Excluding exports of refined oil products.

Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

2011 and 2012 data exclude Libya.

Excluding exports of refined oil products.

Table 5.Consumer Price Inflation(Year average; percent)
AverageProj.
2000–052006200720082009201020112012
MENAP 14.98.29.814.47.77.410.68.3
Oil exporters 15.48.811.214.95.96.711.17.7
Algeria2.32.33.64.95.73.93.94.3
Bahrain0.72.03.33.52.82.01.01.8
Iran, I.R. of13.511.918.425.410.812.422.512.5
Iraq5.653.230.82.7-2.22.45.05.0
Kuwait1.73.15.510.64.04.16.23.4
Libya-3.31.46.210.42.82.5
Oman0.13.45.912.63.53.33.83.3
Qatar3.511.813.815.0-4.9-2.42.34.1
Saudi Arabia-0.12.34.19.95.15.45.45.3
Sudan7.67.28.014.311.313.020.017.5
United Arab Emirates3.69.311.112.31.60.92.52.5
Yemen11.610.87.919.03.711.219.018.0
Oil importers3.97.17.013.311.18.79.89.6
Afghanistan, Rep. of7.28.630.5-8.30.913.41.2
Djibouti2.13.55.012.01.74.07.11.9
Egypt4.77.69.518.311.711.411.211.0
Jordan2.16.34.713.9-0.75.05.45.6
Lebanon0.55.64.110.81.24.55.95.0
Mauritania6.66.27.37.32.26.36.26.3
Morocco1.53.32.03.91.01.01.52.7
Pakistan4.67.97.812.020.811.713.914.0
Syrian Arab Republic2.710.44.715.22.84.46.05.0
Tunisia2.74.13.44.93.54.43.54.0
CCA9.79.211.416.56.27.29.98.8
Oil and gas exporters10.09.711.916.86.57.29.69.2
Azerbaijan4.18.416.620.81.55.79.310.3
Kazakhstan8.28.610.817.27.47.48.97.9
Turkmenistan8.48.26.314.5-2.74.46.17.2
Uzbekistan18.014.212.312.714.19.413.111.8
Oil and gas importers7.86.98.814.44.27.112.06.5
Armenia2.63.04.69.03.57.38.83.3
Georgia5.59.29.210.01.77.19.65.0
Kyrgyz Republic6.55.610.224.56.87.819.19.4
Tajikistan19.110.013.220.46.56.513.610.0
Memorandum
MENA 14.98.310.114.66.16.910.27.7
MENA oil importers3.46.76.613.57.07.57.77.6
GCC1.14.66.611.03.03.24.34.2
Maghreb 11.42.83.65.53.73.13.13.8
Mashreq3.97.88.017.08.89.49.79.3
Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

2011 and 2012 data exclude Libya.

Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

2011 and 2012 data exclude Libya.

Table 6.Core Consumer Price Inflation(Year average; percent)
AverageProj.
2000–052006200720082009201020112012
MENAP 1,28.07.312.87.46.5
Oil exporters 29.38.314.06.46.2
Algeria
Bahrain
Iran, I.R. of14.413.512.624.711.610.7
Iraq31.719.313.05.12.95.05.0
Kuwait3.04.89.13.72.2
Libya-1.43.610.4
Oman2.35.93.44.03.73.2
Qatar4.74.49.7-1.62.8
Saudi Arabia1.21.45.03.43.13.13.5
Sudan6.014.915.88.010.29.915.914.4
United Arab Emirates2.90.8
Yemen8.910.99.220.33.810.6
Oil importers2.95.95.510.99.16.96.6
Afghanistan, Rep. of8.64.59.54.85.911.92.6
Djibouti2.51.72.34.2-1.44.1
Egypt6.27.918.98.56.9
Jordan0.72.12.54.53.23.63.73.8
Lebanon0.43.7
Mauritania
Morocco1.62.81.11.51.00.80.61.1
Pakistan3.67.26.28.517.611.09.7
Syrian Arab Republic1.06.40.63.54.54.0
Tunisia2.24.03.74.33.13.33.54.0
CCA 17.07.613.36.56.76.98.7
Oil and gas exporters7.67.814.26.66.57.39.5
Azerbaijan6.322.11.63.59.612.5
Kazakhstan8.08.910.79.47.96.58.3
Turkmenistan5.14.714.44.56.66.38.3
Uzbekistan
Oil and gas importers5.06.59.36.27.45.15.2
Armenia3.42.37.08.26.93.55.7
Georgia6.58.58.20.98.32.83.2
Kyrgyz Republic2.67.615.513.08.111.08.0
Tajikistan6.78.29.05.96.05.75.3
Memorandum
MENA 1,28.27.413.56.15.9
MENA oil importers5.15.212.25.14.9
GCC1.92.36.32.82.53.23.5
Maghreb 21.52.34.1
Mashreq5.96.416.06.36.0
Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

Core inflation uses country-specific definitions of core in its calculation.

2011 and 2012 data exclude Libya.

Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

Core inflation uses country-specific definitions of core in its calculation.

2011 and 2012 data exclude Libya.

Table 7.Broad Money Growth(Annual change; percent)
AverageProj.
2000–052006200720082009201020112012
MENAP 115.921.825.118.412.812.313.512.5
Oil exporters 117.224.828.019.213.612.914.812.8
Algeria14.818.624.116.13.113.814.213.1
Bahrain10.414.940.818.46.510.49.13.4
Iran, I.R. of30.739.228.615.223.526.723.815.9
Iraq34.637.335.426.716.723.326.2
Kuwait9.321.719.315.613.43.05.210.2
Libya9.715.037.347.311.110.0
Oman8.024.937.223.14.711.37.510.7
Qatar20.338.039.519.716.923.120.511.8
Saudi Arabia10.819.319.617.610.75.010.811.5
Sudan32.427.410.316.323.525.420.723.0
United Arab Emirates19.923.241.719.29.86.210.58.0
Yemen19.627.716.813.710.69.29.010.0
Oil importers13.213.916.715.710.010.79.811.7
Afghanistan, Rep. of22.314.464.917.121.316.016.0
Djibouti11.210.29.620.617.512.26.27.1
Egypt13.313.418.315.58.410.510.09.7
Jordan10.714.110.617.39.311.56.48.6
Lebanon29.16.410.915.523.212.28.010.0
Mauritania21.915.718.913.714.912.913.313.6
Morocco11.718.217.413.57.04.84.28.3
Pakistan15.114.919.315.39.612.515.918.3
Syrian Arab Republic16.89.212.412.59.412.63.15.5
Tunisia9.611.412.514.413.010.66.512.3
CCA36.165.343.534.219.324.320.418.9
Oil and gas exporters37.469.042.638.419.624.820.719.0
Azerbaijan28.886.472.425.516.621.923.619.9
Kazakhstan40.778.125.935.417.915.714.514.0
Turkmenistan32.455.972.262.810.943.442.936.0
Uzbekistan41.037.846.938.740.852.427.727.4
Oil and gas importers28.443.149.25.817.121.218.518.5
Armenia22.932.942.32.416.410.615.012.1
Georgia27.939.349.67.08.128.518.021.0
Kyrgyz Republic22.151.633.39.820.921.120.919.7
Tajikistan48.063.478.86.338.925.724.222.6
Memorandum
MENA 116.022.425.618.413.012.313.312.1
MENA oil importers12.513.215.614.610.09.77.39.1
GCC13.422.028.318.311.07.310.910.2
Maghreb 111.916.823.221.67.110.410.011.5
Mashreq13.011.715.515.110.411.28.38.9
Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

2011 and 2012 data exclude Libya.

Broad money (M5) is defined to include nonresident deposits.

Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

2011 and 2012 data exclude Libya.

Broad money (M5) is defined to include nonresident deposits.

Table 8.General Government Fiscal Balance(Percent of GDP)
AverageProj.
2000–052006200720082009201020112012
MENAP12.47.66.16.7-2.9-0.20.40.1
Oil exporters16.013.911.913.0-1.62.94.63.6
Algeria6.613.54.47.7-6.8-1.1-2.6-0.9
Bahrain1.42.71.94.9-6.6-7.8-7.7-7.1
Iran, I.R. of22.92.37.40.71.01.72.41.0
Iraq15.512.4-1.3-22.1-9.1-8.7-7.9
Kuwait227.235.339.019.626.722.623.623.6
Libya12.033.529.725.95.48.7
Oman28.413.811.113.8-1.25.010.98.7
Qatar8.78.510.910.015.32.97.73.8
Saudi Arabia7.724.615.834.4-4.66.79.48.0
Sudan-0.6-4.3-5.5-1.5-4.8-3.2-2.8-3.0
United Arab Emirates34.518.115.416.5-12.6-1.15.84.8
Yemen0.01.2-7.2-4.5-10.2-4.0-7.1-6.1
Oil importers-5.3-4.8-5.2-5.4-5.2-6.0-7.6-6.7
Afghanistan, Rep. of-3.1-2.0-4.3-1.60.90.0-1.8
Djibouti-1.8-2.4-2.61.3-4.6-0.50.40.0
Egypt2-9.9-8.2-7.3-6.8-6.9-8.1-9.9-8.7
Jordan2-3.1-3.5-5.7-5.5-8.9-5.4-6.1-5.9
Lebanon2-15.3-10.4-10.8-9.5-8.2-7.3-7.8-8.3
Mauritania2,4-6.635.8-1.6-6.5-5.1-1.9-2.8-3.8
Morocco2-5.2-2.00.31.5-1.9-4.5-5.8-5.0
Pakistan-2.7-3.7-5.5-7.3-5.2-5.9-6.5-5.3
Syrian Arab Republic-2.1-1.1-3.0-2.9-2.9-5.1-11.0-9.1
Tunisia-2.6-2.9-2.8-0.7-2.6-1.2-4.1-4.3
CCA0.64.23.16.21.03.82.52.9
Oil and gas exporters1.35.34.37.92.35.33.64.1
Azerbaijan20.2-0.22.620.37.215.39.810.1
Kazakhstan2.47.24.71.1-1.41.41.71.7
Turkmenistan51.05.33.910.07.62.30.51.4
Uzbekistan-0.65.45.210.73.14.83.34.6
Oil and gas importers-2.8-1.6-3.4-3.6-6.8-5.3-4.9-4.3
Armenia2-2.6-2.0-2.3-1.8-7.7-4.9-3.8-3.1
Georgia-1.1-3.0-4.7-6.3-9.2-6.6-3.7-3.3
Kyrgyz Republic-5.6-2.1-0.30.0-3.5-6.5-8.4-7.7
Tajikistan-3.01.7-5.5-5.1-5.2-3.0-4.9-4.2
Memorandum
MENA13.29.17.68.6-2.60.51.20.8
MENA oil importers-7.3-5.3-5.2-4.5-5.3-6.3-8.4-7.5
GCC9.222.217.524.7-0.46.19.78.3
Maghreb13.010.46.27.5-3.0-0.5-3.9-2.8
Mashreq-8.7-7.0-6.8-6.4-6.5-7.4-9.7-8.6
Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

2011 and 2012 data exclude Libya.

Central government.

Consolidated accounts of the federal government and the emirates Abu Dhabi, Dubai, and Sharjah.

Includes oil revenue transferred to the oil fund.

State government.

Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

2011 and 2012 data exclude Libya.

Central government.

Consolidated accounts of the federal government and the emirates Abu Dhabi, Dubai, and Sharjah.

Includes oil revenue transferred to the oil fund.

State government.

Table 9.General Government Total Revenue, Excluding Grants(Percent of GDP)
AverageProj.
2000–052006200720082009201020112012
MENAP130.236.034.636.630.931.031.930.6
Oil exporters135.343.741.344.435.636.738.436.5
Algeria37.042.739.647.236.337.341.339.9
Bahrain231.730.428.832.023.424.027.025.6
Iran, I.R. of224.529.928.925.123.523.426.724.2
Iraq74.578.976.769.770.772.070.7
Kuwait263.967.369.259.667.660.758.660.0
Libya48.665.668.265.660.762.0
Oman246.748.845.446.339.940.046.243.8
Qatar40.038.940.733.747.633.632.729.7
Saudi Arabia44.056.650.466.041.048.950.847.7
Sudan15.520.920.422.215.715.116.111.7
United Arab Emirates324.833.733.138.625.328.332.932.1
Yemen32.838.232.836.524.624.620.322.8
Oil importers19.221.021.221.522.120.119.519.4
Afghanistan, Rep. of8.27.78.010.311.311.812.4
Djibouti26.431.130.228.830.630.130.430.1
Egypt220.024.123.724.626.321.921.221.6
Jordan225.629.229.525.524.522.721.721.8
Lebanon220.522.122.722.824.021.422.322.3
Mauritania2,428.929.425.823.424.725.324.924.1
Morocco222.625.127.429.725.825.325.125.2
Pakistan13.914.115.014.614.514.012.912.4
Syrian Arab Republic27.325.522.720.123.921.821.021.3
Tunisia26.826.527.429.629.029.530.429.2
CCA24.927.328.533.228.629.629.929.8
Oil and gas exporters26.328.329.334.829.530.630.830.7
Azerbaijan224.228.028.251.141.644.441.741.0
Kazakhstan24.627.529.327.922.123.924.524.5
Turkmenistan521.220.217.320.922.117.818.718.2
Uzbekistan33.034.135.440.536.336.639.540.1
Oil and gas importers17.821.924.324.023.823.924.424.1
Armenia215.617.519.320.120.220.219.920.0
Georgia618.225.528.727.527.125.927.025.9
Kyrgyz Republic21.125.628.128.027.128.830.730.3
Tajikistan16.518.920.520.520.020.920.420.8
Memorandum
MENA132.639.037.239.633.133.234.433.1
MENA oil importers22.324.824.725.426.023.222.923.0
GCC42.250.847.454.641.043.245.143.0
Maghreb133.539.139.042.636.036.634.133.2
Mashreq21.524.423.723.825.721.921.321.6
Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

2011 and 2012 data exclude Libya.

Central government.

Consolidated accounts of the federal government and the emirates Abu Dhabi, Dubai, and Sharjah.

Includes oil revenue transferred to the oil fund.

State government.

Revised for 2002–04 to include extrabudgetary revenues.

Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

2011 and 2012 data exclude Libya.

Central government.

Consolidated accounts of the federal government and the emirates Abu Dhabi, Dubai, and Sharjah.

Includes oil revenue transferred to the oil fund.

State government.

Revised for 2002–04 to include extrabudgetary revenues.

Table 10.Oil Exporters: General Government Non-Oil Fiscal Balance(Percent of non-oil GDP)
AverageProj.
2000–052006200720082009201020112012
MENAP oil exporters1-32.9-38.7-39.4-51.0-46.7-48.0-50.6-48.3
Algeria-31.5-35.6-45.7-54.1-45.4-40.0-55.2-47.6
Bahrain2-29.0-28.4-28.7-31.7-34.4-38.3-45.3-42.4
Iran, I.R. of2-17.8-25.3-18.1-26.1-15.2-16.5-16.8-16.1
Iraq-101.0-126.0-215.5-171.3-174.4-212.4-220.9
Kuwait2-35.9-30.5-28.7-73.2-54.0-56.7-60.2-58.4
Libya-78.5-140.8-153.0-175.6-148.1-158.0
Oman2-57.7-63.4-54.2-63.6-61.1-61.0-76.4-69.6
Qatar-45.1-35.1-28.0-20.3-14.5-37.2-27.3-33.6
Saudi Arabia-40.9-44.8-51.2-52.2-66.6-69.0-79.5-70.0
Sudan-9.6-18.9-21.4-21.2-14.5-13.5-12.4-7.0
United Arab Emirates3-18.6-13.5-14.0-23.5-42.3-34.2-34.7-33.4
Yemen-35.4-42.6-43.1-46.3-31.3-29.9-31.7-29.4
CCA oil and gas exporters-7.2-10.9-12.3-21.2-20.1-19.0-21.9-19.6
Azerbaijan2-12.2-31.2-28.6-39.4-38.1-36.0-43.0-37.9
Kazakhstan-5.5-4.2-6.5-16.0-13.7-12.9-13.4-12.5
Turkmenistan4-10.0-7.4-6.5-6.0-8.4-9.7-18.2-15.1
Uzbekistan
Memorandum
GCC-36.9-36.6-38.4-46.0-53.7-55.9-61.1-56.3
Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

2011 and 2012 data exclude Libya.

Central government.

Consolidated accounts of the federal government and the emirates Abu Dhabi, Dubai, and Sharjah.

State government.

Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

2011 and 2012 data exclude Libya.

Central government.

Consolidated accounts of the federal government and the emirates Abu Dhabi, Dubai, and Sharjah.

State government.

Table 11.Oil Exporters: General Government Non-Oil Revenue(Percent of non-oil GDP)
AverageProj.
2000—052006200720082009201020112012
MENAP oil exporters116.218.618.819.416.815.216.015.2
Algeria17.118.117.118.418.519.419.419.3
Bahrain211.19.07.16.14.74.14.34.3
Iran, I.R. of210.112.412.814.112.510.812.111.9
Iraq7.813.112.516.013.612.011.2
Kuwait235.047.038.429.823.723.122.722.3
Libya20.725.229.934.220.121.7
Oman214.214.916.613.616.312.812.412.3
Qatar29.229.533.832.444.126.437.930.2
Saudi Arabia22.324.625.127.819.218.718.117.2
Sudan8.511.510.69.49.08.410.19.4
United Arab Emirates39.311.412.711.710.910.410.110.4
Yemen13.114.314.812.412.612.28.912.7
CCA oil and gas exporters24.224.426.122.519.518.719.619.3
Azerbaijan223.929.929.727.726.823.924.124.4
Kazakhstan25.624.426.921.816.817.018.217.9
Turkmenistan414.612.111.613.415.515.217.215.2
Uzbekistan
Memorandum
GCC20.924.124.023.820.217.819.117.6
Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

2011 and 2012 data exclude Libya.

Central government.

Consolidated accounts of the federal government and the emirates Abu Dhabi, Dubai, and Sharjah.

State government.

Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

2011 and 2012 data exclude Libya.

Central government.

Consolidated accounts of the federal government and the emirates Abu Dhabi, Dubai, and Sharjah.

State government.

Table 12.General Government Total Expenditure and Net Lending(Percent of GDP)
AverageProj.
2000–052006200720082009201020112012
MENAP128.229.128.930.434.331.531.830.9
Oil exporters129.630.429.831.837.734.134.033.1
Algeria230.529.235.239.543.138.543.940.8
Bahrain331.128.227.527.430.432.135.133.0
Iran, I.R. of321.627.721.624.522.521.824.323.2
Iraq72.771.987.1102.484.782.880.9
Kuwait336.732.030.240.040.938.135.036.3
Libya36.632.138.539.655.353.4
Oman338.334.836.432.441.234.935.336.6
Qatar31.330.329.823.732.330.725.026.0
Saudi Arabia36.432.034.631.645.642.241.439.7
Sudan16.125.726.424.221.219.019.615.4
United Arab Emirates420.315.617.722.237.829.427.127.2
Yemen33.237.440.341.235.229.827.430.1
Oil importers25.626.627.127.627.926.627.826.7
Afghanistan, Rep. of21.522.022.322.121.624.726.6
Djibouti34.337.437.740.641.636.035.735.4
Egypt329.432.631.531.534.030.331.530.9
Jordan335.635.938.035.635.430.233.930.3
Lebanon335.935.534.933.232.328.730.430.9
Mauritania337.028.529.630.730.628.429.028.9
Morocco3,528.127.527.529.628.330.131.230.5
Pakistan17.718.420.822.319.920.319.718.0
Syrian Arab Republic29.326.625.723.026.826.932.030.3
Tunisia29.629.430.230.732.030.834.733.6
CCA24.623.325.727.428.326.927.827.2
Oil and gas exporters25.222.925.127.027.426.227.226.8
Azerbaijan3,624.027.425.931.134.830.832.031.0
Kazakhstan22.320.224.626.923.522.522.822.9
Turkmenistan720.214.913.410.914.515.618.216.8
Uzbekistan34.429.030.430.033.634.436.635.9
Oil and gas importers21.525.529.229.634.231.431.629.8
Armenia3,619.920.623.223.032.026.926.524.3
Georgia19.929.734.037.038.434.831.930.0
Kyrgyz Republic27.728.931.129.236.138.143.140.4
Tajikistan19.921.928.027.228.626.127.426.7
Memorandum
MENA129.730.630.031.536.233.033.432.6
MENA oil importers29.831.030.530.432.029.931.931.1
GCC33.028.630.129.941.537.235.334.8
Maghreb130.729.333.035.539.237.238.136.1
Mashreq30.232.131.230.632.829.731.630.8
Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

2011 and 2012 data exclude Libya.

Including special accounts.

Central government.

Consolidated accounts of the federal government and the emirates Abu Dhabi, Dubai, and Sharjah.

Net lending includes balance on special treasury accounts.

Expenditures do not include statistical discrepancy.

State government.

Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

2011 and 2012 data exclude Libya.

Including special accounts.

Central government.

Consolidated accounts of the federal government and the emirates Abu Dhabi, Dubai, and Sharjah.

Net lending includes balance on special treasury accounts.

Expenditures do not include statistical discrepancy.

State government.

Table 13.Total Government Gross Debt(Percent of GDP)
AverageProj.
2000–052006200720082009201020112012
MENAP160.642.836.532.236.134.231.831.7
Oil exporters144.926.720.515.921.819.515.315.1
Algeria49.023.612.58.210.410.410.710.7
Bahrain231.923.619.214.625.432.034.239.1
Iran, I.R. of212.49.27.77.18.911.69.28.0
Iraq221.2181.0110.4144.1119.642.342.8
Kuwait225.28.36.75.67.05.74.54.4
Libya23.40.90.00.00.00.0
Oman218.39.67.55.18.05.74.03.2
Qatar41.513.18.98.631.029.528.228.0
Saudi Arabia77.327.318.513.215.99.97.16.1
Sudan146.890.983.772.883.671.678.287.3
United Arab Emirates34.36.87.812.522.521.018.518.1
Yemen55.440.840.436.449.940.642.944.4
Oil importers90.174.968.764.463.762.563.664.1
Afghanistan, Rep. of
Djibouti32.756.863.660.259.856.153.753.6
Egypt100.098.887.174.775.673.876.276.6
Jordan295.476.373.860.264.566.868.567.8
Lebanon2162.3179.9167.7156.3146.5134.1126.4125.0
Mauritania4209.186.896.890.6101.586.262.064.2
Morocco266.659.454.648.247.951.154.255.5
Pakistan76.556.453.658.757.456.857.657.3
Syrian Arab Republic120.146.943.237.431.429.727.527.9
Tunisia62.248.845.943.342.840.441.748.0
CCA30.713.911.310.914.715.117.017.8
Oil and gas exporters23.510.08.17.710.110.713.113.9
Azerbaijan220.910.28.67.312.110.810.710.0
Kazakhstan16.36.75.96.710.210.712.913.0
Turkmenistan519.53.32.42.82.611.820.526.8
Uzbekistan43.521.315.812.711.010.012.614.0
Oil and gas importers66.334.828.928.641.942.941.442.1
Armenia240.018.716.116.140.239.241.541.4
Georgia55.927.321.527.637.339.136.838.0
Kyrgyz Republic103.772.556.848.558.062.655.254.6
Tajikistan76.035.835.230.236.636.737.038.6
Memorandum
MENA158.441.034.328.833.431.328.528.5
MENA oil importers97.084.476.567.266.765.366.567.5
GCC50.618.713.411.317.614.212.211.7
Maghreb153.333.727.123.624.725.030.532.2
Mashreq108.195.785.874.774.071.872.973.1
Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

2011 and 2012 data exclude Libya.

Central government.

Consolidated accounts of the federal government and the emirates Abu Dhabi, Dubai, and Sharjah.

Includes oil revenue transferred to the oil fund, as well as public enterprises and central bank debts.

State government.

Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

2011 and 2012 data exclude Libya.

Central government.

Consolidated accounts of the federal government and the emirates Abu Dhabi, Dubai, and Sharjah.

Includes oil revenue transferred to the oil fund, as well as public enterprises and central bank debts.

State government.

Table 14.Selected MENAP Countries: Total Government Net Debt(Percent of GDP)
AverageProj.
2000–052006200720082009201020112012
MENAP1,229.518.412.710.915.213.915.815.9
Oil exporters1,2-2.4-4.2-10.2-13.1-6.3-6.0-6.1-6.4
Iran, I.R. of3-0.5-6.2-8.3-6.30.20.0-2.4-3.1
Iraq221.2181.0110.4144.1119.642.342.8
Libya-18.5-81.0-83.3-70.7-110.8-101.0
Oman3-27.7-32.7-36.2-29.5-39.9-34.8-32.7-33.8
Qatar435.59.35.15.326.425.925.225.4
United Arab Emirates5-84.7-77.6-83.2-85.9-85.4-76.1-72.1-75.0
Yemen49.333.035.231.443.736.539.441.4
Oil importers279.657.754.053.752.652.553.654.6
Jordan391.168.867.654.857.161.162.161.9
Lebanon3155.7175.0162.0144.9132.9125.0126.0124.7
Mauritania6209.182.894.890.6101.486.161.964.1
Morocco364.356.853.147.547.350.653.655.0
Pakistan75.252.248.653.753.753.354.254.0
Syrian Arab Republic87.330.627.622.918.118.818.520.1
Tunisia62.248.845.943.342.840.441.748.0
Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

2011 and 2012 data exclude Libya.

Weighted average of the selected countries.

Central government.

Net of government deposits.

Consolidated accounts of the federal government and the emirates Abu Dhabi, Dubai, and Sharjah.

Includes oil revenue transferred to the oil fund, as well as public enterprise and central bank debts.

Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

2011 and 2012 data exclude Libya.

Weighted average of the selected countries.

Central government.

Net of government deposits.

Consolidated accounts of the federal government and the emirates Abu Dhabi, Dubai, and Sharjah.

Includes oil revenue transferred to the oil fund, as well as public enterprise and central bank debts.

Table 15.Exports of Goods and Services(Billion U.S. dollars)
AverageProj.
2000–052006200720082009201020112012
MENAP1432.5878.01,029.41,341.5968.31,185.91,449.81,483.2
Oil exporters1351.9747.4876.61,146.2797.91,001.61,248.71,271.9
Algeria28.657.363.582.148.260.882.079.6
Bahrain8.715.517.221.115.518.522.722.6
Iran, I.R. of41.482.3105.2109.995.6116.5137.1140.8
Iraq30.238.763.640.653.575.781.6
Kuwait27.364.972.798.463.074.7101.8100.7
Libya18.243.049.262.337.444.2
Oman13.622.926.439.529.338.447.848.4
Qatar16.739.350.573.048.381.0108.5109.9
Saudi Arabia109.5225.6249.6323.5202.5262.4352.2346.8
Sudan2.86.09.313.08.111.412.88.9
United Arab Emirates73.7152.4186.7249.7202.3230.7296.6321.4
Yemen4.67.97.810.27.19.511.311.1
Oil importers80.6130.6152.8195.2170.4184.4201.0211.3
Afghanistan, Rep. of1.92.02.52.93.43.53.6
Djibouti0.20.30.30.40.40.40.50.5
Egypt19.633.939.453.347.046.646.649.9
Jordan4.98.19.312.410.912.313.114.0
Lebanon8.513.716.022.822.823.424.125.8
Mauritania0.51.41.51.91.52.22.93.2
Morocco13.921.727.333.426.330.137.139.8
Pakistan12.920.321.424.023.224.930.930.2
Syrian Arab Republic7.913.115.619.315.419.219.319.0
Tunisia11.016.020.125.219.921.923.125.3
CCA32.075.6100.8142.4100.1125.6163.6170.8
Oil and gas exporters28.269.492.8133.092.1116.1152.0158.2
Azerbaijan3.814.022.532.122.828.535.437.5
Kazakhstan16.841.651.976.448.265.185.987.6
Turkmenistan3.77.59.512.39.510.314.915.8
Uzbekistan4.06.38.912.211.512.215.817.2
Oil and gas importers3.86.28.09.38.09.411.612.6
Armenia0.81.51.81.81.31.92.22.4
Georgia1.42.63.23.73.24.15.15.6
Kyrgyz Republic0.81.52.23.02.72.53.23.5
Tajikistan0.90.70.80.90.81.01.11.1
Memorandum
MENA1418.5855.71,006.01,314.9942.21,157.61,415.41,449.4
MENA oil importers66.6108.3129.4168.7144.3156.1166.7177.5
GCC249.4520.6603.1805.2561.0705.6929.7949.9
Maghreb172.2139.5161.5205.0133.3159.3145.1147.8
Mashreq40.968.980.2107.896.3101.5103.1108.7
Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

2011 and 2012 data exclude Libya.

Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

2011 and 2012 data exclude Libya.

Table 16.Imports of Goods and Services(Billion U.S. dollars)
AverageProj.
2000–052006200720082009201020112012
MENAP1340.1611.6780.41,011.6913.3976.61,099.81,186.1
Oil exporters1240.5445.7581.6750.0681.7734.7833.8904.0
Algeria16.825.533.349.149.150.554.856.6
Bahrain6.711.312.315.711.113.314.614.2
Iran, I.R. of35.462.173.988.485.092.4100.3105.1
Iraq23.229.448.753.155.575.581.8
Kuwait16.326.932.538.231.132.739.542.5
Libya9.615.220.024.927.131.0
Oman8.713.819.426.621.524.430.332.2
Qatar7.121.827.235.030.138.240.543.0
Saudi Arabia63.6115.3147.1179.5165.0177.0210.3235.3
Sudan3.910.011.012.511.211.712.410.7
United Arab Emirates59.9112.9166.1219.7187.3197.2243.2270.0
Yemen4.47.89.411.710.010.712.512.5
Oil importers99.5165.9198.8261.6231.6241.9265.9282.2
Afghanistan, Rep. of7.48.49.59.610.010.411.2
Djibouti0.30.50.60.70.60.50.70.8
Egypt22.838.244.963.159.957.057.562.7
Jordan7.713.215.719.216.518.020.221.0
Lebanon12.716.720.628.128.430.032.534.5
Mauritania0.91.62.12.72.02.63.23.3
Morocco16.126.134.646.337.240.149.251.4
Pakistan15.533.235.345.439.238.143.346.1
Syrian Arab Republic8.312.315.819.917.321.622.922.9
Tunisia11.716.720.826.620.924.026.028.3
CCA31.060.882.7100.987.293.0112.8121.5
Oil and gas exporters25.750.067.580.271.975.791.798.9
Azerbaijan4.28.19.411.59.910.516.718.0
Kazakhstan14.832.945.049.639.043.347.551.5
Turkmenistan3.13.64.97.811.310.913.514.0
Uzbekistan3.55.48.111.411.711.014.015.4
Oil and gas importers5.310.815.320.715.317.221.122.6
Armenia1.42.53.64.73.74.24.75.0
Georgia2.04.45.97.55.36.17.57.8
Kyrgyz Republic0.92.33.24.73.73.95.15.6
Tajikistan1.11.62.63.72.73.03.94.3
Memorandum
MENA1321.2571.0736.7956.6864.5928.51,046.01,128.9
MENA oil importers80.6125.3155.1206.6182.8193.8212.2224.9
GCC162.3302.0404.6514.8446.2482.8578.4637.3
Maghreb155.285.0110.8149.5136.3148.2133.2139.6
Mashreq51.580.597.0130.4122.1126.6133.1141.2
Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

2011 and 2012 data exclude Libya.

Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

2011 and 2012 data exclude Libya.

Table 17.Current Account Balance(Billion U.S. dollars)
AverageProj.
2000–052006200720082009201020112012
MENAP187.6276.8259.0335.240.3179.9308.8254.9
Oil exporters188.9282.2269.4360.967.0202.1333.5285.9
Algeria10.329.030.634.50.412.525.220.6
Bahrain0.52.22.92.30.61.13.33.7
Iran, I.R. of6.520.632.622.910.924.436.935.2
Iraq8.57.116.6-8.9-2.6-0.9-1.4
Kuwait13.745.342.260.225.936.957.253.6
Libya7.228.129.837.19.410.3
Oman2.25.72.55.0-0.65.19.78.9
Qatar6.615.320.233.010.032.256.554.4
Saudi Arabia34.399.193.5132.521.066.8115.382.6
Sudan-1.7-5.5-5.8-5.2-7.3-4.4-4.6-4.5
United Arab Emirates10.133.915.423.38.221.236.934.7
Yemen0.60.2-1.5-1.3-2.6-1.4-1.9-1.8
Oil importers-1.3-5.4-10.4-25.7-26.7-22.2-24.6-31.0
Afghanistan, Rep. of-0.40.1-0.2-0.30.4-0.2-0.9
Djibouti0.0-0.1-0.2-0.2-0.1-0.1-0.1-0.2
Egypt1.31.82.70.9-4.4-4.3-4.4-5.6
Jordan-0.1-1.7-2.9-2.0-0.8-1.3-1.9-2.6
Lebanon-3.0-1.2-1.7-2.8-3.4-4.3-6.1-6.2
Mauritania-0.30.0-0.5-0.5-0.3-0.3-0.3-0.3
Morocco1.01.4-0.1-4.6-4.9-3.9-5.3-4.4
Pakistan1.2-5.0-6.9-13.9-9.3-3.90.4-3.9
Syrian Arab Republic-0.60.5-0.1-0.7-1.9-2.3-4.0-4.1
Tunisia-0.7-0.6-0.9-1.7-1.2-2.1-2.8-2.9
CCA-1.05.23.423.70.717.025.624.3
Oil and gas exporters-0.56.66.428.83.619.629.027.7
Azerbaijan-0.93.79.016.510.215.015.515.6
Kazakhstan-0.4-2.0-8.36.3-4.44.310.79.2
Turkmenistan0.43.44.03.6-3.0-2.3-0.7-0.7
Uzbekistan0.51.61.62.50.72.63.53.6
Oil and gas importers-0.5-1.5-2.9-5.1-2.8-2.6-3.3-3.4
Armenia-0.1-0.1-0.6-1.4-1.4-1.3-1.2-1.1
Georgia-0.4-1.2-2.0-2.9-1.2-1.1-1.5-1.4
Kyrgyz Republic0.0-0.10.0-0.40.0-0.3-0.4-0.5
Tajikistan0.0-0.1-0.3-0.4-0.30.1-0.2-0.5
Memorandum
MENA186.6282.2265.8349.249.9183.5308.5259.7
MENA oil importers-2.30.0-3.6-11.7-17.1-18.6-24.9-26.2
GCC67.4201.4176.6256.465.0163.4278.9237.9
Maghreb117.457.859.064.73.316.416.713.0
Mashreq-2.3-0.7-2.0-4.6-10.5-12.2-16.4-18.5
Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

2011 and 2012 data exclude Libya.

Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

2011 and 2012 data exclude Libya.

Table 18.Current Account Balance(Percent of GDP)
AverageProj.
2000–052006200720082009201020112012
MENAP17.816.212.813.41.87.010.48.2
Oil exporters111.221.917.618.74.110.615.012.4
Algeria14.024.722.820.20.37.913.710.9
Bahrain5.013.815.710.22.94.912.613.7
Iran, I.R. of5.19.310.56.53.06.07.87.1
Iraq19.012.519.2-13.8-3.2-0.9-1.2
Kuwait26.244.636.840.523.627.833.530.4
Libya18.851.043.238.915.914.4
Oman9.415.45.98.3-1.38.814.512.9
Qatar25.025.125.428.710.225.332.630.1
Saudi Arabia13.627.824.327.85.614.920.614.2
Sudan-9.5-15.5-12.7-9.4-13.9-6.7-7.3-7.6
United Arab Emirates7.715.36.07.43.07.010.39.2
Yemen5.31.1-7.0-4.6-10.2-4.5-5.3-4.7
Oil importers-0.4-1.3-2.2-4.4-4.4-3.3-3.3-3.8
Afghanistan, Rep. of-5.70.9-1.6-2.62.7-0.8-4.4
Djibouti-0.4-11.5-21.4-24.3-9.1-4.8-10.8-11.6
Egypt1.61.62.10.5-2.3-2.0-1.9-2.2
Jordan0.0-11.5-16.8-9.3-3.3-4.9-6.7-8.4
Lebanon-15.2-5.3-6.8-9.2-9.7-10.9-14.7-13.8
Mauritania-18.8-1.3-17.2-14.8-10.7-8.7-7.5-7.5
Morocco2.22.2-0.1-5.2-5.4-4.3-5.2-4.0
Pakistan1.6-3.9-4.8-8.5-5.7-2.20.2-1.7
Syrian Arab Republic-2.31.4-0.2-1.3-3.6-3.9-6.1-6.1
Tunisia-3.0-1.8-2.4-3.8-2.8-4.8-5.7-5.5
CCA-1.63.21.68.90.35.87.36.1
Oil and gas exporters-0.94.73.512.41.77.59.27.8
Azerbaijan-12.217.627.335.523.627.722.719.3
Kazakhstan-1.4-2.5-8.14.7-3.82.95.94.6
Turkmenistan4.115.715.516.5-16.0-11.7-2.9-2.6
Uzbekistan3.89.17.38.72.26.78.07.4
Oil and gas importers-5.4-7.4-10.9-14.7-9.8-8.4-9.2-8.8
Armenia-6.4-1.8-6.4-11.8-15.8-13.9-11.7-10.7
Georgia-8.0-15.1-19.7-22.6-11.2-9.6-10.8-9.2
Kyrgyz Republic-0.1-3.1-0.2-8.10.7-7.2-7.7-7.6
Tajikistan-2.8-2.8-8.6-7.6-5.92.1-3.6-6.7
Memorandum
MENA18.418.014.215.02.47.711.29.0
MENA oil importers-1.10.0-1.1-2.9-3.9-3.9-4.8-4.7
GCC13.425.419.722.57.115.020.616.9
Maghreb19.321.018.416.11.04.44.93.7
Mashreq-1.6-0.4-0.9-1.7-3.5-3.6-4.5-4.7
Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

2011 and 2012 data exclude Libya.

Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

2011 and 2012 data exclude Libya.

Table 19.Gross Official Reserves(Billion U.S. dollars)
AverageProj.
2000–052006200720082009201020112012
MENAP1251.1601.9848.81,010.11,000.11,096.11,143.41,291.4
Oil exporters1191.5504.3734.8887.7864.8948.41,004.81,160.9
Algeria30.977.8110.2143.1148.9162.2188.8210.8
Bahrain1.52.74.13.83.54.84.45.2
Iran, I.R. of25.960.582.979.678.078.9104.6138.7
Iraq20.031.550.244.350.655.763.9
Kuwait8.011.815.916.717.718.723.025.2
Libya21.659.479.591.9100.3106.5
Oman3.35.09.511.412.213.113.915.1
Qatar2.55.49.89.818.831.117.821.4
Saudi Arabia273.4225.2305.3441.9408.6443.7538.8607.9
Sudan0.61.71.41.00.70.80.81.0
United Arab Emirates316.428.077.930.925.532.854.170.2
Yemen4.26.87.07.36.25.12.71.4
Oil importers59.697.7114.0122.4135.2147.7138.6130.6
Afghanistan, Rep. of2.02.83.54.25.35.76.4
Djibouti0.10.10.10.20.20.20.20.3
Egypt15.423.028.634.631.335.226.617.6
Jordan3.86.26.97.711.112.411.711.2
Lebanon7.511.411.518.827.430.230.533.4
Mauritania0.10.20.20.20.20.30.40.4
Morocco11.820.824.722.823.623.623.423.6
Pakistan6.110.814.38.69.113.014.812.9
Syrian Arab Republic11.216.517.017.117.517.916.315.1
Tunisia2.96.87.99.010.69.59.09.7
CCA8.629.233.740.146.756.174.090.3
Oil and gas exporters7.426.329.435.940.749.866.783.0
Azerbaijan0.92.54.36.55.46.99.09.6
Kazakhstan4.819.117.619.923.128.338.048.6
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan1.74.77.59.512.214.619.824.8
Oil and gas importers1.22.94.34.36.06.37.37.3
Armenia0.51.11.71.42.01.91.91.8
Georgia0.30.91.41.52.12.32.82.8
Kyrgyz Republic0.40.81.21.21.61.72.02.1
Tajikistan0.10.10.10.20.30.50.60.7
Memorandum
MENA1244.3589.1831.7998.0986.81,077.81,122.91,272.1
MENA oil importers52.884.997.0110.3121.9129.4118.1111.3
GCC105.0278.1422.5514.6486.3544.3652.1745.0
Maghreb167.3165.0222.5266.9283.6302.1221.5244.6
Mashreq37.957.064.078.287.395.885.277.2
Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

2011 and 2012 data exclude Libya.

Saudi Arabia Monetary Agency gross foreign assets.

Central bank only. Excludes overseas assets of sovereign wealth funds.

Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

2011 and 2012 data exclude Libya.

Saudi Arabia Monetary Agency gross foreign assets.

Central bank only. Excludes overseas assets of sovereign wealth funds.

Table 20.Total Gross External Debt

(Percent of GDP)1

AverageProj.
2000–052006200720082009201020112012
MENAP233.531.434.329.434.531.827.127.0
Oil exporters225.328.033.628.434.831.725.726.1
Algeria34.15.04.23.53.82.82.01.7
Bahrain48.053.4139.3151.5169.6159.0148.2149.4
Iran, I.R. of10.910.69.35.85.95.43.83.4
Iraq215.9174.6110.4137.8107.530.129.0
Kuwait28.130.450.240.752.640.932.532.5
Libya17.610.18.15.89.57.8
Oman23.315.517.215.118.611.99.68.3
Qatar59.943.252.649.685.886.069.471.5
Saudi Arabia11.711.919.717.523.820.918.819.9
Sudan134.879.669.760.667.856.362.070.0
United Arab Emirates17.436.350.543.248.446.540.740.2
Yemen43.428.726.921.924.019.616.916.9
Oil importers52.441.936.532.633.632.131.329.8
Afghanistan, Rep. of169.423.020.29.28.28.29.2
Djibouti59.156.863.660.259.856.153.753.6
Egypt32.527.622.921.316.815.515.113.8
Jordan373.048.643.323.422.924.623.620.6
Lebanon160.7198.8194.0172.4175.2160.5161.7163.8
Mauritania216.994.195.782.8102.087.271.677.8
Morocco36.123.923.720.623.324.624.824.4
Pakistan39.828.027.027.132.131.629.525.0
Syrian Arab Republic92.924.520.615.615.415.115.316.4
Tunisia460.153.951.845.949.448.649.550.0
CCA51.654.953.447.757.150.550.350.9
Oil and gas exporters49.957.356.349.858.050.250.351.0
Azerbaijan518.59.47.76.57.97.27.87.4
Kazakhstan73.091.493.979.898.280.578.279.5
Turkmenistan19.53.32.42.82.611.820.526.8
Uzbekistan37.022.116.713.115.014.818.120.2
Oil and gas importers61.338.134.134.349.953.250.249.8
Armenia537.618.915.713.534.335.235.134.5
Georgia47.237.838.544.058.061.657.556.6
Kyrgyz Republic107.177.760.245.158.268.359.456.2
Tajikistan90.142.740.946.351.753.650.652.2
Memorandum
MENA232.831.134.929.634.831.927.127.3
MENA oil importers57.245.041.035.134.833.132.832.4
GCC18.924.537.733.443.840.434.935.4
Maghreb236.417.516.213.216.815.516.516.7
Mashreq62.650.344.337.435.432.732.431.8
Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

Nominal GDP is converted to U.S. dollars using period average exchange rate.

2011 and 2012 data exclude Libya.

Excludes deposits of nonresidents held in the banking system.

Includes bank deposits of nonresidents.

Public and publicly guaranteed debt, as private debt data are not reliable.

Sources: National authorities; and IMF staff estimates and projections.

Nominal GDP is converted to U.S. dollars using period average exchange rate.

2011 and 2012 data exclude Libya.

Excludes deposits of nonresidents held in the banking system.

Includes bank deposits of nonresidents.

Public and publicly guaranteed debt, as private debt data are not reliable.

Table 21.Capital Adequacy Ratios(Percent of risk-weighted assets)
Dec-06Dec-07Dec-08Dec-09Dec-10Mar-11Jun-11
Oil exporters
Algeria15.212.916.521.922.8
Bahrain22.021.018.119.6
Iran, I.R. of19.19.08.89.68.4
Iraq
Kuwait20.219.315.616.718.9
Libya11.611.812.214.5
Oman17.215.814.715.515.8
Qatar14.313.515.516.116.119.2
Saudi Arabia21.920.616.016.517.1
Sudan19.722.010.57.110.0
United Arab Emirates216.614.413.019.221.820.1
Yemen312.08.714.614.64
Oil importers
Afghanistan, Rep. of
Djibouti17.48.18.59.59.3
Egypt14.714.814.715.116.1
Jordan21.420.818.419.620.3
Lebanon525.012.512.213.713.3
Mauritania28.233.037.934.5
Morocco12.310.611.211.812.3
Pakistan12.712.312.214.014.013.6
Syrian Arab Republic7.06.56.56.36.5
Tunisia11.811.611.712.412.6
CCA
Armenia34.930.127.528.322.221.320.0
Azerbaijan18.719.919.617.716.916.516.3
Georgia36.030.024.025.623.627.525.9
Kazakhstan15.014.214.9-8.217.917.818.8
Kyrgyz Republic28.531.032.633.530.430.428.2
Tajikistan19.424.225.424.520.318.9
Turkmenistan25.315.930.916.517.214.9
Uzbekistan23.223.223.423.4
Source: National authorities.

December data refer to March data of the following year.

National banks only.

Data refer to all banks except the Housing Bank and CAC Bank. 2006 includes CAC Bank data.

Audited financial statements.

From 2007 onward, based on revised risk weights (Basel II).

Source: National authorities.

December data refer to March data of the following year.

National banks only.

Data refer to all banks except the Housing Bank and CAC Bank. 2006 includes CAC Bank data.

Audited financial statements.

From 2007 onward, based on revised risk weights (Basel II).

Table 22.Return on Assets(Percent)
Dec-06Dec-07Dec-08Dec-09Dec-10Mar-11Jun-11
Oil exporters
Algeria0.91.11.21.41.5
Bahrain2.11.21.31.2
Iran, I.R. of
Iraq
Kuwait2.73.30.80.71.2
Libya0.50.40.60.7
Oman2.32.11.72.11.8
Qatar3.73.62.92.62.62.7
Saudi Arabia4.02.82.32.01.81.9
Sudan3.63.73.03.83.9
United Arab Emirates12.32.02.11.51.42.0
Yemen1.21.61.00.9
Oil importers
Afghanistan, Rep. of1.2
Djibouti1.81.81.61.41.3
Egypt0.80.90.80.80.80.8
Jordan1.71.61.41.11.1
Lebanon20.91.01.11.11.2
Mauritania4.01.91.40.4
Morocco1.31.51.21.21.2
Pakistan2.11.50.80.91.01.4
Syrian Arab Republic2.02.41.81.91.0
Tunisia0.70.91.01.01.0
CCA
Armenia3.62.93.10.72.22.02.3
Azerbaijan1.31.91.82.20.91.21.1
Georgia32.81.9-2.6-0.81.71.62.2
Kazakhstan2.30.3-24.112.5
Kyrgyz Republic3.44.43.82.51.12.52.7
Tajikistan2.72.00.80.80.90.9
Turkmenistan5.44.14.33.63.62.9
Uzbekistan2.48.97.47.7
Source: National authorities.

National banks only.

After tax.

After tax, cumulative and annualized.

Source: National authorities.

National banks only.

After tax.

After tax, cumulative and annualized.

Table 23.Nonperforming Loans(Percent of total loans)
Dec-06Dec-07Dec-08Dec-09Dec-10Mar-11Jun-11
Oil exporters
Algeria34.235.528.221.819.1
Bahrain4.86.02.33.9
Iran, I.R. of115.716.919.118.113.7
Iraq
Kuwait4.63.86.811.58.9
Libya25.427.219.216.9
Oman4.93.22.13.53.3
Qatar2.21.51.21.72.02.3
Saudi Arabia2.02.11.43.33.0
Sudan19.426.022.420.514.4
United Arab Emirates26.32.92.34.35.66.2
Yemen323.019.518.0413.9
Oil importers
Afghanistan, Rep. of3.40.71.20.7
Djibouti15.610.98.66.76.2
Egypt518.219.314.813.411.0
Jordan4.34.14.26.78.2
Lebanon13.510.17.56.04.4
Mauritania632.426.427.728.729.729.7
Morocco10.97.96.05.54.85.0
Pakistan6.97.610.512.614.715.4
Syrian Arab Republic4.75.35.14.8
Tunisia19.317.615.513.212.1
CCA
Armenia2.52.44.44.83.13.53.4
Azerbaijan6.63.03.33.54.75.25.0
Georgia0.80.84.16.35.45.04.4
Kazakhstan75.221.223.825.326.3
Kyrgyz Republic6.25.35.38.215.813.812.3
Tajikistan84.12.85.410.47.57.59.1
Turkmenistan0.60.40.10.10.10.1
Uzbekistan2.63.01.21.0
Source: National authorities.

December data refer to March data of the following year.

National banks only.

Data refer to all banks except the Housing Bank and CAC Bank. 2006 includes CAC Bank data.

Audited financial statements.

Provisioning to nonperforming loans surpassed 100 percent as of Dec. 2009 and data refer to end of the fiscal year.

Provisioning to nonperforming loans stood at 89 percent in June 2011.

90-day basis.

Overdue by 30 days or more.

Source: National authorities.

December data refer to March data of the following year.

National banks only.

Data refer to all banks except the Housing Bank and CAC Bank. 2006 includes CAC Bank data.

Audited financial statements.

Provisioning to nonperforming loans surpassed 100 percent as of Dec. 2009 and data refer to end of the fiscal year.

Provisioning to nonperforming loans stood at 89 percent in June 2011.

90-day basis.

Overdue by 30 days or more.

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